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USIS Washington 
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20 February 1998

TEXT: UN SECURITY COUNCIL APPROVES RESOLUTION 1153

(UNSC expands oil-for-food for Iraqi civilians) (1860)



United Nations -- The UN Security Council February 20 voted
unanimously to more than double the amount of oil Baghdad can sell
under the Council's "oil-for-food" program to help buy humanitarian
supplies for Iraqi civilians.


Adopting resolution 1153, the Council will allow Iraq to sell $5,256
million worth of oil every six months. In addition to purchasing food
and medical supplies, the money will also be used to help repair
sanitation and water supplies and finance Hajj pilgrimages. However,
at least $682 million must been spent on food and medicine.


The oil sales, as well as Iraq's expenditures, will be closely
monitored by the United Nations and Iraq must submit a purchasing and
distribution plan for approval. The plan will go into effect the day
the UN secretary general approves Iraq's proposal.


The Council also asked for an interim review in 90 days.



The basic requirements of the original "oil-for-food" plan are still
in effect. The proceeds of the oil sales are deposited in a special
account and distributed according to a set formula: 30 percent to the
Compensation Fund dealing with claims resulting from the invasion of
Kuwait; 2 to 4 percent to pay for the UN administration of the oil
sales, 6 percent for the Special Commission overseeing the destruction
of Iraqi weapons (UNSCOM), and the remainder for the humanitarian aid.


Following is the text of the UNSC resolution:



®MDBO¯®MDNM¯(begin text)



Resolution 1153



The Security Council,



Recalling its previous relevant resolutions and in particular its
resolutions 986 (1995) of 14 April 1995, 1111 (1997) of 4 June 1997,
1129 (1997) of 12 September 1997 and 1143 (1997) of 4 December 1997,


Convinced of the need as a temporary measure to continue to provide
for the humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people until the fulfillment
by Iraq of the relevant resolutions, including notably resolution 687
(1991) of 3 April 1991, allows the Council to take further action with
regard to the prohibitions referred to in resolution 661 (1990) of 6
August 1990, in accordance with the provisions of those resolutions,
and emphasizing the temporary nature of the distribution plan
envisaged by this resolution,


Convinced also of the need for equitable distribution of humanitarian
supplies to all segments of the Iraqi population throughout the
country,


Welcoming the report submitted on 1 February 1998 by the
Secretary-General in accordance with paragraph 7 of resolution 1143
(1997) (S/1998/90) and his recommendations, as well as the report
submitted on 30 January 1998 in accordance with paragraph 9 of
resolution 1143 (1997) by the Committee established by resolution 661
(1990) of 6 August 1990 (S/1998/92),


Noting that the Government of Iraq did not cooperate fully in the
preparation of the report of the Secretary-General,


Noting with concern that, despite the ongoing implementation of
resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997) and 1143 (1997), the population of
Iraq continues to face a very serious nutritional and health
situation,


Determined to avoid any further deterioration of the current
humanitarian situation,


Reaffirming the commitment of all member states to the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of Iraq,


Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,



1. Decides that the provisions of resolution 986 (1995), except those
contained in paragraphs 4, 11 and 12, shall remain in force for a new
period of 180 days beginning at 00.01 hours, Eastern Standard Time, on
the day after the President of the Council has informed the members of
the Council that he has received the report of the Secretary-General
requested in paragraph 5 below, on which date the provisions of
resolution 1143 (1997), if still in force, shall terminate, except as
regards sums already produced pursuant to that resolution prior to
that date;


2. Decides further that the authorization given to states by paragraph
1 of resolution 986 (1995) shall permit the import of petroleum and
petroleum products originating in Iraq, including financial and other
essential transactions directly relating thereto, sufficient to
produce a sum, in the 180-day period referred to in paragraph 1 above,
not exceeding a total of 5.256 billion United States dollars, of which
the amounts recommended by the Secretary-General for the
food/nutrition and health sectors should be allocated on a priority
basis, and of which between 682 million United States dollars and 788
million United States dollars shall be used for the purpose referred
to in paragraph 8 (b) of resolution 986 (1995), except that if less
than 5.256 billion United States dollars worth of petroleum or
petroleum products is sold during the 180-day period, particular
attention will be paid to meeting the urgent humanitarian needs in the
food/nutrition and health sectors and the Secretary-General may
provide a proportionately smaller amount for the purpose referred to
in paragraph 8 (b) of resolution 996 (1995);


3. Directs the committee established by resolution 661 (1990) to
authorize, on the basis of specific requests, reasonable expenses
related to the Hajj pilgrimage, to be met by funds in the escrow
account;


