Index Military Definitions

P-day. That point in time at which the rate of production of an item available for military consumption equals the rate at which the item is required by the armed forces.

pace. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) For ground forces, the speed of a column or element regulated to maintain a prescribed average speed.

pace setter. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An individual, selected by the column commander, who travels in the lead vehicle or element to regulate the column speed and establish the pace necessary to meet the required movement order.

Pacer Coin. Surveillance version of the C-130.

Pacer Link. Boeing EC-135, ABNCP aircraft

Pacer Power. Boeing EC-135

Pacer Six. Conversion of F-106 fighters to target drones.

Pacer Speckled Trout. Boeing NC-135B avionics testbed

packaged forces. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Forces of varying size and composition preselected for specific missions in order to facilitate planning and training.

packaged petroleum product. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A petroleum product (generally a lubricant, oil, grease, or specialty item) normally packaged by a manufacturer and procured, stored, transported, and issued in containers having a fill capacity of 55 United States gallons (or 45 Imperial gallons, or 205 liters) or less.

packaging. [DSMC] The process and procedures used to protect material. It includes cleaning, drying, preserving, packaging, marking, and utilization.

Packard Commission. [DSMC] The President's Blue Ribbon Commission on Defense Management, 1986. They made a number of significant recommendations on reorganizing the Joint Chiefs of Staff, defense command structure, and defense acquisition process. Many of these were enacted into law or instituted within DoD.

packing, handling, storage, and transportation. [DSMC] The resources, processes, procedures, design considerations, and methods to ensure all system, equipment, and support items are preserved, packaged, handled, and transported properly. This includes environmental considerations, equipment preservation requirements for short-and long-term storage, and transportability. One of the traditional logistic support elements.

packup kit. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Service-provided maintenance gear including spare parts and consumables most commonly needed by the deployed helicopter detachment. Supplies are sufficient for a short-term deployment but do not include all material needed for every maintenance task.

padding. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Extraneous text added to a message for the purpose of concealing its beginning, ending, or length.

pallet. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A flat base for combining stores or carrying a single item to form a unit load for handling, transportation, and storage by materials handling equipment.

palletized load system (PLS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A truck with hydraulic load handling mechanism, trailer and flatrack system capable of self-loading and -unloading. Truck and companion trailer have a 16.5 ton payload capacity. See also flatrack.

palletized load system flatrack. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Topless, sideless container component of palletized load system, some of which conform to International Organization for Standardization specifications. See also palletized load system.

palletized unit load. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Quantity of any item, packaged or unpackaged, which is arranged on a pallet in a specified manner and securely strapped or fastened thereto so that the whole is handled as a unit.

pan. 1To move the camera horizontally to give a panoramic effect or follow a moving object. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning the calling station has a very urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle, or of some person on board or within sight.

pancake. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Land," or, "I wish to land" (reason may be specified; e.g., "pancake ammo," "pancake fuel").

panel code. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A prearranged code designed for visual communications, usually between friendly units, by making use of marking panels. See also marking panel.

panoramic camera. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In aerial photography, a camera which, through a system of moving optics or mirrors, scans a wide area of the terrain, usually from horizon to horizon. The camera may be mounted vertically or obliquely within the aircraft, to scan across or along the line of flight.

l In ground photography, a camera which photographs a wide expanse of terrain by rotating horizontally about the vertical axis through the center of the camera lens.

paper validation. The process of stepping through the interactive courseware using storyboards/scripts on the actual delivery system.

parachute deployment height. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The height above the intended impact point at which the parachute or parachutes are fully deployed.

paradrop. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Delivery by parachute of personnel or cargo from an aircraft in flight.

Parafrag. Fragmentation bomb, carried down by a parachute and fused to explode in mid-air.

parallactic angle. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Angle formed by the optical axes of two instruments, for example, a telescope and its view finder seeing the same object. See also angle of convergence.

parallax difference. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The difference in displacement of the top of an object in relation to its base, as measured on the two images of the object on a stereo pair of photographs.

parallel chains of command. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, a parallel system of command, responding to the interrelationship of Navy, landing force, Air Force, and other major forces assigned, wherein corresponding commanders are established at each subordinate level of all components to facilitate coordinated planning for, and execution of, the amphibious operation.

parallel classification. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In railway terminology, the classification of ordinary transport military vehicles and equipment, based on a comparative study of the main characteristics of those vehicles and equipment and of those of the ordinary flat wagons of a corresponding category onto which they can be loaded.

parallel sheaf. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a sheaf in which the planes (lines) of fire of all pieces are parallel. See also converged sheaf; open sheaf; sheaf; special sheaf.

parallel staff. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A staff in which one officer from each nation, or service, working in parallel is appointed to each post. See also combined staff; integrated staff; joint staff.

parameter. [DSMC] A determining factor or characteristic. Usually related to performance in developing a system.

parametric cost estimate. [DSMC] A cost estimating methodology using statistical relationships between historical costs and other program variables such as system physical or performance characteristics, contractor output measures, manpower loading, etc. Also referred to as a top-down approach.

paramilitary forces. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Forces or groups which are distinct from the regular armed forces of any country, but resembling them in organization, equipment, training, or mission.

paraphrase. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To change the phraseology of a message without changing its meaning.

pararescue team. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Specially trained personnel qualified to penetrate to the site of an incident by land or parachute, render medical aid, accomplish survival methods, and rescue survivors.

Parkhill. HF COMSEC equipment

parlimentaire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An agent employed by a commander of belligerent forces in the field to go in person within the enemy lines for the purpose of communicating or negotiating openly and directly with the enemy commander.

parrot. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Identification friend or foe transponder equipment.

part number. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A combination of numbers, letters, and symbols assigned by a designer, a manufacturer, or vendor to identify a specific part or item of materiel.

part-task trainer (PTT). A device that permits selected aspects of a task to be practiced independently of other elements of the task.

part-task training. Subordinate skills training (operations/procedures) that resembles portions, or subtasks, and response of the actual system operation. A type of two-dimensional simulation.

part-time training. Participation by personnel in training programs that occupy a part of the normal duty period, or are available outside the normal duty period, for participation on a basis less than would be expected of a full-time student.

partial mission capable (PMC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Material condition of an aircraft or training device indicating that it can perform at least one but not all of its missions. See also full mission capable; mission capable; partial mission capable, maintenance; partial mission capable, supply.

partial mission capable, maintenance (PMCM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Material condition of a system or training device indicating that it can perform at least one but not all of its missions because of maintenance requirements existing on the inoperable subsystem(s). See also full mission capable; mission capable; partial mission capable; partial mission capable, supply.

partial mission capable, supply (PMCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Material condition of a system or training device indicating it can perform at least one but not all of its missions because maintenance required to clear the discrepancy cannot continue due to a supply shortage. See also full mission capable; mission capable; partial mission capable; partial mission capable, maintenance.

partial mobilization. See mobilization.

partial storage monitoring. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A periodic inspection of major assemblies or components for nuclear weapons, consisting mainly of external observation of humidity, temperatures, and visual damage or deterioration during storage. This type of inspection is also conducted prior to and upon completion of a movement.

participants in defense acquisition. [DSMC] The three major participants (players) in defense acquisition are the Executive and Legislative branches of the federal government, and defense industry.

participating service. [DSMC] A military Service that supports the lead service in the development of a joint acquisition program by its contribution of personnel and/or funds.

partisan warfare. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Not to be used. See guerrilla warfare.

pass. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A short tactical run or dive by an aircraft at a target.

l A single sweep through or within firing range of an enemy air formation.

pass time. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In road transport, the time that elapses between the moment when the leading vehicle of a column passes a given point and the moment when the last vehicle passes the same point.

passage of lines. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An operation in which a force moves forward or rearward through another force's combat positions with the intention of moving into or out of contact with the enemy.

passenger mile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) One passenger transported one mile. For air and ocean transport, use nautical miles; for rail, highway, and inland waterway transport in the Continental United States, use statute miles.

passive. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In surveillance, an adjective applied to actions or equipments which emit no energy capable of being detected.

passive air defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) All measures, other than active air defense, taken to minimize the effectiveness of hostile air action. These measures include deception, dispersion, and the use of protective construction. See also air defense.

passive communications satellite. See communications satellite.

passive defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative. See also active defense.

passive homing guidance. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A system of homing guidance wherein the receiver in the missile utilizes radiation from the target. See also guidance.

passive learning. Learning where no feedback is provided to a user's response.

passive mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A mine whose anticountermining device has been operated preventing the firing mechanism from being actuated. The mine will usually remain passive for a comparatively short time.

l A mine which does not emit a signal to detect the presence of a target.

See also active mine.

passive or responsive public affairs policy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A responsive posture by which no direct effort is made to initiate, or participate in, the public discussion about an issue or activity. When a passive policy is in effect, authorities must be prepared to respond to news media inquiries about the issue or activity - to make brief statements to avoid confusion, speculation, misunderstanding or false information that may prevail if news media queries go unanswered. See also public affairs.

password. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A secret word or distinctive sound used to reply to a challenge. See also challenge; countersign; reply.

pathfinder drop zone control. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The communication and operation center from which pathfinders exercise aircraft guidance.

pathfinder landing zone control. See pathfinder drop zone control.

pathfinders. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Experienced aircraft crews who lead a formation to the drop zone, release point, or target.

l Teams dropped or air landed at an objective to establish and operate navigational aids for the purpose of guiding aircraft to drop and landing zones.

l A radar device used for navigating or homing to an objective when visibility precludes accurate visual navigation.

l Teams air delivered into enemy territory for the purpose of determining the best approach and withdrawal lanes, landing zones, and sites for helicopterborne forces.

patient. JP 1-02] (DoD) A sick, injured, wounded, or other person requiring medical/dental care or treatment.

patrol. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A detachment of ground, sea, or air forces sent out for the purpose of gathering information or carrying out a destructive, harassing, mopping-up, or security mission. See also combat air patrol; reconnaissance patrol.

pattern bombing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The systematic covering of a target area with bombs uniformly distributed according to a plan.

pattern laying. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In land mine warfare, the laying of mines in a fixed relationship to each other.

patterns. Stereotyped actions which so habitually occur in a given set of circumstances that they cue an observer, well in advance, to either the type of military unit or activity, its identity, capabilities, or intent. Stereotyping occurs in a variety of ways, such as communications deployment techniques or historical association. Patterns must be unique and detectable to be of military significance.

Pave Aegis. The Lockheed AC-130 carrying a 105mm cannon.

Pave Claw. The GPU-5/A 30mm gun pod. The gun is the GAU-13/A, a four-barreled version of the GAU-8 Avenger of the A-10.

Pave Gat. Martin B-57G night attack aircraft equipped with a triple-barrel 20mm gun.

Pave Hawk. The MH-60G rescue helicopter.

Pave Knife. Guidance pod for laser-guided bombs, AN/AVQ-10.

Pave Light. AN/AVQ-9 laser designator.

Pave Low. The MH-53J helicopter.

Pave Mover. A side-looking radar for targeting missiles to enemy forces.

Pave Nail. Modification of the OV-10 for night precision attacks.

Pave Onyx. Tactical electronic reconnaissance sensor. Litton AN/ALQ-125 Terec.

Pave Pat II. BLU-76 Fuel-Air Explosive submunition bomb.

Pave Paws. Phased array radar, to be installed on the coastline of the USA as a early warning system for missiles launched by submarines.

Pave Penny. Laser designation system for missiles, also known as TISL.

Pave Phantom. Modification of the F-4D Phantom II with AN/ARN-92 LORAN navigation equipment. Phantoms equipped with this were primarily used for the dropping of sensors.

Pave Pronto. AC-130A gunship.

Pave Spike. AN/AVQ-23 or AN/ASQ-152(V) laser designation system.

Pave Storm. KMU-421/B guidance unit, a member of the Paveway family. Fitted to cluster bombs.

Pave Strike. Defense suppression program.

Pave Sword. AN/AVQ-11 precision attack sensor. A modified AIM-9 seeker head, used to track the targets designated by the AN/AVQ-12 Pave Spot laser designator.

Pave Tack. Precision bombing system with laser designation, AN/AVQ-26.

Paveway. Family of guided bombs.

payload. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l The sum of the weight of passengers and cargo that an aircraft can carry. See also load.

l The warhead, its container, and activating devices in a military missile.

l The satellite or research vehicle of a space probe or research missile.

l The load (expressed in tons of cargo or equipment, gallons of liquid, or number of passengers) which the vehicle is designed to transport under specified conditions of operation, in addition to its unladen weight.

payload (missile). See payload, sense 2.

payload build-up (missile and space). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process by which the scientific instrumentation (sensors, detectors, etc.) and necessary mechanical and electronic subassemblies are assembled into a complete operational package capable of achieving the scientific objectives of the mission.

payload integration (missile and space). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The compatible installation of a complete payload package into the spacecraft and space vehicle.

peace building. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Post-conflict actions, predominately diplomatic and economic, that strengthen and rebuild governmental infrastructure and institutions in order to avoid a relapse into conflict. See also peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace operations.

peace enforcement (PE). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Application of military force, or the threat of its use, normally pursuant to international authorization, to compel compliance with resolutions or sanctions designed to maintain or restore peace and order. See also peace building; peace operations; peacekeeping; peacemaking.

peace operations (PO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A broad term that encompasses peacekeeping operations and peace enforcement operations conducted in support of diplomatic efforts to establish and maintain peace. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peacemaking.

peacekeeping (PK). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Military operations undertaken with the consent of all major parties to a dispute, designed to monitor and facilitate implementation of an agreement (ceasefire, truce, or other such agreement) and support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peace operations; peacemaking.

peacemaking. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process of diplomacy, mediation, negotiation, or other forms of peaceful settlements that arranges an end to a dispute, and resolves issues that led to it. See also peace building; peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peace operations.

peacetime. The period when the United States influences world events through actions that routinely occur between nations.

peacetime competition. This is a state wherein political, economic, informational, and military measures, short of combat operations or active support to warring parties, are employed to achieve national objectives. Within this state, U.S. forces may conduct joint training exercises to demonstrate resolve; conduct peacekeeping operations; participate in nation-building activities; conduct disaster relief and humanitarian assistance; provide security assistance to friends and allies; or execute shows of force.

peacetime force materiel assets. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of total materiel assets which is designated to meet the peacetime force materiel requirement. See also war reserves.

peacetime force materiel requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The quantity of an item required to equip, provide a materiel pipeline, and sustain the United States Force Structure (Active and Reserve) and those allied forces designated for United States peacetime support in current Secretary of Defense guidance, including approved supply support arrangements with foreign military sales countries, and support the scheduled establishment through normal appropriation and procurement lead-time periods.

peacetime materiel consumption and losses. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The quantity of an item consumed, lost, or worn-out beyond economical repair through normal appropriation and procurement lead-time periods.

peak overpressure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The maximum value of overpressure at a given location which is generally experienced at the instant the shock (or blast) wave reaches that location. See also shock wave.

pecuniary liability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A personal, joint, or corporate monetary obligation to make good any lost, damaged, or destroyed property resulting from fault or neglect. It may also result under conditions stipulated in a contract or bond.

peer training. [TR 350-70] A form of instruction in which students at the same or more advanced level of knowledge instruct other students at the same or lower level of knowledge on the specific objectives. Peer tutors are not faculty.

pencil beam. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A searchlight beam reduced to, or set at, its minimum width.

penetration. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In land operations, a form of offensive which seeks to break through the enemy's defense and disrupt the defensive system.

penetration (air traffic control). [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of a published high altitude instrument approach procedure which prescribes a descent path from the fix on which the procedure is based to a fix or altitude from which an approach to the airport is made.

penetration (intelligence). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The recruitment of agents within or the infiltration of agents or technical monitoring devices in an organization or group for the purpose of acquiring information or of influencing its activities.

penetration aids. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Techniques and/or devices employed by offensive aerospace weapon systems to increase the probability of penetration of enemy defenses.

perceived instructional problem. The report or action that causes the conduct of a needs analysis. The report may be formal or informal. Also called triggering circumstance.

percentage clearance. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In mine warfare, the estimated percentage of mines of specified characteristics which have been cleared from an area or channel.

perception management. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Actions to convey and/or deny selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, and objective reasoning; and to intelligence systems and leaders at all levels to influence official estimates, ultimately resulting in foreign behaviors and official actions favorable to the originator's objectives. In various ways, perception management combines truth projection, operations security, cover and deception, and psychological operations. See also psychological operations.

performance. 1Those operational and support characteristics of the system that allow it to effectively and efficiently perform its assigned mission over time. The support characteristics of the system include such supportability aspects of the design and the support elements necessary for system operation. 2Part of a criterion objective that describes the observable student behavior (or the product of that behavior) that is acceptable to the instructor as proof that learning has occurred.

performance checklist. [TR 350-70] The breakdown of a learning objective into elements that must be correctly performed to determine whether each student satisfactorily meets the performance standards described in the learning objective.

performance criteria/standard. Part of a learning objective that describes the observable student behavior (or the product of that behavior) that is acceptable as proof that learning has occurred.

performance deficiency. [TR 350-70] The inability of a unit or individual to perform required tasks to the established standard.

performance evaluation. [TR 350-70] A process of data collection and analysis to determine the success of students on learning to perform a specific learning objective, individual, or collective task to the established standard as a result of a training program.

performance evaluation tools. Competency tests that allow the trainer to profile the student's proficiency and identify weak areas so that training can be efficiently planned for the areas of most critical need.

performance exercise. A proficiency (criterion- referenced) test used to evaluate mastery of a task as specified by the criterion-referenced objective.

performance gap. The delta between desired and actual performance

performance measures. [TR 350-70] The actions that can be objectively observed and measured to determine if a task performer has performed the task to the prescribed standard. These measures are derived from the task performance steps during task analysis. See task performance specifications.

performance objective. A precise statement of the performance expected of a student as the result of instruction, expressed in terms of the standards to which it will be performed or demonstrated. See learning objective.

performance measurement baseline (PMB). [DSMC] The time-phased budget plan against which contract performance is measured. It is formed by the budgets assigned to scheduled cost accounts and the applicable indirect budgets. It equals the total allocated budget less management reserve.

performance oriented training. [TR 350-70] Training in which learning is accomplished through performance or the actual doing of the tasks or supporting learning objectives under specific conditions until an established standard is met.

performance requirements. The identification of the separate acts that are required to satisfactorily complete an individual's performance on the job. It includes the act (behavior), the conditions under which the behavior is performed and the standard of performance required by the incumbent.

performance specification. [TR 350-70] A statement of requirements, in terms of the required results with criteria for verifying compliance, without stating the methods for achieving the required results. A performance specification defines the functional requirements for the item, the environment in which it must operate, and interface and interchangeability characteristics.

performance specifications. What is required or the item’s form, fit, or function.

performance step. [TR 350-70] A single discrete operation, movement, or action that comprises part of a task.

performance test. [TR 350-70] A test of actual performance of an established criteria, such as a lesson learning objective, to determine if a student can perform the action under the prescribed conditions, to the established absolute standards. Example: Replace the gas mask canister on your M40-series protective mask.

performance-based instruction. [TR 350-70] Instruction which develops student performance proficiency via task-based learning objectives written with an action verb. Students prove competency by actual performance of the objectives to the established standards.

performance-based test. [TR 350-70] A test to determine if a student can perform the learning objective (the criterion) to the established standard without demonstrating actual performance. Also called performance-oriented or simulated performance testing. Example: Based on simulated operational conditions, place the correct unit symbols in the proper location on a map overlay. See performance test.

performance-oriented training. Training in which learning is accomplished through performance of the tasks or supporting learning objectives under specific conditions until an established standard is met.

performance-supervision phase. A phase of the demonstration-performance teaching method during which students practice the skill to be learned under the supervision of the instructor.

perimeter defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A defense without an exposed flank, consisting of forces deployed along the perimeter of the defended area.

periodic intelligence summary (PERINTSUM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A report of the intelligence situation in a tactical operation, normally produced at corps level or its equivalent, and higher, usually at intervals of 24 hours, or as directed by the commander.

peripheral war.[JP 1-02] (DoD) Not to be used. See limited war.

perishable cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Cargo requiring refrigeration, such as meat, fruit, fresh vegetables, and medical department biologicals. See also cargo.

perishable target. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A force or activity at a specific location whose value as a target can decrease substantially during a specified time. A significant decrease in value occurs when the target moves or the operational circumstances change to the extent that the target is no longer lucrative. See also target.

permafrost. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Permanently frozen subsoil.

permanent echo. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any dense and fixed radar return caused by reflection of energy from the Earth's surface. Distinguished from ground clutter by being from definable locations rather than large areas.

permissive action link. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A device included in or attached to a nuclear weapon system to preclude arming and/or launching until the insertion of a prescribed discrete code or combination. It may include equipment and cabling external to the weapon or weapon system to activate components within the weapon or weapon system.

permissive environment. See operational environment.

perse erate. Continue an activity until it is completed, regardless of the difficulty, or the appropriateness of the solution technique to the problem.

Pershing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A mobile surface-to-surface inertially guided missile of a solid propellant type. It possesses a nuclear warhead capability and is designed to support the ground forces with the attack of long range ground targets. Designated as MGM-31A.

persistency. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In biological or chemical warfare, the characteristic of an agent which pertains to the duration of its effectiveness under determined conditions after its dispersal.

persistent agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A chemical agent that when released remains able to cause casualties for more than 24 hours to several days or weeks.

Person Authorized to Direct Disposition of Remains. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A person, usually primary next of kin, who is authorized to direct disposition of remains. See also mortuary affairs.

person eligible to receive effects. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The person authorized by law to receive the personal effects of a deceased military member. Receipt of personal effects does not constitute ownership. See also mortuary affairs; personal effects.

personal effects. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All privately owned moveable, personal property of an individual. See also mortuary affairs; personal property.

personal locator beacon. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An emergency radio locator beacon with a two-way speech facility carried by crew members, either on their person or in their survival equipment, and capable of providing homing signals to assist search and rescue operations. See also crash locator beacon; emergency locator beacon.

personal performance standards. The specific behaviors that must be exhibited as the minimum acceptable by personnel in specified billets, jobs, or tasks, under specified conditions, in order that the unit to which personnel are assigned may (if all other functional entities perform to standards) achieve its identified purpose.

personal property. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Property of any kind or any interest therein, except real property, records of the Federal Government, and naval vessels of the following categories: surface combatants, support ships, and submarines.

personnel. 1Personnel is a term used to describe the characteristics of an individual soldier or civilian (as opposed to a manpower space). Personnel are identified by MOS, specialty code, and grade. 2The individuals who accomplish specific tasks. 3[JP 1-02] (DoD) Those individuals required in either a military or civilian capacity to accomplish the assigned mission.

personnel capabilities (MANPRINT domain). The human aptitudes, skills, knowledge, and experiences required to perform job tasks included in the total system design compared to these characteristics possessed by the target audience.

personnel increment number (PIN). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A seven-character, alphanumeric field that uniquely describes a non-unit-related personnel entry (line) in Joint Operation Planning and Execution System time-phased force and deployment data.

personnel performance profile (PPP) tables. A document that provides a minimum requirements listing of all knowledge and skills required to operate and maintain a system, subsystem or equipment, or to perform a task or function. PPPs are a basic element in the design, development, and management of training. The five types of PPPs are:

l system. The System PPP table identifies the knowledge and skills required to operate and maintain a system. The System PPP identifies the interrelationship of subsystem functions within the system.

l subsystem. The Subsystem PPP table identifies the knowledge and skills required to operate and maintain a subsystem in sufficient detail to allow the user to identify the equipment integration.

l equipment. The Equipment PPP table identifies the knowledge and skills required to operate and maintain an individual equipment, or equipment assemblage, including software-related activities.

l task/function. The Task/Function PPP table identifies the occupational specialty knowledge and skills that are either operational, maintenance, administrative/ managerial, or specialized in nature and purpose, or that describe a mission that is broader in scope and importance than that of individual equipment being operated/maintained simultaneously or over time.

l background. The Background PPP table identifies the prerequisite knowledge and skills required to learn the operation and maintenance of a system, subsystem, equipment, or the performance of a task or function.

personnel qualification standard (PQS). The PQS program is a method for qualifying officer and enlisted personnel to perform assigned duties. A PQS is a written compilation of knowledge and skills derived from task analysis, required to qualify for a specific watch-station, maintain a specific equipment or system, or perform as a team member within the assigned unit.

personnel reaction time (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The time required by personnel to take prescribed protective measures after receipt of a nuclear strike warning.

personnel recovery (PR). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aggregation of military, civil, and political efforts to obtain the release or recovery of personnel from uncertain or hostile environments and denied areas whether they are captured, missing, or isolated. That includes US, allied, coalition, friendly military, or paramilitary, and others as designated by the National Command Authorities. Personnel recovery (PR) is the umbrella term for operations that are focused on the task of recovering captured, missing, or isolated personnel from harm's way. PR includes, but is not limited to, theater search and rescue; combat search and rescue; search and rescue; survival, evasion, resistance, and escape; evasion and escape; and the coordination of negotiated as well as forcible recovery options. PR can occur through military action, action by nongovernmental organizations, other US Government-approved action, and/or diplomatic initiatives, or through any of these. See also combat search and rescue; evasion; evasion and escape; personnel; recovery; search and rescue.

personnel security investigation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An inquiry into the activities of an individual which is designed to develop pertinent information pertaining to trustworthiness and suitability for a position of trust as related to loyalty, character, emotional stability, and reliability.

Personnel Structure and Composition Systems (PERSACS). A network of computer programs which generate personnel authorizations of the Army by MOS and grade based on detailed data contained in The Army Authorization Document System (TAADS) and constrained to match authorized strength from the Force Accounting System (FAS) for each unit in the master force.

perspective grid. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A network of lines, drawn or superimposed on a photograph, to represent the perspective of a systematic network of lines on the ground or datum plane.

PERT. [DSMC] See program evaluation review technique.

pert chart. [DSMC] A graphic portrayal of milestones, activities, and their dependency upon other activities for completion and depiction of the critical path.

petroleum intersectional service. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An intersectional or interzonal service in a theater of operations that operates pipe-lines and related facilities for the supply of bulk petroleum products to theater Army elements and other forces as directed.

petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A broad term which includes all petroleum and associated products used by the Armed Forces.

Phalanx. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A close-in weapons system providing automatic, autonomous terminal defense against the anti-ship cruise missile threat. The system includes self-contained search and track radars, weapons control, and a 20-mm M61 gun firing sub-caliber penetrators.

Phantom II. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A twin-engine, supersonic, multipurpose, all-weather jet fighter/bomber. It operates from land and aircraft carriers and employs both air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons. The Phantom is a prime air interdiction/close air support and fleet defense vehicle. Special missions such as laser bombing, electronic bombing, and radar bombing are considered routine capabilities. It is capable of employing nuclear and non-nuclear weapons. Designated F-4. The photo-reconnaissance version is RF-4.

phantom order. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A draft contract with an industrial establishment for wartime production of a specific product with provisions for necessary preplanning in time of peace and for immediate execution of the contract upon receipt of proper authority.

phase. [TR 350-70] A major part of a training course which may be trained at different locations. Phases are required as a necessary break-up of a course version due to time, location, equipment, and facility constraints as well as facilitation in management of different techniques of instruction. A phase contains one or more modules. See phased training.

phase alternation by line (PAL). The 625 line, 50 field, color TV standard of western Europe (excluding France), Africa, Australia, and South America.

phase line. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A line utilized for control and coordination of military operations, usually a terrain feature extending across the zone of action.

phased training. [TR 350-70] Training that has been compartmentalized into distinct phases to enhance learning. Distance learning phases may conserve resources.

phases. [DSMC] See acquisition life cycle.

phases of military government. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The three phases are:

l assault. That period which commences with first contact with civilians ashore and extends to the establishment of military government control ashore by the landing force.

l consolidation. That period which commences with the establishment of military government control ashore by the landing force and extends to the establishment of control by occupation forces.

l occupation. That period which commences when an area has been occupied in fact, and the military commander within that area is in a position to enforce public safety and order.

See also civil affairs; military occupation.

