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ARTICLE CITATIONS FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS

US/Japan TMD Discussions In 'Critical Phase'. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 24, 1997, p 141
This article is a brief summary of the talks between Japan and the US about
cooperation on THAAD programs. Japan is expected to make a policy statement
sometime over the summer about their interest in the procurement of THAAD. 

More Flight Tests Said Needed For NMD, TMD Success. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 23, 1997, pp 129-130
In order to achieve success in theater missile defense (TMD), and national
missile defense (NMD), UMDC needs to do more flight testing. Technical
glitches and electrical problems cannot be detected in TMD and NMD without
increased flight testing. This program is under intense scrutiny by the
Ballistic Missile Defense Organization and the Army for poor management
practices. Bill Loomis, president of the new United Missile Defense Company
(UMDC) programs believes that with more flight testing THAAD would have had
an intercept by now. 

Kaminski Calls For Major THAAD Program Restructure. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 25, 1997, pp 145, 147
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, Paul Kaminski,
believes the THAAD program needs restructuring and another intercept try
should be put off for at least six months. 

Review Teams Find THAAD Design 'Sound'. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 24, 1997, pp 137, 139
Two independent review teams examining the Theater High Altitude Area
Defense, (THAAD) system have concluded that although the missile has failed
to intercept a target, its design is sound. This is good news to Lockheed
Martin which has been criticized for poor management of the project. This
article also discusses the recommendations of two different review teams
established to review and evaluate the THAAD program. 

Air Force Black Programs, Aircraft 
Hit Hard In Rescission Package. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 21, 1997, pp 116-117
The House Appropriations National Security subcommittee, in recommending
Pentagon program cuts, has targeted a number of aircraft programs and $200m
in Air Force classified activities. The cuts will include $40m from the
Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) program. 

Panel Clears $2.033 Billion DoD Supplemental, 
Hits Contingencies. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 25, 1997, pp 145-146
The House Appropriations Committee Approved yesterday a $2.033b emergency
defense appropriations for peacekeeping operations. 

Potential Lost Consolidation Chances
Among Factors In Raytheon Deal. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 25, 1997, pp 146-147
Hughes Aircraft Co. has decided to pursue a merger with Raytheon Co. after
there was some concern that the government's enthusiasm for such mergers in
large-scale defense and aerospace companies had cooled.

SASC Approves NMD Deployment Bill On 10-8 Party-Line Vote. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 25, 1997, pp 146
The Senate Armed Services Committee approved by a 10-8 party line vote a
Republican bill directing deployment of a national missile defense system
which would be operational by the year 2003. 

Minuteman 3 Emerges As Viable NMD Option. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology. 
Joseph C. Anselmo, Apr 21, 1997, p 24
An analysis prepared for the Air Force by the Rand Corp. concluded that it
would be technically feasible and cost effective to base a US National
Missile Defense system on three Minuteman stages topped by a fourth stage
with a kinetic kill vehicle interceptor. For $3.2 to 3.9b, 20 interceptors
could be deployed at Grand Forks, ND, to defend all 50 states against four
missiles equipped with a single warhead. 

Newsbreaks: NASA And The US Air Force. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology, Apr 21, 1997, p 18
NASA and USAF Space Command have agreed to form seven teams to study new
areas of space cooperation, including the launch of TRW Defense Support
Program (DSP) missile warning satellites from the space shuttle in 1999.
The renewal of defense shuttle missions could help to reduce overall
government space costs. 

Newsbreaks: North Korea Has Deployed. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology, Apr 21, 1997, p 18
North Korea has deployed the No Dong, a new missile capable of reaching
Japan and South Korea, raising concerns about the safety of US troops in
Asia and fueling the debate over the pace of the Pentagon's development of
effective theater missile defenses. "We said this day would come and it's
here. That system is a direct threat to every one of our troops throughout
the Asian theaters," said Rep. Curt Weldon (R-Pa), chairman of the House
National Security Committee's R&D Panel and a longtime critic of the
Clinton Administration's TMD Plan. 

Army Space Strategic Defense Command Reorganizes. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 125-126
Army Space and Strategic Defense Command will change its name and become
the Space Missile Defense Command on Oct. 1. This reorganization has been
in the works and the changes were discussed with the Army Chief of Staff.
The new command will continue working in fielding upper and lower tier TMD
systems. 