4. Requests the Secretary-General to take the actions necessary to
ensure the effective and efficient implementation of this resolution,
and in particular to enhance the United Nations observation process in
Iraq in such a way as to provide the required assurance to the Council
of the equitable distribution of the goods produced in accordance with
this resolution and that all supplies authorized for procurement,
including dual-usage items and spare parts, are utilized for the
purpose for which they have been authorized;


5. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council when he has
entered into any necessary arrangements or agreements, and approved a
distribution plan, submitted by the Government of Iraq, which includes
a description of the goods to be purchased and effectively guarantees
their equitable distribution, in accordance with his recommendations
that the plan should be ongoing and should reflect the relative
priorities of humanitarian supplies as well as their
interrelationships within the context of projects or activities,
required delivery dates, preferred points of entry, and targeted
objectives to be achieved;


6. Urges all states, and in particular the Government of Iraq, to
provide their full cooperation in the effective implementation of this
resolution;


7. Appeals to all states to cooperate in the timely submission of
applications and the expeditious issue of export licenses,
facilitating the transit of humanitarian supplies authorized by the
committee established by resolution 661 (1990), and taking all other
appropriate measures within their competence in order to ensure that
urgently required humanitarian supplies reach the Iraqi people as
rapidly as possible;


8. Stresses the need to ensure respect for the security and safety of
all persons directly involved in the implementation of this resolution
in Iraq;


9. Decides to conduct an interim review of the implementation of this
resolution 90 days after the entry into force of paragraph 1 above and
a thorough review of all aspects of its implementation prior to the
end of the 180-day period, on receipt of the reports referred to in
paragraphs 10 and 14 below, and expresses its intention, prior to the
end of the 180-day period, to consider favorably the renewal of the
provisions of this resolution as appropriate, provided that the
reports referred to in paragraphs 10 and 14 below indicate that those
provisions are being satisfactorily implemented;


10. Requests the Secretary-General to make an interim report to the
Council 90 days after the entry into force of paragraph 1 above, and
to make a full report prior to the end of the 180-day period, on the
basis of observation by United Nations personnel in Iraq, and on the
basis of consultations with the Government of Iraq, on whether Iraq
has ensured the equitable distribution of medicine, health supplies,
foodstuffs and materials and supplies for essential civilian needs,
financed in accordance with paragraph 8 (a) of resolution 986 (1995),
including in his reports any observations he may have on the adequacy
of the revenues to meet Iraq's humanitarian needs, and on Iraq's
capacity to export sufficient quantities of petroleum and petroleum
products to produce the sum referred to in paragraph 2 above;


11. Takes note of the Secretary-General's observation that the
situation in the electricity sector is extremely grave, and of his
intention to return to the Council with proposals for appropriate
funding, requests him to submit urgently a report for this purpose
prepared in consultation with the Government of Iraq to the Council,
and further requests him to submit to the Council other studies,
drawing upon United Nations agencies as appropriate and in
consultation with the Government of Iraq, on essential humanitarian
needs in Iraq including necessary improvements to infrastructure;


12. Requests the Secretary-General to establish a group of experts to
determine in consultation with the Government of Iraq whether Iraq is
able to export petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to produce
the total sum referred to in paragraph 2 above and to prepare an
independent report on Iraqi production and transportation capacity and
necessary monitoring, also requests him in the light of that report to
make early and appropriate recommendations and expresses its readiness
to take a decision, on the basis of these recommendations and the
humanitarian objectives of this resolution, notwithstanding paragraph
3 of resolution 661 (1990), regarding authorization of the export of
the necessary equipment to enable Iraq to increase the export of
petroleum or petroleum products and to give the appropriate directions
to the committee established by resolution 661 (1990);


13. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council, if Iraq
is unable to export petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to
produce the total sum referred to in paragraph 2 above, and following
consultations with relevant United Nations agencies and the Iraqi
authorities, making recommendations for the expenditure of the sum
expected to be available, consistent with the distribution plan
referred to in paragraph 5 above;


14. Requests the committee established by resolution 661 (1990), in
coordination with the Secretary-General, to report to the Council 90
days after the entry into force of paragraph 1 above and again prior
to the end of the 180-day period on the implementation of the
arrangements in paragraphs 1, 2, 6, 8, 9 and 10 of resolution 986
(1995);


15. Requests further the committee established by resolution 661
(1990) to implement the measures and take action on the steps referred
to in its report of 30 January 1998, with regard to the refining and
clarifying of its working procedures, to consider the relevant
observations and recommendations referred to in the report of the
Secretary-General of 1 February 1998 in particular with a view to
reducing to the extent possible the delay between the export of
petroleum and petroleum products from Iraq and the supply of goods to
Iraq in accordance with this resolution, to report to the Council by
31 March 1998 and thereafter to continue to review its procedures
whenever necessary;


16.  Decides to remain seized of the matter.



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