News

DATE=07/15/99 TYPE=WORLD OPINION ROUNDUP NUMBER=6-11384 TITLE=KASHMIR BACK FROM THE BRINK BUT NO PEACE YET BYLINE=ANDREW N. GUTHRIE TELEPHONE=619-3335 DATELINE=WASHINGTON EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS CONTENT= INTRO: THE WORLD PRESS IS WATCHING THE DE-ESCALATION OF THE BORDER DISPUTE BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN OVER KASHMIR, SPECULATING WHERE THE SUBCONTINENT GOES FROM HERE. JUST A FEW DAYS AGO, IT APPEARED THE CRISIS COULD GROW INTO A FULL-SCALE WAR BETWEEN THE TWO LONGTIME ENEMIES AND NUCLEAR NATIONS. NOW, TENSIONS APPEAR TO BE DISSIPATING. BUT MANY DAILIES POINT OUT THAT UNTIL UNTIL KASHMIRIS ARE ALLOWED TO CHOOSE THEIR POLITICAL FUTURE IN A FREE ELECTION, TENSION WILL REMAIN. FOR A SAMPLING OF GLOBAL PRESS COMMENT , WE CALL ON _____________ WITH THIS WEEK'S WORLD OPINION ROUNDUP. TEXT: FOR THE BETTER PART OF TWO MONTHS, A BAND OF ISLAMIC GUERRILLAS OCCUPIED A PORTION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR CONTROLLED BY INDIA IN THE HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINS. THEY COULD FIRE DOWN ON A VITAL ROAD USED BY INDIAN MILITARY AND CIVILIAN TRAFFIC. THE INDIANS BEGAN SHELLING THE INTRUDERS AND SENT COMBAT JETS TO BOMB THEIR POSITIONS. INDIA BLAMED PAKISTAN FOR ENCOURAGING THE INCURSION. PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF, AFTER CONFERRING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON, PROMISED TO COAX THE INTRUDERS OUT OF THE AREA. THE PROBLEM APPEARS OVER FOR NOW, BUT THE WORLD PRESS REMAINS CAUTIOUS ABOUT THE JAMMU-KASHMIRI PROBLEM IN GENERAL, WHERE A RESTIVE, MUSLIM POPULATION, IN INDIA'S ONLY MAJORITY ISLAMIC STATE, WANTS SOME TYPE OF UNION WITH MOSTLY MUSLIM PAKISTAN. WE BEGIN OUR SAMPLING IN NEW DELHI, WHERE INDIA'S "THE HINDU" NOTES: VOICE: /// OPT /// BY EFFECTING A PHASED WITHDRAWAL WHICH BEGAN ON SUNDAY [7/11], PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER ... SHARIF HAS DEMONSTRATED HIS HOLD ON HIS GOVERNMENT, THE MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT AND THE MUJAHIDEEN. ... WITHOUT INTERNATIONAL PRESSURE, [MR.] SHARIF MAY NOT HAVE RELENTED ./// END OPT /// .. IF INDIA WANTS TO ENSURE THAT KASHMIR REMAINS A BILATERAL ISSUE AND IS RESOLVED PEACEFULLY, IT MUST NOW SEIZE ON THE OPPORTUNITY PRESENTED BY THE WITHDRAWAL TO REVIVE THE LAHORE PROCESS.' [EDITORS: THE LAHORE PROCESS REFERS TO A PRODUCTIVE SERIES OF TALKS NEAR LAHORE LAST YEAR, BETWEEN PRIME MINISTERS OF THE TWO COUNTRIES THAT BEGAN WORK ON A NUMBER OF CONTENTIOUS ISSUES.] TEXT: ACROSS TOWN, "THE INDIAN EXPRESS" CAUTIONS: VOICE: THE CEASE-FIRE DOES NOT MEAN ... THE KARGIL [EDITORS: THE MAIN TOWN ON THE ROAD THREATENED BY THE INTRUDERS] CRISIS IS OVER. THE DIPLOMATIC INITIATIVE INDIA TOOK IN CONVINCING THE WORLD ABOUT THE GENUINENESS OF ITS CASE PLAYED A GREAT ROLE IN TURNING THE TABLES AGAINST PAKISTAN. /// OPT /// TEXT: AND IN THE "HINDUSTAN TIMES EVENING NEWS" WE FIND THIS SENTIMENT: VOICE: ... EVEN AS THE WORLD HAS LARGELY RECOGNIZED THE JUSTICE OF INDIA'S CASE, IT WILL ALSO EXPECT NEW DELHI AND ISLAMABAD TO INITIATE STEPS TO RESOLVE THEIR DIFFERENCES NOW THAT THE WAR HAS ENDED. /// END OPT /// TEXT: ACROSS THE BORDER NOW, TO KARACHI, WHERE THE VIEW WAS MUCH LESS SANGUINE, AND THIS FROM PAKISTAN'S "UMMAT," AN URDU LANGUAGE DAILY: VOICE: THE UNITED STATES HAS NEVER TAKEN AS MUCH INTEREST IN GETTING OCCUPIED KASHMIR VACATED FROM INDIAN TROOPS AS IT HAS SHOWN IN GETTING KARGIL FREED FROM THE FREEDOM FIGHTERS. THE KASHMIR ISSUE CAN NEVER BE RESOLVED THROUGH NEGOTIATIONS, SO THE ONLY SOLUTION LEFT IS A HOLY WAR. TEXT: AND ACROSS TOWN, IN THE ENGLISH-LANGUAGE "NEWS" WE READ: VOICE: IT IS ENCOURAGING THAT PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS PROMISED TO PERSONALLY PUSH FORWARD THE PROCESS LAUNCHED BY THE LAHORE DECLARATION ... CONSIDERING WHAT HAS HAPPENED DURING THE RECENT WEEKS, IT WOULD NOT BE EASY FOR THE TWO COUNTRIES TO RETURN TO LAHORE, [EDITORS: MEANING HERE: "TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE"] BY BUS OR BY ANOTHER MEANS OF TRANSPORT. BUT THERE WAS, AND [IS] NO OTHER OPTION. /// OPT /// TEXT: EVEN HIGHER UP IN THE NEARBY MOUNTAINS, FROM NEPAL, WE READ, IN KATMANDU'S "AAJAKO SAMACHARPATRA:" VOICE: ... AMERICA HAS UNEXPECTEDLY ACHIEVED A DIPLOMATIC VICTORY AFTER A LONG EFFORT ... [MR.] CLINTON'S ROLE IS PRAISEWORTHY ... [AND] HAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO WIN THE HEARTS OF BILLIONS OF PEOPLE WITHOUT ANY MATERIAL INVESTMENT ... [INCREASING] ... THE POSSIBILITY OF AVERTING THE THREAT OF A DEVASTATING ... WAR ... HOVERING OVER SOUTH ASIA. TEXT: BUT MUCH LESS ENTHUSIASTIC COMES THIS NOTE FROM SRI LANKA AND "THE SUNDAY TIMES" IN COLOMBO: VOICE: WITH INCREASING PRESSURE TO LIVE DOWN THE CHARGE THAT HE HAS SOLD OUT PAKISTAN'S INTEREST TO WASHINGTON, PRIME MINISTER ... SHARIF IS UNLIKELY TO BE IN A HURRY TO HONOR HIS PLEDGE TO PRESIDENT CLINTON ... /// END OPT /// TEX T: FARTHER EAST, IN CHINA'S SPECIAL TERRITORY OF HONG KONG, "THE SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST" NOTES: VOICE: WHAT COMES NEXT IS UNCLEAR. PAKISTAN HAS CAUSE TO FEEL AGGRIEVED BY HISTORY, BUT BOTH SIDES HAVE SO COMMITTED TO RIGHTEOUS VIOLENCE THAT BROADER INTERESTS SUFFER. MR. CLINTON CAN MERELY GET TALKS RESUMED; HE CAN'T SETTLE THINGS. TEXT: IN TOKYO, JAPAN'S HUGE "YOMIURI" OBSERVES: VOICE: WE HOPE A CEASE-FIRE WILL TAKE HOLD. UNLIKE THEIR PREVIOUS MILITARY CLASHES, THE RECENT SHELLING AND AIR OPERATIONS BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN, BOTH ALREADY DE FACTO NUCLEAR POWERS, HAVE HAD MORE .... SERIOUS IMPACTS ON THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY. TEXT: AND THERE WAS SOME PRAISE FOR PRESIDENT CLINTON FROM KOREA'S "HANKOOK ILBO" IN SEOUL: VOICE: THIS ROUND OF RESOLVING A CONFLICT ... DEMONSTRATES ONCE AGAIN THE POWER OF U-S INFLUENCE. TEXT: TURNING TO EUROPE, IN GERMANY'S FINANCIAL CAPITOL, "THE FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE" IS ALSO RELIEVED: VOICE: IT SEEMS THAT THE DANGER OF A THIRD WAR OVER KASHMIR HAS BEEN STEMMED. ... THIS CONFLICT SHOWED AGAIN AND AGAIN THAT BOTH COUNTRIES ARE UNABLE TO FIND A WAY OUT OF THIS PERMANENT KASHMIR CRISIS. THIS WAY OUT CAN BE FOUND ONLY IF THE KASHMIRI THEMSELVES HAVE A CHANCE TO SAY WHAT THEY THINK OF THEIR FUTURE. TEXT: WHILE IN RUSSIA, MOSCOW'S "IZVESTIYA" OPINES: VOICE: THE EXTREMISTS AND THE GENERALS BEHIND THEM HAVE TO LEAVE, WHICH IS A BITTER PILL TO SWALLOW. THEIR ATTEMPT TO CHANGE THE STATUS QUO IN KASHMIR BY FORCE HAS VIRTUALLY PUT ISLAMABAD IN ISOLATION. TEXT: AND FOR OUR LAST WORD, ITS DOWN TO THE COLORFUL CARIBBEAN CITY OF PORT-OF-SPAIN, IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, WHERE "THE EXPRESS" IS ALSO BREATHING AN EDITORIAL SIGH OF RELIEF. VOICE: HOPEFULLY, THE U-S INTERVENTION WILL LEAD TO A COOLING OFF OF TENSIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES ... [WHICH] ... HAVE DRAWN BACK FROM THE BRINK THIS TIME AROUND. BUT UNLESS SERIOUS STEPS ARE TAKEN TO COOL DOWN THE SITUATION IN KASHMIR, IT MAY ONLY BE A MATTER OF TIME BEFORE WE FIND OURSELVES SITTING ON THE BRINK ONCE MORE. TEXT: AND WITH THAT, WE CLOSE UP ANOTHER WORLD OPINION ROUNDUP FOR THE WEEK, WITH COMMENT ABOUT THE AVERSION OF A FULL-SCALE WAR BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN OVER JAMMU AND KASHMIR. NEB/ANG/RRM 15-Jul-99 4:19 PM EDT (2019 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .