News



DATE=5/15/98
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-232282
TITLE=CLINTON/INDIA NUKE (L)
BYLINE=DAVID GOLLUST
DATELINE=BIRMINGHAM
CONTENT=
VOICED AT: 

INTRO:  PRESIDENT CLINTON, IN BIRMINGHAM ENGLAND FOR THE 
EIGHT-NATION BIG-POWER SUMMIT, SAYS HE HOPES THE SUMMIT WILL 
PRODUCE AN UNAMBIGUOUS STATEMENT CONDEMNING INDIA'S NUCLEAR 
TESTING. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST HAS DETAILS FROM BIRMINGHAM.

TEXT: THE INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS, AND THE DANGER THAT PAKISTAN WILL
RESPOND WITH A TEST OF ITS OWN, HAVE ADDED A CRISIS ATMOSPHERE AT
THE SUMMIT, WHICH WAS TO HAVE LARGELY FOCUSED ON BROAD ECONOMIC 
ISSUES.

MR. CLINTON BEGAN HIS SCHEDULE HERE IN A BILATERAL MEETING WITH 
JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER RYUTARO HASHIMOTO, WHOSE GOVERNMENT HAS 
JOINED THE UNITED STATES IN IMPOSING SANCTIONS AGAINST INDIA 
BECAUSE ITS WEAPONS TESTS

IN REMARKS TO REPORTERS AS THE MEETING BEGAN, MR. CLINTON AGAIN 
SCOLDED INDIA FOR ITS TEST SERIES -- SAYING HE DOES  NOT  THINK 
THE BEST WAY TO GUARANTEE INDIA'S SECURITY IS TO, AS HE PUT IT, 
CALL UP THE DARKER ELEMENTS OF THE 20TH CENTURY. 

HE SAID HE DOES  NOT  CONSIDER A RETALIATORY PAKISTANI NUCLEAR 
TEST INEVITABLE AND SAID HE HOPES INCENTIVES CAN BE FOUND TO 
PERSUADE PAKISTAN NOT TO TEST:

                     ///CLINTON ACTUALITY///

         I HOPE WE CAN HAVE A FORMULA IN WHICH THEY WILL FIND IT 
         POSSIBLE -- POLITICALLY POSSIBLE  NOT  TO GO FORWARD. IT
         WOULD SHOW GREAT OF STATESMANSHIP AND RESTRAINT ON THEIR
         PART. YOU CAN IMAGINE -- I MEAN, YOURSELF IN PAKISTAN'S 
         POSITION. YOU CAN IMAGINE THE OVERWHELMING POLITICAL 
         PRESSURE THAT MUST BE BUILDING UP ON THEM AT HOME.  BUT 
         I REALLY BELIEVE IF WE WORK HARD, WE MIGHT BE ABLE TO 
         FIND A WAY THAT THE PAKISTANI PEOPLE WOULD ALSO SUPPORT 
         TO AVOID THIS. AN ARMS RACE ON THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT 
         IN NUCLEAR WEAPONS IS NOT IN THE INTEREST OF PAKISTAN. 

                          ///END ACT///

THE PRESIDENT MADE CLEAR ONE INCENTIVE MIGHT BE RESOLUTION OF A 
LONG-STANDING FINANCIAL DISPUTE WITH PAKISTAN OVER JET FIGHTERS 
PURCHASED NEARLY TEN YEARS AGO.  PAKISTAN PAID THE UNITED STATES 
NEARLY 700 MILLION DOLLARS FOR F-16 FIGHTERS. BUT BECAUSE OF 
SUSPICION PAKISTAN HAD A SECRET NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM, DELIVERY
OF THE PLANES WAS BLOCKED BY THE ANTI-PROLIFERATION PRESSLER 
AMENDMENT FROM CONGRESS.

MR. CLINTON PROMISED THEN-PRIME MINISTER BENAZIR BHUTTO THREE 
YEARS AGO HE WOULD ACT TO RESOLVE THE ISSUE AND SAID HERE 
PAKISTAN HAS A GENUINE GRIEVANCE AGAINST THE UNITED STATES.  HE 
SAID SETTLING THE F-16 ISSUE WOULD BE ONE PART AN OVERTURE TO 
PAKISTAN AND THAT HE HOPED THE BIRMINGHAM SUMMIT PARTNERS CAN 
ALSO HELP IN THE EFFORT TO HEAD OFF A PAKISTANI TEST.

A U-S TEAM HEADED BY DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT IS 
IN ISLAMABAD CONFERRING WITH PAKISTANI LEADERS AND MR. TALBOTT IS
DUE IN  BIRMINGHAM LATE SATURDAY TO REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT. 
AMERICAN OFFICIALS BELIEVE PAKISTAN COULD ASSEMBLE A NUCLEAR 
DEVICE ON SHORT NOTICE AND HAVE EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT 
INDICATIONS TEST PREPARATIONS COULD BE UNDERWAY. (SIGNED)

NEB/DAG/WDC/JO

15-May-98 10:18 AM EDT (1418 UTC)
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Source: Voice of America
.