News

REACTION OVER INDIAN NUCLEAR TEST



South Africa deeply concerned at Indian Nuclear Tests

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): The South African Government has noted with deep concern the three underground nuclear tests carried out by India in the Pokhran range in the state of Rajastan. The South African government opposes the testing of nuclear devices as a matter of principle and hopes that these tests will not lead to an arms race in South Asia, South African High Commission statement said here Tuesday.

Indian nuclear blast as big as Hiroshima, say Australian scientists

SYDNEY, May 12 (APP/AFP) - India's nuclear tests registered about five on the Richter scale and represented five-20 kilotonnes of TNT, about the same as the bomb that hit Hiroshima at the end of World War II, seismologists who monitored the tests said here Tuesday. Ken Muirhead, head of the Australian Geological Survey Organisation nuclear monitoring section, said only one signal registered, which meant all three were triggered simultaneously or two were too small to register. India conducted three nuclear tests on Monday, exactly a week ahead of the 24th anniversary of the country's first nuclear experiment. "We gave it a magnitude of between five and 20 kilotonnes of TNT, which was comparable with the Hiroshima A-bomb," Muirhead said. "That's our estimate and that estimate will improve, I guess, as time goes by and we get additional information from around the world. "But what we don't know and what we can't tell is whether one was bigger than the other two. "You could have had, say, a 10 kilotonne and a couple of two kilotonne bombs, which would be 14 kilotonnes and in the same ball park as the Hiroshima bomb." An estimated 200,000 people were killed in the holocaust or died from radiation sickness after the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6. 1945 effectively ending World War II.

Proliferation of nuclear and other mass destruction weapon is serious threat

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP) :Proliferation of nuclear and other types of mass destruction weapons, technologies of their production and of means of their delivery, and first of all in countries contiguous to Russia and in the regions close to her borders, constitutes a serious threat. This Russian stand on proliferation was restated in a press statement released by Russian Federation embassy by Russian Defence Minister I.D Sergeve, deputy head of administration and press secretary of President Yeltsin Mr. S.V. Yastrjembsky director of federal security services Mr. N.D..Kovalio. They express their concern on the issue of control in the field of nonproliferation of mass destruction weapons and means of their delivery: The statement issued recently said "President Mr. B.N. Yeltsin has instructed Russian Government to elaborate a number of measures to improve the existing system of the military and dual-purpose technologies' export control, all aspects of which are of paramount concern to the Russian Federation." The statement said, complete and reliable control in this field is being exercised as one of the top priorities of national security. It said the military and dual-purpose technologies are national property of Russia created by several generations of our people. Therefore, the export control should completely rule out any possibility of squandering of unique domestically produced technologies, materials, component articles, intellectual property, as well as of any leakage of information constituting state and military secret. Undoubtedly, Russia considers this issue as a matter not only of national, but also of international security. The President has stressed that the Russian Federation will continue to support and implement all international treaties and agreements in this sphere, especially so when it concerns the control of nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction and means of their delivery. Defence Minister Mr. I.D. Sergeyev has stated in this regard that stand of Russia on the issue of nonproliferation is of the principal character and is clearly aimed at complete fulfillment of her international obligations in this field. Furthermore, not less than other countries, Russia realizes the whole danger of the consequences of nonproliferation regime violations especially when it comes to the states in the immediate proximity. He said Russia pursues the policy of nonproliferation regardless of what concrete state it may concern. This policy is based on the interests of security of Russia as the leakage of military technologies, mass destruction weapons and means of their delivery may ultimately turn round against our defence. As for cooperation in other fields, while fully realizing the responsibility for our international commitments in the field of nonproliferation, Russia do not see any obstacles in the way of developing traditional military and technical cooperation with foreign countries, including the sphere of conventional arms, and Russia intend to continue such cooperation in accordance with existing agreements. Mr. N.D. Kovaliov director security services has confirmed that the Federal Security Service of Russia undertakes permanent and specific efforts in the field of control over nonproliferation. He said this activity is aimed at preventing illegal export of raw material, machinery, technologies, scientific and technical information and services, which can be used for creation of mass destruction armaments and means of their delivery. He said the transgressors of the international regime of control in this field should know that punishment is inevitable and the measures envisaged by international legal practice and russian laws will be applied against them with all strictness. He said nobody should have any doubt that the practical experience and the traditions of the FSS will ensure reliable protection to the national interests of Russia and effective control in meeting the commitments in the field of nonproliferation.

