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DATE=2/1/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-244923 TITLE=INDIA / U-S NUCLEAR (L) BYLINE=JIM TEEPLE DATELINE=NEW DELHI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: A SENIOR U-S DIPLOMATIC DELEGATION LEFT INDIA FOR PAKISTAN MONDAY, FOLLOWING THREE DAYS OF TALKS ON NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL ISSUES. V-O-A'S JIM TEEPLE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI, INDIAN AND U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE EIGHT MONTHS OF TALKS ARE FINALLY STARTING TO PAY SOME DIVIDENDS. TEXT: NO BREAKTHROUGHS WERE REPORTED FOLLOWING THE JUST-CONCLUDED, TALKS BETWEEN U-S DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE AND INDIA'S FOREIGN SECRETARY JASWANT SINGH. HOWEVER, BOTH SIDES GAVE HINTS SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS HAD BEEN MADE. SPEAKING ON CONDITION OF ANONYMITY, SENIOR OFFICIALS OF BOTH COUNTRIES SAID MONDAY A DEAL IS BEING WORKED OUT WHICH WOULD HAVE THE UNITED STATES LIFT ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ON INDIA -- THIS IN EXCHANGE FOR INDIA SIGNING THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY. OFFICIALS FROM BOTH COUNTRIES SAID MONDAY THEY HAD NO TIMETABLE FOR WHEN INDIA WOULD SIGN THE TREATY OR WHEN SANCTIONS WOULD BE LIFTED. HOWEVER, THEY INDICATED BOTH DEVELOPMENTS COULD COME QUICKLY -- PERHAPS WITHIN WEEKS. BRAHMA CHELLANEY IS A PROFESSOR OF SECURITY STUDIES AT THE INDEPENDENT CENTER FOR POLICY STUDIES IN NEW DELHI. MR. CHELLANEY -- AN EXPERT ON INDIA'S NUCLEAR POLICY -- SAYS IT WILL BE VERY DIFFICULT FOR ANY INDIAN GOVERNMENT TO SIGN THE TEST BAN TREATY. // CHELLANEY ACTUALITY // EVEN IF A DEAL WAS WORKED OUT AT THE GOVERNMENTAL LEVEL, I THINK IT WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT FOR NEW DELHI TO SIGN THE TREATY TO ITS DOMESTIC CONSTITUENCY. VARIOUS POLITICAL PARTIES REMAIN OPPOSED TO THE TREATY AND I THINK IT WILL BE A TOUGH SELL. // END ACTUALITY // // OPT // INDIAN GOVERNMENTS HAVE LONG ARGUED THE TEST BAN TREATY FAVORS THE MAJOR NUCLEAR POWERS WHO ALREADY HAVE LARGE NUCLEAR STOCKPILES IN PLACE. INDIAN POLICY MAKERS HAVE ALSO SAID THAT, BEFORE INDIA SIGNS THE TREATY, IT WILL NEED ASSURANCES OF A CONTINUED SUPPLY OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL FOR THE INDIAN NUCLEAR ENERGY PROGRAM. // END OPT // SANCTIONS WERE IMPOSED ON INDIA AND PAKISTAN AFTER BOTH COUNTRIES CONDUCTED A SERIES OF NUCLEAR TESTS LAST YEAR -- SPARKING FEARS OF AN NUCLEAR ARMS RACE IN SOUTH ASIA. LATE LAST YEAR -- CITING PROGRESS ON ARMS-CONTROL ISSUES -- PRESIDENT CLINTON LIFTED MOST SANCTIONS ON BOTH COUNTRIES, INCLUDING ALL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ON PAKISTAN, WHERE THE ECONOMY WAS ON THE VERGE OF COLLAPSE. (SIGNED) NEB / JLT / CB / WD 01-Feb-99 5:42 AM EST (1042 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .