News

India be dissuaded from pursuing nuclear path in South Asia ASSOCIATED PR

ESS OF PAKISTAN NEWS SUMMARY (05-11-1999)

NEW York, Nov 4 (APP) - Pakistan on Nov. 4 called upon the international community to dissuade India from pursuing the dangerous path of raising the nuclear stakes in South Asia. "Pakistan is deeply concerned over the draft Nuclear Doctrine announced by India which envisages the operational deployment of nuclear weapons based on a triad of the delivery systems," said Zamir Akram, Member of Pakistan delegation on "Report of the International Atomic Energy Agency" in the United Nations General Assembly. "Any steps in this direction may well trigger a nuclear arms race in South Asia and further imperil the already volatile security situation in the region," he added. Pakistan remains committed to the goals of non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament, he said adding its efforts spread over more than 30 years to create a nuclear-weapon-free zone in South Asia collapsed in the face of Indian nuclear tests conducted in May last year. The resultant threat to Pakistan's security left us with no option but to conduct nuclear tests to restore the strategic balance, and even in the post-nuclear test phase Pakistan has acted with restraint and sense of responsibility, he said. "We have announced a unilateral moratorium on further testing and emphasized the need to prevent a nuclear arms race." To achieve these objectives Pakistan has proposed to India a Strategic Restraint Regime, he said. Pakistan also remains committed not to export or transfer nuclear or other sensitive technologies to any other country, he stressed.

Zamir said nuclear power has the potential for a greater socio-economic impact on the member states especially for developing countries, as compared to other areas of nuclear technology. Noting the growth of the nuclear power both in industrialised and developing countries has slowed down during the last two decades, he said, "we feel that the agency must play a pro-active role in creating greater awareness about the benefit of nuclear energy as well as in strengthening the technical infrastructure of member states interested in nuclear power." Pakistan as a developing country deficient in fossil fuels remains committed to the nuclear energy for the economic development, he said. The construction of the second nuclear power plant at Chashma - provided under IAEA safeguards by China- is proceeding satisfactory. He acknowledged the cooperation extended by the IAEA in various construction stages of the plant. He hoped to receive continued cooperation during the operational phase of the Chasma nuclear power plant and the planned second Chashma Power Reactor.