News


Tracking Number:  169932

Title:  "House Assails Iraq for Scud Attacks, POW Treatment." House of Representatives' Resolutions 41 and 48. (910125)

Date:  19910125

Text:
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01/25/91 *

HOUSE ASSAILS IRAQ FOR SCUD ATTACKS, POW TREATMENT (Texts: House resolutions 41 and 48) (780)

Washington -- The House of Representatives assailed Saddam Hussein's regime January 23 in two separate resolutions: one concerning Scud missile attacks against Israel, the other related to Baghdad's treatment of allied prisoners of war (POWs).

House members passed House Concurrent Resolution 41 condemning Iraq's SCUD missile terrorist attacks on Israel and applauding the Israeli government's policy of restraint in not responding to the attacks. The resolution reaffirms U.S. support for Israel and the opinion of the Congress that Israel has the right to defend itself against the Scud attacks.

The representatives also passed House Concurrent Resolution 48, a measure condemning the Iraqi government for violating the Geneva Convention on treatment of POWs.

The following are the texts of the two resolutions as passed by the House and sent to the Senate for approval:

(BEGIN TEXT, H. CON. RES. 41:)

Whereas Iraq, without provocation, attacked Israeli civilian targets with surface-to-surface missiles;

Whereas Israel is a close democratic friend of the United States and a major non-NATO ally;

Whereas Iraq has threatened to "burn half of Israel" with chemical weapons;

Whereas Israel has exhibited exceptional restraint in the face of those repeated threats;

Whereas Israel agreed to absorb this first strike and continues to support the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 through the unprecedented international coalition of forces in the Persian Gulf; and

Whereas every country has the right to defend itself; Now, therefore, be it:

Resolved by the House of Representative (the Senate concurring), That the Congress

(1) condemns the unprovoked attack by Iraq on Israel:

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(2) expresses profound sympathy for the loss of life, casualties and

destruction;

(3) declares heartfelt solidarity with the people of Israel;

(4) commends the citizens of Israel for their brave and composed perseverance;

(5) recognizes Israel's right to defend itself;

(6) reaffirms America's continued commitment to provide Israel with the means to maintain her freedom and security; and

(7) commends the Government of Israel for its restraint.

(END TEXT, H. CON. RES. 41)

(BEGIN TEXT, H. CON. RES. 48)

Whereas in the Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (done at Geneva, August 12, 1949; hereinafter in this resolution referred to as the "Third Geneva Convention") the international community has prescribed rules concerning the treatment of prisoners of war;

Whereas more than 160 nations, including Iraq, are parties to the Third Geneva Convention;

Whereas the Third Geneva Convention requires the humane treatment of prisoners of war at all times; prohibits acts of violence and intimidation against prisoners of war; prohibits physical and mental coercion against prisoners of war to obtain information of any kind whatever; provides that no prisoner of war may at any time be sent to or detained in areas where he may be exposed to the fire of the combat zone, nor may his presence be used to render certain points of areas immune from military operations; prohibits the public display of prisoners of war; and requires that a government that is holding prisoners of war permit representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross to visit those prisoners of war;

Whereas beginning on January 19, 1991, captured United States and allied service members held prisoner by Iraq in the Persian Gulf conflict have been displayed and interrogated before television cameras;

Whereas these televised interrogations strongly suggest that those service members have been subjected to physical and mental torture; and

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Whereas the Government of Iraq has announced that it intends to hold captured United States and allied service members at potential military targets; Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That the Congress--

(1) condemns the abuse by the Government of Iraq of captured United States and allied service members, including the apparent use of physical and mental coercion;

(2) condemns the Government of Iraq's stated intention to disperse prisoners of war to potential military targets;

(3) condemns the Government of Iraq's failure, thus far, to permit representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross to visit and interview prisoners of war;

(4) condemns the flagrant and deliberate violations by the Government of Iraq of the Third Geneva Convention;

(5) calls on the Government of Iraq to comply fully and immediately with its obligations and responsibilities under the Third Geneva Convention; and

(6) urges the President, together with our partners in the international coalition against Iraq and with the United Nations Security Council, to consider appropriate means for bringing to justice any individuals in Iraq who are responsible for violating the rights of prisoners of war under the Third Geneva Convention.

(END TEXT) NNNN


File Identification:  01/25/91, NE-515
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Keywords:  HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, US; CONGRESS, US-FOREIGN AFFAIRS; PRISONERS OF WAR; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; PERSIAN GULF WAR; IRAQ-ISRAEL RELATIONS; IRAQ/Defense & Military; MISSILE DEPLOYMENT; ISRAEL/Defense & Military; WAR CRIMES
Document Type:  TXT
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 2FP; 1ME
Target Areas:  NE
PDQ Text Link:  169932