Index Military Definitions

j-axis. A vertical axis in a system of rectangular coordinates; that line on which distances above or below (north or south) the reference line are marked, especially on a map, chart or graph.

JACK. An Army-NASA aircrew/aircraft integration program that addresses human engineering in a wide array of applications by representing human anthropometry and motion.

jamming. See barrage jamming; electronic warfare; electromagnetic jamming; spot jamming.

jet advisory service. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The service provided certain civil aircraft while operating within radar and non-radar jet advisory areas. Within radar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft receiving this service are provided radar flight following, radar traffic information, and vectors around observed traffic. In non-radar jet advisory areas, civil aircraft receiving this service are afforded standard instrument flight rules separation from all other aircraft known to air traffic control to be operating within these areas.

jet conventional low-altitude bombing system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A maneuver used by jet aircraft to loft conventional ordnance by means of a low-altitude bombing system.

jet propulsion. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Reaction propulsion in which the propulsion unit obtains oxygen from the air, as distinguished from rocket propulsion in which the unit carries its own oxygen-producing material. In connection with aircraft propulsion, the term refers to a gasoline or other fuel turbine jet unit that discharges hot gas through a tail pipe and a nozzle which provides a thrust that propels the aircraft. See also rocket propulsion.

jet stream. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A narrow band of high velocity wind in the upper troposphere or in the stratosphere.

jettison. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The selective release of stores from an aircraft other than normal attack.

jettisoned mines. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Mines which are laid as quickly as possible in order to empty the minelayer of mines, without regard to their condition or relative positions.

job (or duty position). [TR 350-70] A collection of unique, specific, related set of activities (tasks) performed by a unique, defined set of personnel. For training development and training purposes, it is an MOS by skill level; BC and AOC by rank; warrant officer MOS (military occupational specialty) by skill level; ASI (additional skill identifier); SQI (skill qualification identifier); SI (skill identifier); LIC (language identifier code); or other special category. Special categories include but are not limited to common tasks (for a specific skill level), additional duty assignments, and civilian jobs the Army is required to train.

job aid. [TR 350-70]

l A checklist, procedural guide, decision table, worksheet, algorithm, or other device used by a soldier as an aid in performing duty position tasks. It gives the soldier directions and signals when to take action. A job aid is also called a job performance aid.

l A checklist, procedural guide, decision table, worksheet, algorithm, or other aid delivered via electronic means and used by job incumbents to aid in task performance.

job analysis. 1[TR 350-70] The process used to identify individual critical tasks (including leader tasks) a job incumbent must perform to successfully accomplish his/her mission and duties as well as survive on the battlefield. These tasks are the critical for that job. They may be one of four types:

l Common soldier tasks.

l Common skill level tasks.

l Critical individual tasks.

l Shared tasks.

2[DoD] The basic method used to obtain facts about a job, involving observation of workers, conversations with those who know the job, analysis questionnaires completed by job incumbents, or study of documents involved in performance of the job. 3[DSMC] A detailed examination of a job to determine the duties, responsibilities, and specialized requirements necessary for its performance.

job and task analysis plan. See training development project management plan.

job fidelity. The degree to which a test truthfully and accurately reflects the job situation.

job lot. [DSMC] A relatively small number of a specific type of part or product that is produced at one time.

job order. 1[DSMC] A formal instruction to perform certain work according to specifications, estimates, etc. 2[DSMC] Descriptive of a cost system whereby costs are accumulated by job orders.

job performance aid (JPA). A checklist, instruction sheet, or other device that offers a possible alternative to train-ing rather than an actual method of training; they are developed to eliminate or minimize training requirements for some tasks.

job performance measures. Tests that are used to evaluate proficiency of a job holder on each task he/she per-forms.

job performance test. [TR 350-70] An instrument used to determine weather or how well an individual can perform a job. See performance measure.

job sheet. An instruction sheet that provides the student with the step-by-step procedures required for the performance of tasks or functions. Job sheets also provide the student with the objective(s) to be accomplished, a list of references, and equipment required, and provides self test questions.

job shop. [DSMC] A manufacturing enterprise devoted to producing special or custom-made parts of products usually in small quantities for specific customers.

job task analysis. A process of examining a specific job to identify all the duties and tasks that are performed by the job incumbent at a given skill level.

job task inventory (JTI). Results of information gathering in job analysis. Lists of duties and tasks, varying in refinement from basic input data to duties and tasks that constitute the job performed by incumbents within a rating/ Military Occupational Skill (MOS)/Air Force Specialty (AFS). Critical tasks for the job are derived from this inventory. Also called task inventory and total task inventory.

join up. To form separate aircraft or groups of aircraft into a specific formation. See also rendezvous.

joiner. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An independent merchant ship sailed to join a convoy. See also joiner convoy; joiner section.

joiner convoy. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A convoy sailed to join the main convoy. See also joiner; joiner section.

joiner section. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A joiner or joiner convoy, after rendezvous, and while maneuvering to integrate with the main convoy.

joint. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of more than one service of the same nation participate. (When all services are not involved, the participating services shall be identified, e.g., joint Army-Navy.) See also combined.

joint acquisition program. [DSMC] A directed joint effort for the development and procurement of systems, subsystems, equipment, software, or munitions as well as supporting equipment or systems, with the goal of providing a new or improved capability for a validated joint need. Certain modification programs may be included when they are determined to be of significant interest or priority to the participating services.

joint activities reporting to the Chairman, JCS. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Activities or agencies that receive direct guidance from the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff or designated Joint Staff agent, and which have joint manpower programs separate from the Joint Staff and unified command organizations. See also activity; joint; joint staff.

joint administrative publication. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Publication of joint interest dealing with administrative matters prepared under the cognizance of Joint Staff directorates and applicable to the military departments, combatant commands, and other authorized agencies. It is authenticated by the Secretary of the Joint Staff "For the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff" and distributed through service channels. A joint administrative reference category administrative publication will be approved by the Director of the Joint Staff and is applicable only to the Joint Staff. All other joint administrative publications will be approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. See also joint publication.

joint air operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Air operations performed with air capabilities/forces made available by components in support of the joint force commander's operation or campaign objectives, or in support of other components of the joint force

joint air operations center (JAOC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A jointly staffed facility established for planning, directing, and executing joint air operations in support of the joint force commander's operation or campaign objectives. See also joint air operations.

joint air operations plan. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A plan for a connected series of joint air operations to achieve the joint force commander's objectives within a given time and theater of operations. See also joint air operations.

joint airborne advance party (JAAP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An advance ground party that provides terminal guidance, air traffic control, ground control measures, intelligence gathering, and surface weather observation in the objective area of an airlift operation. It may consist of US Air Force combat control team members and a US Army long-range surveillance team or similar forces.

joint airborne training. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Training operations or exercises involving airborne and appropriate troop carrier units. This training includes:

l Air delivery of personnel and equipment.

l Assault operations by airborne troops and/or air transportable units.

l Loading exercises and local orientation fights of short duration.

l Maneuvers/exercises as agreed upon by services concerned and/or as authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

joint amphibious operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An amphibious operation conducted by significant elements of two or more services.

joint amphibious task force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A temporary grouping of units of two or more services under a single commander, organized for the purpose of engaging in an amphibious landing for assault on hostile shores.

Joint Analytical Center (JAC). The JAC is an imagery library file server that enables theater users to use JDISS terminals to manipulate, download, and print collateral images at DSNET 1 or 3. It evolved from JIC.

joint base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) For purposes of base defense operations, a joint base is a locality from which operations of two or more of the Military Departments are projected or supported and which is manned by significant elements of two or more Military Departments or in which significant elements of two or more Military Departments are located. See also base.

Joint Captured Materiel Exploitation Center (JCMEC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Physical location for deriving intelligence information from captured enemy materiel. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J2.

Joint Collection Management Tools (JCMT). The joint service all source collection management software for SUN UNIX systems.

joint combat search and rescue operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A combat search and rescue operation in support of a component's military operations that has exceeded the combat search and rescue capabilities of that component and requires the efforts of two or more components of the joint force. Normally, the operation is conducted by the joint force commander or a component commander that has been designated by joint force commander tasking. See also combat search and rescue; search and rescue.

joint communications control center (JCCC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An element of the J-6 established to support a joint force commander. The joint communications control center (JCCC) serves as the single control agency for the management and direction of the joint force command, control, communications, and computer systems. The JCCC may include plans and operations administration, system control, and frequency management sections.

joint communications network. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aggregation of all the joint communications systems in a theater. The joint communications network includes the Joint Multichannel Trunking and Switching System and the Joint Command and Control Communications System(s).

Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System (JDISS).[JP 1-02] (DoD) A transportable workstation and communications suite that electronically extends a joint intelligence center to a joint task force or other tactical user.

joint deployment community (JDC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those headquarters, commands, and agencies involved in the training, preparation, movement, reception, employment, support, and sustainment of military forces assigned or committed to a theater of operations or objective area. The joint deployment community usually consists of the Joint Staff, services, certain service major commands (including the service wholesale logistic commands), unified and specified commands (and their service component commands), transportation operating agencies, joint task forces (as applicable), Defense Logistics Agency, and other Defense agencies (e.g., Defense Intelligence Agency) as may be appropriate to a given scenario.

joint deployment system (JDS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system that consists of personnel, procedures, directives, communications systems, and electronic data processing systems to directly support time-sensitive planning and execution, and to complement peacetime deliberate planning.

joint doctrine. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more services in coordinated action toward a common objective. It will be promulgated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in co-ordination with the combatant commands, services, and joint staff. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; combined doctrine; doctrine; guidance; joint publication; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures; joint test publication; multiservice doctrine.

joint doctrine working party. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A forum to include representatives of the services and combatant commands with the purpose of systematic addressal of joint doctrine and joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (JTTP) issues such as project proposal examination, project scope development, project validation, and lead agent recommendation. The Joint Doctrine Working Party meets under the sponsorship of the Director, Operational Plans and Interoperability (J7). See also joint doctrine; joint publication; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures; joint test publication.

joint document exploitation center (JDEC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Physical location for deriving intelligence information from captured enemy documents. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J-2. See also intelligence.

joint duty assignment (JDA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An assignment to a designated position in a multiservice, joint or multinational command or activity that is involved in the integrated employment or support of the land, sea, and air forces of at least two of the three military departments. Such involvement includes, but is not limited to, matters relating to national military strategy, joint doctrine and policy, strategic planning, contingency planning, and command and control of combat operations under a unified or specified command.

Joint Duty Assignment List (JDAL). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Positions designated as joint duty assignments are reflected in a list approved by the Secretary of Defense and maintained by the Joint Staff. The Joint Duty Assignment List is reflected in the Joint Duty Assignment Management Information System.

joint engagement zone. See weapon engagement zone.

Joint Facilities Utilization Board. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint board that evaluates and reconciles component requests for real estate, use of existing facilities, inter-Service support, and construction to ensure compliance with Joint Civil-Military Engineering Board priorities.

joint fire support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Joint fires that assist land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations forces to move, maneuver, and control territory, populations, and key waters. See also fire support; joint fires.

joint fires. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also fires.

joint fires element (JFE). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The joint fires element is an optional staff element that provides recommendations to the J-3 to accomplish fires planning and synchronization. See also fire support; joint fires.

joint force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A general term applied to a force which is composed of significant elements of the Army, the Navy or Marine Corps, and the Air Force, or two or more of these services, operating under a single commander authorized to exercise unified command or operational control over joint forces. See also joint force commander.

joint force air component commander (JFACC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The JFACC derives authority from the joint force commander who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among subordinate commanders, redirect and organize forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall mission. The joint force commander will normally designate a JFACC. The JFACC’s responsibilities will be assigned by the joint force commander (normally these would include, but not be limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the joint force commander's apportionment decision). Using the joint force commander's guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders and other assigned or support-ing commanders, the JFACC will recommend to the joint force commander apportionment of air sorties to various missions or geographic areas. See joint force commander.

joint force commander (JFC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A general term applied to a commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority) or operational control over a joint force. See also joint force.

joint force land component commander (JFLCC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of land forces, planning and coordinating land operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force land component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. The joint force land component commander will normally be the commander with the preponderance of land forces and the requisite command and control capabilities.

joint force maritime component commander (JFMCC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The commander within a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of maritime forces and assets, planning and coordinating maritime operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The JFMCC is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. The joint force maritime component commander will normally be the commander with the preponderance of maritime forces and the requisite command and control capabilities.

joint force meteorological and oceanographic forecast unit (JMFU). A flexible, transportable, jointly supported collective of meteorological and oceanographic personnel and equipment formed to provide the joint task force commander and joint force meteorological and oceanographic officer with full meteorological and oceanographic services.

joint force meteorological and oceanographic officer (JMO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Officer designated to provide direct meteorological and oceanographic support to the joint task force commander.

joint force special operations component commander (JFSOCC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The commander within a unified command, sub-ordinate unified command, or joint task force responsible to the establishing commander for making recommendations on the proper employment of special operations forces and assets, planning and coordinating special operations, or accomplishing such operational missions as may be assigned. The joint force special operations component commander is given the authority necessary to accomplish missions and tasks assigned by the establishing commander. The joint force special operations component commander will normally be the commander with the preponderance of special operations forces and the requisite command and control capabilities.

joint force surgeon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A general term applied to an individual appointed by the joint force commander to serve as the theater or joint task force special staff officer responsible for establishing, monitoring, or evaluating joint force health service support. See also health service support.

joint general intelligence training. Military intelligence training based on the doctrine for the joint employment of the armed forces conducted by the Commanders in Chief to execute their assigned missions. Training is de-signed to teach students the fundamental principles that guide joint operations, e.g., the employment of forces of two or more services in coordinated action toward a common goal.

joint information bureau (JB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Facilities established by the joint force commander to serve as the focal point for the interface between the military and the media during the conduct of joint operations. When operated in support of multinational operations, a joint information bureau is called a combined information bureau or an allied press information center. See also public affairs.

joint integrated prioritized target list (JIPTL). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A prioritized list of targets and associated data approved by a joint force commander, and maintained by a joint task force. Targets and priorities are derived from the recommendations of components in conjunction with their proposed operations supporting the joint force commander's objectives and guidance.

joint intelligence. Intelligence produced by elements of more than one service of the same nation.

