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11 March 1998

TRANSCRIPT: CLINTON-ANNAN Q&A WITH REPORTERS IN THE OVAL OFFICE

(UN-Iraq accord, UNSCOM inspections, and Kosovo discussed) (1780)



Washington -- President Clinton told reporters in the Oval Office
March 11 how pleased he is with the agreement that UN Secretary
General Kofi Annan "worked out with Iraq to continue the inspections,
as well as the access which has been provided to the UNSCOM inspectors
which was previously denied.


"All that is encouraging," Clinton said, as he chatted with Annan
before his formal meeting with him began.


"Now," he said, "I think we have to remain vigilant. The last six days
is not the same as the next six months, but it's all very hopeful. And
the Secretary General deserves a lot of appreciation from the United
States and from all Americans for the work that has been done."


Clinton said the United States would consult the UN Security Council
before any use of force against Iraq but added that UN approval was
not required for use of force. "We believe that the resolution gives
us the authority to take whatever actions are necessary. But, of
course we would consult," he said.


"It would be unthinkable that we wouldn't do that," Clinton said. "We
do that all the time anyway. I spent an awful lot of time on the
telephone with large numbers of world leaders in the last several
weeks as this difficulty has unfolded, and so I'm not sure there is a
conflict between our positions."


On the current situation in Kosovo, Clinton said that "The United
States and I condemn in the strongest possible terms excessive
violence that has led to the death of innocent civilians there. We
believe the cause of it is the inadequate response by the Serbian
government to the legitimate concerns of the Albanian minority in
Serbia, but majority in Kosovo."


Following is the White House transcript:



(begin transcript)



THE WHITE HOUSE



Office of the Press Secretary



March 11, 1998



REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AND UN SECRETARY GENERAL KOFI ANNAN



IN PHOTO OPPORTUNITY



The Oval Office



THE PRESIDENT: Let me begin by saying that I'm delighted that the
Secretary General is here. We share a strong commitment to curtailing
the threat of weapons of mass destruction in general and to continuing
the work in Iraq. And again let me say how pleased I am at the
agreement that he worked out with Iraq to continue the inspections, as
well as the access which has been provided to the UNSCOM inspectors
which was previously denied. All that is encouraging.


Now, I think we have to remain vigilant. The last six days is not the
same as the next six months, but it's all very hopeful. And the
Secretary General deserves a lot of appreciation from the United
States and from all Americans for the work that has been done.


Q: Mr. President, are you both on the same wavelength in terms of what
would happen if there is a breach in the agreement in the aftermath of
that implementation? We understand there's some little friction.


THE PRESIDENT:  Well -



SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: Between the President and me, or the
President and someone else?


Q:  Between the President and you.



SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN:  I see.  Okay.



THE PRESIDENT: Well, over the weekend the Secretary General said he
thought that under the resolution there would have to be some
consultations before any military force could be taken or used. We
believe that the resolution gives us the authority to take whatever
actions are necessary. But, of course, we would consult. It would be
unthinkable that we wouldn't do that. We do that all the time anyway.
I spent an awful lot of time on the telephone with large numbers of
world leaders in the last several weeks as this difficulty has
unfolded, and so I'm not sure there is a conflict between our
positions.


Q:  What do you think, Mr. Secretary General?



SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: I think what the President has said is
exactly what I said on television on Sunday. And not only was the
President himself informed, as you will recall, Mrs. -- the Secretary
of State Albright consulted Council members, Ambassador Richardson,
Secretary of Defense Cohen -- and so there was consultation even this
time around. So the consultation is an ongoing process and part of the
way we do business in the international community. And I agree with
what the President has said.


Q: Mr. President, what do you think about Senator Lott's criticism
that this agreement is a sellout?


THE PRESIDENT: I just don't believe it is. The agreement on its own
terms is clearly not a sellout. The agreement on its own terms
preserves the integrity of the UNSCOM inspections. It does add some
diplomats to the inspection process in the presidential sites, but if
the agreement is complied with -- and again, I think the Secretary
General did a good job working through these issues over the weekend
-- then we will be able to do what the United States has always
wanted, which is to complete the inspection process.


