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USIS Washington 
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07 April 1998

TEXT: CLINTON REPORT TO CONGRESS ON IRAQ'S NON-COMPLIANCE WITH UNSC

(Iraq remains threat to international peace and security) (4810)



Washington -- "The United States looks forward to the day when Iraq
rejoins the family of nations as a responsible and law-abiding
member," President Clinton said April 3.


However, in his report to Congress on efforts to obtain Iraq's
compliance with United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions,
the President said "Iraq remains a serious threat to international
peace and security."


Iraq's refusal to allow U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspectors to
carry out their work at a number of sites ..." was only the latest
chapter in the long history of efforts by the Iraqi regime to flout
its obligations under relevant UNSC resolutions. Iraq has persistently
failed to disclose fully its programs for WMD," he said.


He noted that Iraq's refusal to cooperate with UNSCOM persisted until
the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between U.N.
Secretary General Kofi Annan and Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq
Aziz on February 23, and the endorsement of this agreement by the UNSC
on March 2, when it adopted UNSC 1154. The agreement stipulates that
Iraq will provide UNSCOM and IAEA weapons inspectors with immediate,
unconditional, and unrestricted access to any suspect site inside
Iraq, including presidential palaces, and provides for specific
procedures for inspections at eight clearly identified presidential
sites.


The President called UNSC resolution 1154 "one of the strongest and
clearest statements the Council has made in 7 years with regard to
what Iraq must do to comply with its obligations, and what the
consequences of failing to meet those obligations will be. ... We
welcomed Resolution 1154 and agreed with Secretary General Annan that,
if respected, honored, and sustained, the agreement 'could constitute
one of the U.N.'s most important steps in addressing the consequences
of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait 7 years ago'," he said.


"Until Iraqi intent to comply with the MOU is verified, it will be
necessary to maintain our current augmented force posture in the
region," the President asserted. Twenty nations have deployed forces
to the region or have readied their forces for contingency deployment,
he said.


On other developments, President Clinton reported:



-- The United States and coalition partners will continue to enforce
the no-fly zones over Iraq under Operation Northern Watch and
Operation Southern Watch.


-- On February 20, the Security Council adopted resolution 1153, which
expands to $5.2 billion the amount of oil Iraq is authorized to sell
every 6 months under the oil-for-food program. The U.S. supported the
expansion of the oil-for-food program under UNSCR 1153 because it will
provide additional humanitarian assistance to the Iraqi people, under
strict U.N. supervision, without benefiting the regime.


-- The human rights situation throughout Iraq continues to be a cause
for grave concern. ... The Government of Iraq shows no sign of
complying with UNSCR 688, which demands that Iraq cease the repression
of its own people. The U.N. Special Rapporteur reported to the General
Assembly his particular concern that extrajudicial, summary or
arbitrary executions, and the practice of torture continue to occur in
Iraq.


-- The Iraqi government continues to stall and obfuscate, rather than
work in good faith toward accounting for more than 600 Kuwaitis and
third-country nationals who disappeared at the hands of Iraqi
authorities during or after the occupation of Kuwait, and the nearly
5,000 Iranian prisoners of war taken prisoner by Iraq during the
Iran-Iraq war.


-- The INDICT campaign, led by various independent Iraqi opposition
groups and nongovernmental organizations to document crimes against
humanity and other violations of international humanitarian law
committed by the Iraqi regime, continues to gain momentum. We applaud
the tenacity of the Iraqi opposition in the face of one of the most
repressive regimes in history. We take note of, and welcome, Senate
Resolution 179 of March 13 expressing the sense of the Senate
concerning the need for an international criminal tribunal to try
members of the Iraqi regime for war crimes and crimes against
humanity.


-- In northern Iraq, the cease-fire between the Kurdish parties,
established in November 1997 as the result of U.S. efforts, continues
to hold. ... We will continue our efforts to reach a permanent
reconciliation through mediation in order to help the people of
northern Iraq find the permanent, stable settlement that they deserve,
and to minimize the opportunities for Baghdad and Tehran to insert
themselves into the conflict and threaten Iraqi citizens in this
region.