Phoenix. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A long-range air-to-air missile with electronic guidance/homing. Designated as AIM-54A.

phonetic alphabet. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A list of standard words used to identify letters in a message transmitted by radio or telephone. The following are the authorized words, listed in order, for each letter in the alphabet: ALPHA, BRAVO, CHARLIE, DELTA, ECHO, FOXTROT, GOLF, HOTEL, INDIA, JULIETT, KILO, LIMA, MIKE, NOVEMBER, OSCAR, PAPA, QUEBEC, ROMEO, SIERRA, TANGO, UNIFORM, VICTOR, WHISKEY, X-RAY, YANKEE, and ZULU.

phony minefield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An area free of live mines used to simulate a minefield, or section of a minefield, with the object of deceiving the enemy. See also gap, minefield.

phosphors. Individual dots of color that make up a pixel (picture element).

photo interpretation key. See imagery interpretation key.

photo nadir. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The point at which a vertical line through the perspective center of the camera lens intersects the photo plane.

photodiode. A device used to translate variations in light into the electronic signals that comprise CD data.

photoflash bomb. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A bomb designed to produce a brief and intense illumination for medium altitude night photography.

photoflash cartridge. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A pyrotechnic cartridge designed to produce a brief and intense illumination for low altitude night photography.

photogrammetric control. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Control established by photogrammetric methods as distinguished from control established by ground methods. Also called minor control.

photogrammetry. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The science or art of obtaining reliable measurements from photographic images.

photographic coverage. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The extent to which an area is covered by photography from one mission or a series of missions or in a period of time. Coverage, in this sense, conveys the idea of availability of photography and is not a synonym for the word photography.

photographic intelligence (PHOTINT). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The collected products of photographic interpretation, classified and evaluated for intelligence use.

photographic interpretation. See imagery interpretation.

photographic panorama. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A continuous photograph or an assemblage of overlapping oblique or ground photographs which have been matched and joined together to form a continuous photographic representation of the area.

photographic reading. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The simple recognition of natural or manmade features from photographs not involving imagery interpretation techniques.

photographic scale. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The ratio of distance measured on a photograph or mosaic to the corresponding distance on the ground, classified as follows:

l Very large scale - 1:4,999 and larger.

l Large scale - 1:5,000 to 1:9,999.

l Medium scale - 1:10,000 to 1:24,999.

l Small scale - 1:25,000 to 1:49,999.

l Very small scale - 1:50,000 and smaller.

See also scale.

photographic sortie. See imagery sortie.

photographic strip. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Series of successive overlapping photographs taken along a selected course or direction.

photomap. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A reproduction of a photograph or photomosaic upon which the grid lines, marginal data, contours, place names, boundaries, and other data may be added.

physical characteristics. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those military characteristics of equipment which are primarily physical in nature, such as weight, shape, volume, waterproofing, and sturdiness.

physical configuration audit (PCA). [DSMC] Physical examination to verify that the configuration item(s) as built conforms to the technical documentation which defines the item. Approval by the government program office of the CI product specification and satisfactory completion of this audit establishes the product baseline. May be conducted on first full production or first low rate initial production item.

physical configuration audit. This is a formal examination of the as-built configuration of a unit of a configuration item against its technical documentation in order to establish the item’s initial production configuration identification.

physical fidelity. The degree of structural or dynamic correspondence of a training device to the operational system/equipment it represents.

physical picture element (PIXEL). A single point of illumination on a display device. One of the thousands of points of light and color that make up a screen. The minimum raster display element, represented as a point with a specified color and intensity level.

physical security. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That part of security concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel; to prevent unauthorized access to equipment, installations, material, and documents; and to safeguard them against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft. See also communications security; security.

physical skills. Skills that require physical movement related activities. Also called psycho-motor skills.

physiological elements. Human physical capabilities and characteristics which must be taken into account during system design.

pictomap. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A topographic map in which the photographic imagery of a standard mosaic has been converted into interpretable colors and symbols by means of a pictomap process.

pictorial symbolization. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The use of symbols which convey the visual character of the features they represent.

piece part. [DSMC] A single piece not normally subject to disassembly without destruction or impairment of use, such as resistors, transistors, relays, and gears.

pier. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A structure extending into the water approximately perpendicular to a shore or a bank and providing berthing for ships and which may also provide cargo-handling facilities.

l A structure extending into the water approximately perpendicular to a shore or bank and providing a promenade or place for other use, as a fishing pier.

l A support for the spans of a bridge.

See also quay; wharf.

Pierson-Moskowitz scale. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A scale that categorizes the force of progressively higher wind speeds. See also sea state.

pigeon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "The magnetic bearing and distance of base (or unit indicated) from you is _____ degrees ______ miles."

pillbox. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A small, low fortification that houses machine guns, antitank weapons, etc. A pillbox is usually made of concrete, steel, or filled sandbags.

pilot line items. [DSMC] Production items manufactured to confirm production feasibility.

pilot line/tooling. [DSMC] Costs to acquire a limited number of representative items for test, including the test items, will be funded by research, development, test, and evaluation (RDTE). All items and costs beyond the quantity sufficient to test for operations suitability will be financed by other appropriations.

pilot production. Pilot production is the controlled manufacture of limited numbers of an item for service test and evaluation. The manufacturing drawings and specifications developed for quality production, and tooling are representative of that to be used in unlimited production guide pilot production. Normally funded by research, development, test, and evaluation (RDTE) until the line is proven.

pilot's trace. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A rough overlay to a map made by the pilot of a photographic reconnaissance aircraft during or immediately after a sortie. It shows the location, direction, number, and order of photographic runs made, together with the camera(s) used on each run.

pink team. Organization of U.S. Cavalry helicopter units; divided into a white section for reconnaissance, a red section with gunships, and a blue section with infantry carriers.

pinpoint. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A precisely identified point, especially on the ground, that locates a very small target, a reference point for rendezvous or for other purposes; the coordinates that define this point.

l The ground position of aircraft determined by direct observation of the ground.

pinpoint photograph. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A single photograph or a stereo pair of a specific object or target.

pinpoint target. In artillery and naval gunfire support, a target less than 50 meters in diameter.

pipeline. 1[TR 350-70] The total time involved in training personnel once they are designated as students. This includes time traveling to the training activity, time awaiting instruction, time of actual training, time from termination of training until reporting to the ultimate duty station; may include more than one training activity. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In logistics, the channel of support or a specific portion thereof by means of which materiel or personnel flow from sources of procurement to their point of use.

Piranha. Communications Jammer OG181

pitch. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l The rotation of an aircraft or ship about its lateral axis.

l In air photography, the camera rotation about the transverse axis of the aircraft. Also called tip.

pitch angle. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The angle between the aircraft's longitudinal axis and the horizontal plane. Also called inclination angle.

placement test. [TR 350-70] A type of pretest used to determine what parts of or level of training is needed.

Plain Jane. First AC-130A gunship version, also used as nickname for the KC-135A.

plan for landing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, a collective term referring to all individually prepared naval and landing force documents which, taken together, present in detail all instructions for execution of the ship-to-shore movement.

plan identification number (PID). [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A command-unique four-digit number followed by a suffix indicating the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP) year for which the plan is written, e.g., "2220-95".

l In the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) data base, a five-digit number representing the command-unique four-digit identifier, followed by a one character, alphabetic suffix indicating the operation plan option, or a one-digit number numeric value indicating the JSCP year for which the plan is written.

plan information capability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) This capability allows a supported command to enter and update key elements of information in an operation plan stored in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.

plan of instruction (POI). A qualitative course control document designed for use primarily within a school for course planning, organization, and operation. Generally, for every block of instruction within a course there is a listing of criterion objectives, duration of instruction, and support materials/guidance factors. Also called syllabus. Also see program of instruction.

plan position indicator. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A cathode ray tube on which radar returns are so displayed as to bear the same relationship to the transmitter as the objects giving rise to them.

planimetric map. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A map representing only the horizontal position of features. Sometimes called a line map. See also map.

planned airlift requests. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Requests generated to meet airlift requirements which can be forecast or where requirements can be anticipated and published in the air tasking order. See also air tasking order.

planned target. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a target on which fire is prearranged.

planned target (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A nuclear target planned on an area or point in which a need is anticipated. A planned nuclear target may be scheduled or on call. Firing data for a planned nuclear target may or may not be determined in advance. Coordination and warning of friendly troops and aircraft are mandatory.

planner. [DSMC] The designated person or office responsible for developing and maintaining a written plan, or for the planning function in those acquisitions not requiring a written plan.

Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution System (PPBES). 1[TR 350-70] A system that provides key decision points for training development managers when dealing with manpower and dollars. An integrated system for the establishment, maintenance, and revision of the Five Year Program and the DoD budget. The DCST, HQ TRADOC, is responsible for resourcing training. 2[DSMC] The primary resource allocation process of DoD. One of three major decision making support systems for defense acquisition. It is a formal, systematic structure for making decisions on policy, strategy, and the development of forces and capabilities to accomplish anticipated missions. PPBS is a cyclic process containing three distinct, but interrelated phases: planning, which produces Defense Planning Guidance; programming, which produces approved program objectives memorandum for the military departments and defense agencies; and budgeting, which produces the DoD portion of the President's national budget.

planning directive. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, the plan issued by commander, amphibious task force, following receipt of the initiating directive, to ensure that the planning process and interdependent plans developed by the amphibious task force headquarters and assigned major forces will be coordinated, the plan completed in the time allowed, and important aspects not overlooked.

planning factor. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A multiplier used in planning to estimate the amount and type of effort involved in a contemplated operation. Planning factors are often expressed as rates, ratios, or lengths of time.

planning factors data base (PFDB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Data bases created and maintained by the Military Services for the purpose of identifying all geospatial information and services requirements for emerging and existing forces and systems. The data base identifies: unit requirements, at the information content level, for geospatial data and services; system requirements for standard DoD geospatial data and services; research, development, test and evaluation requirements for developmental systems, identified by Milestone; and initial operating capability and full operating capability for emerging systems. See also data; data base; geospatial information and services.

planning order. [JP 1-02] (DoD) 1. An order issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to initiate execution planning. The planning order will normally follow a commander's estimate and a planning order will normally take the place of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff alert order. National Command Authorities approval of a selected course of action is not required before issuing a Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff planning order. 2. A planning directive that provides essential planning guidance and directs the initiation of execution planning before the directing authority approves a military course of action. See also execution planning.

planograph. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A scale drawing of a storage area showing the approved layout of the area, location of bulk, bin, rack, and box pallet areas, aisles, assembly areas, walls, doorways, directions of storage, office space, wash rooms, and other support and operational areas.

plant equipment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Personal property of a capital nature, consisting of equipment, furniture, vehicles, machine tools, test equipment, and accessory and auxiliary items, but excluding special tooling and special test equipment, used or capable of use in the manufacture of supplies or for any administrative or general plant purpose.

plastic range. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The stress range in which a material will not fail when subjected to the action of a force, but will not recover completely so that a permanent deformation results when the force is removed.

plastic zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The region beyond the rupture zone associated with crater formation resulting from an explosion in which there is no visible rupture, but in which the soil is permanently deformed and compressed to a high density. See also rupture zone.

plate. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In cartography:

l A printing plate of zinc, aluminum, or engraved copper.

l Collective term for all states of an engraved map reproduced from the same engraved printing plate.

l All detail to appear on a map or chart which will be reproduced from a single printing plate (e.g., the blue plate or the contour plate).

l In photography, a transparent medium, usually glass, coated with a photographic emulsion. See also diapositive; transparency.

platform drop. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The airdrop of loaded platforms from rear loading aircraft with roller conveyors. See also airdrop; airdrop platform.

plot. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l Map, chart, or graph representing data of any sort.

l Representation on a diagram or chart of the position or course of a target in terms of angles and distances from positions; location of a position on a map or a chart.

l The visual display of a single location of an airborne object at a particular instant of time.

l A portion of a map or overlay on which are drawn the outlines of the areas covered by one or more photographs.

See also master plot.

plot time. The time between command initiation and draw completion (presentation).

plug-and-play. A new hire who doesn’t need any training. "The new guy, John, is great. He’s totally plug-and-play."

pogo. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Switch to communications channel number preceding 'pogo.' If unable to establish communications, switch to channel number following 'pogo'."

point defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The defense or protection of special vital elements and installations; e.g., command and control facilities, air bases.

point designation grid. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A system of lines, having no relation to the actual scale, or orientation, drawn on a map, chart, or air photograph dividing it into squares so that points can be more readily located.

point of contact (POC). [DSMC] Person serving as coordinator, action officer, or focal point for an activity.

point of impact. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l The point on the drop zone where the first parachutist or air dropped cargo item lands or is expected to land.

l The point at which a projectile, bomb, or re-entry vehicle impacts or is expected to impact.

point of no return. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A point along an aircraft track beyond which its endurance will not permit return to its own or some other associated base on its own fuel supply.

point target. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A target of such small dimension that it requires the accurate placement of ordnance in order to neutralize or destroy it.

l Nuclear-a target in which the ratio of radius of damage to target radius is equal to or greater than 5.

point target (nuclear). See point target, sense 2.

point to point sealift. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The movement of troops and/or cargo in Military Sealift Command nucleus or commercial shipping between established ports, in administrative landings or logistics over the shore operations. See also administrative landing; administrative movement; logistics-over-the-shore operations.

pointee-talkee. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A language aid containing selected phrases in English opposite a translation in a foreign language. It is used by pointing to appropriate phrases. See also evasion aid.

poised mine. JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine in which the ship counter setting has been run down to one and which is ready to detonate at the next actuation. See also mine.

polar coordinates. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l Coordinates derived from the distance and angular measurements from a fixed point (pole).

l In artillery and naval gunfire support, the direction, distance, and vertical correction from the observer/spotter position to the target.

polar plot. The method of locating a target or point on the map by means of polar coordinates.

Polaris. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An underwater/surface-launched, surface-to-surface, solid-propellant ballistic missile with inertial guidance and nuclear warhead. Designated as UGM-27; UGM-27A – 1,200 nautical mile range; UGM-27B – 1,500 nautical mile range; UGM-27C – 2,500 nautical mile range.

political intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Intelligence concerning foreign and domestic policies of governments and the activities of political movements.

political warfare. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Aggressive use of political means to achieve national objectives.

politico-military gaming. Simulation of situations involving the interaction of political, military, sociological, psychological, economic, scientific, and other appropriate factors.

polygon. A closed plane figure bounded by three or more line segments.

pool. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l To maintain and control a supply of resources or personnel upon which other activities may draw. The primary purpose of a pool is to promote maximum efficiency of use of the pooled resources or personnel, e.g., a petroleum pool, a labor and equipment pool.

l Any combination of resources which serves a common purpose.

popeye. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "In clouds or area of reduced visibility."

population. [TR 350-70] A well defined group of subjects or things from which measurements are taken (e.g., all students 6 feet or taller; scores; measurements).

port. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A place at which ships may discharge or receive their cargoes. It includes any port accessible to ships on the seacoast, navigable rivers or inland waterways. The term ports should not be used in conjunction with air facilities which are designated as aerial ports, airports, etc. See also major port; minor port; secondary port; water terminal.

port capacity. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The estimated capacity of a port or an anchorage to clear cargo in 24 hours usually expressed in tons. See also beach capacity; clearance capacity.

port complex. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A port complex comprises one or more port areas of varying importance whose activities are geographically linked either because these areas are dependent on a common inland transport system or because they constitute a common initial destination for convoys.

port designator. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A group of letters identifying ports in convoy titles or messages.

port evacuation of cargoes. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The removal of cargoes from a threatened port to alternative storage sites.

port evacuation of shipping. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The movement of merchant ships from a threatened port for their own protection.

port of debarkation (POD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The geographic point at which cargo or personnel are discharged. May be a seaport or aerial port of debarkation. For unit requirements, it may or may not coincide with the destination. See also port of embarkation.

port of embarkation (POE). JP 1-02] (DoD) The geographic point in a routing scheme from which cargo or personnel depart. May be a seaport or aerial port from which personnel and equipment flow to port of debarkation. For unit and non-unit requirements, it may or may not coincide with the origin. See also port of debarkation.

port security. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The safeguarding of vessels, harbors, ports, waterfront facilities and cargo from internal threats such as: destruction, loss, or injury from sabotage or other subversive acts; accidents; thefts; or other causes of similar nature. See also harbor defense; physical security; security.

portability. The capability to run courseware and associated application programs without modification on an instructional delivery system other than the system for which they were originally designed. Also called transportability.

