News



UNITED

NATIONS





                                                    Distr.

                                                    GENERAL



                                                    A/52/153

                                                    S/1997/384

                                                    20 May 1997

                                                    ENGLISH

                                                    ORIGINAL:  CHINESE AND

                                                               RUSSIAN





GENERAL ASSEMBLY                                          SECURITY COUNCIL

Fifty-second session                                      Fifty-second year

Items 20, 64, 71, 81, 88 and 99

  of the preliminary list*

STRENGTHENING OF THE COORDINATION OF

  HUMANITARIAN AND DISASTER RELIEF

  ASSISTANCE OF THE UNITED NATIONS,

  INCLUDING SPECIAL ECONOMIC

  ASSISTANCE

COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY

GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT

MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY

COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF THE WHOLE

  QUESTION OF PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

  IN ALL THEIR ASPECTS

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND

  INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION



     * A/52/50.





          Letter dated 15 May 1997 from the Permanent Representatives

          of China and the Russian Federation to the United Nations  

                      addressed to the Secretary-General





     We have the honour to transmit herewith the text of the

Russian-Chinese Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the

Establishment of a New International Order, adopted in Moscow on 23

April 1997 during the State visit of the President of the Chinese

People's Republic to the Russian Federation (see annex).



     We should be grateful if you would have the text of this

letter and its annex circulated as a document of the General

Assembly, under items 20, 64, 71, 81, 88 and 99 of the preliminary

list, and of the Security Council.





     (Signed)  S. LAVROV                  (Signed)  WANG Xuexian              

              Ambassador                             Ambassador               

       Permanent Representative           Acting Permanent Representative     

       of the Russian Federation            of the People's Republic of       

         to the United Nations              China to the United Nations       





                                     Annex



        Russian-Chinese Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the

        Establishment of a New International Order, adopted in Moscow  

                               on 23 April 1997





     The Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China

(hereinafter referred to as "the Parties"), desiring to develop a

partnership based on equality and mutual trust for the purpose of

strategic interaction in the twenty-first century, and considering the

responsibility to the international community, that they bear as

permanent members of the Security Council and also considering their

common approaches to major international issues, declare the

following:



1.   In a spirit of partnership, the Parties shall strive to promote

the multipolarization of the world and the establishment of a new

international order.



     The Parties believe that profound changes in international

relations have taken place at the end of the twentieth century.  The

cold war is over.  The bipolar system has vanished.  A positive trend

towards a multipolar world is gaining momentum, and relations between

major States, including former cold-war adversaries, are changing. 

Regional economic cooperation organizations are showing considerable

vitality.  Diversity in the political, economic and cultural

development of all countries is becoming the norm, and the role played

by the forces in favour of peace and broad-based international

cooperation is expanding.  A growing number of countries are beginning

to recognize the need for mutual respect, equality and mutual

advantage - but not for hegemony and power politics - and for dialogue

and cooperation - but not for confrontation and conflict.  The

establishment of a peaceful, stable, just and rational new

international political and economic order is becoming a pressing need

of the times and an imperative of historical development.



2.   The Parties are in favour of making mutual respect for sovereignty

and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in

each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual advantage, peaceful

coexistence and other universally recognized principles of

international law the fundamental norm for conducting relations

between States and the basis for a new international order.



     Every country has the right independently to choose its path of

development in the light of its own specific conditions and without

interference from other States.  Differences in their social systems,

ideologies and value systems must not become an obstacle to the

development of normal relations between States.



     All countries, large or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are

equal members of the international community.  No country should seek

hegemony, engage in power politics or monopolize international

affairs.



     The Parties believe that the renunciation of discriminatory

policies and practices in economic relations, and the strengthening

and expansion of trade, economic, scientific, technical and

humanitarian exchanges and cooperation on the basis of equality and

mutual advantage will promote their common development and prosperity.



3.   The Parties are in favour of establishing a new and universally

applicable concept of security.  They believe that the cold-war

mentality must be abandoned and they oppose bloc politics. 

Differences and disputes between countries must be settled by peaceful

means, without resorting to the use or threat of force.  Dialogue and

consultations must be pursued with a view to promoting mutual

understanding and confidence, and peace and security must be sought

through bilateral and multilateral coordination and cooperation.



     The Parties are of the view that the Commonwealth of Independent

States is an important factor in ensuring stability and development in

Eurasia.  They stress that the Agreement between the Russian

Federation, the Republic of Kazakstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the

Republic of Tajikistan and the People's Republic of China on

confidence-building in the military field in the border area, as well

as the Agreement on the mutual reduction of their armed forces in the

border area are of great importance and can serve as a model for the

achievement of regional peace, security and stability in the

post-cold-war era.



     The Parties intend to facilitate the disarmament process and

emphasize the importance of signing the comprehensive nuclear-test-ban

treaty and implementing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear

Weapons.  The Parties express concern at attempts to enlarge and

strengthen military blocs, since this trend can pose a threat to the

security of individual countries and aggravate tension on a regional

and global scale.



4.   The Parties are of the view that the role of the United Nations

and the Security Council must be strengthened, and they highly

appreciate United Nations efforts to maintain world peace and

security.  They believe that the United Nations, as the most universal

and authoritative organization of sovereign States, has a place and

role in the world that cannot be supplanted by any other international

organization.  The Parties are confident that the United Nations will

play an important role in the establishment and maintenance of the new

international order.



     United Nations peacekeeping efforts should focus on the prevention

of conflicts or their escalation.  Peacekeeping operations can be

conducted only on the basis of a Security Council decision and only

with the consent of the countries concerned, in strict compliance with

the mandate issued by the Security Council and under the Council's

supervision.



     Whenever the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter of

the United Nations, adopts a resolution on the use of sanctions, the

damage caused by the imposition of such sanctions, as well as damage

to third countries and neighbouring regions, must be kept to a

minimum.  The sanctions themselves must be eased and lifted in due

course in the light of the implementation of Security Council

resolutions.



     The Parties express their readiness to cooperate closely with the

United Nations and its specialized agencies and to strive to improve

the effectiveness of the United Nations activities.  The Parties

intend to hold regular consultations on matters relating to the work

of the Organization and to coordinate their actions in this area in

the light of prevailing circumstances.



5.   The Parties stress that numerous developing countries and the

Movement of Non-Aligned Countries are an important force that promotes

multipolarization  and the establishment of a new international order. 

Interaction among developing countries is gaining momentum.  Their

role in international politics is growing, and their share in the

world economy is increasing.  The rise of the developing countries

will provide a powerful impetus for the historical process of

establishing a new international order.  These countries should take

their rightful place in the future new international order and

participate in international affairs on an equal and

non-discriminatory basis.



6.   The Parties note with satisfaction that the establishment and

development of a Russian-Chinese partnership based on equality and

mutual trust for the purpose of strategic interaction in the

twenty-first century is in keeping with the development of the

international situation and international relations in the

post-cold-war era, fully meets the vital interests of the peoples of

the two countries and is conducive to peace and security in the Asia-

Pacific region and the world as a whole.



     As permanent members of the Security Council, the Russian

Federation and China, adhering to the principles of partnership,

good-neighbourliness and friendship, equality and trust and mutually

advantageous cooperation, and in strictly abiding by the principles of

international law, are forging a new type of long-term inter-State

relations that are not directed against third countries.  This

provides important practical experience for the establishment of a new

international order.



     The Parties intend to make active use of and strengthen the

existing system of summit meetings and high-level contacts.  Their

heads of State, heads of Government and Ministers for Foreign Affairs

meet regularly to exchange views on bilateral relations and major

international issues.



     Guided by a sense of their historical responsibility for world

peace and development and for the future of mankind, the Parties are

strengthening coordination and cooperation in international affairs. 

The two countries are making efforts to ensure friendly coexistence

and cooperation on an equal footing with all other States and are

making their due contribution to the strengthening of world peace and

the common progress of mankind.



7.   Mankind is on the threshold of a new era.  The peoples of all

countries are faced with the increasingly urgent question of the kind

of international order they will live under in the next century.  The

Parties call on all countries to engage in an active dialogue on the

establishment of a peaceful, stable, just and rational new

international order, and they are prepared to take part in a joint

discussion of any constructive proposals to this end.





     FOR THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION:           FOR THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA:



        (Signed)  B. YELTSIN                      (Signed)  JIANG Zemin       



                                     -----

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