News

09 June 2000

Text: U.N. Resolution Extends Iraq Oil-For-Food Program Six Months

(Iraq can sell an unlimited amount of oil under U.N. supervision)
(1570)

The U.N. Security Council June 8 voted unanimously to extend the Iraq
oil-for-food program for another six months.

Under the resolution, Iraq can sell an unlimited amount of oil under
U.N. supervision. The proceeds are to be used to buy food, medicine
and other humanitarian supplies to ease the effects of sanctions for
Iraqi civilians. It also allows Iraq to spend $600 million during the
next six months for spare parts to upgrade its oil industry, which is
in disrepair after 10 years of sanctions.

The resolution also sets up a system to expedite the delivery of items
for water and sanitation projects. It adds the items to a list of
supplies that can be approved by U.N. officials without going through
the council's Sanctions Committee.

Following is the text of the U.N. resolution:

(begin text)

France and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland:
resolution 1302

The Security Council,

Recalling its previous relevant resolutions and in particular its
resolutions 986 (1995) of 14 April 1995, 1111 (1997) of 4 June 1997,
1129 (1997) of 12 September 1997, 1143 (1997) of 4 December 1997, 1153
(1998) of 20 February 1998, 1175 (1998) of 19 June 1998, 1210 (1998)
of 24 November 1998, 1242 (1999) of 21 May 1999, 1266 (1999) of 4
October 1999, 1275 (1999) of 19 November 1999, 1280 (1999) of 3
December 1999, 1281 (1999) of 10 December 1999, 1284 (1999) of 17
December 1999 and 1293 (2000) of 31 March 2000,

Convinced of the need as a temporary measure to continue to provide
for the humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people until the fulfillment
by the Government of Iraq of the relevant resolutions, including
notably resolution 687 (1991) of 3 April 1991, allows the Council to
take further action with regard to the prohibitions referred to in
resolution 661 (1990) of 6 August 1990, in accordance with the
provisions of those resolutions,

Convinced also of the need for equitable distribution of humanitarian
supplies to all segments of the Iraqi population throughout the
country,

Determined to improve the humanitarian situation in Iraq,

Reaffirming the commitment of all Member States to the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of Iraq.

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Decides that the provisions of resolution 986 (1995), except those
contained in paragraphs 4, 11 and 12 and subject to paragraph 15 of
resolution 1284 (1999), shall remain in force for a new period of 180
days beginning at 0001 hours, Eastern Daylight Time, on 9 June 2000;

2. Further decides that from the sum produced from the import by
States of petroleum and petroleum products originating in Iraq,
including financial and other essential transactions related thereto,
in the 180-day period referred to in paragraph 1 above, the amounts
recommended by the Secretary-General in his report of 1 February 1998
(S/1998/90) for the rood/nutrition and health sectors should continue
to be allocated on a priority basis in the context of the activities
of the Secretariat, of which 13 percent of the sum produced in the
period referred to above shall be used for the purposes referred to in
paragraph 8 (b) of resolution 986 (1995);

3. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the actions
necessary to ensure the effective and efficient implementation of this
resolution, and to continue to enhance as necessary the United Nations
observation process in Iraq in such a way as to provide the required
assurances to the Council that the goods produced in accordance with
this resolution are distributed equitably and that all supplies
authorized for procurement, including dual usage items and spare
parts, are utilized for the purpose for which they have been
authorized;

4. Further decides to conduct a thorough review of all aspects of the
implementation of this resolution 90 days after the entry into force
of paragraph 1 above and again prior to the end of the 180-day period,
and expresses its intention, prior to the end of that period, to
consider favorably renewal of the provisions of this resolution as
appropriate, provided that the reviews indicate that those provisions
are being satisfactorily implemented;

5. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council 90 days
after the entry into force of this resolution on its implementation,
and further requests the Secretary-General to report prior to the end
of the 180-day period, on the basis of observations of United Nations
personnel in Iraq, and of consultations with the Government of Iraq,
on whether Iraq has ensured the equitable distribution of medicine,
health supplies, foodstuffs, and materials and supplies for essential
civilian needs, financed in accordance with paragraph 8 (a) of
resolution 986 (1995), including in his briefing and report any
observations which he may have on the adequacy of the revenues to meet
Iraq's humanitarian needs;

6. Requests the Committee established by resolution 661 (1990), in
close coordination with the Secretary-General, to report to the
Council after the entry into force of paragraph 1 above and prior to
the end of the 180-day period on the implementation of the
arrangements in paragraphs 1, 2, 6, 8, 9 and 10 of resolution 986
(1995);

7. Requests the Secretary-General to appoint, in consultation with the
Committee established by resolution 661 (1990), no later than 10
August 2000, the additional Overseers necessary to approve petroleum
and petroleum product export contracts in accordance with paragraph 1
of resolution 986 (1995) and the procedures of the Committee
established by resolution 661 (1990);

8. Requests the Committee established by resolution 661 (1990) to
approve, after 30 days, on the basis of proposals from the
Secretary-General, lists of basic water and sanitation supplies,
decides, notwithstanding paragraph 3 of resolution 661 (1990) and
paragraph 20 of resolution 687 (1991), that supplies of these items
will not be submitted for approval of that Committee, except for items
subject to the provisions of resolution 1051 (1996), and will be
notified to the Secretary-General and financed in accordance with the
provisions of paragraphs 8 (a) and 8 (b) of resolution 986 (1995), and
requests the Secretary-General to inform the Committee in a timely
manner of all such notifications received and actions taken;

9. Decides that from the funds produced pursuant to this resolution in
the escrow account established by paragraph 7 of resolution 986
(1995), up to a total of 600 million U.S. dollars may be used to meet
any reasonable expenses, other than expenses payable in Iraq, which
follow directly from the contracts approved in accordance with
paragraph 2 of resolution 1175 (1998) and paragraph 18 of resolution
1284 (1999), and expresses its intention to consider favorably the
renewal of this measure;

10. Decides that the funds in the escrow account which resulted from
the suspension in accordance with paragraph 20 of resolution 1284
(1999) shall be used for the purposes set out in paragraph 8 (a) of
resolution 986 (1995), and further decides that paragraph 20 of
resolution 1284 (1999) shall remain in force and shall apply to the
new 180-day period referred to in paragraph 1 above and shall not be
subject to further renewal;

11. Welcomes the efforts of the Committee established by resolution
661 (1990) to review applications expeditiously, and encourages the
Committee to make further efforts in that regard;

12. Calls upon the Government of Iraq to take all additional steps
necessary to implement paragraph 27 of resolution 1284 (1999), and
further requests the Secretary-General regularly to review and report
on the implementation of these measures;

13. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Committee
established by resolution 661 (1990) recommendations regarding the
implementation of paragraphs 1 (a) and 6 of resolution 986 (1995) to
minimize the delay in the payment of the full amount of each purchase
of Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products into the escrow account
established by paragraph 7 of resolution 986 (1995);

14. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Committee
established by resolution 661 (1990) recommendations regarding the
utilization of excess funds drawn from the account created by
paragraph 8 (d) of resolution 986 (1995), in particular for the
purposes set out in paragraphs 8 (a) and 8 (b) of that resolution;

15. Urges all States, and in particular the Government of Iraq, to
provide their full cooperation in the effective implementation of this
resolution;

16. Appeals to all States to continue to cooperate in the timely
submission of applications and the expeditious issue of export
licenses, facilitating the transit of humanitarian supplies authorized
by the Committee established by resolution 661 (1990), and to take all
other appropriate measures within their competence in order to ensure
that urgently needed humanitarian supplies reach the Iraqi people as
rapidly as possible;

17. Stresses the need to continue to ensure respect for the security
and safety of all persons directly involved in the implementation of
this resolution in Iraq;

18. Invites the Secretary-General to appoint independent experts to
prepare by 26 November 2000 a comprehensive report and analysis of the
humanitarian situation in Iraq, including the current humanitarian
needs arising from that situation and recommendations to meet those
needs, within the framework of the existing resolutions;

19. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

(end text)

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