joint intelligence architecture. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A dynamic, flexible structure that consists of the National Military Joint Intelligence Center, the theater joint intelligence centers, and subordinate joint force joint intelligence centers. This architecture encompasses automated data processing equipment capabilities, communications and information flow requirements, and responsibilities to provide theater and tactical commanders with the full range of intelligence required for planning and conducting operations.

joint intelligence center (JIC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The intelligence center of the joint force headquarters. The JIC is responsible for providing and producing the intelligence required to support the joint force commander and staff, components, task forces and elements, and the national intelligence community. See also joint intelligence architecture.

joint intelligence doctrine. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fundamental principles that guide the preparation of intelligence and the subsequent provision of intelligence to support military forces of two or more services employed in coordinated action. See also intelligence doctrine.

joint intelligence estimate for planning (JIEP). A JIEP is a description of the situations and developments through-out the world that could effect the U.S. security interest in the short- and mid-range periods.

joint intelligence liaison element. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A liaison element provided by the Central Intelligence Agency in support of a unified command or joint task force.

joint intelligence support element (JISE). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A subordinate joint force forms a joint intelligence support element as the focus for intelligence support for joint operations, providing the joint force commander, joint staff, and components with the complete air, space, ground, and maritime adversary situation. See also intelligence; joint force; joint operations.

joint interface. [CJCSI 6212.01A] A C4I interface that passes or is used to pass information between systems or equipment operated by two or more CINCs, Services, or agencies (C/S/As).

joint interrogation and debriefing center (JIDC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Physical location for the exploitation of intelligence information from enemy prisoners of war and other non-prisoner sources. It is normally subordinate to the joint force/J-2. See also information; intelligence.

joint interrogation facility (JIF). Physical location for systematic interrogation of enemy prisoners of war to derive tactical intelligence in support of the joint force commander. It is normally subordinate to the joint intelligence center.

joint logistics. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The art and science of planning and carry-ing out, by a joint force commander and staff, logistic operations to support the protection, movement, maneuver, firepower, and sustainment of operating forces of two or more services of the same nation.

joint logistics commanders (JLC). [DSMC] Senior logistics military officers of the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). Includes the Commander, U.S. Army Materiel Command; Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Logistics); Deputy Chief of Staff (Installations and Logistics), USMC; Commander, Air Force Materiel Command; and Director, DLA.

joint logistics over-the-shore (JLOTS) commander. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The JLOTS commander is selected by the joint force commander (JFC) and is usually from either the Army or Navy components that are part of the JFC's task organization. This individual then builds a joint headquarters from personnel and equipment in theater to organize the efforts of all elements participating in accomplishing the JLOTS mission having either wet or dry cargo or both. JLOTS commanders will usually integrate members from each participating organization to balance the overall knowledge base in their headquarters. See also joint logistics over-the-shore operations.

joint logistics over-the-shore operations (JLOTS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Operations in which Navy and Army logistics over-the-shore (LOTS) forces conduct LOTS operations together under a joint force commander. Also called JLOTS operations. See also joint logistics; logistics-over-the-shore operations.

Joint Long-Range Strategic Study (JLRSS). The JLRSS is a document that provides the conceptual view of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) concerning use of U.S. military power in the long-range period and broad strategic guidance for the development of military policies, plans, programs, and research and development objectives.

joint manpower program (JMP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The document which reflects an activity's mission, functions, organization, cur-rent and projected manpower needs, and, when applicable, its required mobilization augmentation. A recommended JMP also identifies and justifies any changes pro-posed by the commander/director of a joint activity for the next five fiscal years.

joint matters. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Matters relating to the integrated employment of land, sea, and air forces, including matters relating to national military strategy, strategic and contingency planning, and command and control of combat operations under a unified command.

joint meteorological and oceanographic forecast unit (JMFU). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An organization consisting of a jointly supported collective of meteorological and oceanographic personnel and equipment formed to provide meteorological and oceanographic support to the joint force commander. See also meteorological and oceanographic.

joint mission need statement. [DSMC] A mission need statement that documents a mission operational capability need that applies to and is supported by two or more military services. See mission need statement (MNS)

Joint Mobility Control Group (JMCG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The Joint Mobility Control Group is the focal point for coordinating and optimizing transportation operations. This group is comprised of seven essential elements. The primary elements are USTRANSCOM's Mobility Control Center (MCC), Joint Operational Support Airlift Center (JOSAC), Global Patient Movement Requirements Center (GPMRC), Airlift Control Center (TACC), MSC Command Center, MTMC Command Operations and the Joint Intelligence Center-USTRANSCOM (JICTRANS). See also Global Patient Movement Requirements Center; United States Transportation Command.

joint mortuary affairs office (JMAO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Plans and executes all mortuary affairs programs within a theater. Provides guidance to facilitate the conduct of all mortuary programs and to maintain data (as required) pertaining to recovery, identification, and disposition of all US dead and missing in the assigned theater. Serves as the central clearing point for all mortuary affairs and monitors the deceased and missing personal effects program. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects.

joint movement center. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The center established to coordinate the employment of all means of transportation (including that provided by allies or host nations) to support the concept of operations. This coordination is accomplished through establishment of transportation policies within the assigned area of responsibility, consistent with relative urgency of need, port and terminal capabilities, transportation asset availability, and priorities set by a joint force commander.

joint multi-channel trunking and switching system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That composite multi-channel trunking and switching system formed from assets of the services, the Defense Communications System, other available systems, and/or assets controlled by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to provide an operationally responsive, survivable communication system, preferably in a mobile/transportable/recoverable configuration, for the joint force commander in an area of operations.

Joint Munitions Effectiveness Manual-Special Operations (JMEM-SO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A publication providing a single, comprehensive source of information covering weapon effective-ness, selection, and requirements for special operations munitions. In addition, the closely related fields of weapon characteristics and effects, target characteristics, and target vulnerability are treated in limited detail required by the mission planner. Although emphasis is placed on weapons that are currently in the inventory, information is also included for some weapons not immediately available but projected for the near future.

Joint Nuclear Accident Coordinating Center. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A combined Defense Nuclear Agency and Department of Energy centralized agency for exchanging and maintaining information concerned with radiological assistance capabilities and coordinating assistance activities, when called upon, in connection with accidents involving radioactive materials.

joint operating procedures (JOPs). [DSMC] These documents should identify and describe detailed procedures and interactions necessary to carry out significant aspects of a joint program. Subjects for JOPs may include systems engineering, personnel staffing, reliability, survivability, vulnerability, maintainability, production, management controls and reporting (including selected acquisition report), financial control, test and evaluation, training, logistics support, procurement and deployment. The JOPs are developed and negotiated by the program manager and the participating Services.

joint operation planning. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Planning for contingencies which can reasonably be anticipated in an area of responsibility or joint operations area of the command. Planning activities exclusively associated with the preparation of operation plans, operation plans in concept format, campaign plans, and operation orders (other than the single integrated operation plan) for the conduct of military operations by the combatant commanders in response to requirements established by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint operation planning is coordinated at the national level to support Secretary of Defense Contingency Planning Guidance, strategic requirements in the National Military Strategy, and emerging crises. As such, joint operation planning includes mobilization planning, deployment planning, employment planning, sustainment planning, and redeployment planning procedures. Joint operation planning is performed in accordance with formally established planning and execution procedures. See also contingency plan; execution planning; implementation planning; Joint Operation Planning and Execution System; joint operational planning process.

Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A continuously evolving system that is being developed through the integration and enhancement of earlier planning and execution systems: Joint Operation Planning System and Joint Deployment System. It provides the foundation for conventional command and control by national- and theater-level commanders and their staffs. It is designed to satisfy their information needs in the con-duct of joint planning and operations. JOPES includes joint operation planning policies, procedures, and reporting structures supported by communications and automated data processing systems. JOPES is used to monitor, plan, and execute mobilization, deployment, employment, and sustainment activities associated with joint operations. See also joint operation planning.

joint operational intelligence agency. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An intelligence agency in which the efforts of two or more services are integrated to furnish that operational intelligence essential to the commander of a joint force and to supplement that available to subordinate forces of the command. The agency may or may not be part of such joint force commander's staff.

joint operational planning process. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A coordinated Joint Staff procedure used by a commander to determine the best method of accomplishing assigned tasks and to direct the action necessary to accomplish the mission.

joint operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces, or by Service forces in relationships (e.g., support, coordinating authority), which, of themselves, do not create joint forces.

joint operations area (JOA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to accomplish a specific mission. Joint operations areas are particularly useful when operations are limited in scope and geographic area or when operations are to be conducted on the boundaries between theaters. See also area of responsibility; joint special operations area.

joint operations center (JOC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A jointly manned facility of a joint force commander's headquarters established for planning, monitoring, and guiding the execution of the commander's decisions.

joint patient movement requirements center (JPMRC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint force health service support center under the control of the subordinate joint force surgeon, established to coordinate and control, in terms of identifying bed space requirements, the movement of patients within and out of the joint operations area. The joint patient movement requirements center also generates subordinate joint force commander (JFC) plans and schedules to evacuate the subordinate JFC's patients to medical treatment facilities in accordance with the supported combatant commander's Theater Patient Movement Requirements Center theater plans and schedules for movement of the patient to the Medical Treatment Facility. See also health service support; joint force surgeon; joint operations area; medical treatment facility; patient.

