IK/165 SC/5794 28 February 1994 NO TRACE OF CHEMICAL AGENTS FOUND IN SAMPLES FROM SOUTHERN IRAQ The following has been received from the Special Commission set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991) in connection with the disposal of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction: The Special Commission has now received the results of the analysis of samples taken during its investigation of allegations that the Iraqi military used chemical weapons in the region of the marshes in southern Iraq. The analyses found no trace of chemical warfare agents in the samples. Following persistent allegations that chemical weapons had been used against Iraqi opposition forces in early September 1993, the Special Commission launched in November 1993 an investigation, which included a fact-finding mission to Iran and an on-site inspection in Iraq, to assess the veracity of the claims. During the inspection, portable sensors were unable to detect traces of chemical warfare agents and the team's observations led it to conclude that it was unlikely that a chemical weapons attack had occurred at the site inspected. In order to provide greater certainty of this finding, a large number of flora, fauna, water, air and soil samples were taken for laboratory analysis. Laboratory equipment is capable of much more sensitive analysis. These samples were divided into three parts: one complete set to three different laboratories in the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Analysis was conducted in the laboratories in the United Kingdom and the United States, while the samples in France were kept as controls. Both laboratories confirmed the results achieved on-site: that the samples contained no traces of chemical warfare agents. Thus there is no evidence to support the allegations of chemical weapons use. * *** * .