Following is the text of the President's report to Congress:



(Begin text)



THE WHITE HOUSE

Office of the Press Secretary



For Immediate Release April 6, 1998



TEXT OF A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF

REPRESENTATIVES AND THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE OF THE SENATE

April 3, 1998



Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)



Consistent with the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against
Iraq Resolution (Public Law 102-1) and as part of my effort to keep
the Congress fully informed, I am reporting on the status of efforts
to obtain Iraq's compliance with the resolutions adopted by the United
Nations Security Council (UNSC). This report covers the period from
February 3, 1998, to the present.


Introduction



For much of the period covered by this report, Iraq was engaged in a
serious challenge to the authority of the UNSC and the will of the
international community. As documented in my last report, Iraq refused
to allow U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspectors to carry out
their work at a number of sites last December; Iraq's refusal to
cooperate in spite of repeated warnings continued until the signing of
the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between U.N. Secretary General
Kofi Annan and Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz on February 23,
and the endorsement of this agreement by the UNSC on March 2 when it
adopted UNSCR 1154. Both the MOU and UNSCR 1154 reiterate Iraq's
commitment to provide immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted
access to UNSCOM and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
UNSCR 1154 also stresses that any further Iraqi violation of the
relevant UNSC resolutions would result in the severest consequences
for Iraq. Iraq's commitment is now in the process of being tested. A
series of UNSCOM inspections of so-called "sensitive" sites in early
March proceeded without Iraqi interference. On March 26, UNSCOM
inspections of the so-called "presidential sites" began under the
arrangements agreed to by UNSCOM Chairman Richard Butler and Iraqi
Deputy Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz. The team of 60 UNSCOM inspectors,
accompanied by 20 diplomatic observers, is conducting inspections of
the so-called "presidential sites" through April 5. Chairman Butler
traveled to Baghdad in mid-March for discussions with Iraqi officials
concerning Iraq's missile and chemical weapons programs.


Throughout the crisis created by Iraq's refusal to cooperate with U.N.
weapons inspectors, the objective of my Administration was to achieve
effective inspections, preferably through a diplomatic solution. Our
vigorous diplomatic efforts were backed by the credible threat to use
force, if necessary. I consulted with our allies in the region as well
as with the other members of the U.N. Security Council. Secretary of
State Albright, Secretary of Defense Cohen, U.N. Ambassador
Richardson, and other Administration officials also pursued our
objectives vigorously with foreign governments, including several
trips to the region and to relevant capitals and at the United
Nations. Our military forces responded quickly and effectively to
support our diplomatic efforts by providing a credible military
option, which we were prepared to use if Iraq had not ultimately
agreed to meet its obligation to provide full access to UNSCOM and the
IAEA.


U.S. and Coalition Force Levels in the Gulf Region



As a demonstration of U.S. resolve during the recent crisis with Iraq,
the aircraft carriers USS INDEPENDENCE, USS GEORGE WASHINGTON, their
accompanying battle group combatant ships, and additional combat
aircraft have remained in the region. United States force levels in
the region now include land- and carrier-based aircraft, surface
warships, a Marine amphibious task force, Patriot missile battalions,
a mechanized battalion task force, and a mix of special operations
forces deployed in support of USCINCCENT operations. To enhance force
protection throughout the region, additional military security
personnel are also deployed. These U.S. forces were augmented by the
HMS ILLUSTRIOUS and accompanying ships from the United Kingdom.


In addition to the United Kingdom, a number of other nations have
pledged forces to our effort to compel Iraq's compliance with its
commitments. Although all of the members of this international effort
seek a peaceful diplomatic resolution of the crisis in Iraq, all have
shown their resolve to achieve our common objective by military force
if that becomes necessary. Without this demonstration of resolve to
both use military force and impose the severest consequences on Iraq
for any further Iraqi transgressions, it is unlikely that the MOU and
UNSCR 1154 (see below) would have been achieved.


Twenty nations have deployed forces to the region or have readied
their forces for contingency deployment. Those countries currently
represented in the Gulf include Australia, Argentina, Canada, the
Czech Republic, Kuwait, Netherlands, New Zealand, Romania, and the
United Kingdom. Another 12 nations have offered important access,
basing, overflight, and other assistance essential for the
multi-national effort. Still others have identified force
contributions that are being held in reserve for deployment should the
need arise. United States and Allied forces in the region are prepared
to deal with numerous contingencies, either conventional or weapons of
mass destruction-related. UNSCR 949, adopted in October 1994, demands
that Iraq not use its military forces to threaten its neighbors or
U.N. operations in Iraq and that it not redeploy troops nor enhance
its military capacity in southern Iraq. In view of Saddam's record of
brutality and unreliability, it is prudent to retain a significant
force presence in the region to deter Iraq. This gives us the
capability to respond rapidly to possible Iraqi aggression or threats
against its neighbors.


Until Iraqi intent to comply with the MOU is verified, it will be
necessary to maintain our current augmented force posture in the
region. The ongoing inspections of the so-called "presidential sites"
mark the next critical phase in the UNSCOM inspections process. Once
Iraqi compliance is assured, we will consider whether we can reduce
our present force posture.


Operation Northern Watch and Operation Southern Watch



The United States and coalition partners continue to enforce the
no-fly zones over Iraq under Operation Northern Watch and Operation
Southern Watch. In response to a series of Iraqi no-fly zone
violations in October and November 1997, we increased the number of
aircraft participating in these operations. There have been no
observed no-fly zone violations during the period covered by this
report. We have repeatedly made clear to the Government of Iraq and to
all other relevant parties that the United States and coalition
partners will continue to enforce both no-fly zones, and that we
reserve the right to respond appropriately and decisively to any Iraqi
provocations.


The Maritime Interception Force



The Maritime Interception Force (MIF), operating under the authority
of UNSCR 665, vigorously enforces U.N. sanctions in the Gulf. The U.S.
Navy is the single largest component of this international naval
force, but it is augmented by ships and aircraft from Australia,
Canada, Belgium, the Netherlands, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council support the MIF by
providing logistical support and shipriders, and accepting vessels
caught violating sanctions.


Since my last report, the MIF has intercepted 15 sanctions violators
in the Gulf for a total of over 25,000 metric tons of illegal Iraqi
petroleum products. Ships involved in smuggling have often utilized
the territorial seas of Iran to avoid MIF inspections. We have given
detailed reports of these illegal activities to the U.N. Sanctions
Committee in New York.


The level of petroleum smuggling from Iraq appears to be decreasing.
There are indications, still preliminary, that the Government of Iran
may be taking steps to curb the flow of illegal petroleum products
through its territorial seas. While it is too early to tell if Iran
will completely and permanently stop this illegal traffic, we are
hopeful that Iran will help enforce the provisions of UNSCR 661 and
other relevant UNSCRs. In this regard, we note that the Iranian
government has recently played a helpful role in enforcing the
sanctions on air travel to and from Iraq by requiring that planes
wishing to enter Iraq obtain the appropriate approval from the U.N.
Sanctions Committee before overflying Iranian territory.


Recent actions by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) will greatly enhance
our efforts to halt illegal exports from Iraq. After diplomatic
consultations with the United States and our MIF allies, the UAE has
significantly increased its level of cooperation with the MIF. These
efforts have resulted in a significant increase in the number of ships
caught with illegal cargoes. In addition, the UAE has prohibited the
use of tankers, barges, and other vessel types to transport petroleum
products to UAE ports and through its waters or to store such products
there. While it is still too early to determine the full effect of
these measures, we are hopeful that these actions will deal a
significant blow to sanctions-busting activity in the region.


While Iran and the UAE are taking positive steps, Iraq continues to
improve loading facilities in the Shatt Al Arab waterway, which gives
it the potential to smuggle even larger quantities of gasoil and fuel
oil. The U.S. Government will seek to address this problem in the
context of the expansion of the "oil-for-food" program approved under
UNSCR 1153.


Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction: UNSCOM and the IAEA



Iraq's refusal to cooperate fully and unconditionally with UNSCOM and
the IAEA, which are tasked with tracking down and destroying Iraq's
weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs, was once again at the
heart of the latest crisis between the U.N. and Iraq.


On February 23, the United Nations Secretary General signed the MOU
with the Government of Iraq reiterating Iraq's obligation to cooperate
fully and unconditionally with inspections by UNSCOM and IAEA for
weapons of mass destruction. The agreement stipulates that Iraq will
provide UNSCOM and IAEA weapons inspectors with immediate,
unconditional, and unrestricted access to any suspect site inside
Iraq, including presidential palaces, and provides for specific
procedures for inspections at eight clearly identified presidential
sites.


The recent crisis with Iraq was only the latest chapter in the long
history of efforts by the Iraqi regime to flout its obligations under
relevant UNSC resolutions. Iraq has persistently failed to disclose
fully its programs for WMD. Iraq has admitted, when confronted with
incontrovertible evidence, that it has repeatedly and consistently
concealed information from UNSCOM and the IAEA and has moved
significant pieces of dual-use equipment that are subject to
monitoring in violation of its obligations. Without full disclosure
and free access to all sites UNSCOM and IAEA wish to inspect, the
ongoing monitoring and verification mandated by relevant UNSC
resolutions, including Resolutions 687, 707, and 715, cannot
effectively be conducted.


U.N. Security Council Resolution 1154



On March 2, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1154,
which welcomed the MOU and reiterated that Iraq must cooperate fully
with UNSCOM and the IAEA. In the clearest possible terms, the Council
warned Iraq in UNSCR 1154 that it will face the "severest
consequences" if it fails to adhere to the commitments it reaffirmed
in the MOU. This resolution is one of the strongest and clearest
statements the Council has made in 7 years with regard to what Iraq
must do to comply with its obligations, and what the consequences of
failing to meet those obligations will be. This strong language of
UNSCR 1154 is critical to ensuring that UNSCOM and IAEA can do their
job and that Iraq is held accountable to its agreement. We welcomed
Resolution 1154 and agreed with Secretary General Annan that, if
respected, honored, and sustained, the agreement "could constitute one
of the U.N.'s most important steps in addressing the consequences of
Iraq's invasion of Kuwait 7 years ago."


Iraq's compliance with the agreement is now being tested. Since the
beginning of March, UNSCOM has pursued an intensive agenda of
inspections, including inspections of so-called "sensitive" sites and
"presidential sites" to which the Iraqis had previously blocked
access. Iraq has not significantly obstructed access to any sites
UNSCOM and the IAEA wished to visit since the MOU was signed. This may
mean Iraq will comply with the relevant UNSC resolutions, but the
testing process must continue until UNSCOM and the IAEA are fully
satisfied. We have consistently stressed that full, unconditional,
repeated access by UNSCOM to all sites, personnel, equipment,
documents, and means of transportation provides the only means by
which the world can make certain Iraq does not maintain or develop
WMD. We have full faith and confidence in UNSCOM and its Executive
Chairman.


Biological and Chemical Weapons



Iraqi biological and chemical weapons remain the most troubling issues
for UNSCOM. This is due to the innate dual-use nature of the
technology; it can easily be hidden within civilian industries such
as, for biological agents, the pharmaceutical industry and, for
chemical agents, the pesticide industry. UNSCOM is still unable to
verify that all of Iraq's SCUD missile warheads filled with biological
agents -- anthrax and botulinum toxin -- have been destroyed.


Nuclear Weapons and Delivery Systems



The Iraqi regime contends that UNSCOM and the IAEA should "close the
books" on nuclear and missile inspections. But there are still many
uncertainties and questions that need to be resolved. Iraq has never
provided a full and accurate account of its indigenous efforts to
develop nuclear weapons and prohibited long-range missiles. Among the
many problems, Iraq has failed to answer critical questions on nuclear
weapons design and fabrication, procurement, and centrifuge
enrichment; failed to provide a written description of its post-war
nuclear weapons procurement program; and failed to account for major
engine components, special warheads, missing propellants, and guidance
instruments that could be used to assemble fully operational missiles.
Until Iraq complies with its obligation to provide a full accounting
of these and other relevant aspects of its program, the questions must
remain open.


Iraq's Concealment Mechanisms



The U.N. Special Commission's work must include vigorous efforts to
expose Iraq's "Concealment Mechanism." During the last 60 days, but
before signature of the MOU, UNSCOM launched two special inspection
teams that once again targeted this mechanism in order to ferret out
WMD programs and documents that UNSCOM -- and we -- believe Iraq
stubbornly retains. Unfortunately, it became clear that the Iraqi
government had no intention of cooperating with these inspections as
specifically called for in the most recent UNSCRs on the topic --
resolutions 1134 of October 23, 1997, and 1137 of November 12, 1997.
The teams were stopped en route, denied access, and prevented from
videotaping equipment movement or document -- destruction activity at
suspect sites.


In accordance with relevant UNSC resolutions, UNSCOM and the IAEA must
be allowed to continue to investigate all aspects of Iraq's prohibited
programs until they can verify that all relevant components have been
destroyed under international supervision, and that all remaining
capabilities have been eliminated. Without such verification, Iraq
could quickly develop the ability to strike at any city in the region
-- and perhaps even as far as Europe -- with weapons of mass
destruction.


Dual-Use Imports



United Nations Security Council Resolution 1051 established a joint
UNSCOM/IAEA unit to monitor Iraq's efforts to reacquire proscribed
weapons. Iraq must notify the unit before it imports any items that
can be used in both military and civilian applications. Similarly,
U.N. members must provide timely notification of exports to Iraq of
such dual-use items.


We continue to be concerned that Iraq's land borders are extremely
porous. Iraq continues substantial trade with its neighbors. There is
significant potential for evasion of sanctions by land routes, giving
additional weight to our position that UNSCOM must have full and
unconditional access to all locations and be allowed to inspect and
monitor Iraqi compliance over time.


The U.N.'s Oil-for-Food Program



On February 20, the Security Council adopted resolution 1153, which
expands to $5.2 billion the amount of oil Iraq is authorized to sell
every 6 months. The previous amount was $2.0 billion every 6 months.
Resolution 1153 states that the nutritional and health requirements of
the Iraqi people are the top priority and allocates $1 billion to
rebuild hospitals, schools, water, and sanitation facilities. My
Administration's support for resolution 1153 is fully consistent with
long-standing U.S. policy. Since 1990, at the height of the Gulf War,
the United States has held that the international community's dispute
is with Iraq's leadership, not its people. We proposed an
"oil-for-food" program in 1991 (UNSCR 706/712), which Iraq rejected. A
similar program (UNSCR 986) was eventually accepted by Iraq in 1996.
We supported the expansion of the oil-for-food program under UNSCR
1153 because it will provide additional humanitarian assistance to the
Iraqi people, under strict U.N. supervision, without benefiting the
regime.


Since the beginning of the oil-for-food program, we have consistently
worked with the U.N. and other U.N. member states to find ways to
improve the program's effectiveness to better meet the humanitarian
needs of Iraq's civilian population. Iraq, however, has frequently
failed to provide the full cooperation necessary to ensure that the
program functions smoothly. For example, during calendar year 1997,
the Government of Iraq refused to pump oil under UNSCR 986 for more
than 3 months, all the while blaming the U.N. and the United States
for disruptions in the flow of food and medicine that it had caused.
We will be watching closely to determine how the Government of Iraq
performs under UNSCR 1153. The Iraqi government refused to provide
appropriate input to the Secretary General's report of January 30 on
Iraq's humanitarian needs, which provided the basis for determining
allocations under UNSCR 1153. On February 5, Iraq sent its official
"observations" on that report to the Secretary General, rejecting many
of its proposals and recommendations to alleviate the suffering of the
Iraqi people without stating whether or not the Government of Iraq
would "accept" the resolution. The U.N. Secretariat continues to work
to reach agreement with Iraq on implementing UNSCR 1153.


Among its other provisions, UNSCR 1153 calls for an independent
assessment of Iraq's oil infrastructure to ascertain whether it can
export enough oil to cover the $5.2 billion oil export ceiling. Based
on this report, the Secretary General will recommend to the UNSC
whether repairs to Iraq's oil infrastructure will be needed to meet
the new export target. The United States is prepared to support only
those oil infrastructure repairs needed to fund the expanded
humanitarian program.


The U.N. must carefully monitor how Iraq implements resolution 1153.
The Iraqi government continues to insist on the need for rapid lifting
of the sanctions regime, despite its record of non-compliance with its
obligations under relevant U.N. resolutions. Saddam Hussein has
exploited the suffering he himself has imposed on his people to build
sympathy for Iraq and its government and to create pressure to lift
the sanctions. In the meantime, he has continued to build lavish
palaces that benefit only the elite within his regime.


War Crimes and The Human Rights Situation in Iraq



The human rights situation throughout Iraq continues to be a cause for
grave concern. U.N. Special Rapporteur for Iraq, Max Van der Stoel, is
investigating credible reports from numerous, independent sources that
the Government of Iraq may have summarily executed hundreds -- perhaps
thousands -- of political detainees in November and December 1997.
According to these reports, many of those killed were serving
sentences of 15-20 years for such crimes as insulting the regime or
being members of an opposition political party. Families in Iraq
reportedly received the bodies of the executed that bore, in some
cases, clear signs of torture. In addition, the possibility that the
government used humans as experimental subjects in its chemical and
biological weapons programs remains a grave concern.


