News

MOHAMMED SAID AL-SAHAF
MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ

Position of Iraq on the Work with UNSCOM
Statement delivered on Friday June 5, 1998

In view of the discussions held during the past few days with UNSCOM and within the Security Council, it seems clear that UNSCOM should be able to report finally under paragraph (22) of SCR 687(1991) that Iraq has fulfilled all the requirements contemplated in section C of that resolution.

Since 1994, the regime of ongoing monitoring and verification has been established and has been applied effectively.  From the account given below, it seems also clear that Iraq has fulfilled the requirements of Section C of SCR 687(1991).

I- Ballistic Missiles

It is well known that the total number of proscribed missiles to be accounted for is 819 missiles.  The work done in this respect reveals the following points:

1- 686 complete operational missiles, that is complete integrated missiles, with airframe, engine, warhead, guidance and control module and propellant, are consumed during combat, training and development trials.

2- 48 complete operational missiles were destroyed under UNSCOMís supervision.

3- That leaves 85 operational missiles, which were unilaterally destroyed by Iraq in 1991.  As for these, the engines were considered by UNSCOM as being the most important component for the verification of whether the missiles destroyed were, as declared by Iraq, operational, unused, and came from the original number imported.  In this connection, UNSCOMís laboratory analysis in the USA, France and Russia proved Iraq's declaration.

4- Further, the total number of combat launchers is 14, all of these launchers have been destroyed.

5- In regard to special warheads, the accountability of which was considered necessary by UNSCOM as late as mid 1997, the joint work with the Commission proved that all the special warheads were accounted for.

II- Chemical Weapons:

1- In September 1991, all empty munitions were destroyed, totaling 12,500 pieces.

2- From June 1992 to June 1994, UNSCOM supervised the destruction by the Iraqi side of the following:

a- 690 tons of chemical agents.

b- 38,537 filled and empty munitions.

c- 1.8 million liters of liquid precursors.

d- 1,000 tons of solid precursors.

e- 150 production equipment.

f- 4 production equipment.

g- 2 stores.

3- In 1997, UNSCOM supervised the destruction of dual use equipment as follows:

a- 385 pieces of production equipment.

b- 90 analytical equipment.

c- 275 tons of general purpose chemicals.

4- As for the special chemical warheads, totaling 50 warheads, their destruction has been proved.

5- As for the Vx, it is conclusively established that no  bulk agent, in stable and storable form, was produced , and therefore, could not have been weaponized.  Furthermore, three out of the four precursors imported for the Vx were accounted for by UNSCOM.

III- Biological Weapons:

1- Agents researched and finally selected for production have been identified and supported by documentary evidence.

2- Quantities of each agent produced for the purpose of weaponization have been identified with corroborating documentary evidence for the most intensive year Ė 1990.

3- Munitions selection and the quantities of empty munitions produced have been identified and supported by documentary evidence, namely 200 aerial bombs and 25 special warheads.

4- The quantities of munitions filled have been identified with corroborating documentary evidence, namely 157 aerial bombs.

5- Quantities of filled and unfilled munitions destroyed have been identified and corroborated by documentary and physical evidence, namely 157 filled aerial bombs and 43 empty aerial bombs.

6- The remaining quantities of unfilled agents and their final disposal have been indicated.

     In conclusion, the facts regarding the BW program are:

7- The program has ceased to exist since 1991.

8- All the sites involved in the activities, or having rendered services of any kind to the program, have been identified and inspected.

9- All the production sites, including buildings and facilities, equipment and material directly involved in research and development and production have been destroyed under UNSCOMís supervision, namely:

a- Al-Hakm site; Foot and Mouth Disease site; and Al-Salman site.

b- 926 pieces of equipment.

c- 30,500 kg of culture media.

10- Nothing proscribed found by UNSCOM which contradicts Iraq's declaration as a result of over 7800 visits and inspection to sites declared by Iraq or designated by UNSCOM.

Iraq is fully confident that the requirements of the disarmament phase in the three files have been completed.  All other requirements, if any, irrelevant to the disarmament phase could be taken to the ongoing monitoring after the application of paragraph 22, in accordance with the process established by the Special Commission itself in paragraph 12 of its report to the Security Council of 1 December 1993.

Security Council resolution 687 was adopted in 1991 seven years ago.  On going monitoring has been in place for 4 years, i.e., since 1994.  All weapons prohibited under resolution 687 were destroyed.   All related factories and equipment have been destroyed- Sanctions were expected to be lifted long ago, The Iraqi people have been subjected to unprecedented injustice by the policy of continued starvation.

In spite of Iraq's accomplishments of the requirements of disarmament mentioned above, we unfortunately see that the Special Commission's briefings to the council ignore the accomplishments actually realized. It arrived at wrong and baseless conclusions by trying to sell strange concepts that will result in hindering recognition that Iraq had fulfilled its commitments under paragraph 22 of resolution 687 (1991).

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