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29-05-1998

07/0800 HOURS OF 29-5-1998 (FRIDAY)

EMERGENCY: The President has promulgated state-of-emergency in view of threat by the external aggression to the security of the country.

Under the Emergency Article 232 of the Constitution, the President has declared that the right to move any court including a High Court and the Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights shall remain suspended.

JUBILATION : People from all walks of life have appreciated Pakistanís nuclear tests and assured the Prime Minister to offer full support to maintain countryís economic stability. They said the nation is united to face the aggressive Indian designs.

The leader of the opposition Ms. Benazir Bhutto called upon Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif to increase diplomatic efforts world-wide regarding Pakistanís concerns. She said we should tell the international community that we were forced to go nuclear because of India.

The former President Mr. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari says Pakistan entered the arms race because of the explosions carried by India.

The former caretaker Prime Minister Malik Miraj Khalid congratulated Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif and assured him full co-operation.

The Amir Jamat-e-Islami Pakistan, Qazi Hussain Ahmad in a statement in Lahore called upon the Ulema to preach unity and national solidarity. He appealed the nation to observe a thanks-giving day Friday.

The Chief Ministers of the Punjab and Sindh, Mr. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and Mr. Liaquat Ali Jatoi also congratulated the Prime Minister and assured all help to maintain economic stability.

MEETING: People across Jammu and Kashmir expressed joy and jubilation over conducting of five successful nuclear tests by Pakistan.

No sooner Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif made the historical announcement, the people took to streets and started embracing each other.

KAMAL: Pakistanís permanent representative at the United Nations, Ahmad Kamal has said the nuclear tests by Pakistan is in response to the Indian tests. He said Pakistan was forced to take such steps only because Indian tests escalated tension in the region.

He said it was necessary to keep the balance in the region and ensure the security and stability of the country which was under threat by Indian attack.

WORLD REACTION: The UN Security Council, NATO, the United States and the Arab League have deplored nuclear testing by Pakistan.

In their reaction, they said it will increase arms race and tension in the region. They urged both India and Pakistan to refrain from further tests.

The UN Secretary General Mr. Kofi Annan offered mediation to help ease tension between India and Pakistan.

France, Germany, Britain, Sweden, Japan, Australia, Newzealand, Switzerland, China, Russia, South Korea and Thailand have also deplored the nuclear tests by Pakistan.

ORDINANCE : The President has promulgated Foreign Exchange Ordinance to impose certain temporary restrictions for and in relation to foreign exchange.

Under the Ordinance, various protections contained in the Protection of Economic Reforms Act 1992 or in any other law for the time being in force for or in relation to foreign exchange, or right to bring, hold, sell, withdraw, transfer, pay or take out foreign exchange shall remain suspended.

LICENCES: The licences granted to the money changers have been suspended.

According to an announcement by the State Bank, the suspension will take effect from the close of business Thursday.

As announced earlier, the Federal Government has declared a Bank Holiday Friday.

The banks will remain closed for public but not for the employees.

SARTAJ : The Finance Minister Mr. Sartaj Aziz has said the government is working on plans to cope with economic problems if sanctions were imposed as a consequence of the five nuclear tests.

Talking to newsmen in Islamabad Thursday night, he said Pakistan will manage the situation by cutting imports by twelve to fourteen per cent increasing agricultural production and boosting exports.


21/2200 HOURS OF 28-5-1998 (THURSDAY)

PM-TESTS : The Prime Minister Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif announced that Pakistan Thursday conducted five successful nuclear tests.

In his address to the nation over Radio and TV networks Thursday evening, the Prime Minister said the tests have been conducted for our defence and security following Indian nuclear blasts and aggressive statements coming from the Indian leadership.

The Prime Minister recounted Indian aggressive designs since the first nuclear test by New Delhi in 1974. He said Pakistan since then had been drawing the attention of the international community to the Indian intentions but regretted that no action was taken against that country and in fact sanctions were imposed on Pakistan. He said India conducted five nuclear tests near our border and deployed missiles targeting Pakistanís cities. Pakistan was told that after Indian nuclear tests the balance of power had altered and we were threatened with an attack on Azad Kashmir.

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif regretted that the international communityís response to Indian nuclear tests had not been affective and was not sufficient to penalise that country.

The Prime Minister said Pakistani friends specially China supported us in a difficult time and this friendship further strengthened after the hour of trial. He said Pakistan is proud of its friendship with China.

He said he represents a brave nation and the people of this country are ready to give every sacrifice for their national sovereignty.

Referring to sanctions, the Prime Minister said it would be unjustified to target Pakistan as Pakistan had waited for a long time after Indian tests for the international community to take an effective action against India. He was confident that sanctions on arms sales to Pakistan had helped the country to become a nuclear power and if economic sanctions were imposed, the nation would emerge an economically self-reliant.

The Prime Minister announced austerity measures to deal with any situation. He said he has decided not to use the Prime Ministerís Secretariat. The President is associated in this decision. Provincial Governors, Chief Ministers, Federal Ministers, Services Chiefs and senior civil and military officials are also with the government in this austerity drive.

The Prime Minister said we will bring revolutionary changes in our life style to off set the impact of sanctions if imposed.

The Prime Minister announced that he will present a complete national agenda during the next few days. He said under the new circumstances there was a need to curtail government holidays.

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif paid rich tributes to scientists, engineers and technicians for this accomplishment which has ended the state of uncertainty created by the Indian nuclear tests.

He said our armed forces are fully geared to meet any challenge.

PM-PRESS: The Prime Minister Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif told a news conference that the decision to conduct nuclear tests has been taken in the interest of national self defence to restore strategic balance disturbed by the Indian blasts.

He said Pakistanís nuclear weapons are to deter aggression whether nuclear or conventional.

He announced that the five nuclear tests conducted successfully Thursday released no radio-activity and results were according to expectations.

The Prime Minister declared that Pakistan will continue to support the goal of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation especially in the conference of disarmament bearing in mind realities. He said Pakistan is ready to engage in constructive dialogue with other countries especially the big powers to promote these goals under the new circumstances.

He assured the international community that our nuclear weapons system are meant only for self-defence and there should be no apprehensions or concerns in this regard. We have instituted effective command and control structure and we are fully capable of handling these sensitive weapons. He announced that Pakistan has not and will not transfer sensitive technology to other States. At the same time, he said, Pakistan will oppose all unjust embargoes aimed at preventing it from developing various technologies for peaceful purposes.

The Prime Minister recounted various proposals made by Pakistan from time to time to achieve the goal of nuclear non-proliferation in South Asia and Indiaís obstructionist attitude and regretted that the world community did not take Indian designs seriously.

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif recalled that Pakistan was advised to exercise restraint while India threatened Pakistan. As a result Pakistanís security and regional stability of entire region was gravely threatened and as a self-respecting nation we had no choice left to us but to go nuclear. He said after due deliberations and a careful review of all options, Pakistan took the decision to restore the strategic balance. He said the Pakistani nation would not have accepted anything less than this. He said Pakistanís legitimate security concerns were not addressed even after the threat of use of nuclear weapons and nuclear blackmail.

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif announced that Pakistan is prepared to resume dialogue with India to address all outstanding issues including the core issue of Jammu and Kashmir. He said Pakistan has already offered a non-aggression pact to India on the basis of a just settlement of Kashmir issue.

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif announced that Pakistan is prepared to resume dialogue with India to address all outstanding issues including the core issue of Jammu and Kashmir. He said Pakistan has already offered a non-aggression pact to India on the basis of a just settlement of Kashmir issue.

PRESIDENT-NUCLEAR: President Muhammad Rafique Tarar has congratulated the whole nation on the successful nuclear tests and said today the nation has entered into a new era of real independence and sovereignty.

In a message to the nation after the nuclear tests, he said the leadership in the country has made it clear that it will not compromise on national interests and aspirations of the people.

The President particularly congratulated Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, three Chiefs of Armed Forces and renowned scientist Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan on the success.

JUBILATIONS : Reports pouring in our News room from across the country speak of a state of jubilation following announcement by the Prime Minister that Pakistan Thursday conducted five nuclear tests successfully. They congratulated the government on this historic decision.

People thronged the streets in cities and towns firing shots in the air, raising patriotic slogans and distributing sweets.

Overseas Pakistanis have also joined their brethren at home in sending messages of felicitations to the government and the people of Pakistan.

FOREIGN OFFICE : The Foreign Office in a statement says Pakistan is fully prepared to meet any eventuality in our defence including any possible attack on Pakistanís nuclear installations.

The statement says in the wake of the India nuclear tests Pakistan was receiving information of the possibility of attack on its nuclear installations.

The Indian High Commissioner was summoned to the Foreign Office and told that such an attack by India would warrant a swift and massive retaliation with unforeseen consequences.

The Secretary General of the UN has also been informed about Pakistanís concern and requested to counsel restraint to New Delhi.

CLINTON : In his reaction to Pakistanís nuclear tests, the White House spokesman in Washington said President Clinton had great respect for Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.

CNN quoting White House sources said Mr. Nawaz Sharif was under intense domestic pressure to respond to the Indian nuclear tests.

A White House spokesman adds President Clinton had enormous concerns about the escalation of tension sparked by Indiaís five nuclear tests. He said the President is obviously disappointed about the situation in South Asia.

INDIAN REACTION: Pandemonium erupted in the Indian Parliament in New Delhi as the news of Pakistanís successful nuclear tests was announced.

Prime Minister Mr. Vajpayee said the House will reconvene Friday to discuss the full impact of the development.