Portable Document Format (PDF). [TP 25-71] PDF is a file format used to represent a document in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system used to create it.

portable electronic display device (PEDD). A PEDD is a small electronic device that has been designed and engineered to facilitate the presentation of an interactive electronic technical manual (IETM) to a technician during maintenance procedures.

Poseidon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A two-stage, solid propellant ballistic missile capable of being launched from a specially configured submarine operating in either its surface or submerged mode. The missile is equipped with inertial guidance, nuclear warheads, and a maneuverable bus that has the capability to carry up to 14 reentry bodies which can be directed to as many as 14 separate targets. Designated as UGM-73A.

position defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The type of defense in which the bulk of the defending force is disposed in selected tactical localities where the decisive battle is to be fought. Principal reliance is placed on the ability of the forces in the defended localities to maintain their positions and to control the terrain between them. The reserve is used to add depth, to block, or restore the battle position by counterattack.

positional defense. See position defense.

positive control. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A method of airspace control which relies on positive identification, tracking, and direction of aircraft within an airspace, conducted with electronic means by an agency having the authority and responsibility therein.

positive identification and radar advisory zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specified area established for identification and flight following of aircraft in the vicinity of a fleet-defended area.

positive phase of the shock wave. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The period during which the pressure rises very sharply to a value that is higher than ambient and then decreases rapidly to the ambient pressure. See also negative phase of the shock wave; shock wave.

positive reinforcement. Reward of performance through the application of an event likely to increase the recurrence of that performance.

Posse Comitatus Act. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Prohibits search, seizure, or arrest powers to US military personnel. Amended in 1981 under Public Law 97-86 to permit increased Department of Defense support of drug interdiction and other law enforcement activities. (Title 18, "Use of Army and Air Force as Posse Comitatus" - United States Code, Section 1385)

[U.S.] possessions. Possessions include the Virgin Islands, Johnston Island, American Samoa, Guam, Wake Island, Midway Island, and the guano islands, but do not include Puerto Rico, leased bases, or trust territories.

possible. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A term used to qualify a statement made under conditions wherein some evidence exists to support the statement. This evidence is sufficient to warrant mention, but insufficient to warrant assumption as true. See also probable.

post feedback delay. The pause which follows the presentation of feedback. This allows time for the correct response to sink in.

post-conflict activities. Those operations other than war that are conducted in the period following conflict and the cessation of active combat; activities focused on restoring order and minimizing confusion following the operation, reestablishing the host nation infrastructure, preparing forces for redeployment, and continuing presence to allow other elements of national power to achieve overall strategic aims.

post-deployment software support (PDSS). Those software support activities that occur during the deployment phase of the system life-cycle.

post-hostilities period. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That period subsequent to the date of ratification by political authorities of agreements to terminate hostilities.

post-processor. [TR 5-11] A software (and sometimes hardware) unit which conditions data after it is output by a model or simulation, in order to adapt it to a human analyst/observer or to another model. (Example: A code which converts streams of metric measurement data from a simulation into a graphic representation of a scene as viewed from the perspective of an aircraft or missile.)

post-production. The stage in the preparation of an audiovisual program, after the original footage has been shot. The editing and assembling process of combining new video, resource video, character-generated text, video still frames, and special effects into frames of composed video. May include editing, encoding, computer programming, and other functions.

post-production support. Systems management and support activities necessary to ensure continued attainment of system readiness objectives with economical logistic support after cessation of production of the end item (weapon system or equipment).

post-production support plan (PPSP). [DSMC] A plan to ensure continued economical logistical support and systems management after cessation of production of the end item.

post-strike reconnaissance. Missions undertaken for the purpose of gathering information used to measure results of a strike.

postattack period. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In nuclear warfare, that period which extends from the termination of the final attack until political authorities agree to terminate hostilities. See also post-hostilities period; transattack period.

poststrike reconnaissance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Missions undertaken for the purpose of gathering information used to measure results of a strike.

posttest. [TR 350-70] A test administered after the completion of instruction to determine if a student has mastered the objectives to the established standard. See pretest.

pounce.[JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "I am in position to engage target."

power projection. The ability of the nation to apply all or some of the instruments of national power — to respond to crisis, to contribute to deterrence, and to enhance regional stability.

practical exercise (PE). [TR 350-70] The practical exercise is the hands-on application of the performance required in enabling or terminal learning objectives. Gives the student the opportunity to acquire and practice skills, knowledge, and the behaviors necessary to perform the training objective successfully.

practical exercise/laboratory sheets. [TR 350-70] A proponent-produced document that describes the practical exercise that the student is to perform. They provide instructor and/or student guidance for exercise performance.

practical exercise sheet. A description of the exercise, the actions to be performed by the student, the conditions under which they will perform, and how performance will be measured.

practical exercise/laboratory sheets. A proponent-produced document that describes the practical exercise that the student is to perform. They provide instructor an/or student guidance for exercise performance.

practice. Repeated and systematic performance to gain proficiency using the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective skills, acquired in the training phase. Initial practice occurs while the student is acquiring skills; proficiency practice occurs at intervals after training so that the skills may be refreshed. Practice enables the student to perform the job proficiently.

practice effect. [TR 350-70] The influence of previous experience on taking a test for the second or subsequent time. Familiarity with directions, types of items, and questions when taking the test again usually helps the examine to score higher. Practice effect is greatest when the time interval between the test and retest is short and when the same form of test is administered.

practice mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In land mine warfare, an inert mine to which is fitted a fuse and a device to indicate, in a non-lethal fashion, that the fuse has been activated. See also mine.

l In naval mine warfare, an inert-filled mine but complete with assembly, suitable for instruction and for practice in preparation.

See also drill mine.

pre-ignition (nuclear weapons). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The loss of a nuclear warhead from the effects of another warhead due to improper timing or spacing.

pre-launch survivability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The probability that a delivery and/or launch vehicle will survive an enemy attack under an established condition of warning.

pre-processor. [TR 5-11] A software (and sometimes hardware) unit which conditions or prepares data before the data is input into a model or simulation. Example: A code which converts metric data from cartesian (rectangular) coordinates to flight coordinates (Euler angles) prior to its being input into an aircraft or guided missile model.

prearranged fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fire that is formally planned and executed against targets or target areas of known location. Such fire is usually planned well in advance and is executed at a predetermined time or during a predetermined period of time. See also fire; on-call; scheduled fire.

preassault operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, an operation conducted in the amphibious objective area before the assault phase begins.

preaward survey (facility capability review). [DSMC] Study of a prospective contractor's financial, organizational, and operational status made prior to contract award to determine their responsibility and eligibility for government procurement.

prebrief/debrief. Conducted prior to/immediately following a training mission to discuss all aspects of the mission. Includes discussion of individual items and the mission as a whole.

precautionary launch. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The launching of nuclear loaded aircraft under imminent nuclear attack so as to preclude friendly aircraft destruction and loss of weapons on the ground/carrier.

precautionary search and rescue/combat search and rescue (precautionary SAR/CSAR). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The planning and prepositioning of aircraft, ships, or ground forces and facilities before an operation to provide search and rescue or combat search and rescue assistance if needed. The planning of precautionary search and rescue or combat search and rescue is usually done by plans personnel with search and rescue or combat search and rescue expertise and background on a J-3 (operations) staff, a joint search and rescue center, or a rescue coordination center. See also combat search and rescue; joint combat search and rescue operation; search and rescue.

precedence. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Communications - a designation assigned to a message by the originator to indicate to communications personnel the relative order of handling and to the addressee the order in which the message is to be noted. See also flash message; immediate message; priority message; routine message.

l Reconnaissance - a letter designation, assigned by a unit requesting several reconnaissance missions, to indicate the relative order of importance, within an established priority, of the mission requested.

precession. See apparent precession; induced precession; real precession.

precise frequency. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A frequency requirement accurate to within one part in 1,000,000,000.

precise time. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A time requirement accurate to within 10 milliseconds.

precision approach. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An approach in which range, azimuth, and glide slope information are provided to the pilot. See also final approach; nonprecision approach.

precision bombing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Bombing directed at a specific point target.

precision-guided missile/munitions (PGM). [TP 525-5] A munition capable of locating, identifying, and maneuvering to engage a point target with an accuracy sufficient to yield a high probability of destruction

precision-guided munitions (PGM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A weapon that uses a seeker to detect electromagnetic energy reflected from a target or reference point, and through processing, provides guidance commands to a control system that guides the weapon to the target. See also munitions.

precursor chemical. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Compounds that are required in the synthetic or extraction processes of drug production, and become incorporated into the drug molecule. Not used in the production of cocaine or heroin.

precursor front. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An air pressure wave which moves ahead of the main blast wave for some distance as a result of a nuclear explosion of appropriate yield and low burst height over a heat-absorbing (or dusty) surface. The pressure at the precursor front increases more gradually than in a true (or idea,) shock wave, so that the behavior in the precursor region is said to be non-ideal.

precursor sweeping. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The sweeping of an area by relatively safe means in order to reduce the risk to mine countermeasures vessels in subsequent operations.

predicted fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fire that is delivered without adjustment.

predictive validity. [TR 350-70] The extent to which the test predicts how well students will actually perform on the job. If a test has predictive validity it will answer the question: "Will the students be able to perform on the job?" It involves administration of the test and comparison of the test results to other indicators of student performance capability.

predominant height. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air reconnaissance, the height of 51 percent or more of the structures within an area of similar surface material.

predifferentiation of stimuli. Pointing out the distinguishing features of an object and explaining the differences between them.

preemptive attack. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An attack initiated on the basis of incontrovertible evidence that an enemy attack is imminent.

preemptive war. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Not to be used. See preemptive attack.

preinitiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The initiation of the fission chain reaction in the active material of a nuclear weapon at any time earlier than that at which either the designed or the maximum compression or degree of assembly is attained.

prelanding operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, operations conducted between the commencement of the assault phase and the commencement of the ship-to-shore movement by the main body of the amphibious task force. They encompass similar preparations conducted by the advanced force but focus on the landing area, concentrating specifically on the landing beaches and the helicopter landing zones to be used by the main landing force. Prelanding operations also encompass final preparations for the ship-to-shore movement.

preliminary communications search (PRECOM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In search and rescue operations, consists of contacting and checking major facilities within the areas where the craft might be or might have been seen. A preliminary communications search is normally conducted during the uncertainty phase. See also extended communications search; search and rescue incident classification.

preliminary demolition target. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A target, other than a reserved demolition target, which is earmarked for demolition and which can be executed immediately after preparation, provided that prior authority has been granted. See also demolition target; reserved demolition target.

preliminary design review (PDR). A review conducted on each configuration item to evaluate the progress, technical adequacy, and risk resolution of the selected design approach; to determine its compatibility with performance and engineering requirements of the development specification; and to establish the existence and compatibility of the physical and functional interfaces among the item and other items of equipment, facilities, computer programs, and personnel. Conducted during Phase I, Program Definition and Risk Reduction, and Phase II, Engineering and Manufacturing Development.

preliminary hazard analysis (PHA). PHA is the initial effort in hazard analysis during the system design phase or the programming and requirements development phase for facilities acquisition. It may also be used on an operational system for the initial examination of the state of safety. The purpose of the PHA is not to affect control of all risks, but to fully recognize the hazardous states with all of the accompanying system implications.

preliminary hazards list (PHL). The PHL provides a list of hazards to the materiel developer. These are hazards that may require special safety design emphasis, or hazardous areas requiring in-depth analyses. The materiel developer may use the results of the PHL to determine the scope of follow-on hazard analyses.

preliminary movement schedule. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A projection of the routing of movement requirements reflected in the time-phased force and deployment data, from origin to destination, including identification of origins, ports of embarkation, ports of debarkation, and en route stops; associated time frames for arrival and departure at each location; type of lift assets required to accomplish the move; and cargo details by carrier. Schedules are sufficiently detailed to support comparative analysis of requirements against capabilities and to develop location workloads for reception and onward movement.

preload loading. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The loading of selected items aboard ship at one port prior to the main loading of the ship at another. See also loading.

premaster. The fully coded media used in the mastering process to make a copy through direct transfer of its information onto the master disk.

premaster materials. All training material needed to start and complete production to include adjunctive materials, final script-storyboard, and flowchart to be used for production of stock footage.

premastering. The process of assembling, evaluating, revising, and coding intermediate audiovisual materials onto a premaster.

premature dud. See flare dud.

preparation fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fire delivered on a target preparatory to an assault. See also fire.

preparing agency. [TR 350-70] A TRADOC school, integrating center, staff element, or a non-TRADOC agency (under MOA/MOU) that writes and coordinates ADTL within its area of responsibility.

preplanned air support. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Air support in accordance with a program, planned in advance of operations. See also air support.

preplanned mission request. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A request for an air strike on a target which can be anticipated sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning.

preplanned nuclear support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Nuclear support planned in advance of operations. See also immediate nuclear support; nuclear support.

preplanned product improvements (P3I). [TP 71-9] Planned future evolutionary improvement of developmental systems for which design considerations are accomplished during development to enhance future applications of projected technology. It includes improvements planned for ongoing systems that go beyond the current performance envelope to achieve a needed operational capability.

preposition. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and to ensure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation.

prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement, balance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement which has not been acquired or funded. This level consists of the prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement, less the prepositioned war reserve requirement, protectable.

prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement, protectable. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement which is protected for purposes of procurement, funding and inventory management.

prepositioned war reserve requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the war reserve materiel requirement which the current Secretary of Defense guidance dictates be reserved and positioned at or near the point of planned use or issue to the user prior to hostilities to reduce reaction time and to assure timely support of a specific force/project until replenishment can be effected.

prepositioned war reserve stock. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The assets that are designated to satisfy the prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement.

preproduction. All tasks that are part of the production schedule leading up to the actual shooting of material on video or film.

preproduction prototypes. Preproduction prototypes are engineering development prototypes manufactured for technical or operational testing and evaluation prior to full production.

preproduction qualification test (PPQT). PPQTs are formal contractual tests that ensure design integrity over the specified operational and environmental range. These tests usually use prototype or preproduction hardware fabricated to the proposed production design specifications and drawings. Such tests include contractual reliability and maintainability demonstration tests required prior to production release.

preproposal conference. [DSMC] In negotiated procurement, a meeting held with potential contractors a few days after requests for proposals have been sent out, to promote uniform interpretation of work statements and specifications by all prospective contractors.

prerequisite. A requirement the trainee must possess before being able to attend a training course or lesson. Also called training prerequisite.

prerequisite training. [TR 350-70] That training which personnel must have successfully completed in order to be qualified for entry into training for which they are now being considered.

prescribed nuclear load. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A specified quantity of nuclear weapons to be carried by a delivery unit. The establishment and replenishment of this load after each expenditure is a command decision and is dependent upon the tactical situation, the nuclear logistical situation, and the capability of the unit to transport and utilize the load. It may vary from day to day and among similar delivery units.

prescribed nuclear stockage. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A specified quantity of nuclear weapons, components of nuclear weapons, and warhead test equipment to be stocked in special ammunition supply points or other logistical installations. The establishment and replenishment of this stockage is a command decision and is dependent upon the tactical situation, the allocation, the capability of the logistical support unit to store and maintain the nuclear weapons, and the nuclear logistical situation. The prescribed stockage may vary from time to time and among similar logistical support units.

presentation media. Media (e.g., printed materials, audio-visual devices, hardware simulators, or stimulators) used to convey or communicate information to individuals engaged in learning.

preset guidance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A technique of missile control wherein a predetermined flight path is set into the control mechanism and cannot be adjusted after launching. See also guidance.

President's Budget (PB). [DSMC] The federal government budget for a particular fiscal year transmitted on first Monday in February to the Congress by the President in accordance with the Budget Enforcement Act of 1992. Includes all agencies and activities of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

Presidential Callup. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Procedures by which the President brings all or part of the Army National Guard or Air National Guard to active Federal service under section 12406 and Chapter 15 of title 10. [JP 1-02] (DoD), US Code. See also active duty; Federal service; Presidential Selected Reserve Callup Authority.

Presidential Selected Reserve Callup Authority (PSRC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Provision of a public law (US Code, title 10. [JP 1-02] (DoD), section 12304) that provides the President a means to activate, without a declaration of national emergency, not more than 200,000 members of the Selected Reserve for not more than 270 days to meet the support requirements of any operational mission. Members called under this provision may not be used for disaster relief or to suppress insurrection. This authority has particular utility when used in circumstances in which the escalatory national or international signals of partial or full mobilization would be undesirable. Forces available under this authority can provide a tailored, limited-scope, deterrent, or operational response, or may be used as a precursor to any subsequent mobilization. See also mobilization; Presidential Callup; Selected Reserve.

presolicitation conference. [DSMC] A meeting held with potential contractors prior to a formal solicitation, to discuss technical and other problems connected with a proposed procurement. The conference is also used to elicit the interest of prospective contractors in pursuing the task.

pressure breathing. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The technique of breathing which is required when oxygen is supplied direct to an individual at a pressure higher than the ambient barometric pressure.

pressure front. See shock front.

pressure mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In land mine warfare, a mine whose fuse responds to the direct pressure of a target.

l In naval mine warfare, a mine whose circuit responds to the hydrodynamic pressure field of a target.

See also mine.

pressure mine circuit. See pressure mine.

pressure suit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l partial. A skin tight suit which does not completely enclose the body but which is capable of exerting pressure on the major portion of the body in order to counteract an increased intrapulmonary oxygen pressure.

l full. A suit which completely encloses the body and which a gas pressure, sufficiently above ambient pressure for maintenance of function, may be sustained.

pressure-altitude. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An atmospheric pressure expressed in terms of altitude which corresponds to that pressure in the standard atmosphere. See also altitude.

pressurized cabin. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The occupied space of an aircraft in which the air pressure has been increased above that of the ambient atmosphere by compression of the ambient atmosphere into the space.

prestrike reconnaissance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Missions undertaken for the purpose of obtaining complete information about known targets for use by the strike force.

pretest (diagnostic test). [TR 350-70] An assessment which measures soldier or civilian task competency before training. As it measures performance against a criterion, results focus training on what soldiers/civilians need to know and provide links to this prescriptive training. As a placement test, it allows for testing out of lessons, modules, or phases of a course. See performance test and posttest.

prevention. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The security procedures undertaken by the public and private sector in order to discourage terrorist acts. See also antiterrorism.

prevention of stripping equipment. See antirecovery device.

preventive deployment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The deployment of military forces to deter violence at the interface or zone of potential conflict where tension is rising among parties. Forces may be employed in such a way that they are indistinguishable from a peacekeeping force in terms of equipment, force posture, and activities. See also peace enforcement; peacekeeping; peace operations.

preventive diplomacy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Diplomatic actions taken in advance of a predictable crisis to prevent or limit violence.

preventive maintenance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The care and servicing by personnel for the purpose of maintaining equipment and facilities in satisfactory operating condition by providing for systematic inspection, detection, and correction of incipient failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects.

preventive war. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A war initiated in the belief that military conflict, while not imminent, is inevitable, and that to delay would involve greater risk.

preview monitor. A monitor that shows the director the picture intended to be used as the next shot.

prewithdrawal demolition target. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A target prepared for demolition preliminary to a withdrawal, the demolition of which can be executed as soon after preparation as convenient on the orders of the officer to whom the responsibility for such demolitions has been delegated. See also demolition target.

price level index. [DSMC] A factor used to convert constant dollar amounts from one year to another.

primary aircraft authorization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Aircraft authorized to a unit for performance of its operational mission. The primary authorization forms the basis for the allocation of operating resources to include manpower, support equipment, and flying-hour funds. See also backup aircraft authorization.

primary aircraft inventory. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization. See also backup aircraft inventory.

primary censorship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Armed forces censorship performed by personnel of a company, battery, squadron, ship, station, base, or similar unit on the personal communications of persons assigned, attached, or otherwise under the jurisdiction of a unit. See also censorship.

primary control officer. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, the officer embarked in a primary control ship assigned to control the movement of landing craft, amphibious vehicles, and landing ships to and from a colored beach.

primary control ship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, a ship of the task force designated to provide support for the primary control officer and a combat information center control team for a colored beach.

primary flight control (PriFly). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The controlling agency on aviation ships and amphibious aviation assault ships that is responsible for air traffic control of aircraft within 5 nautical miles of the ship. On Coast Guard cutters, primary flight control duties are performed by a combat information center, but the term PriFly is not used. See also amphibious aviation assault ship; aviation ship.

primary imagery dissemination. See electronic imagery dissemination.

primary imagery dissemination system. See electronic imagery dissemination.

primary interest. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Principal, although not exclusive, interest and responsibility for accomplishment of a given mission, including responsibility for reconciling the activities of other agencies that possess collateral interest in the program.

primary menu. The menu initially presented to the viewer. This menu has no menu levels above it.

primary operating stocks (POS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Logistics resources on hand or on order necessary to support day-to-day operational requirements, and which, in part, can also be used to offset sustaining combat requirements.

primary review authority. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The organization assigned by the lead agent to perform the actions and coordination necessary to develop and maintain the assigned joint publication under cognizance of the lead agent. See also lead agent.

primary target. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An object of high publicity value to terrorists. See also antiterrorism; secondary targets.

Prime Beef. Base engineer emergency force (USAF)

prime contract. [DSMC] A contract agreement or purchase order entered into by a contractor with the government.

prime contractor. [DSMC] The entity with whom an agent of the United States entered into a prime contract for the purposes of obtaining supplies, materials, equipment, or services of any kind. A prime contractor has responsibility for design, control, and delivery of a system or equipment such as aircraft, engines, ships, tanks, vehicles, guns and missiles, ground communications and electronic systems, ground support equipment, and test equipment.

prime mover. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A vehicle, including heavy construction equipment, possessing military characteristics, designed primarily for towing heavy, wheeled weapons and frequently providing facilities for the transportation of the crew of, and ammunition for, the weapon.

prime time for training. An established period of time (e.g., hours, days, or weeks) devoted entirely to mission-related training.

primed charge. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A charge ready in all aspects for ignition.

primitive. Basic display element, point segment, segment, alphanumeric character, or marker.

principal items. [JP 1-02] (DoD) End items and replacement assemblies of such importance that management techniques require centralized individual item management throughout the supply system, to include depot level, base level, and items in the hands of using units. These specifically include the items where, in the judgment of the services, there is a need for central inventory control, including centralized computation of requirements, central procurement, central direction of distribution, and central knowledge and control of all assets owned by the services.

principal operational interest. [JP 1-02] (DoD) When used in connection with an established facility operated by one service for joint use by two or more services, the term indicates a requirement for the greatest use of, or the greatest need for, the services of that facility. The term may be applied to a service, but is more applicable to a command.

principal parallel. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) On an oblique photograph, a line parallel to the true horizon and passing through the principal point.

principal plane. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A vertical plane which contains the principal point of an oblique photograph, the perspective center of the lens, and the ground nadir.

principal point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The foot of the perpendicular to the photo plane through the perspective center. Generally determined by intersection of the lines joining opposite collimating or fiducial marks.

principal scale. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In cartography, the scale of a reduced or generating globe representing the sphere or spheroid, defined by the fractional relation of their respective radii. Also called nominal scale. See also scale.

principal staff assistants (PSAs). [DSMC] For automated information systems, the PSAs represent the user community in the functional area under their direction on acquisition and requirements matters. The Office of the Secretary of Defense PSAs are the Under Secretaries of Defense, the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, the Assistant Secretaries of Defense, the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation, the General Counsel of the Department of Defense, the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Assistants to the Secretary of Defense, and the OSD Directors or equivalents, who report directly to the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

principal vertical. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) On an oblique photograph, a line perpendicular to the true horizon and passing through the principal point.

principles of war. The enduring bedrock of Army doctrine that provides general guidance for the conduct of war at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels.

print reference. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A reference to an individual print in an air photographic sortie.

printer's dummy. [TR 350-70] A designed page-by-page prototype of a publication showing margins, areas of type, illustrations, readings and captions, and suggested colors.

printing size of a map or chart. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The dimensions of the smallest rectangle which will contain a map or chart, including all the printed material in its margin.

prior permission. Permission granted by the appropriate authority prior to the commencement of a flight or a series of flights landing in or flying over the territory of the nation concerned.

priority. [JP 1-02] (DoD) With reference to operation plans and the tasks derived therefrom, an indication of relative importance rather than an exclusive and final designation of the order of accomplishment.

priority designator. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A two-digit issue and priority code (01 through 15) placed in military standard requisitioning and issue procedure requisitions. It is based upon a combination of factors which relate the mission of the requisitioner and the urgency of need or the end use and is used to provide a means of assigning relative rankings to competing demands placed on the Department of Defense supply system.

priority intelligence requirements. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Those intelligence requirements for which a commander has an anticipated and stated priority in his task of planning and decision making. See also information requirements; intelligence cycle.

priority message. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A category of precedence reserved for messages that require expeditious action by the addressee(s) and/or furnish essential information for the conduct of operations in progress when routine precedence will not suffice. See also precedence.

priority national intelligence objectives. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A guide for the coordination of intelligence collection and production in response to requirements relating to the formulation and execution of national security policy. They are compiled annually by the Washington Intelligence Community and flow directly from the intelligence mission as set forth by the National Security Council. They are specific enough to provide a basis for planning the allocation of collection and research resources, but not so specific as to constitute in themselves research and collection requirements.

priority of immediate mission requests. See emergency priority; ordinary priority; search and attack priority; urgent priority.

priority of preplanned mission requests. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Targets capable of preventing the execution of the plan of action.

l Targets capable of immediate serious interference with the plan of action.

l Targets capable of ultimate serious interference with the execution of the plan of action.

l Targets capable of limited interference with the execution of the plan of action.

priority system for mission requests for tactical reconnaissance. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l priority I. Takes precedence over all other requests except previously assigned priorities I. The results of these requests are of paramount importance to the immediate battle situation or objective.

l priority II. The results of these requirements are in support of the general battle situation and will be accomplished as soon as possible after priorities I. These are requests to gain current battle information.

l priority III. The results of these requests update the intelligence data base but do not affect the immediate battle situation.

l priority IV. The results of these requests are of a routine nature. These results will be fulfilled when the reconnaissance effort permits.

See also precedence.

prior permission. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Permission granted by the appropriate authority prior to the commencement of a flight or a series of flights landing in or flying over the territory of the nation concerned.

prisoner of war. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A detained person as defined in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War of August 12, 1949. In particular, one who, while engaged in combat under orders of his or her government, is captured by the armed forces of the enemy. As such, he or she is entitled to the combatant's privilege of immunity from the municipal law of the capturing state for warlike acts which do not amount to breaches of the law of armed conflict. For example, a prisoner of war may be, but is not limited to, any person belonging to one of the following categories who has fallen into the power of the enemy: a member of the armed forces, organized militia or volunteer corps; a person who accompanies the armed forces without actually being a member thereof; a member of a merchant marine or civilian aircraft crew not qualifying for more favorable treatment; or individuals who, on the approach of the enemy, spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces.

prisoner of war branch camp. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A subsidiary camp under the supervision and administration of a prisoner of war camp.

prisoner of war camp. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An installation established for the internment and administration of prisoners of war.

prisoner of war censorship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The censorship of the communications to and from enemy prisoners of war and civilian internees held by the United States Armed Forces. See also censorship.

prisoner of war compound. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A subdivision of a prisoner of war enclosure.

prisoner of war enclosure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A subdivision of a prisoner of war camp.

prisoner of war personnel record. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A form for recording the photograph, fingerprints, and other pertinent personal data concerning the prisoner of war, including that required by the Geneva Convention.

private voluntary organizations (PVO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Private, nonprofit humanitarian assistance organizations involved in development and relief activities. Private voluntary organizations are normally United States-based. "Private voluntary organization" is often used synonymously with the term "nongovernmental organizations." See also nongovernmental organizations.

privity. [DSMC] Relationship of having a contract.

proactive measures. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In antiterrorism, measures taken in the preventive stage of antiterrorism designed to harden targets and detect actions before they occur.

proactive mine countermeasures. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Measures intended to prevent the enemy from successfully laying mines. See also mine countermeasures.

probability of damage. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The probability that damage will occur to a target expressed as a percentage or as a decimal.

probability of deficient performance. [TR 350-70] Tasks selection criterion which ensures that training is given in those essential job skills in which job incumbents frequently perform poorly. This training identifies those tasks which are easier to perform incorrectly or are more difficult to accomplish.

probability of detection. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The probability that the search object will be detected under given conditions if it is in the area searched.

probability of kill (Pk). [DSMC] The lethality of a weapon system. Generally refers to armaments. (e.g., missiles, ordnance, etc.). Usually the statistical probability that the weapon will detonate close enough to the target with enough effectiveness to disable the target.

probable. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A term used to qualify a statement made under conditions wherein the available evidence indicates that the statement is factual until there is further evidence in confirmation or denial. See also possible.

probable error. See horizontal error.

probable error deflection. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Error in deflection which is exceeded as often as not.

probable error height of burst. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Error in height of burst which projectile/missile fuses may be expected to exceed as often as not.

probable error range. Error in range which is exceeded as often as not.

probably destroyed. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air operations, a damage assessment on an enemy aircraft seen to break off combat in circumstances which lead to the conclusion that it must be a loss although it is not actually seen to crash.

probe. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In information operations, any attempt to gather information about an automated information system or its on-line users. See also information; information operations; information system.

procedural analysis. A method for analyzing tasks that lend themselves to flowcharting.

procedural control. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A method of airspace control which relies on a combination of previously agreed and promulgated orders and procedures.

procedural interface. [CJCSI 6212.01A] The methods and procedures employed to establish an interconnection within and between systems and/or equipment and to transfer information within or between systems and/or equipment.

procedural task. A task for which a set of procedures has been published to produce the desired results. The procedures may be either a single fixed array (linear) or a set of alternatives on the contingencies encountered (branching).

procedure. 1[TR 350-70] A standard and detailed course of action that describes how to perform a task. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) A procedure begins with a specific, documentable event that causes an activity to occur. The activity must produce a product that normally affects another external organization. Frequently, that product will be the event that causes another procedure to occur. It is important to recognize that a procedure determines what an organization must do at critical periods but does not direct how it will be done.

procedures trainer. A non-dynamic system that allows procedural training to be accomplished. It could take the form of a mockup or a weapon system procedures trainer.

procedure turn. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An aircraft maneuver in which a turn is made away from a designated track followed by a turn in the opposite direction, both turns being executed at a constant rate so as to permit the aircraft to intercept and proceed along the reciprocal of the designated track.

procedure word. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A word or phrase limited to radio telephone procedure used to facilitate communication by conveying information in a condensed standard form. Also called proword.

process. 1[DSMC] The combination of people, equipment, materials, methods, and environment that produce output — a given product or service. A process can involve any aspect of a business. 2[DSMC] A key tool for managing processes is statistical process control, a planned series of actions of operations which advances a material or procedure from one stage of completion to another. 3[DSMC] A planned and controlled treatment that subjects materials to the influence of one or more types of energy for the time required to bring about the desired reactions or results.

process evaluation. An early stage training development that identifies which SAT steps will be used in the training under development. The purpose of the process evaluation is to describe and document the actual development process for this particular instruction.

process layout. [DSMC] A method of plant layout in which the machines, equipment, and areas for performing the same or similar operations are grouped together, i.e., layout by function.

process sheet. [DSMC] A document, originating in manufacturing engineering and sent to the production floor, which describes and illustrates methods and tools to be used in fabricating or assembling specific parts or subassemblies.

process specification. [DSMC] This type of specification is applicable to a service which is performed on a product or material. Examples of processes are heat treatment, welding, plating, packing, microfilming, marking, etc. Process specifications cover manufacturing techniques which require a specific procedure in order that a satisfactory result may be achieved.

process standard. [TR 350-70] A standard for a task which consists of a series of steps resulting in individual obtaining a single result. The task is evaluated by observing the process and by scoring each step or element as it is performed in terms, of sequence, completeness, accuracy, or speed (such as, put on the protective mask or take oral temperature).

processing. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In photography, the operations necessary to produce negatives, diapositives, or prints from exposed films, plates, or paper.

l See intelligence cycle.

proclamation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A document published to the inhabitants of an area which sets forth the basis of authority and scope of activities of a commander in a given area and which defines the obligations, liabilities, duties, and rights of the population affected.

procurement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process of obtaining personnel, services, supplies, and equipment. Act of buying goods and services for the government. See also central procurement.

procurement (local). [DSMC] Procurement of materiel or services by an installation or its satellite activities or smaller stations. Such procurement overseas is by a military command for consumption within the command area. (Distinguished from central procurement.)

procurement data package. [DSMC] Includes documentation prepared expressly for the identification, description, and verification of items, materials, supplies, and services that are to be purchased, inspected, packaged, packed and supplied, or delivered to users.

procurement executive. [DSMC] See senior procurement executive (SPE).

procurement lead time. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The interval in months between the initiation of procurement action and receipt into the supply system of the production model (excludes prototypes) purchased as the result of such actions, and is composed of two elements, production lead time and administrative lead time. See also administrative lead time; initiation of procurement action; level of supply; receipt into the supply system.

procurement plan. [DSMC] The principal long-range procurement planning document charting the course of major procurement programs over their life cycle, keyed to the DoD future years defense program.

procurement request (PR). [DSMC] Document which describes the required supplies or services so that a procurement can be initiated. Some procuring activities actually refer to the document by this title, others use different titles such as Procurement Directive. Combined with specifications, the statement of work (SOW) and contract data requirements list, it is called the PR package, a basis for solicitation.

procuring activity. [DSMC] Unless agency regulations specify otherwise, the term shall be synonymous with contracting activity.

procuring contracting officer (PCO). [DSMC] The individual authorized to enter into contracts for supplies and services on behalf of the government by sealed bids or negotiations who is responsible for overall procurement of the contract.

producer countries. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In counterdrug operations, countries where naturally occurring plants such as coca, cannabis, or poppies are cultivated for later refinement into illicit drugs. See also counterdrug operations.

producibility. [DSMC] The relative ease of manufacturing an item or system. This relative ease is governed by the characteristics and features of a design that enables economical fabrication, assembly, inspection, and testing using available manufacturing techniques.

producibility, engineering, and planning (PEP). PEP applies to those research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDTE) funded planning and system production engineering tasks undertaken by the materiel developer on major and nonmajor end items or components to ensure a smooth transition from development into production. PEP, a system engineering approach, assures that an item can be produced in the required quantities and in the specified timeframe, efficiently and economically, and will meet necessary performance objectives within its design and specification constraints. As an essential part of all engineering design, it is intended to identify potential manufacturing problems and suggest design and production changes or schedule tradeoffs which would facilitate the production process.

producibility review. [DSMC] A review of the design of a specific hardware item or system to determine the relative ease of producing it using available production technology considering the elements of fabrication, assembly, inspection, and test.

product. [DSMC]

l The result of research, development, test, and evaluation in terms of hardware or software being produced (manufactured). Also known as an end item.

l The item stipulated in a contract to be delivered under the contract (i.e., service, study, hardware, etc.).

product assurance plan. This plan implements a product assurance program to ensure user satisfaction, mission and operational effectiveness, and performance to specified requirements. The plan addresses reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM), quality hardware and software, and system assessment.

product baseline. [DSMC] The initially approved documentation describing all of the necessary functional and physical characteristics of the configuration item (CI); any required joint and combined operations; the selected functional and physical characteristics designated for production acceptance testing; and tests necessary for deployment/ installation, support, training, and disposal of the CI. The baseline is established at the physical configuration audit and normally includes product, process, and material specifications, engineering drawings, and other related data.

product centers. [DSMC] Major subordinate organizations reporting to Air Force Materiel Command: Aeronautical Systems Center, Electronics Systems Center, Space and Missile Systems Center, and Human Systems Center.

product configuration identification. [DSMC] The current approved technical documentation which defines the configuration of a configuration item during the production, operation, maintenance, and support phases of its life cycle and which prescribes that necessary for:

l Form, fit and function characteristics of a CI.

l The selected functional characteristics selected for production acceptance testing.

l The production acceptance tests.

product improvement (PI). Product improvements are end item and depot-repairable component configuration changes driven by engineering and testing. They may also be changes on other than developmental items to increase system or combat effectiveness or extend their useful military life. Usually results from feedback from the users.

product manager (PM) Army. [DSMC] PM, who is delegated authority and assigned responsibility for centralized management of a development or acquisition program that does not qualify for project management.

product manufacturing breakdown. [DSMC] Takes the product physical description and decomposes it into demands for specific types of manufacturing capability. This breakdown establishes the baseline for determination of the types of personnel and manufacturing facilities which will be required. It can also serve as the basis for establishing the time requirements for individual manufacturing operations involved in developing the required schedule relationships.

product organization. [DSMC] An organizational structure centered on products, or components of a major system, with product managers reporting to a program manager or other central authority.

product specification. [DSMC] Product specifications are applicable to any item below the system level, and may be oriented toward procurement of a product through specification of primarily function (performance) requirements or primarily fabrication (detailed design) requirements. Product specifications are intended to be used for procurement of items including computer programs.

product standard. [TR 350-70] A standard for a task which terminates in a product or outcome which is observable and measurable. The task is evaluated by looking at the product or outcome in terms of completeness, accuracy, tolerance, clarity, error, or quantity.

production. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The conversion of raw materials into products and/or components thereof, through a series of manufacturing processes. It includes functions of production engineering, controlling, quality assurance, and the determination of resources requirements.

production acceptance test and evaluation (PATE). [DSMC] Test and evaluation of production items to demonstrate that items procured fulfill requirements and specifications of the procuring contract or agreements.

production approval number. Alphanumeric number assigned to designate approval for the creation of a production.

production article. [DSMC] The end item under initial or full rate production.

production assignment number. Alphanumeric number assigned to identify a course of instruction.

production base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The total national industrial production capacity available for the manufacture of items to meet materiel requirements.

production capacity review. [DSMC] A review of a contractor's current availability and planned availability or production resources to determine the resources which could be committed to a proposed program and the expected facility utilization level.

production center. [DSMC] The area containing the machine or machines operated by workers as well as the space required for storage of materials at the machine and for loading and unloading it.

production control. [DSMC] The procedure of planning, routing, scheduling, dispatching, and expediting the flow of materials, parts, subassemblies, and assemblies within the plant from the state to the finished product in an orderly and efficient manner.

production engineering. [DSMC] The application of design and analysis techniques to produce a specified product. Included are the functions of planning, specifying, and coordinating the application of required resources; performing analyses of producibility and production operations, processes, and systems; applying new manufacturing methods, tooling, and equipment; controlling the introduction of engineering changes; and employing cost control techniques.

production equipment maintenance. [DSMC] The task of inspecting, servicing, and adjusting the fabrication equipment to achieve minimum interruption of the manufacturing flow.

production feasibility. [DSMC] The likelihood that a system design concept can be produced using existing production technology while simultaneously meeting quality, production rate, and cost requirements.

production feasibility review. [DSMC] A review of a system design concept to estimate the likelihood that the concept can be produced using existing production technology while simultaneously meeting quality, production rate, and cost requirements.

production, fielding/deployment, and operational support (PF/DOS). [DSMC] The fourth phase in the acquisition process following Milestone III. Operational and support systems are procured, items are manufactured, operational units are trained, and the systems are deployed.

production identification number (PIN). Alpha-numeric number assigned to identify a course of instruction.

production lead time. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The time interval between the placement of a contract and receipt into the supply system of materiel purchased. Two entries are provided:

l initial. The time interval if the item is not under production as of the date of contract placement.

l reorder. The time interval if the item is under production as of the date of contract placement.

See also procurement lead time.

production line balancing. [DSMC] Balancing a production line means to plan its operation so that the rate of materials which flow through all work stations is as nearly uniform as practicable.

production list. See shot list.

production logistics. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That part of logistics concerning research, design, development, manufacture, and acceptance of materiel. In consequence, production logistics includes: standardization and interoperability, contracting, quality assurance, initial provisioning, transportability, reliability and defect analysis, safety standards, specifications and production processes, trials and testing (including provision of necessary facilities), equipment documentation, configuration control, and modifications.

production loss appraisal. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An estimate of damage inflicted on an industry in terms of quantities of finished products denied the enemy from the moment of attack through the period of reconstruction to the point when full production is resumed.

production management. [DSMC] The effective use of resources to produce on-schedule the required number of end units that meet specified quality, performance, and cost. It includes but is not limited to industrial resource analysis, producibility assessment, producibility engineering, and planning, production engineering, industrial preparedness planning, postproduction planning, and productivity enhancement.

production management techniques. [DSMC] The technique utilized by the contractor to determine the progress of the production program.

production plan. [DSMC] The document which describes the employment of the manufacturing resources to produce the required products or systems, on time, and within cost constraints.

production plan review. [DSMC] A review conducted to approve or disapprove a contractor prepared and submitted production plan.

production planning. The broad range of activities initiated early in the acquisition process, and continued through a production decision, to ensure an orderly transition from development to cost-effective rate of production or construction.

production proveout. [DSMC] A technical test conducted prior to production testing with prototype hardware to determine the most appropriate design alternative. This testing may also provide data on safety, the achieveability of critical system technical characteristics, refinement and ruggedization of hardware configurations, and determination of technical risks.

production qualification test (PQT). [DSMC] A technical test completed prior to the full rate production decision to ensure the effectiveness of the manufacturing process, equipment, and procedures. This testing also serves the purpose of providing data for the independent evaluation required for materiel release so that the evaluator can address the adequacy of the materiel with respect to the stated requirements. These test are conducted on a number of samples taken at random from the first production lot, and are repeated if the process or design is changed significantly, and when a second or alternative source is brought on line.

production readiness. [DSMC] The state or condition or preparedness of a system to proceed into production. A system is ready for production when the producibility of the production design and the managerial and physical preparations necessary for initiating and sustaining a viable production effort have progressed to the point where a production commitment can be made without incurring unacceptable risks that will breach thresholds of schedule, performance, cost, or other established criteria.

production readiness plan. This plan addresses the availability of critical materials, [U.S.] Government investment in production facilities, ways to increase competition in production, industrial preparedness planning, production risks and action necessary to reduce such risks, production readiness review milestones, engineering support to overcome problems and reduce costs, and minimum sustaining rate.

production readiness review (PRR). PRR is a formal, documented, systematic examination of a program to determine if the system design is ready for production, production engineering problems have been identified and solutions are in progress, quality assurance an acceptance test procedures are adequate, and the Army and producer have planned adequately for the production phase.

production representative/production configuration. [DSMC] System that can be used for engineering and management development phase initial operational test and evaluation. A mature engineering development model, or a low rate initial production system in its final configuration, conforming to production specifications and drawings. System level critical design review, qualification testing, and functional configuration audit should have been completed. While desirable, the item does not have to be manufactured using production tooling or processes.

