03 March 1998
(Saddam Hussein/war criminal; Grey/ambassador) (450) SENATE PANEL CALLS FOR TRIBUNAL TO PROSECUTE SADDAM HUSSEIN The Senate Foreign Relations Committee March 3 urged President Clinton to call on the United Nations to create an international criminal tribunal to indict, prosecute, and imprison Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi officials responsible for "crimes against humanity, genocide, and other violations of international law." The committee unanimously approved a resolution, introduced just the day before by Republican Senator Arlen Specter, requesting the president to call for the creation of a commission, under U.N. auspices, to establish an international record of the criminal culpability of Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi officials. The resolution also stipulates that, upon creation of such an international criminal tribunal, the president should "seek the reprogramming of necessary funds to support the efforts of the tribunal, including the gathering of evidence necessary to indict, prosecute and imprison Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi officials." U.S. REPRESENTATIVE TO DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE TO BE AMBASSADOR The Senate Foreign Relations Committee March 3 unanimously approved Robert Grey to hold the rank of ambassador during his service as U.S. Representative to the Conference on Disarmament (CD). At his nomination hearing February 25, Grey, who is a career foreign service officer, reviewed the two key U.S. objectives in the Geneva-based CD: to begin negotiations on a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) and negotiate a ban on exports of anti-personnel landmines (APL). The FMCT would cap the amount of fissile material available for nuclear weapons in the five nuclear weapons states and the three threshold states of India, Pakistan and Israel. It would also subject all fissile material production to international verification. Grey said the United States will continue to reject efforts by some countries to link cutoff negotiations "to their own nuclear disarmament agenda, including the idea of the Conference negotiating or discussing a time-bound framework for the elimination of nuclear weapons." He said the U.S. rejects arguments that progress on any issue, even anti-personnel landmines, be linked to nuclear disarmament. The CD, he asserted, cannot "become a forum for negotiating nuclear arms reductions." U.S. negotiations with Russia "must remain our first priority in the nuclear reductions area for the foreseeable future," he said. Although efforts to negotiate on APL in the Conference on Disarmament were boosted by a December U.N. General Assembly resolution encouraging the CD to intensify its APL efforts, Grey said the negotiating effort "will be affected by different agendas." He noted that progress on both U.S. objectives "may well be difficult," but added that achieving each would advance U.S. national security interests.