News


Tracking Number:  255043

Title:  "UN Criticizes Iraqi Cease-Fire Compliance." For the second time in less than a year the UN Security Council and top UN officials met with Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz to discuss Iraq's compliance with UN cease-fire demands, saying that Iraq has only selectively and then partially complied with its obligations under the armistice agreement. (921123)

Translated Title:  ONU Censura Cumplimiento Iraqui Cesacion Del Fuego; L'ONU critique le comportement de l'Irak. (921123)
Author:  AITA, JUDY (USIA STAFF WRITER)
Date:  19921123

Text:
U.N. CRITICIZES IRAQI CEASE-FIRE COMPLIANCE

(Attitude found unconvincing and dangerous) (1,000) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent United Nations -- The U.N. Security Council November 23 told Iraq that it has "only selectively and then partially" complied with its obligations under the Persian Gulf war cease-fire.

For the second time in less than a year the council and top U.N. officials met with Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz to discuss Baghdad's compliance with cease-fire demands under Security Council Resolution 687. Council members once again concluded that Baghdad's actions over the past eight months failed to convince them to lift the wide-ranging economic and military sanctions leveled against Iraq.

In a lengthy statement read by its president, Hungarian Ambassador Andre Erdos, the council said that it hoped the meeting would "impress once again upon Iraq the imperative need for full compliance and to obtain from Iraq undertakings which would constitute an advance in the consideration of this issue as required in the interest of world peace and security, as well as that of the Iraqi people."

The council said that Iraq: -- is reasserting it's claim on Kuwait and failed to participate in the demarcation of the Iraq-Kuwait boundary;

-- has not paid its portion of the cost of destroying its weapons or of humanitarian aid for Iraqi Kurds and Shia;

-- has failed to release all Kuwaiti and third country detainees and prisoners of war or to cooperate with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC);

-- has failed to export oil under a U.N. plan for the benefit of its own people;

-- seems unprepared to comply with the plans for long-term monitoring and verification of its weapons programs;

-- continues to obstruct the work of the weapon's inspectors and refuses to disclose the suppliers of its banned weapons programs;

-- has failed to return all of Kuwaiti and third country property seized after the invasion;

-- continues to violate the human rights of and repress its Kurdish and Shia populations.

"In view of the observations on the record of Iraq's performance...the Security Council has considered itself justified in concluding that Iraq has up to now only selectively and then partially complied with the obligations place upon it by the council," the statement said.

U.S. Ambassador Edward Perkins said that "due to Iraqi intransigence the council's efforts must continue undiminished," adding that "without full and unconditional Iraqi compliance with all relevant resolutions, my government sees no reason to lift sanctions."

According to Perkins, the council heard many Iraqi "promises and allegations" last March and "has received many contentious letters from the Iraqi government since then."

Perkins pointed out, for example, that the embargo of food ended in April 1991. Large quantities of food, over 18 metric tons of medicine and antibiotics, 114,300 metric tons of seed, and 500 agricultural tractors have been shipped to Iraq in the past year, yet Baghdad still complains that the sanctions it agreed to under the cease-fire are responsible for human suffering in Iraq.

But the Iraqi regime "has callously manipulated food distribution as an instrument of repression," he charged. "If food is not reaching the needy in Iraq, it is because the Iraqi regime has diverted food imports to the military and security forces which allow Saddam to maintain his brutal dictatorship."

Herve Ladsous, the deputy permanent representative of France said that "the international community must not drop its guard less Iraq return to its aggressive designs."

British Ambassador David Hannay said that "most serious of all is the reassertion by Iraq of its claim to Kuwait....Even more disturbing is the repeated reassertion of the Iraqi claim to Kuwait by Iraqi officials and in the government-controlled media in Iraq....And Iraqi school text books and maps continue to depict Kuwait as part of Iraq."

"This all strikes at the very heart of the cease-fire resolution and calls into questions Iraq's commitment" to implementing the cease-fire demands, Hannay said. "How can Iraq expect its protestation of compliance...to be believed so long as this pattern of behavior continues?"

Russian Ambassador Yuliy Voronstov pointed out that weapons "inspections found there were additional undisclosed aspects of Iraqi programs. Failure to acknowledge its obligations, attempts to evade obligations by having long discussions has made it impossible to deploy long-term weapons monitors."

"The Security Council cannot, either, overlook the essentially hostile attitude to U.N. inspectors," Voronstov said.

Ambassador Simbarashe Mumbengegwi of Zimbabwe said that "of great concern to us is the repatriation of and access to Kuwait and third country nationals still unaccounted for in Iraq."

"Why is Iraq unwilling to grant permission of the ICRC to visit its prisons?" Mumbengegwi said. "Its failure suggests Iraq may well have something to hide."

Jose Barbos, counselor of the Cape Verde delegation said that references to claims on Kuwait that have appeared in the Iraqi press "is not the kind of behavior which would make it possible for the council to lift sanctions. It is precisely those Iraqi claims that warranted the council's actions in the first place."

Venezuelan Ambassador Diego Arria said he is concerned with "the level and degree of Iraq's failure to comply with the resolutions....What's more serious, it seems there is some disposition (by Iraq) to drag out this process which obliges the international community to expend more and more resources."

Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz accused the council passing an "unjust sentence" on the people of Iraq and failing to honor its obligations under pressure from the United States, Britain, and France by keeping the sanctions in place.

"Iraq, in spite of the striking irony and unjust situation forced upon it, has complied with resolution 687 despite its arbitrary and inequitable nature," Tariq Aziz said. He pointed out that in the past eight months 16 weapons inspections have results in the destruction of 9,983 pieces of weapons.

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File Identification:  11/23/92, POL103; 11/23/92, EPF108; 11/23/92, EUR105; 11/23/92, NEA103; 11/24/92, LEF202; 11/24/92, LSI205; 11/24/92, AEF204; 11/24/92, LEF202; 11/24/92, NAA204; 11/27/92, AFF504
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish; Arabic; French
Keywords:  IRAQ/Politics & Government; UNITED NATIONS-SECURITY COUNCIL; ARMISTICE; TREATIES & AGREEMENTS; AZIZ, TARIQ; ERDOS, ANDRE; CONFERENCES; PERKINS, EDWARD
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 1UN
Target Areas:  EA; EU; NE; AF; AR
PDQ Text Link:  255043; 255265; 255688
USIA Notes:  *92112303.POL