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DATE=5/28/99 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-249945 TITLE=PAK NUCLEAR CELEBRATIONS (L-ONLY) BYLINE=SARAH HORNER DATELINE=ISLAMABAD CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: PAKISTAN HAS ENTHUSIASTICALLY CELEBRATED THE FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF ITS NUCLEAR TESTS (FRIDAY), JUST ONE DAY AFTER DOWNING TWO INDIAN JETS ALONG THE TENSE KASHMIR BORDER. SARAH HORNER HAS DETAILS FROM ISLAMABAD. TEXT: /// SFX: MUSIC AND SOUND OF DEMONSTRATION, IN AND UNDER /// CLOSE TO THE PAKISTANI CAPITAL, ISLAMABAD, AT A CROSSROADS ON THE MAIN THOROUGHFARE LEADING TO THE AIRPORT IS A SITE GUARANTEED TO CATCH THE EYE. PAKISTANI AUTHORITIES HAVE BUILT A 10-METER-HIGH MODEL OF THE CHAGAI HILLS, THE SITE IN THE SOUTHWESTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY WHERE PAKISTAN CARRIED OUT ITS NUCLEAR TESTS LAST YEAR. THE HASTILY-CONSTRUCTED MONUMENT SHOWS THE HILLS WHICH CHANGED FROM DARK-BROWN TO DARK YELLOW AFTER THE BLASTS. (THE STRUCTURE WILL REMAIN A PERMANENT FEATURE AFTER THE CELEBRATIONS END.) ON FRIDAY EVENING, HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE GATHERED THERE AFTER DRIVING DOWN ROADS FESTOONED WITH COLORED BANNERS AND PORTRAITS OF PAKISTAN'S "NUCLEAR HEROES" -- INCLUDING THE SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS BEHIND PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAM. PAKISTAN CARRIED OUT ITS NUCLEAR TESTS LAST MAY IN RESPONSE TO SIMILAR TESTS BY INDIA TWO WEEKS EARLIER. PAKISTANI FOREIGN MINISTER SARTAJ AZIZ SAYS THE BLASTS GAVE THE COUNTRY THE CONFIDENCE THAT IT COULD DEAL WITH INDIA ON AN EQUAL FOOTING. //// AZIZ ACT /// IT ALSO GIVES US THE ASSURANCE THAT WITH A STRONG DETERRENCE IN OUR HANDS WE CAN DEAL WITH SUCH CRISES WITH GREATER CONFIDENCE AS WE ARE DOING RIGHT NOW (IN KASHMIR). IT IS SOMETHING WHICH IS NOT TO CELEBRATE THE ACQUISITION OF A DESTRUCTIVE WEAPON, BUT THE SECURITY ASSURANCES THAT PAKISTAN WAS ABLE TO GET AFTER 50 YEARS OF UNCERTAINTY AND INSECURITY, SINCE OUR CREATION. /// END ACT /// BUT, NOT EVERYONE IS HAPPY ABOUT PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR CAPABILITY. ONE MAN, WHO DOES NOT WANT TO BE NAMED, SAYS PAKISTAN SHOULD SPEND ITS MONEY ON MORE IMPORTANT SOCIAL PROBLEMS. /// VOX-POP ACT /// I PERSONALLY AM NOT IN FAVOR OF A NUCLEAR BLAST AT ALL. I AM AGAINST IT BECAUSE IT STARTED A NUCLEAR RACE IN INDO-PAKISTAN, THE SUB-CONTINENT, WHICH IS NOT GOOD FOR THE HUMAN BEING. WE ARE A VERY POOR NATION. A LOT OF PEOPLE, THEY LIVE BELOW POVERTY AND WE ARE SPENDING ON AN ARMS RACE. THAT DEPRIVES PEOPLE FROM EDUCATION, FROM A GOOD LIFE. A LOT OF PEOPLE CAN NOT EVEN GET DRINKING WATER. /// END ACT /// IN THE END, FRIDAY'S CELEBRATIONS WERE OVER-SHADOWED BY THIS WEEK'S EVENTS ALONG THE DISPUTED KASHMIR BORDER BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN. INDIA IS CONTINUING AIRSTRIKES AGAINST ARMED MUSLIM INSURGENTS ON ITS SIDE OF THE BORDER. THURSDAY, PAKISTAN SHOT DOWN TWO INDIAN FIGHTER JETS, IN THE MOST SERIOUS INCIDENT BETWEEN THE TWO SOUTH ASIAN NEIGHBORS IN MORE THAN A DECADE. (SIGNED) NEB/SLH/WTW 28-May-99 5:42 PM EDT (2142 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .