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DATE=3/22/2000 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=CLINTON / INDIAN PARLIAMENT / L NUMBER=2-260460 BYLINE=JIM TEEPLE DATELINE=NEW DELHI CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO -- President Clinton addressed both houses of the Indian parliament Wednesday -- calling on India to join nuclear non-proliferation efforts. Mr. Clinton also made a strong appeal for a renewed dialogue between India and Pakistan, saying it is up to both countries to resolve their differences. V-O-A's Jim Teeple has details from our New Delhi bureau. TEXT: President Clinton received a warm welcome from India's upper and lower houses of parliament. Mr. Clinton -- the first U-S president to visit India in 22 years -- told parliament he hopes his visit will lead to closer economic and commercial ties between the two countries. Much of Mr. Clinton's speech was devoted to the issue of nuclear proliferation. India and Pakistan tested nuclear devices two years ago and Mr. Clinton says it is time for India to sign the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Mr. Clinton called on India to follow the example set by other developing nations, which he says have realized a nuclear future is not a more secure future. The president says India should also look to the example set by the United States and Russia, which have both dismantled thousands of nuclear weapons since the end of the Cold War. But Mr. Clinton says it is up to Indians alone to decide whether or not to join non-proliferation efforts. // CLINTON ACTUALITY // From South America to South Africa nations are foreswearing these nuclear weapons and realizing that a nuclear future is not a more secure future. Most of the world is moving toward the elimination of nuclear weapons. That goal is not advanced if any country in any region moves in the other direction. I say this with great respect. Only India can determine its own interests. // END ACTUALITY // In his speech, Mr. Clinton prompted Indians to ask themselves if they are more secure today than before their nuclear tests. Mr. Clinton says India's nuclear policies will have consequences beyond its borders. He asked Indians to consider what the benefits of expanding its nuclear missile capabilities were, if their neighbors responded by doing the same thing. Mr. Clinton also urged India to resume a dialogue with Pakistan -- saying reaching out to Pakistan does not require friendship. The president says he sympathizes with India's position of being a democracy bordered by nations which are not. Still, he says India, as a proud democracy, can lead the way towards easing tensions in the region. // CLINTON ACTUALITY // I also believe India has a special opportunity as a democracy to show its neighbors that democracy is about dialogue. It does not have to be about friendship, but it is about building working relationships among people who differ. // END ACTUALITY // // OPT // Mr. Clinton says someone must end the contest of inflicting and absorbing pain in the region. He also says he did not come to South Asia to mediate the Kashmir dispute. He says that must be left to India and Pakistan to work out between themselves. But he says the United States can play a constructive role in the region, as it did last year, when he successfully urged Pakistan's then-prime minister Nawaz Sharif to work to withdraw guerrilla infiltrators back to Pakistan from Indian territory in Kashmir. // END OPT // In brief remarks to parliament following Mr. Clinton's speech India's Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee defended India's nuclear weapons program, saying the program has always been defensive in nature and will remain so. Mr. Vajpayee says India's nuclear weapons program remains necessary because of what he describes as an arms buildup which he says is continuing with "impunity" in Pakistan. (Signed) neb/jlt/WD 22-Mar-2000 04:10 AM EDT (22-Mar-2000 0910 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .