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DATE=6/12/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-250568 TITLE=INDIA / PAK / TALKS (L) BYLINE=JIM TEEPLE DATELINE=NEW DELHI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: TALKS BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN ON DEFUSING THE KASHMIR CRISIS HAVE ENDED WITHOUT AGREEMENT IN NEW DELHI. THE TALKS ENDED WITH THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF BOTH COUNTRIES STILL FAR APART ON THE NATURE OF THE CONFLICT IN KASHMIR, AND HOW TO SOLVE IT. V-O-A'S JIM TEEPLE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. TEXT: FOREIGN MINISTERS SARTAJ AZIZ OF PAKISTAN AND JAWANT SINGH OF INDIA WERE FAR APART AS THEIR MEETING ENDED. IN SEPARATE BRIEFINGS, THEY TRADED ACCUSATIONS ABOUT WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONFLICT IN KASHMIR. MR. SINGH SAYS PAKISTAN PROPOSED DE-ESCALATING THE CONFLICT IN KASHMIR BY HAVING BOTH SIDES END ARTILLERY STRIKES ACROSS THE KASHMIR BORDER, AND ALSO BY HAVING INDIA END ITS AIR STRIKES IN INDIAN KASHMIR. MR. SINGH SAYS THE ONLY WAY TO DE-ESCALATE IS FOR PAKISTAN TO REMOVE WHAT HE DESCRIBES AS "INFILTRATORS" WHO HAVE INVADED INDIAN TERRITORY. /// SINGH ACT /// WE ARE FOR TOTAL DE-ESCALATION AND DE-FUSING -- NOT PARTIAL, NOT AS A DEVICE. AND CERTAINLY NOT AS A DISGUISE FOR ACHIEVING OTHER ENDS. MY REACTION [TO THE PAKISTANI PROPOSAL] WAS CLEAR AND SPECIFIC: REMOVE THE FACTOR THAT HAS CAUSED THE ESCALATION, AND THAT WOULD BE THE MOST EFFECTIVE AND IMMEDIATE DE-ESCALATION. /// END ACT /// // OPT // MR. SINGH SAYS HIS TALKS WITH MR. AZIZ ARE NOT A DIALOGUE. HE NOTES THE PAKISTANI FOREIGN MINISTER'S VISIT TOOK PLACE AT PAKISTAN'S REQUEST. TO CLASSIFY MR. AZIZ'S VISIT AS A DIALOGUE, SAYS INDIA'S FOREIGN MINISTER, WOULD BE A "MISNOMER." MR. SINGH SAYS IN HIS TALKS WITH MR. AZIZ, PAKISTAN REPEATED ITS POSITION THAT THE BOUNDARIES OF CERTAIN SECTIONS OF THE "LINE OF CONTROL" HAVE YET TO BE FULLY ESTABLISHED, AND THAT SECTIONS OF THE LINE SHOULD BE RE-EVALUATED. THAT, SAYS MR. SINGH, IS SOMETHING INDIA WILL NEVER AGREE TO. HE SAYS THE "LINE OF CONTROL" IS BASED ON A BILATERAL TREATY WITH PAKISTAN SIGNED IN 1972. // END OPT // AT A SEPARATE BRIEFING, PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER SARTAJ AZIZ DENIED BACKING THE GUERRILLAS. HE SAYS THE TWO SIDES DISAGREE EVEN ON HOW THE FIGHTING STARTED. MR. AZIZ SAYS THE FIGHTERS INDIA TERMS AS "INFILTRATORS" ARE ACTUALLY FREEDOM FIGHTERS FROM INSIDE KASHMIR. HE DENIES THAT PAKISTANI TROOPS ARE FIGHTING ALONGSIDE THE GUERRILLAS. PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER ADMITS LITTLE CAME OF THE TALKS IN NEW DELHI, BUT SAYS HE DOES NOT EXPECT THE CONFLICT TO ESCALATE. /// AZIZ ACT /// IF YOU ASK ME IN TERMS OF THE PURPOSE FOR WHICH I CAME TO NEW DELHI, WHICH IS TO DE-ESCALATE, I CAN SAY THAT AT LEAST THE CHANCES OF FURTHER ESCALATION DO NOT SEEM STRONG. FURTHERMORE, IF IT WILL BEGIN TO DE-ESCALATE WILL DEPEND ON WHETHER INDIA WILL ACCEPT THE PROPOSALS THAT I HAVE MADE. /// END ACT /// MR. AZIZ SAYS THE MAIN PROBLEM IN KASHMIR IS THAT KASHMIRIS, IN HIS WORDS, "HAVE NOT BEEN GIVEN THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION." MEANHILE, FIGHTING CONTINUES IN KASHMIR. COMMANDERS SAY THEY HAVE RE-TAKEN A STRATEGIC PEAK AFTER FIERCE FIGHTING AT AN ALTITUDE OF MORE THAN FIVE-THOUSAND METERS. INDIA CONTROLS TWO-THIRDS OF KASHMIR AND PAKISTAN ONE-THIRD. TWO OF THE THREE WARS THE TWO COUNTRIES HAVE FOUGHT HAVE BEEN OVER THE DISPUTED TERRITORY. (SIGNED) NEB/JLT/WTW 12-Jun-99 12:54 PM EDT (1654 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .