News


Tracking Number:  168336

Title:  "Congress Approves Using Force Against Iraq." Resolution approved by Congress authorizing President Bush to use the US Armed Forces against Iraq to achieve the goals stated in UN resolutions calling for an Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. (910113)

Translated Title:  "Le Congres Approuve l'Usage de la Force Contre l'Irak." (910113)
Date:  19910113

Text:
ZCZC5 WFU011 CDC USI .1 7 UNCLASSIFIED N/A 01/13/91

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INFO AIT TAIPEI IMMEDIATE CAP: ATTN: JORDAN AAMM; CAP: USIS PAO/IO/BPAO; CAP: AIT FOR CIS; FOR P AND C; FROM P/PFO *WF-U11 01/13/91 (800) (DIAL-UP MATERIAL: FOLLOWING ALSO MOVING VIA COMPUTER-TO- COMPUTER COMMUNICATION) CONGRESS APPROVES USING FORCE AGAINST IRAQ

GE 2 UNCLASSIFIED (Text: 01/12 Joint resolution)

Washington -- Congress gave President Bush full authority January 12 to use United States Armed Forces against Iraq to achieve implementation of U.N. Security Council resolutions and ensure that Iraqi forces leave occupied Kuwait.

The vote was 52-47 in the Senate and 250-183 in the House of Representatives. The resolution was then rushed to the White House for Bush's signature.

The joint resolution -- which has the force of law when signed by the president -- is called the "Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution." It states that the president is authorized to use U.S. armed forces pursuant to U.N. Security Council Resolution 678 calling for use of "all necessary means" to obtain the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.

The resolution requires that before using force, the president inform Congress that peaceful means to obtain compliance by Iraq "have not and would not be successful."

GE 3 UNCLASSIFIED Also, the resolution "constitute(s) specific statutory authority within the meaning" of the War Powers Act.

Following is the text of the joint resolution:

(Begin text)

To authorize the use of United States Armed Forces pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 678.

Whereas the Government of Iraq without provocation invaded and occupied the territory of Kuwait on August 2, 1990; and

Whereas both the House of Representatives (in H.J. Res. 658 of the 101st Congress) and the Senate (in S. Con. Res. 147 of the 101st Congress) have condemned Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and declared their support for international action to reverse Iraq's aggression; and

Whereas, Iraq's conventional, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs and its demonstrated willingness to use weapons of mass destruction pose a grave threat to world peace; and

GE 4 UNCLASSIFIED

Whereas the international community has demanded that Iraq withdraw unconditionally and immediately from Kuwait and that Kuwait's independence and legitimate government be restored; and

Whereas the U.N. Security Council repeatedly affirmed the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense in response to the armed attack by Iraq against Kuwait in accordance with Article 51 of the U.N. Charter; and

Whereas, in the absence of full compliance by Iraq with its resolutions, the U.N. Security Council In Resolution 678 has authorized member states of the United Nations to use all necessary means, after January 15, 1991, to uphold and implement all relevant Security Council resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area; and

Whereas Iraq has persisted in its illegal occupation of, and brutal aggression against Kuwait: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

GE 5 UNCLASSIFIED

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This joint resolution may be cited as the "Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution."

SECTION 2. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES

(a) AUTHORIZATION. -- The president is authorized, subject to subsection (b), to use United States Armed Forces pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 (1990) in order to achieve implementation of Security Council Resolutions 660, 661, 662, 664, 665, 666, 667, 669, 670, 674, and 677.

(b) REQUIREMENT FOR DETERMINATION THAT USE OF MILITARY FORCE IS NECESSARY. -- Before exercising the authority granted in subsection (a), the president shall make available to the speaker of the House of Representatives and the president pro tempore of the Senate his determination that --

(1) the United States has used all appropriate diplomatic and other peaceful means to obtain compliance by

GE 6 UNCLASSIFIED Iraq with the United Nations Security Council resolutions cited in subsection (a); and

(2) that those efforts have not been and would not be successful in obtaining such compliance.

(c) WAR POWERS RESOLUTION REQUIREMENTS. --

(1) SPECIFIC STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION. -- Consistent with section 8(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution, the Congress declares that this section is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution.

(2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER REQUIREMENTS. -- Nothing in this resolution supersedes any requirement of the War Powers Resolution.

SEC. 3 REPORTS TO CONGRESS

At least once every 60 days, the president shall submit to the Congress a summary on status of efforts to obtain compliance by Iraq with the resolutions adopted by the United Nations Security Council in response to Iraq's aggression.

GE 7 UNCLASSIFIED

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File Identification:  01/13/91, WF-U11; 01/13/91, SU-703; 01/14/91, AS-114; 01/14/91, AF-111; 01/14/91, AR-113; 01/14/91, AE-110
Product Name:  USINFO; Wireless File
Product Code:  US; WF
Languages:  Spanish; French
Keywords:  CONGRESS, US/Policy; OPERATION DESERT SHIELD; ARMED FORCES, US; UNITED NATIONS-SECURITY COUNCIL; BUSH, GEORGE; MILITARY STRATEGY; IRAQ-KUWAIT RELATIONS; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; IRAQ/Defense & Military; MILITARY CAPABILITIES
Document Type:  TXT
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 2FP
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link:  168336; 168418; 168514