Index Military Definitions

Nancy Rae. Boeing JKC-135A TELINT aircraft nap-of-the-earth flight. See terrain flight.

nanosecond. One-billionth of a second.

napalm. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Powdered aluminum soap or similar compound used to gelatinize oil or gasoline for use in napalm bombs or flame throwers.

l The resultant gelatinized substance.

nap-of-the-earth flight. See terrain flight.

narco-terrorism. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Terrorism conducted to further the aims of drug traffickers. It may include assassinations, extortion, hijackings, bombings, and kidnappings directed against judges, prosecutors, elected officials, or law enforcement agents, and general disruption of a legitimate government to divert attention from drug operations.

narration. The voice portion of an audio or audiovisual program.

narrative script. A report that describes audio and video requirements for all video shots containing audio.

narrator. The person whose voice is heard describing or commenting upon the content of a film, television program, etc.

narrowband. A communications circuit of less than 20 kHz bandwidth but normally 34 kHz, e.g., standard voice telephone circuit

nation assistance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Civil and/or military assistance rendered to a nation by foreign forces within that nation's territory during peacetime, crises or emergencies, or war based on agreements mutually concluded between nations. Nation assistance programs include, but are not limited to, security assistance, foreign internal defense, other US Code title 10. [JP 1-02] (DoD) programs, and activities performed on a reimbursable basis by Federal agencies or international organizations.

national censorship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The examination and control under civil authority of communications entering, leaving, or transiting the borders of the United States, its territories, or its possessions. See also censorship.

National Command Authorities (NCA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The President and the Secretary of Defense or their duly deputized alternates or successors.

National Communications System (NCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The telecommunications system that results from the technical and operational integration of the separate telecommunications systems of the several executive branch departments and agencies having a significant telecommunications capability.

national defense. National defense means any activity related to programs for military or atomic energy production or construction, military assistance to any foreign nation, stockpiling, or space.

national defense area (NDA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area established on non-Federal lands located within the United States or its possessions or territories for the purpose of safeguarding classified defense information or protecting DoD equipment and/or materiel. Establishment of a national defense area temporarily places such non-Federal lands under the effective control of the Department of Defense and results only from an emergency event. The senior DoD representative at the scene will define the boundary, mark it with a physical barrier, and post warning signs. The landowner's consent and cooperation will be obtained whenever possible; however, military necessity will dictate the final decision regarding location, shape, and size of the national defense area.

National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF). [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Including the Ready Reserve Force, a fleet composed of ships acquired and maintained by the Maritime Administration (MARAD) for use in mobilization or emergency.

l Less the Ready Reserve Force, a fleet composed of the older dry cargo ships, tankers, troop transports, and other assets in the MARAD's custody that are maintained at a relatively low level of readiness. They are acquired by MARAD from commercial ship operators under the provisions of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936; they are available only on mobilization or congressional declaration of an emergency. Because the ships are maintained in a state of minimum preservation, activation requires 30 to 90 days and extensive shipyard work for many.

See also Ready Reserve Force.

national disclosure policy. [DSMC] Promulgates national policy and procedures in the form of specific disclosure criteria and limitations, definitions of terms, release arrangements, and other guidance required by U.S. departments and agencies having occasion to release classified U.S. information. In addition, it establishes and provides for the management of an interagency mechanism and procedures that are required for the effective implementation of the policy.

national emergency. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A condition declared by the President or the Congress by virtue of powers previously vested in them that authorize certain emergency actions to be undertaken in the national interest. Action to be taken may include partial, full, or total mobilization of national resources. See also mobilization.

National Foreign Intelligence Program (NFIP). The NFIP includes the programs listed below, but its composition shall be subject to review by the National Security Council and modification by the President;

l The programs of the CIA.

l The Consolidated Cryptologic Program (CCP), the General Defense Intelligence Program (GDIP), and the programs of the offices within the Department of Defense for the collection of specialized national foreign intelligence through reconnaissance, except such elements as the Director of Central Intelligence and the Secretary of Defense agree should be excluded.

l Other programs of agencies within the Intelligence Community designated jointly by the Director of Central Intelligence and the head of the department or by the President as national foreign intelligence or counterintelligence activities.

l Activities of the staff elements of the Director of Central Intelligence.

l Activities to acquire the intelligence required for the planning of tactical operations by the U.S. military forces are not included in the NFIP.

national industrial base. The private and Government production and maintenance capacity that could be used to manufacture and repair items required by the military services.

National information infrastructure (NII). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The nation-wide interconnection of communications networks, computers, data bases, and consumer electronics that make vast amounts of information available to users. The national information infrastructure encompasses a wide range of equipment, including cameras, scanners, keyboards, facsimile machines, computers, switches, compact disks, video and audio tape, cable, wire, satellites, fiber-optic transmission lines, networks of all types, televisions, monitors, printers, and much more. The friendly and adversary personnel who make decisions and handle the transmitted information constitute a critical component of the national information infrastructure. See also Defense Information Infrastructure; global information infrastructure; information.

national infrastructure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Infrastructure provided and financed by a NATO member in its own territory solely for its own forces (including those forces assigned to or designated for NATO). See also infrastructure.

national intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Integrated departmental intelligence that covers the broad aspects of national policy and national security, is of concern to more than one department or agency, and transcends the exclusive competence of a single department or agency.

national intelligence estimate. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A strategic estimate of the capabilities, vulnerabilities, and probable courses of action of foreign nations which is produced at the national level as a composite of the views of the intelligence community.

national intelligence support team (NIST). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A nationally sourced team composed of intelligence and communications experts from either Defense Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, or any combination of these agencies.

national intelligence surveys. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Basic intelligence studies produced on a coordinated interdepartmental basis and concerned with characteristics, basic resources, and relatively unchanging natural features of a foreign country or other area.

National Military Command System (NMCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The priority component of the Worldwide Military Command and Control System designed to support the National Command Authorities and Joint Chiefs of Staff in the exercise of their responsibilities.

National Military Strategy (NMS). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) The art and science of distributing and applying military power to attain national objectives in peace and war. See also military strategy; national security strategy; strategy; theater strategy. 2[DSMC] Joint Strategic Planning System document developed by the Joint Staff. Provides the advice of the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the JCS and the Commanders-in-Chief, to the President, the National Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense on the national military strategy. It is designed to assist the SECDEF in preparation of the Defense Planning Guidance. See also military strategy; national security strategy; strategy; theater strategy.

national objectives. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aims, derived from national goals and interests, toward which a national policy or strategy is directed and efforts and resources of the nation are applied. See also military objectives.

national policy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A broad course of action or statements of guidance adopted by the [U.S.] Government at the national level in pursuit of national objectives.

National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A Department of Defense agency tasked to ensure that the United States has the technology and spaceborne and airborne assets needed to acquire intelligence worldwide, including support to such functions as monitoring of arms control agreements, indications and warning, and the planning and conducting of military operations. This mission is accomplished through research and development, acquisition, and operation of spaceborne and airborne intelligence data collection systems. Created in 1960. Its existence was admitted in 1992!

national security. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A collective term encompassing both national defense and foreign relations of the United States. Specifically, the condition provided by:

l A military or defense advantage over any foreign nation or group of nations.

l A favorable foreign relations position.

l A defense posture capable of successfully resisting hostile or destructive action from within or without, overt or covert.

See also security.

National Security Agency/Central Security Service Representative. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The senior theater or military command representative of the Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service in a specific country or military command headquarters who provides the Director, National Security Agency, with information on command plans requiring cryptologic support. The National Security Agency/Central Security Service Representative serves as a special advisor to the combatant commander for cryptologic matters, to include signals intelligence, communications security, and computer security. Also called NCR. See also counterintelligence.

National Security Council (NSC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A governmental body specifically designed to assist the President in integrating all spheres of national security policy. The President, Vice President, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense are statutory members. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Director, Central Intelligence Agency; and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs serve as advisers.

national security interests. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The foundation for the development of valid national objectives that define U.S. goals or purposes. National security interests include preserving U.S. political identity, framework, and institutions; fostering economic well-being; and bolstering international order supporting the vital interests of the United States and its allies.

national security strategy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The art and science of developing, applying, and coordinating the instruments of national power (diplomatic, economic, military, and informational) to achieve objectives that contribute to national security. Also called national strategy or grand strategy. See also military strategy; National Military Strategy; strategy; theater strategy.

National Security System IT (NSS IT). [TP 71-9] DoD IT/NSS policy defines NSS IT as any information technology in support of telecommunications or information systems operated by the U.S. Government, the function, operation, or use of which involves:

l Intelligence activities.

l Cryptologic activities related to national security.

l Command and control of military forces.

l Equipment that is an integral part of a weapon or weapons system.

l Is critical to the direct fulfillment of military or intelligence missions.

National Shipping Authority (NSA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The organization within each allied government responsible in time of war for the direction of its own merchant shipping.

national stock number. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The 13-digit stock number replacing the 11-digit federal stock number. It consists of the 4-digit federal supply classification code and the 9-digit national item identification number. The national item identification number consists of a 2-digit National Codification Bureau number designating the central cataloging office of the NATO or other friendly country which assigned the number and a 7-digit (xxxxxxx) non-significant number. The number shall be arranged as follows: 9999-00-999-9999. See also federal stock number.

national strategy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The art and science of developing and using the political, economic, and psychological powers of a nation, together with its armed forces, during peace and war, to secure national objectives. See also strategy.

National Television Standards Committee (NTSC). A committee of the Electronics Industries Association (EIA) that prepared the standard specifications approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The American color television standard specifications are 525 scan lines, a field frequency of 60 Hz, a broadcast bandwidth of 4 MHz, line frequency of 15.75 kHz, frame frequency of 1/30 of a second, field frequency of 1/60 of a second, and a color subcarrier frequency of 3.58 MHz.

National Training Center (NTC). [TR 350-70] Located at Fort Irwin, CA, NTC provides two weeks of intensive combat to heavy combat battalions on a rotational basis.

natural disaster. See domestic emergencies.

nautical chart. See hydrographic chart.

nautical mile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A measure of distance equal to one minute of arc on the Earth's surface. The United States has adopted the international nautical mile equal to 1,852 meters or 6,076.11549 feet.

nautical plotting chart. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An outline chart, devoid of hydrographic information, of a specific scale and projection, usually portraying a graticule and compass rose, designed to be ancillary to standard nautical charts, and produced either as an individual chart or a part of a coordinated series.

naval advanced logistic support site (ALSS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An overseas location used as the primary transshipment point in the theater of operations for logistic support. A naval advanced logistic support site possesses full capabilities for storage, consolidation, and transfer of supplies and for support of forward-deployed units (including replacements units) during major contingency and wartime periods. Naval advanced logistic support sites, with port and airfield facilities in close proximity, are located within the theater of operations but not near the main battle areas, and must possess the throughput capacity required to accommodate incoming and outgoing intertheater airlift and sealift. When fully activated, the naval advanced logistic support site should consist of facilities and services provided by the host nation, augmented by support personnel located in the theater of operations, or both. See also naval forward logistic site.

Naval base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A naval base primarily for support of the forces afloat, contiguous to a port or anchorage, consisting of activities or facilities for which the Navy has operating responsibilities, together with interior lines of communication and the minimum surrounding area necessary for local security. (Normally, not greater than an area of 40 square miles.) See also base complex.

Naval beach group. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A permanently organized Naval command within an amphibious force comprised of a commander and staff, a beach master unit, an amphibious construction battalion, and an assault craft unit, designed to provide an administrative group from which required naval tactical components may be made available to the attack force commander and to the amphibious landing force commander to support the landing of one division (reinforced). See also shore party.

naval beach unit. See naval beach group.

naval campaign. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An operation or a connected series of operations conducted essentially by naval forces, including all surface, subsurface, air, and amphibious troops, for the purpose of gaining, extending, or maintaining control of the sea.

naval coastal warfare (NCW). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Coastal sea control, harbor defense, and port security, executed both in coastal areas outside the United States in support of national policy and in the United States as part of this Nation's defense.

naval coastal warfare area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An assigned geographic area of responsibility which includes offshore waters, harbor approaches, harbors, ports, waterfront facilities, and those internal waters and rivers which provide access to port facilities.

naval coastal warfare commander (NCWC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An officer designated to conduct naval coastal warfare missions within a designated naval coastal geographic area.

naval construction force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The combined construction units of the Navy, including primarily the mobile construction battalions and the amphibious construction battalions. These units are part of the operating forces and represent the Navy's capability for advanced base construction.

naval control of shipping. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Control exercised by naval authorities of movement, routing, reporting, convoy organization, and tactical diversion of allied merchant shipping. It does not include the employment or active protection of such shipping.

naval control of shipping officer. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A naval officer appointed to form merchant convoys and control and coordinate the routing and movements of such convoys, independently sailed merchant ships, and hospital ships in and out of a port or base, subject to the directions of the operational control authority.

naval control of shipping organization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The organization within the Navy which carries out the specific responsibilities of the Chief of Naval Operations to provide for the control and protection of movements of merchant ships in time of war.

naval district. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A geographically defined area in which one naval officer, designated commandant, is the direct representative of the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations. The commandant has the responsibility for local naval defense and security and for the coordination of naval activities in the area.

naval forward logistic site (FLS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An overseas location, with port and airfield facilities nearby, which provides logistic support to naval forces within the theater of operations during major contingency and wartime periods. Naval forward logistic sites may be located in close proximity to main battle areas to permit forward staging of services, throughput of high priority cargo, advanced maintenance, and battle damage repair. Naval forward logistic sites are linked to in-theater naval advanced logistic support sites (ALSSs) by intratheater airlift and sealift, but may also serve as transshipment points for intertheater movement of high-priority cargo into areas of direct combat. In providing fleet logistic support, naval forward logistic site capabilities may range from very austere to near those of a naval advanced logistic support site. See also naval advanced logistic support site.

naval gunfire liaison team. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Personnel and equipment required to coordinate and advise ground/landing forces on naval gunfire employment.

naval gunfire operations center. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The agency established in a ship to control the execution of plans for the employment of naval gunfire, process requests for naval gunfire support, and to allot ships to forward observers. Ideally located in the same ship as the supporting arms coordination center.

naval gunfire spotting team. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The unit of a shore fire control party which designates targets; controls commencement, cessation, rate, and types of fire; and spots fire on the target. See also field artillery observer; spotter.

naval gunfire support (NGFS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fire provided by Navy surface gun systems in support of a unit or units tasked with achieving the commander's objectives. A subset of naval surface fire support. See also naval surface fire support.

naval mobile environmental team (NMET). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A team of naval personnel organized, trained, and equipped to support maritime special operations by providing weather, oceanography, mapping, charting, and geodesy support.

naval operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A naval action, or the performance of a naval mission, which may be strategic, operational, tactical, logistic, or training.

l The process of carrying on or training for naval combat to gain the objectives of any battle or campaign.

Naval or Marine (air) base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An air base for support of naval or marine air units, consisting of landing strips, seaplane alighting areas, and all components of related facilities for which the Navy or Marine Corps has operating responsibilities, together with interior lines of communication and the minimum surrounding area necessary for local security. Normally, not greater than an area of 20 square miles. See also base complex.

naval port control office. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The authority established at a port or port complex to coordinate arrangements for logistic support and harbor services to ships under naval control and to otherwise support the naval control of shipping organization.

Naval Reserve cargo handling battalion (NRCHB). A reserve cargo handling battalion composed solely of selected reserve personnel. See also maritime prepositioning ships.

Naval Reserve cargo handling training battalion (NRCHTB). The active duty, cargo handling training battalion composed of both active duty and reserve personnel.

naval special warfare (NSW). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A designated naval warfare specialty which conducts operations in the coastal, riverine, and maritime environments. Naval special warfare emphasizes small, flexible, mobile units operating under, on, and from the sea. These operations are characterized by stealth, speed, and precise, violent application of force.

Naval special warfare forces (NAVSOF). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those Active and Reserve component Navy forces designated by the Secretary of Defense that are specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct and support special operations. Also called NSW forces.

Naval special warfare group (NSWG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A permanent Navy echelon III major command to which most Naval special warfare forces are assigned for some operational and all administrative purposes. It consists of a group head-quarters with command and control, communications, and support staff; sea-air-land teams; and sea-air-land team delivery vehicle teams. The group is the source of all deployed Naval special warfare forces and administratively supports the Navalspecial warfare units assigned to the theater combatant commanders. The group staff provides general operational direction and coordinates the activities of its subordinate units. A Navalspecial warfare group is capable of task-organizing to meet a wide variety of requirements.

Naval special warfare special operations component (NAVSOC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The Navy special operations component of a unified or subordinate unified command or joint special operations task force.

Naval special warfare task element (NSWTE). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A provisional subordinate element of a Navalspecial warfare task unit, employed to extend the command and control and support capabilities of its parent task unit. See also Naval special warfare task unit.

Naval special warfare task group (NSWTG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A provisional Naval special warfare organization that plans, conducts, and supports special operations in support of fleet commanders and joint force special operations component commanders.

Naval special warfare task unit (NSWTU). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A provisional subordinate unit of a Navalspecial warfare task group. See also Naval special warfare task group.

Naval Special Warfare Unit (NSWU). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A permanent Navy organization forward based to control and support attached Naval special warfare forces.

naval stores. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any articles or commodities used by a naval ship or station, such as equipment, consumable supplies, clothing, petroleum, oils, and lubricants, medical supplies, and ammunition.

naval support area. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sea area assigned to naval ships detailed to support an amphibious operation. See also fire support area.

naval surface fire support (NSFS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fire provided by Navy surface gun, missile, and electronic warfare systems in support of a unit or units tasked with achieving the commander's objectives.

naval tactical data system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A complex of data inputs, user consoles, converters, adapters, and radio terminals interconnected with high-speed, general-purpose computers and its stored programs. Combat data is collected, processed, and composed into a picture of the overall tactical situation which enables the force commander to make rapid, accurate evaluations and decisions.

navigation head. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A transshipment point on a waterway where loads are transferred between water carriers and land carriers. A navigation head is similar in function to a railhead or truckhead.

navigation mode. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In a flight control system, a control mode in which the flight path of an aircraft is automatically maintained by signals from navigation equipment.

navigational grid. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A series of straight lines, superimposed over a conformal projection and indicating grid north, used as an aid to navigation. The interval of the grid lines is generally a multiple of 60 or 100 nautical miles. See also military grid.

Navy cargo handling and port group (NAVCHAPGRU). The active duty, cargo handling, battalion-sized unit composed solely of active duty personnel.

Navy cargo handling battalion (CHB).

l A mobile logistics support unit capable of worldwide deployment in its entirety or in specialized detachments. It is organized, trained, and equipped to:

l Load and off-load Navy and Marine Corps cargo carried in maritime prepositioning ships and merchant breakbulk or container ships in all environments.

l Operate an associated temporary ocean cargo terminal.

l Load and offload Navy and Marine Corps cargo carried in military-controlled aircraft

l Operate an associated expeditionary air cargo terminal.

l Three sources of Navy Cargo Handling Battalions are:

l Navy Cargo Handling and Port Group (NAVCHAPGRU). The active duty, cargo handling, battalion-sized unit composed solely of active duty personnel.

l Naval Reserve Cargo Handling Training Battalion (NRCHTB). The active duty, cargo handling training battalion composed of both active duty and reserve personnel.

l Naval Reserve Cargo Handling Battalion (NRCHB). A reserve cargo handling battalion composed solely of selected reserve personnel.

See also maritime prepositioning ships.

Navy cargo handling force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The combined cargo handling units of the Navy, including primarily the Navy cargo handling and port group, the Naval Reserve cargo handling training battalion, and the Naval Reserve cargo handling battalion. These units are part of the operating forces and represent the Navy's capability for open ocean cargo handling. See also Navy Cargo Handling Battalion.

Navy enlisted classification (NEC). Codes that reflect special skills and knowledge that identify personnel and requirements when the rating structure is insufficient by itself for manpower management purposes. Completion of an advanced school is often a requirement for awarding an NEC.

Navy special operations component (NAVSOC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The Navy component of a joint force special operations component. See also Air Force special operations component; Army special operations component.

Navy support element. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The maritime prepositioning force element that is composed of naval beach group staff and subordinate unit personnel, a detachment of Navy cargo handling force personnel, and other Navy components, as required. It is tasked with conducting the off-load and ship-to-shore movement of maritime prepositioned equipment/supplies.

NBC defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Nuclear defense, biological defense, and chemical defense, collectively. The term may not be used in the context of U.S. offensive operations.