Joint Personnel Training and Tracking Activity (JPTTA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The continental US center established (upon request of the supported combatant commander) to facilitate the reception, accountability, processing, training, and onward movement of both military and civilian individual augmentees preparing for overseas movement to support a joint military operation.

joint planning and execution community (JPEC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those headquarters, commands, and agencies involved in the training, preparation, movement, reception, employment, support, and sustainment of military forces assigned or committed to a theater of operations or objective area. It usually consists of the Joint Staff, Services, Service major commands (including the Service wholesale logistics commands), unified commands (and their certain Service component commands), subunified commands, transportation component commands, joint task forces (as applicable), Defense Logistics Agency, and other Defense agencies (e.g., Defense Intelligence Agency) as may be appropriate to a given scenario.

joint planning group (JPG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint force planning organization consisting of designated representatives of the joint force headquarters principal and special staff sections, joint force components (Service and/or functional), and other supporting organizations or agencies as deemed necessary by the joint force commander (JFC). Joint planning group membership should be a long-term assignment and members should be designated spokespersons for their respective sections or organizations. Responsibilities and authority of the joint planning group are assigned by the JFC. Normally headed by the joint force chief planner, joint planning group responsibilities may include, but are not limited to, crisis action planning (to include course of action development and refinement), coordination of joint force operation order development, and planning for future operations (e.g., transition, termination, follow-on). See also course of action development; crisis action planning; joint operation planning.

joint program. Any defense acquisition system, sub-system, component, or technology program that involves formal management or funding by more than one DoD Component during any phase of a system’s life cycle.

joint program assessment memorandum (JPAM). The JPAM is submitted for consideration in reviewing the services’ program objective memorandums (POMs), developing issue papers, and drafting program decision memorandums (PDMs).

joint psychological operations task force (JPOTF). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint special operations task force composed of headquarters and operational assets. The joint psychological operation task force assists the joint force commander in developing strategic, operational, and tactical psychological operation plans for a theater campaign or other operations. The joint psychological operations task force may have conventional or special operations psychological units assigned or attached to support the joint task force commander. See also joint special operations task force; psychological operations; special operations.

joint publication (JP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Publication of joint interest prepared under the cognizance of Joint Staff directorates and applicable to the military departments, combatant commands, and other authorized agencies. It is approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant commands, services, and Joint Staff. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; guidance; joint administrative publication; joint doctrine; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures; joint test publication.

joint purchase. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A method of purchase whereby purchases of a particular commodity for two or more departments are made by an activity established, staffed, and financed by them jointly for that purpose. See also purchase.

joint readiness. See readiness.

joint rear area (JRA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specific land area within a joint force commander's operational area designated to facilitate protection and operation of installations and forces supporting the joint force. See also joint force; joint force commander; rear area.

joint rear area coordinator (JRAC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The officer with responsibility for coordinating the overall security of the joint rear area in accordance with joint force commander directives and priorities in order to assist in providing a secure environment to facilitate sustainment, host nation support, infrastructure development, and movements of the joint force. The joint rear area coordinator also coordinates intelligence support and ensures that area management is practiced with due consideration for security requirements.

joint rear area operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those operations in the unified and joint rear area that facilitate protection or support of the joint force.

joint rear tactical operations center (JRTOC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint operations cell tailored to assist the joint rear area coordinator in meeting mission responsibilities.

Joint Reception Center (JRC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The center established in the operational area (per direction of the joint force commander), with responsibility for the reception, accountability, training, processing, of military and civilian individual augmentees upon their arrival in the operational area. Also the center where augmentees will normally be outprocessed through upon departure from the operational area.

joint regional defense command. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint task force headquarters formed on order of the Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Command within designated continental United States (CONUS) multistate regions, to command and control (1) execution of land defense of the continental United States and (2) military assistance to civil authority missions.

Joint Requirements and Management Board (JRMB). The JRMB is a top-level DoD corporate body for systems acquisition that provides advice and assistance to the Secretary of Defense.

Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC). [CJCSI 3170.01] A council, chaired by the Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, that conducts requirements analyses, determines the validity of mission needs, and develops recommended joint priorities for those needs it approves, and validates performance objectives and thresholds in support of the Defense Acquisition Board IAW MOP-77. Council members include the Vice Chiefs of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.

joint rescue coordination center. See rescue coordination center.

joint school or course. [TR 350-70] A school or course, used by two or more services, which has a joint faculty. The director (commandant), who is provided on a rotational basis by the services, is responsible, under the direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, for the development and administration of the curriculum.

joint search and rescue center (JSRC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A primary search and rescue facility suitably staffed by supervisory personnel and equipped for planning, coordinating, and executing joint search and rescue and combat search and rescue operations within the geographical area assigned to the joint force. The facility is operated jointly by personnel from two or more Service or functional components or it may have a multinational staff of personnel from two or more allied or coalition nations (multinational search and rescue center). The joint search and rescue center should be staffed equitably by trained personnel drawn from each joint force component, including US Coast Guard participation where practical. See also combat search and rescue; joint search and rescue center director; rescue coordination center; search and rescue.