production requirement. [TP 71-9] The single official documentation of a customer’s intelligence requirement.

production schedule. A report describing each required video frame or sequence in an efficient shooting order.

production schedules. [DSMC] Chronological controls used by management to regulate efficiently and economically the operational sequences of production.

production task. A task that terminates in a discrete product or outcome that is observable and measurable. The task is evaluated by looking at the product or outcome in terms of completeness, accuracy, tolerance, clarity, error, or quantity.

production-deployment phase. This is normally the third phase of the Army Streamlined Acquisition Process. During this phase, operational units are trained, equipment is procured to meet the authorized acquisition objective (AAO), equipment is distributed, and logistic support is provided.

productivity. [DSMC] The actual rate of output or production per unit of time worked.

productivity enhancement. [DSMC] The use of contract incentives and other techniques to provide the environment motivation and management commitment to increase production efficiencies.

products. [DSMC] All items, materiel, material, data, software, supplies, systems, assemblies, subassemblies, or portions thereof produced, purchased, developed, or otherwise used by DoD.

professional development course. [TR 350-70] A course designed to prepare commissioned officers, warrant officers, or noncommissioned officers to effectively perform in assignments of progressively greater responsibility.

professional military education (PME) training. The systematic acquisition of theoretical and applied knowledge and the development of command and staff skills that are of particular significance to the profession of arms.

proficiency. [TR 350-70] Ability to perform a specific behavior (e.g., task, learning objective) to the established performance standard in order to demonstrate mastery of the behavior.

proficiency codes. A series of letters and numbers that will indicate the level of proficiency a student is expected to reach upon mastery of a given learning objective.

proficiency training. Training conducted to improve or maintain the capability of individuals and teams to perform in a specified manner. Training to develop and maintain a given level of skill in the individual or team performance of a particular task.

proficiency training aircraft. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Aircraft required to maintain the proficiency of pilots and other aircrew members who are assigned to non-flying duties.

profile. See flight profile.

profile item-to-topic learning objectives assignment chart. An administrative tool designed to reflect the coverage of Personnel Performance Profile (PPP) line items within a curriculum.

profit. [DSMC] The excess amount realized from the sales of goods over the cost thereof in a given transaction or over a given period.

profit center. [DSMC] A discrete, organizationally independent segment of a company, which has been charged by management with profit and loss responsibilities.

profit (excess). [DSMC] Profit over and above an established dollar or percentage limit.

proforma. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A standard form. As in standard NATO data message.

program. [DSMC]

l A DoD acquisition program.

l As a verb, program means to schedule funds to meet requirements and plans.

l A major, independent part of a software system.

l A combination of program elements designed to express the accomplishment of a definite objective or plan.

program, project, product manager. [TP 71-9] An HQDA board-selected manager for a system or program. A PM may be subordinate to either the AAE, PEO, or a materiel commander. Refers to the management level of intensity the Army assigns to a particular weapon system or information system. As a general rule, a program manager is a general officer or Senior Executive Service (SES); a project manager is a colonel or GS-15; a product manager is a lieutenant colonel or GS-14.

program (acquisition). [DSMC] A defined effort funded by research, development, test, and evaluation (RDTE) and/or procurement appropriations with the express objective of providing a new or improved capability in response to a stated mission need or deficiency.

program acquisition cost. [DSMC] The estimated cost of development research, development, test, and evaluation (RDTE), procurement, and system specific military construction (MILCON) necessary to acquire the defense system. RDTE costs are accumulated from the point in time when the DoD acquisition program is designated by title as a program element (PE) or major project within a PE. MILCON costs include only those projects that directly support and uniquely identify with the system.

program acquisition quantity. [DSMC] The total number of fully configured end items (to include research and development units) a DoD component intends to buy through the life of the program, as approved by the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology). This quantity may extend beyond the future years defense program years but shall be consistent with the current approved program.

program aircraft. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The total of the active and reserve aircraft. See also aircraft.

program assessment review report (PARR). PARR is a major Army command submittal to HQDA articulating the command’s requirements for the first year of the five-year program.

program baseline. [DSMC] See acquisition program baseline (APB).

program budget decision (PBD). [DSMC] The Secretary of Defense decision documents which affirm or change dollar amounts or manpower allowances in the services' budget estimate submissions.

program budget guidance (PBG). [TR 350-70] Guidance issued by HQ DA three times a year, generally January, May, and October. It outlines the major commands’ (MACOMs) anticipated resources for both dollars and manpower by Army management structure code (AMSCO) and management decision package (MDEP).

program change decision. [DSMC] A decision by the Secretary of Defense issued in a prescribed format that authorizes changes in the structure of the future years defense program.

program change request (PCR). [DSMC] Prepared in a prescribed format, it is a proposal for out-of-cycle changes to data recorded in the approved future years defense program.

program cost. [DSMC] The total of all expenditures, in any appropriation and fund, directly related to the automated information system definition, design, development, and deployment, and incurred from the beginning of the concept exploration phase through deployment at each separate site. For incremental and evolutionary program strategies, program cost includes all increments. Program cost does not include operations and support costs incurred at an individual site after operational cutover of any increment at that site, even though other sites may exist that have not yet completed deployment.

program cost categories. [DSMC] There are seven categories:

l Research, development, test, and evaluation (RDTE) appropriations fund the efforts performed by contractors and government activities, including procurement of end items, weapons, equipment, components, materials, and services required for development of equipment, material, computer application software, and its development and initial operational test and evaluation. RDTE also funds the operation of dedicated research and development installations activities for the conduct of R&D programs.

l Procurement appropriations fund those acquisition programs that have been approved for production (to include low rate initial production (LRIP) of acquisition objective quantities), and all costs integral and necessary to deliver a useful end item intended for operational use or inventory upon delivery.

l Operations and maintenance (O&M) appropriations fund expenses such as civilian salaries, travel, minor construction projects, operating military forces, training and education, depot maintenance, stock funds, and base operations support.

l Military personnel (MP) appropriations fund costs of salaries and other compensation for active and retired military personnel and reserve forces based on end strength.

l Military construction (MC) appropriations fund major projects such as bases, schools, missile storage facilities, maintenance facilities, medical/dental clinics, libraries, and military family housing.

l Costs budgeted in the O&M and MP appropriations are considered expenses. Costs budgeted in the Procurement and MC appropriations are considered investments. Costs budgeted in the RDTE and family housing appropriations include both expenses and investments.

l Program cost reporting are requirements prescribed in DoD Instructions which provide for comparable program costs and related data on research and development activities and hardware items for use in program cost validation and progress and status analysis.

program decision meeting (PDM). [DSMC] Navy or Marine Corps review forum to advise the Navy Acquisition Executive for decisions on acquisition programs at various levels.

program decision memorandum (PDM). PDMs are the Secretary of Defense’s formal decisions on program objective memorandums (POMs) and the joint program assessment memorandum (JPAM).

program definition and risk reduction (PDRR). [DSMC] The second phase in the acquisition process, following Milestone I. Consists of steps necessary to verify preliminary design and engineering, build prototypes, accomplish necessary planning, and fully analyze trade-off proposals. The objective is to validate the choice of alternatives and to provide the basis for determining whether to proceed into engineering and manufacturing development.

program deviation reports. [DSMC] Reports baseline breaches to the Defense and Component acquisition executives, and when appropriate to the Congress.

program directive (PD). 1A PD provides a clear definition of a DA-approved program consistent with the approved acquisition strategy, funded program requirements, and the Army’s budget. The PD is a Program Management Control System (PMCS) document. 2[TP 71-9] Documentation used to identify and validate requirements for new, revised, and changed doctrinal literature. The program directives establish an audit trail for establishment of doctrinal work requirements.

program documents. These documents, prepared by the appropriate agency, contain the detailed plans, studies, and issue answers for all aspects of a new system.

program element (PE). [DSMC] The 11 major force programs are subdivided into PEs. The PE is the basic building block of the five year defense plan (FYDP). It is defined as "an integrated combination of men, equipment, and facilities which together constitute and identifiable military capability or support activity." It identifies the mission to be undertaken and the organizational entities to perform the mission. Elements may consist of forces, manpower, materials, services, and/or associated costs as applicable. The PE consists of 7 digits ending with a letter indicating the appropriate service.

program element descriptive summary (PEDS). A PEDS is a backup document for a research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDTE) program element as submitted to Congress in the annual budget submittal.

program element monitor (PEM). [DSMC] Person within Headquarters USAF office of primary responsibility who is directly responsible for a given program and all documentation needed to harmonize the program in the budget.

program evaluation review technique (PERT). A visual representation of the tasks of a project; shows the relationship between the tasks and defines the critical path. A planning technique that arranges events and their duration into a flow graph to examine the entire program and to aid in decision making (e.g., determine sequencing priorities, total time for plan completion, preparation (lead) time for specific events, and other determinations).

program executive officer (PEO). A military or civilian official who has primary responsibility for directing several acquisition category I programs and for assigned category II, III, an IV programs. A PEO has no other command or staff responsibilities within the Component, and only reports to and receives guidance and direction from the DoD Component acquisition executive.

program instability. [DSMC] The condition imposed on a program due to problems and/or changes in requirements, technology, and funding.

program management. [DSMC] The process whereby a single leader exercises centralized authority and responsibility for planning, organizing, staffing, controlling, and leading the combined efforts of participating/assigned civilian and military personnel and organizations, for the management of a specific defense acquisition program or programs, throughout the system life cycle.

Program Management Control System (PMCS). The PMCS organizes management actions in a single integrated process to control selected programs and their costs.

program management directive (PMD). [DSMC] The official Headquarters U.S. Air Force document used to direct acquisition responsibilities to the appropriate Air Force major commands, agencies, program executive offices (PEOs), or designated acquisition commander. All Air Force acquisition programs require PMDs.

program management documents. These documents contain records of program decisions and requirements. They provide analysis of technical options and life cycle plans for developing, producing, training, and supporting materiel items. These documents include individual plans that are reviewed and approved as necessary (e.g., acquisition plan, basis of issue plan, integrated logistics support plan, materiel fielding plan, and computer resource management plan).

program management plan (PMP). [DSMC] The document developed and issued by an Air Force program manager (PM) which shows the integrated time-phased actions and resources required to complete the task.

program manager (PM). [DSMC] A military or civilian official who is responsible for managing, through integrated product teams, an acquisition program. See system manager.

program manager charter. [DSMC] See charter (program manager's).

program objectives memorandum (POM). [DSMC] An annual memorandum in prescribed format submitted to the Secretary of Defense by the DoD component heads which recommends the total resource requirements and programs within the parameters of SECDEF's fiscal guidance. A major document in the planning, programming, and budgeting system; is the basis for the budget. The POM is the principal programming document which details how a component proposes to respond to assignments in the defense planning guidance and satisfy its assigned functions of the future years defense program. The POM shows programmed needs for 5 or 6 years hence (i.e., in fiscal year (FY) 94, POM 1996-2001 was submitted; in FY95, POM 1997-01 was submitted), and includes manpower, force levels, procurement, facilities, and research and development.

program of instruction (POI). 1[TR 350-70] A POI covers a course/phase. It is a requirements document that provides a general description of course content, duration of instruction, and methods and techniques of instruction; and it lists resources required to conduct peacetime and mobilization training. 2[DoD] A formal course record that identifies and describes the course content, course material, type of instruction, the major learning objectives, student information, and resources required to conduct training in an institutional setting. Also called syllabus. See plan of instruction.

program of instruction (POI) proponent. See training/TD (task) proponent: .

Program of Instruction Management Module (POIMM). [TR 350-70] The POIMM is software training developers use to build a POI and CAD in accordance with TRAS.

program of nuclear cooperation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Presidentially approved bilateral proposals for the United States to provide nuclear weapons, and specified support to user nations who desire to commit delivery units to NATO in nuclear only or dual capable roles. After presidential approval in principle, negotiations will be initiated with the user nation to develop detailed support arrangements.

program office estimate (POE). [DSMC] A detailed estimate of acquisition and ownership costs normally required for high level decisions. The estimate is performed early in the program and serves as the basepoint for all subsequent tracking and auditing purposes.

program protection. [DSMC] The safeguarding of defense systems and technical data anywhere in the acquisition process to include the technologies being developed, the support systems (e.g., test and simulation equipment), and research data with military applications.

program stability. [DSMC] A stable program is experiencing few, if any, perturbations in cost, schedule, performance, support, and other associated business or technical problems.

program validation. One aspect of post-production where the premaster tape is reviewed to verify the content for completeness.

program/project/product manager (PM). An HQDA board-selected manager for a system or program. A PM may be subordinate to either the AAE, PEO, or a materiel commander. Refers to the management level of intensity the Army assigns to a particular weapon system or information system. As a general rule, a program manager is a general officer or Senior Executive Service (SES); a project manager is a colonel or GS-15; a product manager is a lieutenant colonel or GS-14.

program/project/product manager charter. This document states the PM’s responsibility, authority, and accountability in the management of a major system acquisition program.

programmatic. [DSMC] Pertains to the cost, schedule and performance characteristics of an acquisition program.

programmed forces. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The forces that exist for each year of the Future Years Defense Program. They contain the major combat and tactical support forces that are expected to execute the national strategy within manpower, fiscal, and other constraints. See also Current Force; force; intermediate force planning level.

programmed instruction (PI). [TR 350-70] Self-paced training, usually printed, with frames of information and questions organized the choices direct the student to remedial frames or advanced material, as appropriate. The material is carefully sequenced and validated to ensure the target population can perform the learning objectives to the established standard.

programmed instructional package (PIP). All the components of a specific unit of programmed instruction, including the programmed instructional materials, learning aids, instructor guide or manual, pretests and post tests, validation data, description of intended student target population, and objectives.

Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations (PLATO). A computer-based training system that uses the Tutor language.

programmed text. A publication prepared in one or more of the programmed instruction formats, and which applies the concepts of programmed instruction.

programmed training. [TR 350-70] The training of a critical task or supporting skills and knowledge. It includes all of the academic instruction that is in the course (reflected in the POI) and applies to resident and non-resident instruction. It includes common or shared task TSPs forwarded to non-proponent schools for inclusion in a formal course of instruction as a stand-alone lesson with a separate lesson number POI file number) and specific learning objectives. It –

l Is –

l Conducted in resident or non-resident training.

l Trained to standard.

l Essential as it serves as the foundation for other training in the course.

l A qualification training requirement.

l Evaluated during instruction.

Note: For common or shared task TSPs, it evaluates task performance during instruction under conditions prescribed in the TSPs.

l May require specific equipment.

programming. [DSMC] The projection of activities to be accomplished and the resources that will be required for all specified periods in the future, normally six years and follows the planning process. The process of preparing a program, especially in terms of quantitative, physical requirement, physical requirements of manpower, materiel, facilities; that is, the process of establishing and maintaining a program.

programming script. A detailed plan of the computer program information for each frame of interactive courseware. Also see script.

Programming System in Logic Language (PROLOG). A specialized language developed for artificial intelligence applications and for decision making processes.

progress payment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Payment made as work progresses under a contract, upon the basis of costs incurred, of percentage of completion accomplished, or of a particular stage of completion. The term does not include payments for partial deliveries accepted by the Government under a contract, or partial payments on contract termination claims.

progressive training. [TR 350-70] Training which is sequenced to require increased levels performance proficiency.

prohibited area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specified area within the land areas of a state or territorial waters adjacent thereto over which the flight of aircraft is prohibited. May also refer to land or sea areas to which access is prohibited. See also closed area; danger area; restricted area.

project. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) A planned undertaking of something to be accomplished, produced, or constructed, having a finite beginning and a finite ending. 2[DSMC] Synonymous with program in general usage. 3[DSMC] Specifically, a planned undertaking having a finite beginning and ending, involving definition, development, production, and logistics support of a major weapon or weapon support system or systems. A project may be the whole or a part of a program.

project definition. [DSMC] The process of exploring more thoroughly all aspects of the proposed projects and to examine the relations between required performance, development time, and cost. The areas of technical uncertainty are examined and possible trade-offs are evolved in order to achieve a satisfactory balance between performance, development time, and cost.

project management plan. The training development project management plan is the plan for developing training for a single, resourced, training development requirement, such as development or revision of resident and nonresident courses, analyses, doctrine literature, and strategies/plans. It is based on a valid training development requirement identified during needs analysis or training design strategy development; details the personnel, milestones, costs, material, temporary duty and all other factors required to develop the training; is for internal use, and can vary in details and complexity, depending on the training development project. This plan can be simple, unwritten (i.e., the project requirements exist but are not formalized in a report) or complex, very detailed, and may even include a memorandum of understanding. Examples:

l course development plan. A type of TD project management plan for designing and developing a course. It may include projected timelines, time, personnel, and TDY resource requirements.

l job and task analysis plan. A type of TD project management plan for conducting a job and task analysis. It may include projected timelines, time, personnel, TDY resource requirements, and data collection strategies.

See training development project management plan.

project manager. See program manager (PM), system manager.

project order. [DSMC] A specific, definite, and certain order between Navy activities, for work or for the manufacture of supplies, material, or equipment which for the purpose of obligation, assumes the characteristics of offers or contracts placed with commercial enterprises.

project summary work breakdown structure (WBS). [DSMC] A summary WBS tailored to a specific defense material item by selecting applicable elements from one or more summary WBS's or by adding equivalent elements unique to the project.

projected map display. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The displayed image of a map or chart projected through an optical or electro-optical system onto a viewing surface.

projected operational environment (POE). The environment in which a piece of equipment, system, organization, or personnel is expected to operate.

projectile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An object projected by an applied exterior force and continuing in motion by virtue of its own inertia, as a bullet, shell, or grenade. Also applied to rockets and to guided missiles.

projection. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In cartography, any systematic arrangement of meridians and parallels portraying the curved surface of the sphere or spheroid upon a plane.

projection print. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An enlarged or reduced photographic print made by projection of the image of a negative or a transparency onto a sensitized surface.

proliferation (nuclear weapons). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process by which one nation after another comes into possession of, or into the right to determine the use of nuclear weapons, each potentially able to launch a nuclear attack upon another nation.

prompt. [TR 350-70] A word or other signal that initiates or guides behavior - a cue.

prompt radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The gamma rays produced in fission and as a result of other neutron reactions and nuclear excitation of the weapon materials appearing within a second or less after a nuclear explosion. The radiations from these sources are known either as prompt or instantaneous gamma rays. See also induced radiation; initial radiation; residual radiation.

prompted authoring aids. Computer program prompts which step an author through the process of creating an interactive courseware unit of instruction.

prompted simulation. Student performance of a simulated procedure under controlled circumstances. The student is prompted, guided through the procedure, provided necessary remediation, given explanations, and help is provided. It usually consists of video or graphic still frames.

pronto. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As quickly as possible.

proof disk. A check disk produced from an optical glass master.

proof support. A type of instructional material used during the body of a lesson that provides hard data or expert testimony in support of an assertion. See support instructional material.

prop. A theatrical property (e.g., furniture, displays, backdrops, and other objects) used for set decorations and by actors or performers.

propaganda. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any form of communication in support of national objectives designed to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior of any group in order to benefit the sponsor, either directly or indirectly. See also black propaganda; gray propaganda; white propaganda.

propellant. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That source which provides the energy required for propelling a projectile. Specifically, an explosive charge for propelling a projectile; also a fuel, either solid or liquid, for propelling a rocket or missile.

propelled mine. See mobile mine.

property. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Anything that may be owned.

l As used in the military establishment, this term is usually confined to tangible property, including real estate and materiel.

l For special purposes and as used in certain statutes, this term may exclude such items as the public domain, certain lands, certain categories of naval vessels and records of the Federal Government.

property account. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A formal record of property and property transactions in terms of quantity and/or cost, generally by item. An official record of Government property required to be maintained.

proponency publications. [TR 350-70] The fourth level of the publication hierarchy. They describe doctrinal principles, tactics, techniques, and collective training tasks for branch-oriented or functional units. These units are concerned with performing specific activities on the battlefield. For example, proponency publications on air defense units focus on the principles, tactics, techniques, and collective training tasks associated with performing air defense functions. Soldiers or trainers read proponency publications to find the principles by which a branch or functional unit operates, the tactics and techniques used to fulfill its role on the battlefield, and the collective tasks for training.

proponent. A proponent is an organization or staff assigned primary responsibility for materiel or subject matter in its area of interest.

proponent agency. [TR 350-70] An Army organization or staff that has been assigned primary responsibility for materiel or subject matter experts in its area of interest, i.e., proponent school, proponent staff agency, proponent center, etc.

proponent school. 1[DoD] The school designated as a training proponent to exercise supervisory management of all combat/training development aspects of a materiel system, functional area, or task. 2[TR 350-70] The TRADOC school designated by the CG, TRADOC or other appropriate MACOM as training/TD (task) proponent to exercise management of all combat/training development aspects of a materiel system, functional area, or task. It analyzes, designs, ,develops, implements, and evaluates training/training products for proponency area.

proponent training development plan. See training development plan.

proportional navigation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A method of homing navigation in which the missile turn rate is directly proportional to the turn rate in space of the line of sight.

proprietary right. [DSMC] A broad contractor term used to describe data belonging to the contractor. These data could be intellectual property, financial data, etc. This is not a category accepted by the government when referencing technical data.

protected site. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A facility which is protected by the use of camouflage or concealment, selective siting, construction of facilities designed to prevent damage from fragments caused by conventional weapons, or a combination of such measures.

protection of shipping. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The use of proportionate force by United States warships, military aircraft, and other forces, when necessary for the protection of United States flag vessels and aircraft, United States citizens (whether embarked in United States or foreign vessels), and their property against unlawful violence. This protection may be extended (consistent with international law) to foreign flag vessels, aircraft, and persons.

protective clothing. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Clothing especially designed, fabricated, or treated to protect personnel against hazards caused by extreme changes in physical environment, dangerous working conditions, or enemy action.

protective minefield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l In land mine warfare, a minefield employed to assist a unit in its local, close-in protection.

l In naval mine warfare, a minefield laid in friendly territorial waters to protect ports, harbors, anchorages, coasts, and coastal routes.

See also minefield.

protest. [DSMC] A concern over the award of a contract, submitted to Government Accounting Office or procuring contracting office.

prototype. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) A model suitable for evaluation of design, performance, and production potential. 2[DSMC] An original or model on which a later system/item is formed or based. Early prototypes may be built during program definition and risk reduction (PDRR) phase and tested prior to milestone (MS) II decision. Selected prototyping may continue in phase II, Engineering and Manufacturing Development, as required to identify and resolve specific design and manufacturing risks early in the phase or in support of preplanned product improvement or evolutionary acquisition.

prototype section. A first sample section of interactive courseware developed as a model.

provisioning. [DSMC] The process of determining and acquiring the range and quantity (depth) of spares and repair parts, and support and test equipment required to operate and maintain an end item of material for an initial period of service. Usually refers to first outfitting of a ship, unit, or system. See initial provisioning.

Provisions of Industrial Facilities (PIF). The PIF is part of the Production Base Support Program that provides for initial production facilities, modernization, expansions, and support of production facilities.

Prowler. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A twin turbojet engine, quadruple crew, all-weather, electronic attack aircraft designed to operate from aircraft carriers. It contains a wide assortment of integrated, computer-controlled, active and passive electronic attack equipment. Designated as EA-6B.

proword. See procedure word.

proximity fuse. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A fuse wherein primary initiation occurs by remotely sensing the presence, distance, and/or direction of a target or its associated environment by means of a signal generated by the fuse or emitted by the target, or by detecting a disturbance of a natural field surrounding the target. See also fuse.

prudent limit of endurance. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The time during which an aircraft can remain airborne and still retain a given safety margin of fuel.

prudent limit of patrol. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The time at which an aircraft must depart from its operational area in order to return to its base and arrive there with a given safety margin (usually 20 percent) of fuel reserve for bad weather diversions.

pseudopursuit navigation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A method of homing navigation in which the missile is directed toward the instantaneous target position in azimuth, while pursuit navigation in elevation is delayed until more favorable angle of attack on the target is achieved.

psychological consolidation activities. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Planned psychological activities in peace and war directed at the civilian population located in areas under friendly control in order to achieve a desired behavior which supports the military objectives and the operational freedom of the supported commanders.

psychological elements. Intrinsic human characteristics which affect performance, memory learning, motivation, etc.

psychological operations (PSYOP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives. See also perception management.

psychological warfare (PSYWAR). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives. The planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives.

psychomotor domain. A major area of learning that deals with acquiring physical skills requiring dexterity, coordination, and muscular activity. Also see psychomotor skills.

psychomotor skills. See physical skills.

public. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Concept that includes all audiences, both internal and external. See also external audience; internal audience.

public affairs (PA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those public information, command information, and community relations activities directed toward both the external and internal publics with interest in the Department of Defense. See also command information; community relations; public information.

public affairs assessment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An analysis of the news media and public environments to evaluate the degree of understanding about strategic and operational objectives and military activities and to identify levels of public support. Includes judgments about the public affairs impact of pending decisions and recommendations about the structure of public affairs support for the assigned mission. See also assessment; public affairs.

public affairs ground rules. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Conditions established by a military command to govern the conduct of news gathering and the release and/or use of specified information during an operation or during a specific period of time. See also public affairs.

public affairs guidance (PAG). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Normally, a package of information to support the public discussion of defense issues and operations. Such guidance can range from a telephonic response to a specific question to a more comprehensive package. Included could be an approved public affairs policy, news statements, answers to anticipated media questions, and community relations guidance. The public affairs guidance also addresses the method(s), timing, location, and other details governing the release of information to the public. Public affairs guidance is approved by the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs. See also community relations; public affairs.

public domain. The status of publications, products, and processes not protected under copyright or patent.

public information. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information of a military nature, the dissemination of which through public news media is not inconsistent with security, and the release of which is considered desirable or non-objectionable to the responsible releasing agency.

publication hierarchy. [TR 350-70] A five level structural representation of doctrinal and training publications designed to help trainers and soldiers identify the publication most relevant to their needs. This hierarchy serves the doctrinal and training literature managers, developers, and users of these publications. See keystone publication, capstone publications, combined arms publications, proponency publications, and employment procedures for soldier publications.

pull distribution. [TR 350-70] Another term for pinpoint distribution and Standard Army Publication System (STARPUBS). Individual units determine their initial distribution requirements for all DA-numbered publications using the DA Form 12-series.

pull-up point. The point at which an aircraft must start to climb from a low-level approach in order to gain sufficient height from which to execute the attack or retirement. See also contact point; turn-in point.

pulse code. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system of using selected pulse-repetition frequencies to allow a specific laser seeker to acquire a target illuminated by a specific laser designator. See also laser; laser designator; laser seeker.

pulse code or pulse. A signal that, when recorded on every frame of a videotape, facilitates editing and access by making individual frames easier to identify.

pulse duration. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In radar, measurement of pulse transmission time in microseconds, that is, the time the radar's transmitter is energized during each cycle. Also called pulse length and pulse width.

pulse repetition frequency. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In radar, the number of pulses that occur each second. Not to be confused with transmission frequency which is determined by the rate at which cycles are repeated within the transmitted pulse.

pulsejet. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A jet-propulsion engine containing neither compressor nor turbine. Equipped with valves in the front which open and shut, it takes in air to create thrust in rapid periodic bursts rather than continuously.

pulsing. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a method of operating magnetic and acoustic sweeps in which the sweep is energized by current which varies or is intermittent in accordance with a predetermined schedule.

punch. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "You should very soon be obtaining a contact on the aircraft that is being intercepted." (Use only with "air intercept" interceptions.)

purchase. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To procure property or services for a price; includes obtaining by barter. See also collaborative purchase; joint purchase; single department purchase.

purchase description. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A statement outlining the essential characteristics and functions of an item, service, or material required to meet the minimum needs of the Government. It is used when a specification is not available or when specific procurement specifications are not required by the individual military departments or the Department of Defense.

purchase notice agreements. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Agreements concerning the purchase of brand-name items for resale purposes established by each military service under the control of the Defense Logistics Agency.

purchase order. [DSMC] A contractual procurement document used primarily to procure supplies and nonpersonal services when the aggregate amount involved in any one transaction is relatively small (e.g., not exceeding $25,000).

purchasing office. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any installation or activity, or any division, office, branch, section, unit, or other organizational element of an installation or activity charged with the functions of procuring supplies or services.

purple. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "The unit indicated is suspected of carrying nuclear weapons" (i.e., purple VB).

purpose. [TP 25-71] A Government Information Locator Service data element that describes why an information resource is offered and identifies other programs, projects, and legislative actions wholly or partially responsible for the establishment or continued delivery of the information resource. It may include the origin and lineage of the information resource and related information resources.

pursuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An offensive operation designed to catch or cut off and destroy a hostile force attempting to escape.

pyrotechnic. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mixture of chemicals which when ignited is capable of reacting exothermically to produce light, heat, smoke, sound or gas, and may also be used to introduce a delay into an explosive train because of its known burning time. The term excludes propellants and explosives.

pyrotechnic delay. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A pyrotechnic device added to a firing system which transmits the ignition flame after a predetermined delay.