NDI/COTS (non-developmental item/commercial-off-the-shelf). A broad, generic term that covers materiel available from a wide variety of sources with little or no development effort required by the government. NDI/COTS items include items available in the commercial market-place, items already developed and in use by other U.S. military services or government agencies, items developed by a foreign government with which the United States has a mutual defense cooperation agreement, and items already being produced, but not yet available in the commercial marketplace.

near miss. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any circumstances in flight when the degree of separation between two aircraft might constitute a hazardous situation. Also called airmiss.

near miss (aircraft). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any circumstance in flight where the degree of separation between two aircraft is considered by either pilot to have constituted a hazardous situation involving potential risk of collision.

near real time. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Pertaining to the timeliness of data or information which has been delayed by the time required for electronic communication and automatic data processing. This implies that there are no significant delays. See also real time.

neat lines. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The lines that bound the body of a map, usually parallels and meridians. See also graticule.

need to know. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A criterion used in security procedures which requires the custodians of classified information to establish, prior to disclosure, that the intended recipient must have access to the information to perform his or her official duties.

needs analysis. 1[DoD] Systematic in-depth analysis and verification of training discrepancies and emerging needs identified by a needs assessment. The results of the needs analysis are the definition of performance deficiencies and the isolation of potential solutions. This analytical process addresses the specific nature of the deficiency. 2[TR 350-70] The process used to identify valid:

l Non-training solutions to the performance deficiency.

l Training solutions to identified unit and individual performance deficiencies.

l Training development requirements. A training/ training development requirement is established if the needs analysis results in the identification and implementation approval for a solution that justifies producing or revising training or training products. Proponents will develop or revise training or training products only when based upon a needs analysis to avoid unnecessary TD workload.

needs assessment. The systematic process for identifying the causes of discrepancies between what exists and what is currently required, and for identifying the causes of potential discrepancies between current and future requirements. The process in which performance discrepancies are focused upon to determine where the discrepancies exist (e.g., environmental, training, instruction, personnel, equipment).

negative. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, means cancel or no.

negative phase of the shock wave. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The period during which the pressure falls below ambient and then returns to the ambient value. See also positive phase of the shock wave; shock wave.

negative photo plane. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The plane in which a film or plate lies at the moment of exposure.

neglect. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a report to the observer/spotter to indicate that the last round(s) was fired with incorrect data and that the round(s) will be fired again using correct data.

negative reinforcement. Aversive or unpleasant feedback to an incorrect response.

negligible contamination level. That level of NBC contamination that would not produce militarily significant effects in previously unexposed and unprotected persons operating or maintaining the system.

negligible risk (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A degree of risk where personnel are reasonably safe, with the exceptions of dazzle or temporary loss of night vision. See also degree of risk (nuclear); emergency risk (nuclear); moderate risk (nuclear).

negotiated contract. [DSMC] One obtained by direct agreement with a contractor without sealed bids.

negotiated contract cost. [DSMC] The estimated cost negotiated in a cost-plus fixed fee contract, or the negotiated contract target cost in either a fixed-price-incentive contract or a cost-plus-incentive fee contract.

negotiation. [DSMC] Contracting through the use of either competitive or other-than-competitive proposals and discussions. Any contract awarded without using sealed bidding procedures is a negotiated contract.

negotiations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A discussion between authorities and a barricaded offender or terrorist to effect hostage release and terrorist surrender. See also antiterrorism.

nerve agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A potentially lethal chemical agent which interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses.

net, chain, cell system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Patterns of clandestine organization, especially for operational purposes.

l Net is the broadest of the three; it usually involves a succession of echelons, and such functional specialists as may be required to accomplish its mission. When it consists largely or entirely of nonstaff employees, it may be called an agent net.

l Chain focuses attention upon the first of these elements; it is commonly defined as a series of agents and informants who receive instructions from and pass information to a principal agent by means of cutouts and couriers.

l Cell system emphasizes a variant of the first element of net; its distinctive feature is the grouping of personnel into small units that are relatively isolated and self-contained. In the interest of maximum security for the organization as a whole, each cell has contact with the rest of the organization only through an agent of the organization and a single member of the cell. Others in the cell do not know the agent, and nobody in the cell knows the identities or activities of members of other cells.

net (communications). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An organization of stations capable of direct communications on a common channel or frequency.

net call sign. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A call sign which represents all stations within a net. See also call sign.

net control station (NCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A communications station designated to control traffic and enforce circuit discipline within a given net.

net inventory assets. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the total materiel assets which is designated to meet the materiel inventory objective. It consists of the total materiel assets less the peacetime materiel consumption and losses through normal appropriation and procurement lead-time periods.

net sweep. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a two-ship sweep, using a netlike device, designed to collect drifting mines or scoop them up from the sea bottom.

net weight. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Weight of a ground vehicle without fuel, engine oil, coolant, on-vehicle materiel, cargo, or operating personnel.

neutral state. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In international law, a state which pursues a policy of neutrality during war. See also neutrality.

neutrality. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In international law, the attitude of impartiality, during periods of war, adopted by third states toward belligerent and recognized by the belligerent, which creates rights and duties between the impartial states and the belligerent. In a United Nations enforcement action, the rules of neutrality apply to impartial members of the United Nations except so far as they are excluded by the obligation of such members under the United Nations Charter.

neutralization. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In mine warfare, a mine is said to be neutralized when it has been rendered, by external means, incapable of firing on passage of a target, although it may remain dangerous to handle.

neutralization fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fire which is delivered to render the target ineffective or unusable. See also fire.

neutralize. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As pertains to military operations, to render ineffective or unusable.

neutralize track. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, to render the target being tracked ineffective or unusable.

neutron induced activity. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Radioactivity induced in the ground or an object as a result of direct irradiation by neutrons.

new equipment training (NET). [TR 350-70] An initial transfer of knowledge, gained during equipment development, from the materiel developer/provider to the trainer, user, supporter.

new equipment training plan (NETP). [TR 350-70] A document which outlines milestones and other key data elements for training to support new equipment training.

new start. [DSMC] An item or effort appearing in the President's Budget for the first time; an item or effort that was previously funded in basic or applied research and is transitioned to advanced technology development or engineering development; or an item or effort transitioning into procurement appearing in the President's Budget for the first time in the investment area. Often confused with program initiation which is an acquisition term that describes the milestone decision that initiates an acquisition program.

new systems training office (NSTO). The primary office in a TRADOC school/center responsible for managing training for new systems the Army is procuring.

news media representative. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An individual employed by a civilian radio or television station, newspaper, newsmagazine, periodical, or news agency to gather and report on a newsworthy event. See also public affairs.

niche capability. [TP 525-5] Capability of a force to acquire selected, modern, sophisticated technology that could dominate the battlefield or battlespace, for example, a nuclear weapon or sophisticated air defense system.

nickname. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A combination of two separate unclassified words which is assigned an unclassified meaning and is employed only for unclassified administrative, morale, or public information purposes.

night cap (NCAP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Night combat air patrol.

night effect. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An effect mainly caused by variations in the state of polarization of reflected waves, which sometimes result in errors in direction finding bearings. The effect is most frequent at nightfall.

night vision device (NVD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any electro-optical device that is used to detect visible and infrared energy and provide a visible image. Night vision goggles, forward-looking infrared, thermal sights, and low light level television are night vision devices. See also night vision goggle(s); forward looking infrared.

night vision goggle(s) (NVG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An electro-optical image intensifying device that detects visible and near-infrared energy, intensifies the energy, and provides a visible image for night viewing. Night vision goggles can be either hand-held or helmet-mounted. See also night vision device.

Night Watch. Boeing EC-135J, ABNCP aircraft

no joy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "I have been unsuccessful," or, "I have no information."

no-fire area (NFA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A land area designated by the appropriate commander into which fires or their effects are prohibited. See also area; fires.

no-fire line. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A line short of which artillery or ships do not fire except on request or approval of the supported commander, but beyond which they may fire at any time without danger to friendly troops.

no-strike target list. A list designated by a commander containing targets not to be destroyed. Destruction of targets on the list would interfere with or unduly hamper projected friendly military operations, or friendly relations with indigenous personnel or governments.

no-wind position. See air position.

node. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A location in a mobility system where a movement requirement is originated, processed for onward movement, or terminated.

Node. A point in a communications network at which several branches come together

node/command, control, communications, and computers node. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The physical and functional grouping of communications and computer systems that provide terminating, switching, and gateway access services to support information exchange. See also common operating environment; global grid.

noise. Any unwanted signal present in the total recorded signal. One signal interfering with another. Random spurts of electrical energy or interference.

nomenclature. [DSMC] Set or system of official names or titles given to items of material or equipment.

nominal filter. [JP 1-02] (DoD, A filter capable of cutting off a nominated minimum percentage by weight of solid particles greater than a stated micron size.

nominal focal length. An approximate value of the focal length, rounded off to some standard figure, used for the classification of lenses, mirrors, or cameras.

nominal scale. See principal scale; scale.

nominal weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A nuclear weapon producing a yield of approximately 20 kilotons. See also kiloton weapon; megaton weapon; subkiloton weapon.

nomination and data change request (NOM/DCR). Mechanisms by which MIDB users report inaccurate, outdated, or incomplete data to the responsible producer. A NOM recommends the addition of an entire new record to the database. A DCR recommends changes to an existing record.

non performer. An individual who cannot meet a specified performance standard for a task or a terminal learning objective.

non-air transportable. That which is not transportable by air by virtue of dimension, weight, or special characteristics or restrictions.

non-consolidated ACCP. [TR 350-70] That part of the Army Correspondence Course Program which is administered by the proponent school or agency. The proponent has sole responsibility for development, management, and administration of correspondence materials. These courses , phases, and subcourses are described in DA Pam 351-20. Army Correspondence Course Program (ACCP) Catalog , Chapter 4.

non-deployable. IT not listed on organizational TOE and not taken with the unit to support assigned mission. Non-deployable IT, is needed to support the exchange of warfighting information between garrison TDA organizations, between tactical TOE units operating in garrison, or between TDA organizations and TOE units operating within garrison or at deployed locations.

non-Government standard. A standardization document developed by a private sector association, organization, or technical society which plans, develops, establishes, or coordinates standards, specifications, handbooks, or related documents. Non-Government standards adopted by the DoD are listed in the Department of Defense Index of Specifications and Standards (DoDISS).

non-interfering basis. Without disturbing regularly scheduled activities or equipment usage.

non-linear approach. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In approach and landing systems, a final approach in which the nominal flight path is not a straight line.

non-performer. [TR 350-70] An individual who cannot meet a specified performance standard for a designated task or a terminal learning objective.

non-record. [TP 25-71] Non-record materials are those that do not meet the definition of records (36 CFR, Part 1234). This includes materials that are not created or received under Federal Law or in connection with Government business; not preserved or considered appropriate for preservation because they lack evidence of agency or component activities or information of value. Non-record materials include extra copies of documents kept only for convenience of reference, stocks of publications and processed documents, and library or museum materials intended solely for reference or exhibit.

non-registered publication. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A publication which bears no register number and for which periodic accounting is not required.

non-resident school. [TR 350-70] A training location other than the soldier's unit or a resident school. It functions as an extension of the proponent school. Soldiers can be full-time or part-time students. Non-resident schools include the Reserve Component Training Institution.

non-resident training. [TR 350-70] Training presented to students that is not instructor/facilitator-led and does not take place in residence, e.g., it takes place in Army learning centers and DL classrooms. Instruction is self-paced.

non-self-sustaining containership. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A containership that does not have a built-in capability to load or off-load containers, and requires a port crane or craneship service. See also containership; self-sustaining containership.

non-submarine contact chart. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A special naval chart, at a scale of 1:100,000 to 1:1,000,000, showing bathymetry, bottom characteristics, wreck data, and non-submarine contact data for coastal and off-shore waters. It is designed for use in conducting submarine and anti-submarine warfare operations. Also called non-subcontact chart.

non-TD (task) proponent. [TR 350-70] Any organization other than the TRADOC-assigned task proponent as listed in TR 350-70, Appendix C, Training/TD (Task) Proponent Information. Non-proponents usually are proponents for other subject areas, functional areas, or branches responsible for units that must use the assigned proponent’s task to accomplish their missions.

non-training solution. [TR 350-70] A solution to an identified performance deficiency other than training.

non-unit-related cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All equipment and supplies requiring transportation to an area of operations, other than those identified as the equipment or accompanying supplies of a specific unit (e.g., resupply, military support for allies, and support for nonmilitary programs, such as civil relief).

non-unit-related personnel. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All personnel requiring transportation to or from an area of operations, other than those assigned to a specific unit (e.g., filler personnel; replacements; temporary duty/temporary additional duty personnel; civilians; medical evacuees; and retrograde personnel).

nonacademic drop or attrite. A student who is disenrolled from the course for reasons not related to the academic requirements prescribed in the course curriculum; that is, medical, legal, and other nonacademic requirements.

nonair transportable. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That which is not transportable by air by virtue of dimension, weight, or special characteristics or restrictions.

nonaligned state. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A state which pursues a policy of nonalignment.

nonalignment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The political attitude of a state which does not associate or identify itself with the political ideology or objective espoused by other states, groups of states, or international causes, or with the foreign policies stemming therefrom. It does not preclude involvement, but expresses the attitude of no precommitment to a particular state (or block) or policy before a situation arises.

nonappropriated funds. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) Funds generated by DoD military and civilian personnel and their dependents and used to augment funds appropriated by the Congress to provide a comprehensive, morale-building welfare, religious, educational, and recreational program, designed to improve the well-being of military and civilian personnel and their dependents. 2[DSMC] Monies derived from sources other than congressional appropriations, primarily from the sale of goods and services to DoD military and civilian personnel and their dependents and used to support or provide essential morale, welfare, recreational, and certain religious and education programs. Another distinguishing characteristic of these funds is that there is no accountability for them in the fiscal records of the United States Treasury.

noncombat operations. [TP 525-5] Military operations other than war.

noncombatant evacuation operations (NEO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Operations directed by the Department of State, the Department of Defense, or other appropriate authority whereby noncombatants are evacuated from foreign countries when their lives are endangered by war, civil unrest, or natural disaster to safe havens or to the United States. See also evacuation; noncombatant evacuees; safe haven.

noncombatant evacuees. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

1. US citizens who may be ordered to evacuate by competent authority include:

a. Civilian employees of all agencies of the US Government and their dependents, except as noted in 2a below.

b. Military personnel of the US Armed Forces specifically designated for evacuation as noncombatants.

c. Dependents of members of the US Armed Forces.

2. US (and non-US) citizens who may be authorized or assisted (but not necessarily ordered to evacuate) by competent authority include:

a. Civilian employees of US Government agencies and their dependents, who are residents in the country concerned on their own volition, but express the willingness to be evacuated.

b. Private US citizens and their dependents.

c. Military personnel and dependents of members of the US Armed Forces outlined in 1c above, short of an ordered evacuation.

d. Designated aliens, including dependents of persons listed in 1a through 1c above, as prescribed by the Department of State.

See also noncombatant evacuation operations.

noncontiguous facility. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A facility for which the service indicated has operating responsibility, but which is not located on, or in the immediate vicinity of, a base complex of that service. Its area includes only that actually occupied by the facility, plus the minimum surrounding area necessary for close-in security. See also base complex.

nondeferrable issue demand. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Issue demand related to specific periods of time which will not exist after the close of those periods, even though not satisfied during the period.

nondeployable. [TP 71-9] IT not listed on organizational TOE and not taken with the unit to support assigned mission. Nondeployable IT is needed to support the exchange of warfighting information between garrison TDA organizations, between tactical TOE units operating in garrison, or between TDA organizations and TOE units operating within garrison or at deployed locations.

nondeployable account. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An account where Reservists (officer and enlisted) either in units or individually are assigned to a reserve component category or a training/ retired category when the individual has not completed initial active duty for training or its equivalent. Reservists in a nondeployable account are not considered as trained strength assigned to units or mobilization positions and are not deployable overseas on land with those units or mobilization positions. See also training pipeline.

nondevelopmental item (NDI). 1(ACCP)Systems or training devices available off the shelf. NDIs are normally selected from commercial sources. 2[DSMC] Any previously developed item of supply used exclusively for government purposes by a Federal Agency, a state or local government, or a foreign government with which the United States has a mutual defense cooperation agreement; any item described above that requires only minor modifications or modifications of the type customarily available in the commercial marketplace in order to meet the requirements of the processing department or agency. Nondevelopmental items are:

l Any previously developed item of supply used exclusively for governmental purposes by a Federal agency, a State or local government, or a foreign government with which the United States has a mutual defense cooperation agreement.

l Any item described above that requires only minor modification or modifications of a type customarily available in the commercial marketplace in order to meet the requirements of the procuring department or agency.

l Any item of supply being produced that does not meet the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) solely because the item is not yet in use.

noneffective sortie. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any aircraft dispatched which for any reason fails to carry out the purpose of the mission. Abortive sorties are included.

nonexpendable supplies and materiel. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Supplies which are not consumed in use and which retain their original identity during the period of use, such as weapons, machines, tools, and equipment.

nonfixed medical treatment facility. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A medical treatment facility designed to be moved from place to place, including medical treatment facilities afloat.

nongovernment organization. [TP 525-5] Professional associations, foundations, multinational businesses, or other groups with an interest in improving the quality of life of people.

nongovernmental organizations (NGO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Transnational organizations of private citizens that maintain a consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. Nongovernmental organizations may be professional associations, foundations, multinational businesses, or simply groups with a common interest in humanitarian assistance activities (development and relief). Nongovernmental organizations is a term normally used by non-United States organizations. See also private voluntary organizations.

nonhierarchical. [TP 525-5] Arranged in a nonstandard military organization of units; characterized by a horizontal flow of information and decision making.

nonhostile casualty. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A person who becomes a casualty due to circumstances not directly attributable to hostile action or terrorist activity. Casualties due to the elements, self-inflicted wounds, and combat fatigue are nonhostile casualties. See also casualty; casualty type; hostile casualty.

nonlinear. [DoD] Not proceeding in a straight line or uninterrupted form. In interactive courseware, using branching strategies.

nonmajor defense acquisition program. [DSMC] A program other than a major defense acquisition program acquisition category (ACAT) I or a highly sensitive classified program: i.e., ACAT II and ACAT III programs.

nonmajor system. A system which does not meet the criteria for a major system.

nonmateriel solution. [DSMC] Solutions to mission needs (warfighting deficiencies) that can be satisfied by changes in doctrine, tactics, operational concepts, training, or organizations.

nonpersistent agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A chemical agent that when released dissipates and/or loses its ability to cause casualties after 10 to 15 minutes.

nonprecision approach. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Radar-controlled approach or an approach flown by reference to navigation aids in which glide slope information is not available. See also final approach; precision approach.

nonprior service personnel. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Individuals without any prior military service, who have not completed basic inactive duty training, and who receive a commission in or enlist directly into an Armed Force of the United States.

nonprocedural task. A task whose composition does not lend itself to only one specified sequence of actions.

nonprogram aircraft. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All aircraft, other than active and reserve categories, in the total aircraft inventory, including X-models; aircraft for which there is no longer a requirement either in the active or reserve category; and aircraft in the process of being dropped from the total aircraft inventory. See also aircraft.

nonrecurring costs. 1[DSMC] Costs which are not proportional to the number of units produced. 2[DSMC] A one-time cost that will occur on a periodic basis for the same organization. Nonrecurring costs include preliminary design effort, design engineering, and all partially completed reporting elements manufactured for tests. 3[DSMC] Training of service instructor personnel.

nonrecurring demand. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A request by an authorized requisitioner to satisfy a materiel requirement known to be a one-time occurrence. This materiel is required to provide initial stockage allowances, to meet planned program requirements, or to satisfy a one-time project or maintenance requirement. Nonrecurring demands normally will not be considered by the supporting supply system in the development of demand-based elements of the requirements computation.

nonresident training. Training that takes place outside the institutional (resident) training location.

nonscheduled units. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Units of the landing force held in readiness for landing during the initial unloading period, but not included in either scheduled or on-call waves. This category usually includes certain of the combat support units and most of the combat service support units with higher echelon (division and above) reserve units of the landing force. Their landing is directed when the need ashore can be predicted with a reasonable degree of accuracy.

nonstandard item. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An item of supply determined by standardization action as not authorized for procurement.

nonstocked item. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An item that does not meet the stockage criteria for a given activity and, therefore, is not stocked at the particular activity

nonsystem training device (NSTD). A training simulator or device developed to support general military training, or training on more than one item, system, or several different types of equipment. The materiel developer or trainer may develop, fund, and procure such devices. NSTD includes devices acquired by STRICOM and funded within the training mission area. See training device.

norm-referenced measurement. The process of determining a student's achievement in relation to other students. Grading on the curve involves norm-referenced measurement since an individual's position of the curve (grade) depends on the performance of other students.

norm-referenced test. [TR 350-70] A test that grades a student based on the performance of other students taking the same test. Is scored based upon relative standards, such as class standings, rather than upon absolute standards, such as job competency. See test.

normal charge. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Charge employing a standard amount of propellant to fire a gun under ordinary conditions, as compared with a reduced charge. See also reduced charge.

normal impact effect. See cardinal point effect.

normal impact effect. See cardinal point effect.

normal intelligence reports. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A category of reports used in the dissemination of intelligence, which is conventionally used for the immediate dissemination of individual items of intelligence. See also intelligence reporting; specialist intelligence report.

normal lighting. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Lighting of vehicles as prescribed or authorized by the law of a given country without restrictions for military reasons. See also reduced lighting.

normal operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Generally and collectively, the broad functions which a combatant commander undertakes when assigned responsibility for a given geographic or functional area. Except as otherwise qualified in certain unified command plan paragraphs which relate to particular commands, normal operations of a combatant commander include:

l Planning and executing operations throughout the range of military operations.

l Planning and conducting cold war activities.

l Planning and administrating military assistance.

l Maintaining the relationships and exercising the directive or coordinating authority prescribed in
Joint Pub 0-2, Admin. Pub 1.1, and Joint Pub 4-01.

no-strike target list. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A list designated by a commander containing targets not to be destroyed. Destruction of targets on the list would interfere with or unduly hamper projected friendly military operations, or friendly relations with indigenous personnel or governments.

not mission capable, maintenance (NMCM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Material condition indicating that systems and equipment are not capable of performing any of their assigned missions because of maintenance requirements. See also not mission capable, supply.

not mission capable, supply (NMCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Material condition indicating that systems and equipment are not capable of performing any of their assigned missions because of maintenance work stoppage due to a supply shortage. See also not mission capable, maintenance.

not seriously injured (NSI). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The casualty status of a person whose injury may or may not require hospitalization; medical authority does not classify as very seriously injured, seriously injured, or incapacitating illness or injury; and the person can communicate with the next of kin. See also casualty status.

notional ship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A theoretical or average ship of any one category used in transportation planning (e.g., a Liberty ship for dry cargo; a T-2 tanker for bulk petroleum, oils, and lubricants; a personnel transport of 2,400 troop spaces.)

Nth country. A reference to additions to the group of powers possessing nuclear weapons - the next country of a series to acquire nuclear capabilities.

nuclear accident. See nuclear weapon(s) accident.

nuclear airburst. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The explosion of a nuclear weapon in the air, at a height greater than the maximum radius of the fireball. See also types of burst.

nuclear, biological, and chemical capable nation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A nation that has the capability to produce and employ one or more types of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons across the full range of military operations and at any level of war in order to achieve political and military objectives.

nuclear, biological, and chemical compatibility. [DSMC] The capability of a system to be operated, maintained, and resupplied by persons wearing a full complement of individual protective equipment, in all climates for which the system is designed, and for the period specified in the operational requirements document.

nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination. The deposit and/or absorption of residual radioactive material or biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel, or objects.

l nuclear (N) contamination. Residual radioactive material resulting from fallout or rainout, and residual radiation from a system produced by a nuclear explosion (e.g., nuclear indirect gamma activity (NIGA)), and persisting longer that one minute after burst.

l biological (B) contamination. Microorganisms and toxins that cause disease in man, plants, or animals or cause the deterioration of materiel.

l chemical (C) contamination. Chemical substances intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, incapacitate, or temporarily irritate or disable man through their physiological effects.

nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination survivability. The capability of a system (and its crew) to withstand a nuclear, biological, and chemical contaminated environment and relevant decontamination without losing the ability to accomplish the assigned mission. A nuclear, biological, chemical contamination survivable system is hardened against NBC contamination and decontaminants; it can be decontaminated, and is compatible with individual protective equipment.

l hardness. The capability of materiel to withstand the materiel-damaging effects of NBC contamination and relevant decontaminants.

l decontamination. The process of making personnel and materiel safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical and biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.

l compatibility. The compatibility of a system to be operated, maintained, and resupplied by persons wearing a full complement of individual protective equipment, in all climates for which the system is designed, and for the period specified in the operational requirements document.

nuclear, biological, and chemical decontamination. [DSMC] The process of making personnel and materiel safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.

nuclear, biological, and chemical hardness. [DSMC] The capability of materiel to withstand the materiel-damaging effects of nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination and relevant decontaminates.

nuclear bonus effects. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Desirable damage or casualties produced by the effects from friendly nuclear weapons that cannot be accurately calculated in targeting as the uncertainties involved preclude depending on them for a militarily significant result.

nuclear burst. See types of burst.

nuclear certifiable. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Indicates a unit or vehicle possessing the potential of passing functional tests and inspections of all normal and emergency systems affecting the nuclear weapons.

nuclear certified. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) See nuclear certified delivery unit; nuclear certified delivery vehicle.

nuclear certified delivery unit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any level of organization and support elements which are capable of executing nuclear missions in accordance with appropriate bilateral arrangements and NATO directives. See also nuclear delivery unit.

nuclear certified delivery vehicle. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A delivery vehicle whose compatibility with a nuclear weapon has been certified by the applicable nuclear power through formal procedures. See also nuclear delivery vehicle.

nuclear cloud. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An all-inclusive term for the volume of hot gases, smoke, dust, and other particulate matter from the nuclear bomb itself and from its environment, which is carried aloft in conjunction with the rise of the fireball produced by the detonation of the nuclear weapon.

nuclear collateral damage. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Undesired damage or casualties produced by the effects from friendly nuclear weapons.

nuclear column. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A hollow cylinder of water and spray thrown up from an underwater burst of a nuclear weapon, through which the hot, high-pressure gases formed in the explosion are vented to the atmosphere. A somewhat similar column of dirt is formed in an underground explosion.

nuclear commitment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A statement by a NATO member that specific forces have been committed or will be committed to NATO in a nuclear only or dual capable role.

nuclear coordination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A broad term encompassing all the actions involved with planning nuclear strikes, including liaison between commanders, for the purpose of satisfying support requirements or because of the extension of weapons effects into the territory of another.

nuclear damage. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l light damage. Damage which does not prevent the immediate use of equipment or installations for which it was intended. Some repair by the user may be required to make full use of the equipment or installations.

l moderate damage. Damage which prevents the use of equipment or installations until extensive repairs are made.

l severe damage. Damage which prevents use of equipment or installations permanently.

nuclear damage assessment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The determination of the damage effect to the population, forces, and resources resulting from actual nuclear attack. It is performed during and after an attack. The operational significance of the damage is not evaluated in this assessment.

nuclear defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The methods, plans, and procedures involved in establishing and exercising defensive measures against the effects of an attack by nuclear weapons or radiological warfare agents. It encompasses both the training for, and the implementation of, these methods, plans, and procedures. See also NBC defense; radiological defense.

nuclear delivery unit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any level of organization capable of employing a nuclear weapon system or systems when the weapon or weapons have been released by proper authority.

nuclear delivery vehicle. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That portion of the weapon system which provides the means of delivery of a nuclear weapon to the target.

Nuclear Detonation Detection and Reporting System (NUDETS). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A system deployed to provide surveillance coverage of critical friendly target areas, and indicate place, height of burst, yield, and ground zero of nuclear detonations.

nuclear dud. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A nuclear weapon which, when launched at or emplaced on a target, fails to provide any explosion of that part of the weapon designed to produce the nuclear yield.

nuclear energy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All forms of energy released in the course of a nuclear fission or nuclear transformation.

nuclear equipoise. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Not to be used. See nuclear stalemate.

nuclear exoatmospheric burst. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The explosion of a nuclear weapon above the sensible atmosphere (above 120 kilometers) where atmospheric interaction is minimal. See also types of burst.

nuclear hardness. [DSMC] A quantitative description of the resistance of a system or component to malfunction (temporary and permanent) and/or degraded performance induced by a nuclear weapon environment. Measured by resistance to physical quantities such as overpressure, peak velocities, energy absorbed, and electrical stress. Hardness is achieved through adhering to appropriate design specifications and is verified by one or more test and analysis techniques.

nuclear incident. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An unexpected event involving a nuclear weapon, facility, or component, resulting in any of the following, but not constituting a nuclear weapon(s) accident:

l An increase in the possibility of explosion or radioactive contamination.

l Errors committed in the assembly, testing, loading, or transportation of equipment, and/or the malfunctioning of equipment and materiel which could lead to an unintentional operation of all or part of the weapon arming and/or firing sequence, or which could lead to a substantial change in yield, or increased dud probability.

l Any act of God, unfavorable environment, or condition resulting in damage to the weapon, facility, or component.

nuclear intelligence (NUCINT). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Intelligence derived from the collection and analysis of radiation and other effects resulting from radioactive sources. See also intelligence.

nuclear logistic movement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The transport of nuclear weapons in connection with supply or maintenance operations. Under certain specified conditions, combat aircraft may be used for such movements.

nuclear nation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Military nuclear powers and civil nuclear powers. See also nuclear power.

nuclear parity. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A condition at a given point in time when opposing forces possess nuclear offensive and defensive systems approximately equal in overall combat effectiveness.

nuclear planning and execution. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Worldwide Military Command and Control System application systems that support strategic and tactical nuclear planning, execution, termination, and reconstitution.

nuclear planning system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system composed of personnel, directives, and electronic data processing systems to directly support theater nuclear combatant commanders in developing, maintaining, and disseminating nuclear operation plans.

nuclear power. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Not to be used without appropriate modifier. See also civil nuclear power; major nuclear power; military nuclear power; nuclear nation.

nuclear radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Particulate and electromagnetic radiation emitted from atomic nuclei in various nuclear processes. The important nuclear radiations, from the weapon standpoint, are alpha and beta particles, gamma rays, and neutrons. All nuclear radiations are ionizing radiations, but the reverse is not true; X-rays for example, are included among ionizing radiations, but they are not nuclear radiations since they do not originate from atomic nuclei.

nuclear reactor. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A facility in which fissile material is used in a self-supporting chain reaction (nuclear fission) to produce heat and/or radiation for both practical application and research and development.

nuclear round. See complete round.

nuclear safety line. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A line selected, if possible, to follow well-defined topographical features and used to delineate levels of protective measures, degrees of damage or risk to friendly troops, and/or to prescribe limits to which the effects of friendly weapons may be permitted to extend.

nuclear stalemate. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A concept which postulates a situation wherein the relative strength of opposing nuclear forces results in mutual deterrence against employment of nuclear forces.

nuclear strike warning. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A warning of impending friendly or suspected enemy nuclear attack.

nuclear support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The use of nuclear weapons against hostile forces in support of friendly air, land, and naval operations. See also immediate nuclear support; preplanned nuclear support.

nuclear surface burst. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An explosion of a nuclear weapon at the surface of land or water; or above the surface, at a height less than the maximum radius of the fireball. See also types of burst.

nuclear survivability. The capability of a system to operate during and/or after exposure to a nuclear environment. Survivability may be achieved by a number of methods, including proliferation, redundancy, avoidance, reconstitution, deception, and hardening.

nuclear survivability characteristics. [DSMC] A quantitative description of the system features needed to meet its survivability requirements. Such system features include those design, performance, and operational capabilities used to limit or avoid the hostile environment, architectures that minimize the impact of localized damage to the larger wartime mission, as well as physical hardening to environment levels which cannot be mitigated otherwise.

nuclear transmutation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Artificially induced modification (nuclear reaction) of the constituents of certain nuclei, thus giving rise to different nuclides.

nuclear underground burst. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The explosion of a nuclear weapon in which the center of the detonation lies at a point beneath the surface of the ground. See also types of burst.

nuclear underwater burst. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The explosion of a nuclear weapon in which the center of the detonation lies at a point beneath the surface of the water. See also types of burst.

nuclear vulnerability assessment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The estimation of the probable effect on population, forces, and resources from a hypothetical nuclear attack. It is performed predominantly in the preattack period; however, it may be extended to the transattack or postattack periods.

nuclear warfare. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Warfare involving the employment of nuclear weapons. See also postattack period; transattack period.

nuclear warning message. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A warning message which must be disseminated to all affected friendly forces any time a nuclear weapon is to be detonated if effects of the weapon will have impact upon those forces.

nuclear weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A complete assembly (i.e., implosion type, gun type, or thermonuclear type), in its intended ultimate configuration which, upon completion of the prescribed arming, fusing, and firing sequence, is capable of producing the intended nuclear reaction and release of energy.

nuclear weapon degradation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The degeneration of a nuclear warhead to such an extent that the anticipated nuclear yield is lessened.

nuclear weapon employment time. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The time required for delivery of a nuclear weapon after the decision to fire has been made.

nuclear weapon exercise. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An operation not directly related to immediate operational readiness. It includes removal of a weapon from its normal storage location, preparing for use, delivery to an employment unit, and the movement in a ground training exercise, to include loading aboard an aircraft or missile and return to storage. It may include any or all of the operations listed above, but does not include launching or flying operations. Typical exercises include aircraft generation exercises, ground readiness exercises, ground tactical exercises, and various categories of inspections designed to evaluate the capability of the unit to perform its prescribed mission. See also exercise; immediate operational readiness; nuclear weapon maneuver.

nuclear weapon maneuver. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An operation not directly related to immediate operational readiness. It may consist of all those operations listed for a nuclear weapon exercise and is extended to include flyaway in combat aircraft, but does not include expenditure of the weapon. Typical maneuvers include nuclear operational readiness maneuvers and tactical air operations. See also immediate operational readiness; nuclear weapon exercise.

nuclear weapon(s) accident. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An unexpected event involving nuclear weapons or radiological nuclear weapon components that results in any of the following:

l Accidental or unauthorized launching, firing, or use by United States forces or United States supported allied forces, of a nuclear-capable weapon system which could create the risk of an outbreak of war.

l Nuclear detonation.

l Non-nuclear detonation or burning of a nuclear weapon or radiological nuclear weapon component.

l Radioactive contamination.

l Seizure, theft, loss, or destruction of a nuclear weapon or radiological nuclear weapon component, including jettisoning.

l Public hazard, actual or implied.

nuclear weapons state. See military nuclear power.

nuclear weapons surety. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Materiel, personnel, and procedures which contribute to the security, safety, and reliability of nuclear weapons and to the assurance that there will be no nuclear weapon accidents, incidents, unauthorized weapon detonations, or degradation in performance at the target.

nuclear yields. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The energy released in the detonation of a nuclear weapon, measured in terms of the kilotons or megatons of trinitrotoluene required to produce the same energy release. Yields are categorized as:

l very low – less than 1 kiloton.

l low – 1 kiloton to 10 kilotons.

l medium – over 10 kilotons to 50 kilotons.

l high – over 50 kilotons to 500 kilotons.

l very high – over 500 kilotons.

See also nominal weapon; subkiloton weapon.

nucleon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The common name for a constituent particle of the atomic nucleus. It is applied to protons and neutrons, but it is intended to include any other particle that is found to exist in the nucleus.

nuclide. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All nuclear species, both stable (about 270) and unstable (about 500), of the chemical elements, as distinguished from the two or more nuclear species of a single chemical element which are called isotopes.

NUDETS. See Nuclear Detonation Detection and Reporting System.

nuisance minefield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A minefield laid to delay and disorganize the enemy and to hinder the use of an area or route. See also minefield.

number . . . in (out). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery, term used to indicate a change in status of weapon number _______________.

numbered beach. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, a subdivision of a colored beach, designated for the assault landing of a battalion landing team or similarly sized unit, when landed as part of a larger force. See also colored beach.

numbered fleet. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A major tactical unit of the Navy immediately subordinate to a major fleet command and comprising various task forces, elements, groups, and units for the purpose of prosecuting specific naval operations. See also fleet.

numbered wave. See wave.

numerical control. [DSMC] Tape controlled machine operation which provides high repeatability for multiple process steps.

numerical scale. Measurement device which associates verbal descriptions of social objects with numbers and requires students to indicate their attitudes by marking the appropriate number. See scale.