joint search and rescue center director. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The designated representative with overall responsibility for operation of the joint search and rescue center. See also combat search and rescue; joint search and rescue center; search and rescue.

joint service operational requirement (JSOR). The JSOR is a statement of need for the same end item for use by the Army and at least one other military service. Army-proposed JSORs usually are directed by higher authority and are prepared and processed following MNS procedures and format as much as possible.

joint servicing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That function performed by a jointly staffed and financed activity in support of two or more military services. See also servicing.

joint special operations air component commander (JSOACC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The commander within the joint force special operations command responsible for planning and executing joint special air operations and for coordinating and deconflicting such operations with conventional non-special operations air activities. The joint special operations air component commander normally will be the commander with the preponderance of assets and/or greatest ability to plan, coordinate, allocate, task, control, and support the assigned joint special operations aviation assets. The joint special operations air component commander may be directly subordinate to the joint force special operations component commander or to any non-special operations component or joint force commander as directed. See also joint force special operations component commander.

joint special operations area (JSOA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A restricted area of land, sea, and airspace assigned by a joint force commander to the commander of a joint special operations force to conduct special operations activities. The commander of joint special operations forces may further assign a specific area or sector within the joint special operations area to a subordinate commander for mission execution. The scope and duration of the special operations forces' mission, friendly and hostile situation, and politico-military considerations all influence the number, composition, and sequencing of special operations forces deployed into a joint special operations area. It may be limited in size to accommodate a discrete direct action mission or may be extensive enough to allow a continuing broad range of unconventional warfare operations.

joint special operations task force (JSOTF). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint task force composed of special operations units from more than one service, formed to carry out a specific special operation or prosecute special operations in support of a theater campaign or other operations. The joint special operations task force may have conventional non-special operations units assigned or attached to support the conduct of specific missions.

Joint Specialty Officer/joint specialist (JSO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An officer on the active duty list who is particularly trained in, and oriented toward, joint matters.

joint specialty officer nominee. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An officer who has completed a program of Joint Professional Military Education (JPME), or an officer who has a critical occupational specialty tour. In either instance, the officer has been designated as a joint specialty officer nominee by the military department concerned.

joint staff. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command, subordinate unified command, joint task force, or subordinate functional component (when a functional component command will employ forces from more than one Military Department), which includes members from the several Services comprising the force. These members should be assigned in such a manner as to ensure that the commander understands the tactics, techniques, capabilities, needs, and limitations of the component parts of the force. Positions on the staff should be divided so that Service representation and influence generally reflect the Service composition of the force.

l (capitalized as Joint Staff) The staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for in the National Security Act of 1947, as amended by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. The Joint Staff assists the Chairman and, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Chairman, the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Vice Chairman in carrying out their responsibilities.

See also staff.

Joint Staff doctrine sponsor. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The sponsor for a joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (JTTP) project. Each joint doctrine or JTTP project will be assigned a Joint Staff doctrine sponsor. The Joint Staff doctrine sponsor will assist the lead agent and primary review authority as requested and directed. The Joint Staff doctrine sponsor will coordinate the draft document with the Joint Staff and provide Joint Staff comments and recommendations to the primary review authority. See also joint doctrine; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures.

joint state area command. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A joint task force headquarters formed on order of Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Command, within existing state boundaries to command and control United States and federalized state elements designated to execute land defense of the continental United States, military support to civil defense, and military assistance to civil authority missions. See also joint regional defense command.

Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSOP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The JSCP provides guidance to the combatant commanders and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to accomplish task and missions based on current military capabilities. It apportions resources to combatant commanders, based on military capabilities resulting from completed program and budget actions and intelligence assessments. The JSCP provides a coherent framework for capabilities-based military advice provided to the National Command Authorities. See also combatant commander; joint.

joint strategic planning document (JSPD). The JSPD is submitted for use in the draft consolidated guidance (CG).

Joint Strategic Planning System (JSPS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The primary means by which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders, carries out his statutory responsibilities to assist the President and Secretary of Defense in providing strategic direction to the Armed Forces; prepares strategic plans; prepares and reviews contingency plans; advises the President and Secretary of Defense on requirements, programs, and budgets; and provides net assessment on the capabilities of the Armed Forces of the United States and its allies as compared with those of their potential adversaries.

joint suppression of enemy air defenses (J-SEAD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A broad term that includes all suppression of enemy air defenses activities provided by one component of the joint force in support of another. See also air defense suppression; suppression of enemy air defenses.

joint table of allowance (JTA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A document which authorizes end-items of materiel for units operated jointly by two or more military assistance advisory groups and missions.

joint table of distribution (JTD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A manpower document which identifies the positions and enumerates the spaces that have been approved for each organizational element of a joint activity for a specific fiscal year (authorization year), and those spaces which have been accepted for planning and programming purposes for the four subsequent fiscal years (program years). See also joint manpower program.

joint tactical air reconnaissance/surveillance mission report (MISREP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A preliminary report of information from tactical reconnaissance aircrews rendered by designated debriefing personnel immediately after landing and dispatched prior to compilation of the Initial photo interpretation report. It provides a summary of the route conditions, observations, and aircrew actions and identifies sensor products.

joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (JTTP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The actions and methods which implement joint doctrine and describe how forces will be employed in joint operations. They will be promulgated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant commands, services, and Joint Staff. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; guidance; joint administrative publication; joint doctrine; joint test publication.

joint target list. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A consolidated list of selected targets considered to have military significance in the joint operations area.

joint targeting coordination board (JTCB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A group formed by the joint force commander to accomplish broad targeting oversight functions that may include but are not limited to coordinating targeting information, providing targeting guidance and priorities, and preparing and/or refining joint target lists. The board is normally comprised of representatives from the joint force staff, all components, and if required, component subordinate units. See also joint target list.

joint task force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A force composed of assigned or attached elements of two or more services and constituted by appropriate authority for a specific or limited purpose or missions of short duration.

joint technical architecture. Identifies a common set of mandatory information technology standards and guidelines to be used in all new and upgraded C4I IT acquisitions in DoD. The JTA is applicable to C4I systems and interfaces of key assets with C4I systems (weapons, sensors, office automation systems) and advanced concept technology demonstrations. For C4I systems and interfaces, the JTA replaces the standards guidance in the TAFIM.

Joint Technical Coordinating Group for Munitions Effectiveness (JTCG-ME). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A Joint Staff level organization tasked to produce generic target vulnerability and weaponeering studies. The special operations working group is a subordinate organization specializing inn studies for special operations.

joint test publication. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A proposed version of a joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques, and procedures publication that normally contains contentious issues and is nominated for a test publication and evaluation stage. Joint test publications are approved for evaluation by the Director, Operational Plans and Interoperability (J7), Joint Staff. Publication of a test publication does not constitute Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff approval of the publication. Prior to final approval as joint doctrine, test publications are expected to be further refined based upon evaluation results. Test publications are automatically superseded upon completion of the evaluation and promulgation of the proposed publication. See also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction; guidance; joint doctrine; joint publication; joint tactics, techniques, and procedures.

joint theater missile defense (JTMD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The integration of joint force capabilities to destroy enemy theater missiles in flight or prior to launch or to otherwise disrupt the enemy's theater missile operations through an appropriate mix of mutually supportive passive missile defense; active missile defense; attack operations; and supporting command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence measures. Enemy theater missiles are those that are aimed at targets outside the continental United States.

joint training. [TR 350-70] Training in which elements of more than one service of the same nation participate.

Joint Transportation Board (JTB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Responsible to the Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Joint Transportation Board assures that common-user transportation resources assigned or available to the Department of Defense are allocated as to achieve maximum benefit in meeting Department of Defense objectives. See also common-user transportation.

Joint Venture (JV). The Army plan to build Force XXI.

joint working group (JWG). The JWG is composed of combat and materiel developers representatives and appropriate subject matter experts. The primary purpose of the JWG is to provide a forum for direct communication, facilitating the coordination of requirements documents. The JWG is initiated and chaired by the combat developer in coordination with the materiel developer. In the event of an unresolvable disagreement among the members, the chair presents the issue through normal command/staff channels for resolution.

Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The sensitive compartmented information portion of the Defense Information System Network. It incorporates advanced networking technologies that permit point-to-point or multipoint information exchange involving voice, text, graphics, data, and video teleconferencing.

joint zone (air, land, or sea). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area established for the purpose of permitting friendly surface, air, and subsurface forces to operate simultaneously.

journeyman. [TR 350-70] A person who has learned a trade and works for another person in that specialty.

judy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "I have contact and am taking over the intercept."

jump speed. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The airspeed at which parachute troops can jump with comparative safety from an aircraft.

jumpmaster. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The assigned airborne-qualified individual who controls parachutists from the time they enter the aircraft until they exit. See also stick commander (air transport).

jury of experts. Refers to a group of subject matter experts selected to record, organize, pass judgment, and make recommendations on data and other matters related to the specific field or area of expertise.

just-in-time (JIT). [DSMC] A pull system, driven by actual demand. The goal is to produce or provide one part just-in-time for the next operation. Reduces stock inventories, but leaves no room for schedule error. As much a managerial philosophy as it is an inventory system.

just-in-time training. [TR 350-70] Training provided to individuals or units just before the skills or function taught will be used in a practical application. Typically used to teach perishable or infrequently used skills. See training-on-demand.

justification for major system new start (JMSNS). A JMSNS defines a deficiency for which there is a reasonable probability of resolution through the acquisition of a single system.

justification and approval (J&A). [DSMC] A document required by the Federal Acquisition Regulation that justifies and obtains approval for contract solicitations that use other than full and open competition.