In southern Iraq, the government continues to repress the Shi'a
population, destroying the Marsh Arabs' way of life and the unique
ecology of the southern marshes. In the north, the government
continues the forced expulsion of tens of thousands of ethnic Kurds
from Kirkuk and other cities. The government continues to stall and
obfuscate, rather than work in good faith toward accounting for more
than 600 Kuwaitis and third-country nationals who disappeared at the
hands of Iraqi authorities during or after the occupation of Kuwait,
and the nearly 5,000 Iranian prisoners of war taken prisoner by Iraq
during the Iran-Iraq war. The Government of Iraq shows no sign of
complying with UNSCR 688, which demands that Iraq cease the repression
of its own people. The U.N. Special Rapporteur reported to the General
Assembly his particular concern that extrajudicial, summary or
arbitrary executions, and the practice of torture continue to occur in
Iraq.


The INDICT Campaign



The INDICT campaign continues to gain momentum. Led by various
independent Iraqi opposition groups and nongovernmental organizations,
this effort seeks to document crimes against humanity and other
violations of international humanitarian law committed by the Iraqi
regime. We applaud the tenacity of the Iraqi opposition in the face of
one of the most repressive regimes in history. We take note of, and
welcome, Senate Resolution 179 of March 13 expressing the sense of the
Senate concerning the need for an international criminal tribunal to
try members of the Iraqi regime for war crimes and crimes against
humanity.


March 16, 1998, marked the tenth anniversary of the Iraqi military's
devastating chemical attack on the Iraqi Kurdish town of Halabja. As
many as 5,000 civilians were killed. More than 10,000 were injured.
The Iraqi regime never expressed remorse for Halabja. In fact, the
regime defended its use of chemical weapons in its war with Iran by
claiming, "every nation has the right to protect itself against
invasion," even though a 1925 Geneva Protocol, to which Iraq is
subject, outlaws the use of chemical weapons. Ten years after the
massacre, the people of Halabja still suffer from the effects of the
attack, including much higher rates of serious diseases (such as
cancer), birth defects, and miscarriages. The sympathies of the United
States are with the people of Halabja and other victims of Iraqi
chemical attacks as we remind ourselves and the international
community that the U.N. must remain vigilant to stop Iraq from
reacquiring weapons of mass destruction.


Northern Iraq



In northern Iraq, the cease-fire between the Kurdish parties,
established in November 1997 as the result of U.S. efforts, continues
to hold. Both Massoud Barzani, leader of the Kurdistan Democratic
Party (KDP) and Jalal Talabani, leader of the Patriotic Union of
Kurdistan (PUK) have made positive, forward-looking statements on
political reconciliation, and talks between the two groups have
commenced. We will continue our efforts to reach a permanent
reconciliation through mediation in order to help the people of
northern Iraq find the permanent, stable settlement that they deserve,
and to minimize the opportunities for Baghdad and Tehran to insert
themselves into the conflict and threaten Iraqi citizens in this
region.


The United Nations Compensation Commission



The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC), established
pursuant to UNSCRs 687 and 692, continues to resolve claims against
Iraq arising from Iraq's unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
The UNCC has issued almost 1.3 million awards worth $6 billion. Thirty
percent of the proceeds from the oil sales permitted by UNSCRs 986,
1111, and 1143 have been allocated to the Compensation Fund to pay
awards and to finance operations of the UNCC. To the extent that money
is available in the Compensation Fund, initial payments to each
claimant are authorized for awards in the order in which the UNCC has
approved them, in installments of $2,500. To date, 457 U.S. claimants
have received an initial installment payment, and payment is in
process for an additional 323 U.S. claimants.


Conclusion



Iraq remains a serious threat to international peace and security. I
remain determined to see Iraq comply fully with all of its obligations
under U.N. Security Council resolutions. The United States looks
forward to the day when Iraq rejoins the family of nations as a
responsible and law-abiding member.


I appreciate the support of the Congress for our efforts and shall
continue to keep the Congress informed about this important issue.


Sincerely,



WILLIAM J. CLINTON



(End text)