News

DATE=11/20/98 TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT NUMBER=5-41930 TITLE=NORTH KOREA WEAPONS BYLINE=JIM RANDLE DATELINE=PENTAGON CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: TOP U-S OFFICIALS SAY RELATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA ARE AT A CRITICAL STAGE BECAUSE OF PYONGYANG'S MISSILE PROGRAM. CONCERNS ABOUT MISSILE AND OTHER WEAPON PROGRAMS ARE THE FOCUS OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S MEETINGS IN SOUTH KOREA. AT A STOP IN JAPAN THIS WEEK, MR. CLINTON STRESSED THE NEED FOR CONTINUED COOPERATION AMONG THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA AND CHINA TO STOP PYONGYANG'S SUSPECTED NUCLEAR PROGRAM. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE HAS THIS BACKGROUND REPORT FROM THE PENTAGON. TEXT: NEWS REPORTS SAY NORTH KOREA IS BUILDING NEW FACILITIES TO LAUNCH MEDIUM RANGE MISSILES, AND HAS BOOSTED EFFORTS TO BUILD SHORT RANGE WEAPONS. THE PUBLISHED ACCOUNT (IN THE WASHINGTON POST) CITES UNNAMED U-S INTELLIGENCE SOURCES, THAT ALSO SAY NORTH KOREA PLANS TO TEST-FIRE ANOTHER MISSILE CAPABLE OF HITTING JAPAN. PYONGYANG RECENTLY ALARMED ITS NEIGHBORS BY LAUNCHING A THREE STAGE ROCKET THAT FLEW ACROSS JAPAN AND MUCH OF THE PACIFIC. (IN WASHINGTON FRIDAY) U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT HAS WARNED NORTH KOREA IT MUST STOP DEVELOPING AND PEDDLING ITS MISSILES, OR RISK SERIOUSLY WORSENING RELATIONS WITH WASHINGTON. /// ALBRIGHT ACT /// WE HAVE INSISTED THAT THE DPRK (DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA) CEASE ITS LONG RANGE MISSILE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND EXPORT PROGRAM AND WE ARE AT A CRITICAL JUNCTURE IN OUR RELATIONS WITH PYONGYANG. /// END ACT /// MEANTIME, AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES SAY A LARGE UNDERGROUND COMPLEX, UNDER CONSTRUCTION INSIDE A MOUNTAIN IN NORTH KOREA, MAY BE INTENDED TO HIDE A RESURRECTED NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM. NORTH KOREA INSISTS THE PROJECT HAS ONLY NON-MILITARY PURPOSES. EARLIER THIS WEEK A HIGH-LEVEL U-S DELEGATION WENT TO NORTH KOREA IN PART TO PERSUADE PYONGYANG TO ALLOW U-S INSPECTIONS OF THE FACILITY. BUT PYONGYANG DEMANDED A 300-MILLION DOLLAR PAYMENT TO MAKE THE INSPECTION -- AN IDEA U-S OFFICIALS CALL RIDICULOUS. DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS A MAJOR AGREEMENT BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND NORTH KOREA MAY BE AT RISK UNLESS U-S OFFICIALS GET A FIRST HAND LOOK AT THE PROJECT. /// COHEN ACT /// THIS IS NOT SOMETHING THAT CAN GO ON INDEFINITELY. THIS IS A SUBJECT MATTER THAT NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED. /// END ACT/// IF NORTH KOREA IS BUILDING A NUCLEAR WEAPONS FACILITY, IT WOULD VIOLATE A 1994 DEAL UNDER WHICH PYONGYANG SHUT DOWN NUCLEAR REACTORS SUSPECTED OF PRODUCING NUCLEAR WEAPONS MATERIALS -- IN EXCHANGE FOR HELP CONSTRUCTING PEACEFUL ENERGY SOURCES. // OPT // THE DEAL IS ADMINISTERED BY AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION WITH MANY MEMBERS, INCLUDING SOUTH KOREA, JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES. SEOUL AND TOKYO FUNDED AND STARTED CONSTRUCTION OF REPLACEMENT NUCLEAR REACTORS DESIGNED PRODUCE ELECTRICITY -- NOT BOMBS IN NORTH KOREA. WASHINGTON PROMISED TO HELP DELIVER THOUSANDS OF TONS OF FUEL OIL TO MEET NORTH KOREAN ENERGY NEEDS WHILE THE NEW REACTORS ARE BEING BUILT. // END OPT // IN WASHINGTON, HUDSON POLICY INSTITUTE SCHOLAR ROBERT DUJARRICK SAYS WASHINGTON SHOULD STOP GIVING NORTH KOREA AID IN EXCHANGE FOR FREEZING ITS NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM. /// DUJARRICK ACT /// THE PROBLEM IS THAT SO FAR, THE WAY TO DEAL WITH IT HAS BEEN TO GIVE MORE SUPPORT TO NORTH KOREA, AND THEREFORE TO MAKE IT STRONGER AND ALLOW IT TO DEVELOP A STRONGER WEAPONS PROGRAM. /// END ACT /// MR. DUJARRICK SAYS U-S ENERGY AID AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN AID FREES NORTH KOREAN RESOURCES FOR ITS WEAPONS PROGRAMS. AND HE SAYS IT IS PRETTY CLEAR THAT NORTH KOREA IS CONTINUING ITS WEAPONS PROGRAMS BECAUSE, AS HE PUTS IT, THEY AREN'T HOLLOWING OUT A MOUNTAIN TO HIDE A TEXTILE PLANT. MR. DUJARRICK SAYS IT IS UNLIKELY THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL TAKE EFFECTIVE MILITARY ACTION TO FORCE NORTH KOREA TO GIVE UP ITS NUCLEAR AND MISSILE PROGRAMS. BUT HE SAYS WORKING HARDER TO DEVELOP BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSES WOULD HELP PROTECT U-S INTERESTS AND NORTH KOREA'S NEIGHBORS. (SIGNED) NEB/JR/JO 20-Nov-98 4:19 PM EST (2119 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .