Pakistan may be compelled to increase its nuclear credibility
VIENNA, Oct 9 (APP): Pakistan warned here On Oct. 8, 1999 that it may be compelled to "take appropriate action" for increasing its nuclear credibility if India is left unchecked. This was stated Pakistani Ambassador to Austria Shaukat Umer, while attending a conference on the CTBT nuclear treaty here. "If the Indian nuclear doctrine remains unchallenged and is not explicitly disavowed, Pakistan would be required to take appropriate action to prevent the credibility of its nuclear deterrence and the capability for conventional self defence," he told the conference. Over a hundred countries attended the Conference, including a number of non-signatories, who were formally invited by Secretary General of the United Nations Kofi Annan. "In such circumstances, we may need to re-evaluate the impact of arms control on our security," he said and added, "The CTBT could be subverted if India decides to conduct further tests to fulfill its ambitious nuclear plans." He emphasized that India's nuclear doctrine reconfirmed its goal of acquiring a massive nuclear war fighting capability encompassing a triad of ground, air and submarine based nuclear weapons. This insidious doctrine added a new dimension to Pakistan's security concerns. He urged the international community to call on India to give unequivocal assurance against the implementation of the proposed doctrine which would unleash a massive nuclear arms race in South Asia and create a hair-trigger security environment. He also called upon the world powers to endorse the concept of strategic restraint in South Asia proposed by Pakistan. Ambassador Umer voiced mystification at India's absence from the Conference. He expressed the earnest hope that the ominous message, which this decision conveyed, would not, yet again, be lost on the international community.
Explaining Pakistan's position on the CTBT, Umer said that Pakistan had always supported the objectives of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Reiterating Pakistan's well-known position, he said that Pakistan remained committed to adhering to the CTBT in an atmosphere free of coercion. He stressed that such coercion had not been removed. He expressed the hope that as a result of the intense dialogue held by Pakistan, the coercive atmosphere would be fully removed at the earliest point in time. There was widespread appreciation of Pakistan's attendance at the Conference. A number of delegates, including the President of the Conference, welcomed Pakistan's decision to attend the Conference as an Observer. India's absence was considered inexplicable. It was generally believed that its non-participation was symptomatic of a more insidious plan linked to its newly announced nuclear doctrine. The fact that attendance as Observer does not, in the least, pre-judge a country's decision in regard to signing the CTBT, raised deeper fears about India's true motivation in avoiding the Conference. The Conference was held in Vienna from on 6-8 October 1999. It was convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations in his capacity as depository of the CTBT..................
Pakistan pleads at UN for Kashmiris right to self-determination
UNITED NATIONS Oct 9 (app)-- Pakistan has made a forceful plea for the grant of the right of self-determination to the people of Jammu and Kashmir, accusing India of using "brutal force to suppress the indigenous struggle of the Kashmiris". Speaking in the Fourth Committee, Inam ul Haque, Pakistan's Permanent Representative, said despite concerted efforts by the United Nations and the will of the member states, the right of self-determination continued to be denied in many parts of the world, Kashmir being the prime example. More than 12 million Kashmiris had been denied this inalienable right of theirs for more than half a century, the envoy told the Special Political and Decolonization Committee Thursday. They continued to suffer misery and repression under illegal Indian occupation. India had accepted the Security Council resolutions vindicating the right of self-determination of the Kashmiri people but had since reneged on its solemn commitments to the international community and the people of the Jammu and Kashmir State. Inam ul Haque said there were over 650,000 Indian troops in Kashmir to keep the people under subjugation. More than 60,000 Kashmiris has been killed and women raped as a strategy of war. Entire villages had been burnt to the ground and summary executions and disappearances were routine. "The brutal and blatant Indian repression and state-sponsored terrorism against innocent Kashmiri men, women and children had few parallels in the annals of recent history. The massive and systematic violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Kashmir by India is designed to break the will of the people. There cannot be different responses by the international community to similar situations like East Timor and Kashmir," the ambassador said.
The Pakistani envoy told the Committee that it was his country's firm conviction that the process of decolonisation would remain incomplete if the inalienable right of peoples to self-determination was not recognised and applied to all territories under colonial rule or foreign domination. The international community had a duty to continue to make consistent and determined efforts, without any distinction, to free the world of the "cancer of colonialism". Haque said it was Pakistan's hope that the historic event in East Timor would serve as an example for resolving similar problems in other parts of the world where people were suffering from illegal occupation. In this contest he referred to the proposed referendum in Western Sahara and the commitments made by France and New Zealand to respect the freely expressed wishes of the people of New Caledonia and Tokelau respectively so that self-rule could be established in these territories. The ambassador pointed out that progress in the remaining 13 non self-governing territories had been "agonisingly slow". The people of these territories looked forward to the United Nations for their freedom. "The international community must intensify its efforts to eradicate colonialism and foreign occupation from altogether from the world," he added.
Dar reviews implementation of foreign aided projects
ISLAMABAD, Oct 9 (APP)-Finance Minister Mohammad Ishaq Dar on Oct. 8, 1999 chaired a meeting to review the status of various foreign aided projects under implementation by Federal and the provincial agencies. The Finance Minister seriously viewed the delay in implementation of certain projects. He directed that all agencies responsible for implementing such projects should ensure that these projects are completed within the stipulated time and without any cost over-run. During the meeting, held here, the status of the implementation of Ghazi Brotha Project was also discussed. The Finance Minister directed to ensure to catch up the time lost in implementation of this vital project of national importance. He also reviewed the follow up of negotiations with various countries under Paris Agreement. The Minister directed all officers in the Economic Affairs Division that their interaction with the provincial agencies and other donor agencies should be more effective and meaningful so that all the projects under implementation are completed on time. The meeting was also attended by a senior representative of World Bank and officials of Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs.
International community asked to stop illegal Indian detention of APHC leaders
ISLAMABAD, Oct 8 (APP): Pakistan On Oct. 8, 1999 called upon the international community to urge India to show respect for democratic and human rights norms by immediately releasing APHC leaders, who are under illegal detention. A Foreign Office Spokesman on Oct. 8, 1999 expressed deep concern over the shifting of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) Chairman Syed Ali Shah Gilani from a New Delhi hospital to Jodhpur Jail in Rajasthan, despite his poor health condition. He condemned the harsh treatment meted out to the APHC leader during his illegal detention by the Indian authorities and the fact that he continues to remain incarcerated. Syed Ali Shah Gilani had recently suffered a heart attack in Srinagar jail. The spokesman also condemned the continued illegal detention of several other APHC leaders including, Yasin Malik, Professor Abdul Ghani Bhat and Javed Mir.