Reorganized SSDC Increases Emphasis On Army Space. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 126-127
As the Army Space and Strategic Defense Command reorganizes, a greater
emphasis will be put on Army Space. Assistant Vice Chief of Staff for the
Army, LTG. Jay Garner believes that the largest user of space forces will
remain the land forces. 

Bending Metal For The ABL Program. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 131-132
The Airborne Laser Program has moved from the technology feasibility arena
to major program execution in the last year. 

Data Centers May Be Consolidated. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 129-130
BMDO's Science and Technical Information Center officials are considering a
consolidation of the data centers to two possible sites. The two possible
locations would be at BMDO, the Pentagon, and the Joint National Test
Facility, Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

O'Neill: The Biggest Challenge In Missile Defense Is Integration. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 130-131
Former BMDO Director, retired LTG Malcolm O' Neill, told a National Defense
University/ADPA seminar that system integration will be the biggest problem
for missile defense. The key to missile defense is space cueing, to see out
as far as possible, and know when to commit weapons. 

BMDO To Demo Virtual STINFO Center Network Next Month. 
BMD Monitor, Apr 18, 1997, pp 128-129
BMDO will hold a demonstration of its prototype Virtual Science and
Technology Information Center Network. This demonstration will link three
BMDO data centers by high-speed 1.5 megabit per second T-1 links. This
system will be an isolated, classified network. 

Senate Panel Approves National Missile Defense Bill. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Apr 25, 1997, pp 155-156
The Senate Armed Services Committee approved a Republican bill that would
mandate deployment by 2003 of a missile defense system capable of defending
the United States against a limited ballistic missile attack. 

House Defense Panel Proposes Defense Rescissions. 
Defense Daily, Apr 21, 1997, pp 120-121
This article includes a selected list of the proposed defense program
rescissions made by the House Appropriations Committee Defense panel last
week. The defense panel also proposes taking $115m from the Titan IV launch
vehicle program and cutting $40m from the THAAD system. 

Senate Appropriations Chair Optimistic On Budget Talks. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Apr 25, 1997, pp 145
The chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee expressed optimism that
congressional and administration officials negotiating the FY98 budget are
close to a federal spending level agreement which would balance the budget
in five years.

Japan Could Make Missile Defense Decision This Summer. 
Defense Daily. Bryan Bender, Apr 24, 1997, pp 148-149
With rising Japanese concerns about missile proliferation in Asia, Japan's
plans for national missile defense are entering a critical phase. 

Delays In THAAD Led To Panel's Decision To Rescind Funds. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Apr 25, 1997, p 153
Defense appropriators decided last week to rescind $40m dollars in research
and development from the THAAD program. This decision was motivated by
delays in the program but should not be interpreted as a loss of support
for the entire program. 

Japan Nears Commitment To BMD Buy. 
Defense News, Apr 21, 1997, pp 1, 82
The Japanese government is moving toward a commitment to acquire and deploy
ballistic missile defense, starting with the US Army's planned Patriot
Advanced Capability-3(PAC-3) system. Enthusiasm for this system has come
because of a perceived threat from North Korea. Japanese Prime Minister
Ryutaro Hashimoto endorsed Japan's participation in joint BMD development
and deployment, and called gradual introduction essential to Japanese
security. 

BMDO Dollars Making U-Turn?. 
Defense Week, Apr 21, 1997, p 4
The Defense Department decided this past winter that the services rather
than BMDO would fund procurement of anti-missile systems. But at a recent
National Defense University Foundation breakfast Rep Weldon (R-PA) chairman
of the research panel of the HNSC said the FY98 defense authorization bill
will forbid the move. 

National Missile Defense Requirement Approved. 
Defense Week. John Donnelly, Apr 21, 1997, p 3
On March 10, a Joint Chiefs of Staff panel approved the requirements
document for the first post-Cold War National Missile Defense (NMD)
program. Completion of the Joint Operational Requirements Document sets the
stage for a scheduled April 28 Defense Acquisition Board meeting. The
program is effectively in the demonstration and validation phase, though it
needs to satisfy the formal requirements of that phase of development. 

THAAD Report Should Judge System 'Fundamentally Sound'. 
Defense Week. John Donnelly, Apr 21, 1997, p 3
In a briefing this week to Paul Kaminski, DoD's acquisition chief, two
top-level review teams are likely to report that THAAD is the right answer
to its requirement and its design is "fundamentally sound." Its test flight
failures are due to shortcomings in "subcomponent reliability and
producibility." 

Gingrich Sketches Pentagon's Path From Five Sides To Triangle. 
Defense Week. Tony Capaccio, Apr 21, 1997, pp 8-9, 12
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-GA) wants the Defense Department buying
bureaucracy to study the best practices of private industry for 21st
century tips on how to cut paperwork, cycle times, supervision and costs. 

Adjusting To Sanctions. Foreign Affairs.
Jahangir Amuzegar, May 01, 1997, pp 31-41
Economic bans and political invective against Iran have not worked.
America, not the Islamic Republic, has become isolated. Meanwhile, both
because sanctions are leaky and because they have pushed it to become more
self-sufficient, Iran is actually doing better than many countries the
United States has assisted. The sanctions also give the Islamic regime a
scapegoat for serious problems at home, merely prolonging its hold on
power. The United States should abandon containment for a strategy of
critical dialogue. 

Differentiated Containment. Foreign Affairs. 
Zbigniew Brzezinski, Brent Scowcroft, Richard Murphy, May 1997, pp 20-30
Every president since Richard Nixon has recognized that ensuring stability
in the Persian Gulf is a vital US interest. In its first term, the Clinton
administration attempted to deal with the twin dangers of Iran and Iraq
through a strategy of "dual containment" that kept both countries boxed in
with economic sanctions and military monitoring. Dual containment, however,
has not worked effectively. The US must employ a different approach,
keeping the straitjacket on Saddam while seeking improved relations with
Iran. 

Simulations Key To Sands '97. 
Jane's Defence Weekly, Apr 23, 1997, p 6
The goal of Roving Sands '97 is to establish and operate a joint Integrated
Air Defense System and execute theater missile defense command and control.
For the first time, US and Germany Patriot units will attempt to control
the firing of each other's systems. The THAAD radar, launcher, and command
and control system will also be present for testing. 

China Could 'Overwhelm' Regional Missile Shield. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Barbara Starr, Apr 23, 1997, p 16
China will have the industrial capacity to produce as many as 1,000
ballistic missiles over the next decade, according to a US DoD report on
China. "A missile fleet of this size could overwhelm any theater defense
capability planned for this vital region," said Floyd Spence, chairman of
the House National Security Committee. 

Iran Made Rocket Motor Test, Says Israeli General.
Jane's Defence Weekly. Eric Arnett, Apr 23, 1997, p 4
Israeli officials have said that Iran has tested a rocket engine that could
be used for a missile with a range of 1,500km, capable of hitting Israel. A
1,500km ballistic missile would require two stages, each with its own
engine. It is impossible to deduce from the ground test of one engine what
the range of a two-stage missile would be, missile engineers say. 

China's Missile Tests Show More Muscle.
Jane's Intelligence Review. 
Greg Gerardi, Richard Fisher, Jr., Mar 01, 1997, pp 125-129
Article looks beyond the political implications and explores the military
and technical functions behind the Chinese DF-15 operational test firing in
the Taiwan Straits, July 21-26, 1995 and March 8-15, 1996. Article examines
DF-15 missile tracking and monitoring, 2nd Artillery Corps training and
simulation, missile warheads and accuracy. 

Prithvi Project 'Complete'. 
Jane's Intelligence Review, Apr 01, 1997, pp 146 146
India has announced that its Prithvi missile project is now complete. The
350 km range Prithvi has been tested and is expected to be deployed by 2000. 

'Grumble': Guardian Of The Skies. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Steven J. Zaloga, Apr 01, 1997, pp 153-156
The latest version of the SA-10 "Grumble" went into service in 1993 and has
had significant systems changes. These include a larger diameter for more
solid fuel (and hence a longer flight path), the ability to engage
ballistic missile, new surveillance, and improved radar.