Again, let me say -- I know I don't need to beat this dead horse, but
I think it's worth repeating one more time. I see this issue with Iraq
in the larger context of the threat I believe will be presented to the
world for the next few decades from biological and chemical and
perhaps even, God forbid, small-scale nuclear weapons -- adifferent
sort of weapons of mass destruction threat than we have faced in the
past. And world leaders simply have to come to grips with the
potential that is out there for organized groups -- not just nations,
but terrorist groups, narco traffickers, international criminals -- to
make and deploy such weapons for their own purposes. So that this is
very important on its own merits. But it's also very important as the
first of what I believe will have to be a many, many-year effort by
all peace-loving people to deal with this issue.


Q: Mr. President, how would you feel about testifying or talking to
the grand jury and in some way giving your side of the story in the
ongoing controversy?


THE PRESIDENT: Well, you know I'm not going to talk about that today.
I can't. I've got to do the work that the people of this country hired
me to do, so I can't -- I'm not going to discuss that.


Q: Sir, with your pledge to cooperate fully, as you mentioned when
this story first broke -


SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN:  I wish you would concentrate on my issues.



THE PRESIDENT:  I just don't have anything else to say about it.



Q:  Sir, are you going to embrace the Conrad bill for tobacco, sir?



THE PRESIDENT: Let me say -- I'd like to answer that question and
then, if I could, I'd like to make one comment about Kosovo before you
leave.


I have said that the Conrad bill embraces the principles that I feel
strongly about. I haven't reviewed all of its provisions and I'm not
sure exactly what it does, for example, on the tobacco farmer issue,
but, in general, I think Senator Conrad has put out a very good bill.
And what I hope will happen is that either his bill will attract
bipartisan support or that it will lead to a bipartisan bill
reflecting the principles that I've outlined in the tobacco settlement
-- for the tobacco settlement.


I personally believe, even though there are now less than 70 scheduled
work days left in this year, that Congress ought to have no higher
priority than to get this done. We need to do this and get this behind
us. There are a thousand lives a day on the line. We do not need to
wait until next year.


Let me just make one comment if I might about Kosovo, because the
Secretary of State has just returned from an arduous trip. The United
States and I condemn in the strongest possible terms excessive
violence that has led to the death of innocent civilians there. We
believe the cause of it is the inadequate response by the Serbian
government to the legitimate concerns of the Albanian minority in
Serbia, but majority in Kosovo.


I believe that the decision that the Secretary and other world leaders
reached in the last few days, the reimposition of the sanctions, and
the strong statements that were made coming out of the Contact Group,
and the unity of the countries gives us some hope that we can resolve
this. But this is a matter of great concern to me; I know it's of
great concern to the Secretary General. We do not want the Balkans to
have more pictures like we've seen in the last few days so reminiscent
of what Bosnia endured. And I just want to make it absolutely clear
that to me it's a very serious issue.


SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN:  I agree.



Q: -- consider military action, sir, as your Secretary of State has
said in the past, and others?


THE PRESIDENT: We believe that no option should be ruled in or out
now. But the Secretary of State, along with all of her colleagues --
and there's been remarkable unanimity on this -- they've taken a
position that gives us a chance to avoid further bloodshed by all
parties under all conditions. That's what I want.


Q:  Have you been in touch with Milosevic?



THE PRESIDENT:  Not directly, I have not.



Q:  Will you have some travel tips on Africa for the President?



SECRETARY GENERAL ANNAN: I think I'll be discussing a few interesting
things, and I have one or two ideas that I would want to put to the
President. I think it's great that he's going to Africa, and I think
it's good for U.S.-African relationship, and the entire continent is
excited that for the first time a sitting U.S. President is doing
this. And it's a sign that U.S.-African relationship is on the
upswing. And I'm very pleased about that.


Q: Mr. President, will the American people hear your version in the
Lewinsky matter?


MCCURRY: Thank you, everyone. We're done. And the President has
already answered that question. Good-bye.


Q:  Do you all -



MCCURRY:  No, we're done.



Q:  -- Middle East -- (inaudible.)



THE PRESIDENT: Well, we're going to discuss that. I hope it will.
We're working very hard on that. We're doing everything we can to get
it back on track. And I hope we can have a chance to talk about it.


Q:  Will this visit have helped in some way?



THE PRESIDENT:  It certainly can.  It certainly can.



THE PRESS:  Thank you.



(end transcript)