News


   DATE=05/12/98
      TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-10707
     TITLE=TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS         
    BYLINE=ANDREW N. GUTHRIE
 TELEPHONE=619-3335
  DATELINE=WASHINGTON
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS

CONTENT=

          ///// ED'S: DATED AFTER 10 P-M  E-D-T. /////

INTRO:  ACROSS THE FRONT PAGES OF MOST U-S NEWSPAPERS ARE BIG 
HEADLINES REGARDING THE THREE NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS DETONATED MONDAY
BY INDIA.  ALTHOUGH MANY PAPERS ARE STILL DIGESTING THE NEWS, AND
ASSAYING ITS SIGNIFICANCE AND CONSEQUENCES, BEFORE WRITING 
EDITORIALS, SEVERAL ARE COMMENTING. 

..............

TEXT:  ON LONG ISLAND, THE LEAD HEADLINE IN "NEWSDAY" 
READS:"INDIA'S BIG BANG," AND THE SUB HEADLINE CONTINUES: "THE 
NEW GOVERNMENT WAS MOST UNWISE TO TEST NUKES; NOW SANCTIONS MUST 
BE APPLIED."

VOICE:   WHAT IN THE WORLD WERE THEY THINKING?  INDIAN LEADERS' 
         DECISION TO EXPLODE THREE NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN UNDERGROUND
         TESTS YESTERDAY WAS PROVOCATIVE, RECKLESS, AND 
         INCREDIBLY STUPID.  ...THE UNITED STATES WILL HAVE NO 
         CHOICE BUT TO RETALIATE WITH THE STIFF SANCTIONS 
         DEMANDED BY LAW: AN IMMEDIATE CUTOFF OF ECONOMIC AND 
         MILITARY AID AND A FREEZE ON LOANS BY INTERNATIONAL 
         LENDING INSTITUTIONS. .../// OPT /// WORTH MONITORING 
         WILL BE THE REACTIONS OF THE RUSSIAN AND CHINESE 
         GOVERNMENTS. ...NONE OF THIS BODES WELL.  THE TESTS ARE 
         PARTICULARLY DISTRESSING BECAUSE THEY WERE GRATUITOUS --
         AN ABSURD MOVE MOTIVATED IN ALL LIKELIHOOD, BY INDIA'S 
         CHAOTIC DOMESTIC POLITICS. /// END OPT ///

TEXT:  "THE SUN" IN BALTIMORE IS ALSO CONCERNED, AS IT TRIES TO 
ANALYZE THE MOTIVE BEHIND THE BLASTS.

VOICE:   STRATEGICALLY, INDIA'S EXPLOSION OF THREE NUCLEAR 
         DEVICES BENEATH THE DESERT NEAR PAKISTAN... IS AIMED AT 
         A STRONGER CHINA.  THE TWO FOUGHT IN 1962 NEAR THEIR 
         HIMALAYAN BORDERS WHEN NEITHER WAS NUCLEAR.  NOW CHINA 
         IS DEVELOPING ITS MILITARY CAPABILITIES RAPIDLY, AND ITS
         GROWING NAVAL CAPABILITIES DISTURB INDIA.  
         DIPLOMATICALLY, INDIA'S MUSCLE-FLEXING IS AIMED MORE AT 
         PAKISTAN, THE WEAKER NEIGHBOR THAT UNDERMINES INDIA'S 
         RULE IN DISPUTED KASHMIR AND JAMMU. 

                          /// OPT ///  

         ...FOR MUCH OF INDIA'S TECHNOLOGY SECTOR, THE TESTS ARE 
         A WELCOME DISPLAY OF NATIONAL PROWESS.  BUT INDIA'S 
         FIRST TESTING SINCE 1974 OF MORE SOPHISTICATED DEVICES 
         IS DESTABILIZING.  IT COULD PANIC PAKISTAN INTO OPEN 
         COMPETITION. 

TEXT:  AND IN CALIFORNIA, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES" CALLS THE MOVE 
PLAYING "WITH NUCLEAR FIRE." 

VOICE:   INDIA'S NEW GOVERNMENT TOOK POWER TWO MONTHS AGO WITH A 
         HARD FOREIGN POLICY LINE, INCLUDING THE APPALLING THREAT
         TO DEVELOP NUCLEAR WEAPONS.  EVEN MORE SHOCKING WAS 
         MONDAY'S ANNOUNCEMENT THAT THREE UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR 
         DEVICES HAD BEEN DETONATED ... MONDAY'S EXPLOSIONS 
         ...RAISE THE STAKES AGAIN IN SOUTH ASIA, A RESTIVE 
         REGION LONG CONSIDERED VULNERABLE TO NUCLEAR WAR.  /// 
         OPT ///  PAKISTAN, PREDICTABLY, PLEDGED TO TAKE 'ALL 
         APPROPRIATE MEASURES FOR ITS SECURITY.'  NUCLEAR EXPERTS
         BELIEVE ...THE ISLAMABAD REGIME IS CAPABLE OF ASSEMBLING
         A NUCLEAR WEAPON ON SHORT NOTICE.  CHINA, WHICH FOUGHT A
         WAR WITH INDIA IN 1962, OBVIOUSLY MUST BE CONCERNED BY 
         MONDAY'S NEWS. 

...............

TEXT:  THAT BRINGS TO A CLOSE THIS SAMPLING OF SOME OF THE 
EDITORIALS TO BE FOUND AMONG THE U-S PRESS THIS TUESDAY.

NEB/ANG/RAE

12-May-98 10:41 AM EDT (1441 UTC)
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Source: Voice of America
.