News

 

DATE=  9/26/97

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

NUMBER=2-220485

TITLE=U-S - RUSSIA / ARMS AGREEMENTS (L)

BYLINE=MAX RUSTON

DATELINE=NEW YORK

CONTENT=

VOICED AT: 



INTRO:  THE UNITED STATES AND RUSSIA SIGNED A SERIES OF ARMS 

AGREEMENTS TODAY (FRIDAY) THAT COULD LEAD TO SIGNIFICANT 

REDUCTIONS IN STRATEGIC NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN THE NEXT CENTURY.  

V-O-A'S MAX RUSTON REPORTS THE AGREEMENTS WERE SIGNED IN NEW YORK

BY U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT AND RUSSIAN FOREIGN 

MINISTER YEVGENY PRIMAKOV.







TEXT:   AMONG THE ISSUES COVERED IN THE AGREEMENTS ARE THE 

IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE FOR THE START-TWO STRATEGIC ARMS 

REDUCTION TREATY AND A SERIES OF CLARIFICATIONS FOR THE 1972 

ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE TREATY.  THE AGREEMENTS EXTEND THE TIME 

PERIOD FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF START-TWO UNTIL TWO-THOUSAND-SEVEN. 



U-S OFFICIALS SAY THIS IS INTENDED TO EASE RUSSIA'S CONCERNS OVER

THE COST OF DISMANTLING ITS NUCLEAR WEAPONS SYSTEMS.  AGREEMENTS 

CONCERNING THE ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE TREATY ARE DESIGNED TO 

CLARIFY DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN STRATEGIC AND THEATER BALLISTIC 

MISSILES.



FOREIGN MINISTERS FROM THE FORMER SOVIET REPUBLICS OF UKRAINE, 

KAZAHKSTAN AND BELARUS JOINED THE U-S SECRETARY OF STATE AND 

RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN SIGNING THE AGREEMENTS.



AT THE SIGNING CEREMONY, MS. ALBRIGHT SAID SHE HOPED THE 

AGREEMENTS WILL MAKE IT POSSIBLE FOR RUSSIA TO RATIFY THE 

START-TWO TREATY.



                      /// ALBRIGHT ACT ///



         TOGETHER, THE A-B-M AND START-TWO DOCUMENTS WE WILL SIGN

         HERE TODAY SHOULD PAVE THE WAY FOR THE RUSSIAN DUMA 

         (PARLIAMENT) TO RATIFY START-TWO AND THAT WILL TRIGGER 

         DEEP REDUCTIONS IN OUR ARSENALS.



                         /// END ACT ///



THE START-TWO TREATY WAS SIGNED IN 1993 AND RATIFIED BY THE U-S 

SENATE IN 1996.  IF IT IS RATIFIED BY RUSSIA, START-TWO COULD CUT

U-S AND RUSSIAN LONG-RANGE NUCLEAR ARSENALS BY UP TO TWO-THIRDS.



RUSSIAN OFFICIALS SAY RATIFICATION BY THE RUSSIAN DUMA REMAINS A 

DIFFICULT ISSUE.  BUT THEY HAVE INDICATED THE LATEST AGREEMENTS 

SHOULD MOVE THAT PROCESS FORWARD.



SPEAKING AT THE SIGNING CEREMONY, UKRANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER 

HENNADIY UDOVENKO WARNED THAT MANY DISAGREEMENTS REMAIN TO BE 

RESOLVED, PARTICULARLY IN CLARIFYING ISSUES CONCERNING THE 

ANTI-BILLISTIC MISSILE TREATY AND THE SYSTEM OF THEATER BALLISTIC

MISSILE DEFENSES, OR T-M-D. 



                      /// UDOVENKO ACT ///



         THE PACKAGE OF DOCUMENTS WE ARE SIGNING TODAY DOES NOT 

         REMOVE ALL THE PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE DEMARCATION 

         BETWEEN THE A-B-M AND T-M-D SYSTEMS.



                         /// END ACT //



U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE SIGNING OF THE LATEST AGREEMENTS IS A KEY 

STEP TOWARDS FINALIZING PACTS REACHED AT A SUMMIT IN MARCH THIS 

YEAR IN HELSINKI BETWEEN PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON AND RUSSIAN 

LEADER BORIS YELTSIN. (SIGNED)



NEB/NY/MPR/PT







26-Sep-97 7:09 PM EDT (2309 UTC)

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Source: Voice of America

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