Tracking Number:  179249

Title:  "US Forces Won't Intervene in Iraq's Civil War." President Bush firmly reiterated that he does not want US military forces to be involved in Iraq's internal turmoil. (910404)

Translated Title:  "Les E-U n'Interviendront pas en Irak." (910404)
Date:  19910404


04/04/91 U.S. FORCES WON'T INTERVENE IN IRAQ'S CIVIL WAR (Bush, Kaifu discuss bilateral issues) (1010) By Dian McDonald USIA White House Correspondent

Newport Beach, California -- President Bush April 4 firmly reiterated that he does not want U.S. military forces to be involved in Iraq's internal turmoil.

At a joint news conference with Japanese Prime Minister Kaifu, Bush said he did not want to see U.S. forces "sucked into a civil war in Iraq."

After more than two hours of talks, the two leaders responded to questions on various issues related to the bilateral partnership, including trade, foreign-policy cooperation and the coalition effort that liberated Kuwait from Iraqi occupation.

Asked why the United States had been willing to do so much to help liberate Kuwait from Iraq and yet is not now coming to the aid of the Kurds fighting against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, Bush emphasized that it was never a stated objective of the coalition to intervene in the internal affairs of Iraq.

"Indeed, I made very clear that we did not intend to go into Iraq. I condemn Saddam Hussein's brutality against his own people," Bush said. "But I do not want to see U.S. forces who have performed with such skill and dedication, sucked into a civil war in Iraq."

The United States will not have normal relations with Iraq "until Saddam Hussein is out of there," the president declared. "But I made very, very clear from 'Day One' that it was not an objective of the coalition to get Saddam Hussein out of there by force."

Bush said he does not believe there is a single parent of a single man or woman who fought in Operation Desert Storm who wants to see the United States forces "pushed into this situation (in Iraq) -- brutal, tough, deplorable, as it is."

Bush rejected the suggestion that he had let the Iraqi rebel factions down by not coming to their aid after calling for the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.

"I made clear from the very beginning that it was not an objective of the coalition or the United States to overthrow Saddam Hussein," he said. "So I don't think the

GE 2 POL409 Shiites in the south, those who are unhappy with Saddam In Baghdad, or the Kurds in the north ever felt that the United States would come to their assistance to overthrow this man....I have not misled anybody about the intentions of the United States of America, or has any other coalition partner, all of whom to my knowledge agree with me in this position."

Bush said he and Kaifu had discussed the Persian Gulf situation at length and he expressed appreciation for Japan's assistance as a member of the coalition.

The Japanese government has pledged about $13,000 million to the overall gulf effort, including a $9,000 million pledge to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. The Diet approved the pledge on March 1, and the U.S. government received the first contribution of $5,800 million in late March. Japan made an additional disbursement of more than $2,000 million to the United States on April 2.

Japan pledged $2,100 million in highly concessional and untied commodity loans and other forms of economic assistance to the front-line states. Japan has disbursed $60 million in refugee relief for the affected region in the Middle East, including Japanese government charters of Japanese civilian aircraft to evacuate refugees from the region and return them to their home countries.

Kaifu praised Bush's leadership during the gulf crisis. "The world has just overcome a great challenge in the gulf region, and now it is time to tackle a truly historic mission: which is to build a new international order in the aftermath of the Cold War," Kaifu said. "The gulf crisis has demonstrated beyond anybody's doubt that the United States is the only superpower with the capability to play the most important role in the post-Cold War world and to do so in a responsible way."

Kaifu said the Japanese are grateful for the appreciation expressed by Bush for Japan's support for coalition efforts. "Nevertheless," he added, "sometimes Japan's efforts have not been properly understood and appreciated, and...this reception has caused disappointment among Japanese people. Thinking about the future of the Japan-U.S. relationship....I firmly believe that we have to rectify this situation."

Commenting on the bilateral trade relationship, Bush said, "In the past year, we've resolved significant trade disputes and we've moved to ease trade tensions." He cited solid progress for example in opening new markets to satellites and telecommunications between the two countries.

GE 3 POL409 Bush said there is a need to move ahead now in other areas including construction services, autos, auto parts, and semiconductors.

"We need to prove that our efforts under the SII, the Structural Impediments Initiative, produce real results," he said. "I think progress has been made. It remains our best hope of fending off those who advocate managed trade between our nations."

Bush noted that in 1990, the U.S. trade deficit with Japan fell for the third straight year and that American exports to Japan continued to rise -- "up more than 75 percent since 1987."

Japan is America's largest trading partner after Canada, with two-way merchandise trade totaling $138,000 million in 1990. The U.S. trade deficit with Japan has fallen in recent years from a high of about $60,000 million in 1987 to $41,000 million in 1990, which is about 40 percent of the total U.S. trade deficit.

Bush said he and Kaifu also agree that "we want to see a successful conclusion to the Uruguay Round."

Kaifu's last visit to the United States was in September- October 1990, when he met with Bush in New York during the U.N. General Assembly. In July 1990, the two leaders met during the Houston Economic Summit, and they held a bilateral summit in Palm Springs, California, in March 1990. NNNN

File Identification:  04/04/91, PO-409; 04/05/91, AE-506; 04/09/91, AF-206; 04/05/91, AR-505; 04/05/91, EP-506; 04/05/91, NE-502; 04/05/91, NA-502
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  French; Arabic
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 140
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; NE
PDQ Text Link:  179249; 179658