News


TITLE= INDIA AND NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION
DATE= MAY 23, 1998
TYPE=ON THE LINE
NUMBER=1-00638  SHORT # 1 

EDITOR=OFFICE OF POLICY - 619-0037



CONTENT=    INSERTS AVAILABLE FROM AUDIO SERVICES

THEME:           UP, HOLD UNDER AND FADE

ANNCR:           ON THE LINE -- A DISCUSSION OF UNITED STATES 
                 POLICIES AND CONTEMPORARY ISSUES.  THIS WEEK, 
                 "INDIA AND NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION."  HERE IS YOUR
                 HOST, --------.

HOST:            HELLO AND WELCOME TO ON THE LINE.  THIS MONTH, 
                 INDIA DETONATED FIVE UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR 
                 EXPLOSIONS AND BECAME THE SIXTH DECLARED NUCLEAR
                 POWER, AFTER THE UNITED STATES, RUSSIA, BRITAIN,
                 FRANCE AND CHINA.  INDIA SAYS THAT IT NEEDS 
                 NUCLEAR WEAPONS FOR DEFENSIVE PURPOSES.  INDIA'S
                 NEIGHBORS INCLUDE BOTH CHINA AND PAKISTAN, WHICH
                 HAS BEEN AIDED BY CHINA IN ITS WEAPONS 
                 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.  PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON 
                 SAID THE TESTS "CLEARLY CREATE A DANGEROUS NEW 
                 INSTABILITY IN THE REGION."  AS REQUIRED BY U.S.
                 LAW, MR. CLINTON IMPOSED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ON 
                 INDIA.  HE ALSO URGED PAKISTAN "NOT TO FOLLOW 
                 THE DANGEROUS PATH INDIA HAS TAKEN."

                 GARY MILHOLLIN IS DIRECTOR OF THE WISCONSIN 
                 PROJECT ON NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL.  HE SAYS INDIA 
                 HAS COMMITTED A MAJOR BLUNDER. 

MILHOLLIN:       I THINK THIS WAS AN ENORMOUS MISTAKE BY INDIA.  
                 INDIA ALREADY HAD NUCLEAR CAPABILITY.  THE 
                 DEVICES THAT THEY TESTED WORKED.  THE INDIANS 
                 KNEW THEY WOULD WORK.  I DON'T THINK THAT INDIA 
                 ACHIEVED ANYTHING WITH RESPECT TO PAKISTAN.  ALL
                 INDIA HAS DONE HAS ENERGIZED THE PAKISTANI 
                 NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM.  AND WITH RESPECT TO 
                 CHINA, I DON'T THINK INDIA REALLY FEARS CHINA AT
                 ALL.  AND IF CHINA AND INDIA EVER CAME TO BLOWS,
                 CHINA COULD HANDLE INDIA WITHOUT NUCLEAR 
                 WEAPONS.  I THINK THE REAL MOTIVE FOR THIS 
                 SERIES OF TESTS WAS DOMESTIC POLITICS.  

HOST:            STEPHEN SOLARZ IS A FORMER U.S. CONGRESSMAN, WHO
                 SERVED AS CHAIRMAN OF THE ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 
                 SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE FOREIGN RELATIONS 
                 COMMITTEE.  HE SAYS THAT INDIA'S REASONS FOR 
                 TESTING ARE SERIOUS ONES.

SOLARZ:          IF YOU LOOK AT IT FROM THE INDIAN PERSPECTIVE, 
                 THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER IS THAT THEY WERE 
                 INVADED BY CHINA IN 1962.  CHINA CONTINUES TO 
                 HOLD LARGE PARTS OF INDIAN TERRITORY.  CHINA HAS
                 COLLUDED WITH PAKISTAN TO FACILITATE THE 
                 ACQUISITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS BY THE 
                 PAKISTANIS.  AND THE INDIANS ARE CONCERNED, 
                 RIGHTLY OR WRONGLY.  IT IS A POLITICAL AND 
                 PSYCHOLOGICAL REALITY, OBVIOUS TO ANYONE WHO 
                 GOES TO INDIA, THAT THERE IS A GENUINE CONCERN 
                 IN NEW DEHLI AND ELSEWHERE IN INDIA ABOUT THE 
                 THREAT FROM CHINA.  

HOST:            HENRY SOKOLSKI IS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE 
                 NONPROLIFERATION POLICY EDUCATION CENTER.  HE 
                 SAYS THE U.S. SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON KEEPING 
                 THINGS FROM GETTING WORSE.

SOKOLSKI:        IN FACT, I THINK WHAT WE OUGHT TO DO IS 
                 RECOGNIZE THAT THE NEXT STEP IS SCARY -- WE NEED
                 TO HEAD IT OFF -- AND THAT IS MASSIVE PRODUCTION
                 OF LONG-RANGE MISSILES IN BOTH OF THESE 
                 COUNTRIES.  AND IT SEEMS TO ME THE THING WE NEED
                 TO FOCUS ON, EVEN AT THE COST OF LETTING THIS 
                 FRAGILE RULING MAJORITY IN INDIA FALL AND SOME 
                 NEW GOVERNMENT COMING INTO PLACE, IS TO LET THE 
                 SANCTIONS SINK IN.  AND THEN, ONCE EVERYONE HAS 
                 SEEN THAT THERE'S A PRICE TO BE PAID FOR THIS 
                 BEHAVIOR, BARGAIN FOR SOMETHING THAT HAS NOT YET
                 HAPPENED, TO PREVENT IT WITH A NEW GOVERNMENT.

HOST:            FORMER CONGRESSMAN SOLARZ SAYS THAT BOTH 
                 PAKISTAN AND INDIA SHOULD BE RECOGNIZED AS 
                 DECLARED NUCLEAR POWERS IF THEY AGREE TO SIGN ON
                 TO THE NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION TREATY, THE 
                 MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME AND THE 
                 COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY.  FOR ON THE LINE,
                 THIS IS --------.

ANNCR:           YOU'VE BEEN LISTENING TO "ON THE LINE" -- A 
                 DISCUSSION OF UNITED STATES POLICIES AND 
                 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES.  THIS IS --------.





21-May-98 5:06 PM EDT (2106 UTC)
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Source: Voice of America
.