Japan considers review of aid loans to India

TOKYO, May 12 (APP/AFP) - Japan is considering reviewing its Official Development Assistance loans to India after New Delhi's nuclear tests, Chief Cabinet Secretary Kanezo Muraoka told reporters according to Jiji Press.

Japan was Tuesday considering reviewing its billion dollar aid loans to India because of New Delhi's "extremely regrettable" nuclear tests, officials said. Japan's foreign minister Keizo Obuchi met with the Indian ambassador to lodge a formal protest and warned him Tokyo was considering reviewing its huge Official Development Assistance loans. Japan is India's largest ODA donor. "We may have to consider taking some action regarding economic cooperation," Obuchi told the ambassador, Siddharth Singh, during their meeting at parliament. In the year to March 1997, Japan gave 137.8 billion yen (1.1 billion dollars) in ODA loans to India. Singh said India conducted its nuclear tests because of the "change in the security environment around India" and the "improvement in weapons possessed by countries to the north and west," Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto said the tests were "extremely regrettable." "I sent a letter to the (Indian) prime minister on March 31 asking him not to go ahead with nuclear testing. But India did it while I was waiting for his reply." In the past, Tokyo has used its huge economic might to protest nuclear testing. In May 1995 Tokyo froze grant aid, part of its ODA, to China for two years after Beijing held a series of nuclear tests. India Monday conducted three underground nuclear tests, its first since 1974, and said it had the ability to make nuclear weapons. Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said the tests were held at Pokhran, in the northwestern desert state of Rajasthan, and involved "a fission device, a low yield device and a thermonuclear device". He said there was no release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. Japan's top government spokesman said Tokyo called on New Delhi to stop its development of nuclear weapons. "It is extremely regrettable that India conducted such testing, while the international community including Japan had repeatedly requested the new Indian administration to exercise maximum self-restraint on nuclear policies," Chief Cabinet Secretary Kanezo Muraoka said. "Japan strongly urges the Indian government to stop its development of nuclear weapons immediately." Tokyo's ambassador to India, Hiroshi Hirabayashi, lodged a protest in New Delhi Monday. Muraoka said Japan was appealing to neighbouring countries to exercise "self-restraint in order not to let the Indian nuclear testing harm the stability of the region." In Hiroshima, hit by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945 in the closing days of World War II, mayor Takashi Hiraoka said the tests were "extremely deplorable" and said he was concerned about the start of a nuclear arms race. Further west in Nagasaki, hit by a similar bomb three days after Hiroshima, mayor Itcho Ito said: "I can't express in words what a shock it is." He said he intends to lodge a "strong protest" with the Indian government over the tests, which he called "an outrage that ravages the wishes of victims and citizens" in Nagasaki. A group of protesters, from the PeaceNet organisation, plan to hold a protest rally later Tuesday at the Indian embassy in Tokyo and at New Delhi's representative office in the western Japanese city of Osaka.

Japan was Tuesday considering reviewing its billion dollar aid loans to India because of New Delhi's "extremely regrettable" nuclear tests, officials said. Japan's foreign minister Keizo Obuchi met with the Indian ambassador to lodge a formal protest and warned him Tokyo was considering reviewing its huge Official Development Assistance loans. Japan is India's largest ODA donor. "We may have to consider taking some action regarding economic cooperation," Obuchi told the ambassador, Siddharth Singh, during their meeting at parliament. In the year to March 1997, Japan gave 137.8 billion yen (1.1 billion dollars) in ODA loans to India. Singh said India conducted its nuclear tests because of the "change in the security environment around India" and the "improvement in weapons possessed by countries to the north and west," Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto said the tests were "extremely regrettable." "I sent a letter to the (Indian) prime minister on March 31 asking him not to go ahead with nuclear testing. But India did it while I was waiting for his reply." In the past, Tokyo has used its huge economic might to protest nuclear testing. In May 1995 Tokyo froze grant aid, part of its ODA, to China for two years after Beijing held a series of nuclear tests. India Monday conducted three underground nuclear tests, its first since 1974, and said it had the ability to make nuclear weapons. Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said the tests were held at Pokhran, in the northwestern desert state of Rajasthan, and involved "a fission device, a low yield device and a thermonuclear device". He said there was no release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. Japan's top government spokesman said Tokyo called on New Delhi to stop its development of nuclear weapons. "It is extremely regrettable that India conducted such testing, while the international community including Japan had repeatedly requested the new Indian administration to exercise maximum self-restraint on nuclear policies," Chief Cabinet Secretary Kanezo Muraoka said. "Japan strongly urges the Indian government to stop its development of nuclear weapons immediately." Tokyo's ambassador to India, Hiroshi Hirabayashi, lodged a protest in New Delhi Monday. Muraoka said Japan was appealing to neighbouring countries to exercise "self-restraint in order not to let the Indian nuclear testing harm the stability of the region." In Hiroshima, hit by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945 in the closing days of World War II, mayor Takashi Hiraoka said the tests were "extremely deplorable" and said he was concerned about the start of a nuclear arms race. Further west in Nagasaki, hit by a similar bomb three days after Hiroshima, mayor Itcho Ito said: "I can't express in words what a shock it is." He said he intends to lodge a "strong protest" with the Indian government over the tests, which he called "an outrage that ravages the wishes of victims and citizens" in Nagasaki. A group of protesters, from the PeaceNet organisation, plan to hold a protest rally later Tuesday at the Indian embassy in Tokyo and at New Delhi's representative office in the western Japanese city of Osaka.


Pakistan not scared of Indian nuclear tests: Dr Qadeer Khan

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): Top nuclear scientist Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan on Monday said Pakistan has nothing to worry about Indian nuclear tests and is "very well-placed" to meet threats to its security. "We are not scared of these tests, India conducted a test 24 years back and they have it now," he told journalists at a reception hosted by UAE Embassy to mark its defense day. Dr Qadeer said, "We had been feeling for a long time that India will carry out thermo-nuclear tests." Replying to a question about Pakistan's befitting response to Indian nuclear tests he said, "We are ever ready, and will do what the Government decides." Asked how quickly can Pakistan react to India's nuclear tests, the ace nuclear scientist referred to test-firing of Ghauri missile, saying, "We did it much faster."

COAS urges world to take notice of Indian nuclear tests

ISLAMABAD, May 12, (APP): Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Jahangir Karamat on Monday urged the world to take notice of Indian nuclear tests, declaring Monday's tests as "not surprising and in line with the BJP's statements." "Not only the region but the whole world should take notice of the Indian nuclear tests and this step (by the Indian Government) is a threat to the region," he told journalists at a reception hosted by United Arab Emirates Embassy to celebrate their Defence Day. General Jehangir Karamat said, Monday's blast is not surprising as the BJP, since its inception, has been continuously speaking about its nuclear and missile capability. Replying to a question about the world powers' reaction to Indian tests he said, Indian Defence Minister George Fernandes'statement that China poses greater threat to India than Pakistan should have made the world alert about New Delhi's plans. The COAS regretted that India's nuclear test in 1974 also did not get adequate reaction from the world community "while Pakistan faces discriminations and sanctions for even carrying out research and development work." Replying to a question about Pakistan's defence preparedness in the face of Indian nuclear tests he said, "Every army is ever ready to perform its duty of defence."

Indian nuclear test demands matching response : Gen. Arif

RAWALPINDI, May 12 (APP): General (rtd) Khalid Mahmood Arif on Tuesday said that Indian nuclear tests posed serious threats to Pakistan security. Commenting on India's three nuclear tests, K.M.Arif said that South Asian region has been further destabilized due to these nuclear tests and security of all small countries in this region is exposed to threat. He suggested that it is imperative for Pakistan to immediately give a befitting and matching response to Indian nuclear tests. He said even if sanctions are imposed on India, its effects will taper off after sometime.If so it would benefit India as its image would be enhanced.

Text of PM's statement on Indian nuclear tests

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): Following is the text of the statement given by PM on his arrival here Tuesday afternoon from Almaty:

"The Government reaction to the Indian nuclear and missile tests has already been given in a statement in the Senate yesterday. We are closely monitoring the situation with special focus on the implications for Pakistan's security. "The Indian nuclear tests have come neither as a surprise nor shock. We have constantly drawn the attention of the international community to the clear danger of this eventuality. Regrettably our warnings remained unheeded. "Infact, these tests were encouraged by the discriminatory attitude of the powers which profess commitment to non- proliferation. These powers had deliberately shut their eyes to India's nuclear aspirations while chastising Pakistan for uncommitted sins. While dismissing India's officially proclaimed nuclear designs they not only ignored our concerns but also spoke of the assurance given by India that no changes in its nuclear policy were in the offing. The world has now seen India in its true colours with its sinister designs fully exposed. "We recently drew the attention of the international community particularly states permanent members of the Security Council regarding India's plans to exercise the nuclear option and to induct nuclear weapons".

"India, by deploying the Prithvi missile, killed our proposal for a Zero Missile Regime in South Asia. It has now not only destroyed the internationally endorsed concept of creating a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in South Asia but also dealt a grievous blow to creating a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the entire southern hemisphere. "The responsibility for delivering a death blow to the global efforts at non-proliferation, therefore, now rests squarely with India. "I wish to assure the nation that Pakistan has the capability to respond to any threat to its security. "On this there can be no compromise and we alone will determine what is essential for our security.The entire nation is united on this vital question. We will take all necessary measures to safeguard our security, sovereignty, territorial integrity and national interests.The ideological and geographical frontiers of Pakistan are, by the grace of Almighty Allah, impregnable. We are fully capable of deterring any threat from any quarter."

Pakistan must follow the India's nuclear test: Benzair

ISLAMABAD, May 13 (APP) :Former Prime Minister of Pakistan and Opposition leader Benazir Bhutto, responding India's nuclear tests, said on Tuesday "Pakistan must follow the suit and sign the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT)". "I would like Pakistan to sign the NPT after detonation even if India does not sign it", she said in an interview with BBC television. Ms.Bhutto said, "If Pakistan detonates, India will know that there cannot be any solution of Kashmir dispute through war". She said, "A deterrence will at least in a sense help peace be maintained in the sub-continent". Ms. Bhutto said, each and every time India pulled Pakistan into arms race. "What ever India does, Pakistan follows suit". She recalled that India detonated a atomic device in 1974, and forced Pakistan to start its nuclear programme. India developed `Prithvi' and `Agni' missiles, and in the response, Pakistan developed its own indigenous missile `Ghauri'. She said, "India has now gone ahead conducting three nuclear tests and I expect Pakistan to follow the suit". "Pakistan will probably test a nuclear device because we have dispute with India over Kashmir". Ms. Bhutto said, "Pakistan had the capability of testing nuclear device but it did not do so".

Pakistan should test nuclear device for its security: Sardar Qayyum

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): Former AJK President Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan Monday said Pakistan should abandon its, "unilateral restraint," and explode its indigenous nuclear device for its security. Pakistan should explode its nuclear device as it was necessary for the "security of smaller countries and to stop Indiafrom a mad arms race", he told APP while reacting to Indian testing of three underground nuclear tests Monday.

Pakistan mindful of threat to its security: Gohar

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan on Monday said Pakistan was mindful of threat to its security in view of the nuclear explosions by India. "The signal to India will be loud and clear and response will be there. We are mindful of threat that is there," he said in the Senate after opposition leader Aitizaz Ahsan spoke in the house. "We are one nation. Such threats will be met by determination of Pakistani nation.

Foreign Office takes serious note of nuclear tests

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): A high-level meeting held here on Monday at the Foreign Office to consider the situation, arising out of three nuclear tests conducted by the Indian government. Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan presided the meeting which had a threadbare discussion on implications of nuclear proliferation by the Indian government, and its impact on the South Asian region. It was decided to invite the attention of the international community towards the Indian designs of establishing nuclear supremacy in the region, Foreign Office's sources told APP after the meeting. The international community will be asked to impose economic sanctions against India.

Pakistan should come up with befitting response to Indian nuclear tests: Gul

ISLAMABAD, May 12 (APP): Lt Gen (retd) Hamid Gul urged the Government to come up with an ,"equally matching and powerful response," to Indian underground testing of three nuclear testson Monday. "We must not waste time in this regard. I suspect India will soon declare the willingness to sign Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty,(CTBT)," Gul told APP while reacting to Indian underground testing of nuclear devices. If, "we wasted time United States would put tremendous pressure on Pakistan to sign CTBT without demonstration of our nuclear capability." Unless Pakistan quickly tests "nuclear devices" there will be pressure from America and Western countries and they will be in a bargaining position with the government of Pakistan to hold back in exchange for monetary concession. Hamid Gul said Pakistan's declared position today was that it would sign the CTBT if India does so. India after conducting three nuclear tests might be ready to sign the CTBT.

Indian stocks fall after nuclear tests

BOMBAY, May 12 (APP/AFP) - India share prices were sharply lower on the National Stock Exchange Tuesday amid fears of economic sanctions in the wake of the three nuclear tests conducted on Monday, dealers said.


Following are the reports published in today's newspaper on the subject of Indian Nuclear tests.

Reaction – Indian Nuclear Tests

India has conducted three underground nuclear tests and says, it can build nuclear weapons; Indian government has said, the tests would not hurt ties with its neighbours. (News/Jang). US officials said, they were weighing tough sanctions against India for conducting three nuclear tests and would urge arch-rival Pakistan to exercise restraint n responding. (Nation/ Jang/ News). Pakistan has also decided to conduct nuclear test in response to India’s three nuclear tests. (AL-Akhbar). Pakistan has decided to ask the international community to impose economic sanctions against India for conducting three nuclear tests. (News). Pakistan will conduct a nuclear device within two weeks. (Khabrain).

Dr. Abdul Qadir Khan has said that there is nothing to worry; we are also ready. (ASAS/ News/ Pak.Observer/APP). Pakistani scientists are ready to do any job assigned to them by the government. (Nation).

The COAS says, armed forces would not disappoint the nation when they are asked to demonstrate any kind of nuclear capability. (Nation/N.Waqt/Jang/News). Asked the government to show reaction on the nuclear tests by India. (AL-Akhbar/NNI). Urged the world to take notice of Indian unclear tests. (Pak.Observer/APP).

Pakistan requires seven days to conduct a nuclear explosion, says a senior Pakistan government official attached with nuclear programme. (Nation/N.Waqt/Khabrain).

The Prime Minister established contacts with the COAS and Dr. Abdul Qadir Khan on May 11-98 after India blasted three nuclear devices and gave a green signal for nuclear tests to maintain balance of power in the region. (Khabrain).

Gohar Ayub Khan established contacts with the Prime Minister on phone in Almaty on May 11-98 immediately after the news of three nuclear tests conducted by India and held consultation to issue a policy statement in the Parliament. (ASAS/AL-Akhbar). Says, Pakistan reserves the right to take appropriate steps for its security, following India’s three nuclear tests on May 11-98. (News.ANN/JANG/AL-Akhbar). In an interview telecast by BBC and CNN televisions on 11 May, the Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan said India by conducting three underground nuclear tests has forced the sub-continent into an arms race. The Foreign Minister said: ‘We are surprised on the naivety of the western world and also the United States that they did not take seriously the cautions and signals that we had been indicating and flashing to them that this would happen. (NEWS).

In order to combat situation created after Indian nuclear tests, PPP has offered its unconditional cooperation to the government and demanded to take all the parties into confidence in this regard, said Aitzaz Ahsan in a statement in the Senate on May 11-98. (N.Waqt).

Indian nuclear tests pose direct danger to the neighbouring countries; Pakistan may respond soon, reports BBC. (N.Waqt).

UN Secretary General has said, Indian nuclear tests have violated international consensus. (News/AFP).

Following Indian nuclear tests, the Prime Minister has summoned important meetings of the Federal Cabinet and other defence bodies relating to national security. (N.Waqt). the Prime Minister will chair a special Cabinet meeting in Islamabad today to discuss the situation arising out of three nuclear tests conducted by India. (News). It has also been decided to immediately call the meeting of the Defence Committee. (Jang).

German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said: “India’s three nuclear tests on 11 May were “a slap in the face” to the 149 countries which signed the 1996 Test Ban Treaty. The German Foreign Minister said: the German government ‘condemns the underground blasts, and described them as “a backwards step for international efforts on international disarmament and non-proliferation (NEWS).

Worldwide diplomats in Vienna on May 11 said: Underground nuclear tests carried out by India put a huge question mark over the 1996 Nuclear Test ban Treaty as well as risking “negative repercussions”. Officially the Comprehensive Nuclear Ban Organisation (CTBTO) said the announcement by Hindu nationalist Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee of the tests was a “sad development”. (NEWS)

Three consecutive nuclear tests in a day by India in Rajasthan will have adverse repercussions in the entire region for decades to come, was the general observation of the people in a survey conducted by THE NEWS in Islamabad on May 11. The young general is disappointed and the future generations too will not forgive Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and those supporting the decision for the resumption of nuclear tests,” said a youngster. (NEWS).

Mushahid Hussain says, the US should impose sanctions against India after it conducted three under ground nuclear explosions on May 11, 1998. (News).

Opposition Leader Benazir Bhutto strongly condemns Indian nuclear tests. (News). Nuclear explosions by India is a threat to regional peace. (Muslim/PPI).

Qazi Hussain Ahmed has demanded an immediate nuclear test in response to three under ground tests by arch-rival India. (News/AFP ).