2000 United States Special Weapons
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and Missile
- Bush Selects Rumsfeld for Another Term as Secretary of Defense, USIS Washington File, 28 December 2000 -- President-elect George W. Bush has chosen Donald Rumsfeld, a veteran of several prior Republican administrations, to be his secretary of defense.
- Security Affairs Adviser-Designate Rice Well Versed in Russia, Arms Control, USIS Washington File, 22 December 2000 -- When President-elect George W. Bush selected Dr. Condoleezza Rice to be his national security affairs adviser, he chose someone with an intimate knowledge of Russian affairs and arms control.
- US / Missile Defense, Voice of America, 21 December 2000 -- A proposed U-S national missile defense system has been sharply criticized - both in the United States and abroad.
- Yearender - Foreign Policy, Voice of America, 19 December 2000 -- President-elect Bush's choice to be his Secretary of State, General Colin Powell, says the new U-S administration will remain engaged with the world - fully involved in Middle East peace efforts and maintaining sanctions on Iraq.
- Yearender - Foreign Policy, Voice of America, 19 December 2000 -- In offering advice on foreign policy to the incoming Bush Administration, analysts find it easier to be general than specific.
- Yearender - Foreign Policy, Voice of America, 19 December 2000 -- One of the first foreign-policy issues to confront the Bush administration will be Afghanistan.
- White House Daily Briefing - National Missile Defense, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 18 December 2000 -- Q: Along the same line, Powell the other day, he said that the national missile defense would be an important priority of theirs. Does that change any of the calculations or any decision making for this White House, preparing for that White House to go forward with the NMD?
- Bush Foreign Policy Team: Media Spotlight On Powell, Rice, Foreign Media Reaction Reports, 18 December 2000 -- Foreign media commentary on President-Elect Bush's foreign policy team.
- Bush foreign policy, Voice of America, 17 December 2000 -- President-elect George W. Bush's nominee for secretary of state says the new administration's foreign policy will include a strong commitment to a national missile defense system and a scaled-back peacekeeping role for the United States.
- Bush victory/Asia react, Voice of America, 14 December 2000 -- Asian leaders are offering congratulations to President-elect George W.
- Biography of President-elect George W. Bush, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 14 December 2000 -- A short biography of President-elect George W. Bush who will be inaugurated the 43rd President of the United States on January 20, 2001.
- Clinton on Foreign Policy at University of Nebraska, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 08 December 2000 -- President Clinton outlined the five broad themes that have guided his administration's foreign policy in a speech December 8 at the University of Nebraska, the last of America's 50 states that he visited during his presidency.
- A Foreign Policy for the Global Age, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 08 December 2000 -- The broad outlines of a foreign policy for the global age are reflected in the principles that have guided the Clinton Administration's foreign policy over the past eight years.
- Army destroys thousands of chemical weapons, Stars and Stripes, 05 December 2000 -- The Army has destroyed more than 13,000 chemical weapons on Johnston Island in the Pacific Ocean, according to a Pacific Air Forces news release.
- Army Completes Destruction of VX Landmines on Johnston Atoll, USIS Washington File, 30 November 2000 -- The Army announced on November 30 that it has destroyed the last of a large stockpile of landmines filled with the nerve agent VX that long had been stored on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific.
- Fire at Minot destroys missile alert facility, Air Force Print News, 30 November 2000 -- A fire broke out at an Air Force missile alert facility near Minot Air Force Base Nov. 30, destroying the above-ground facility before being extinguished. No one was injured during the incident.
- Pentagon Regular Briefing - Missile Alert Facility Fire, U.S. Department of Defense, 30 November 2000 -- Q: Can you just quickly run down what happened today at the Missile Alert facility in Minot, North Dakota, where, I guess, they had a fire, and address whether or not any - at any time there was a threat to the nuclear missiles and a loss of control of them?
- Bush Adviser Addresses National Security Priorities , American Forces Press Service, 17 November 2000 -- National missile defense, relations with China and Russia and countering asymmetric challenges dominated a presentation by Condoleezza Rice, a foreign policy adviser to Texas Gov. George W. Bush.
- Goldin names local lawyer to prestigious NASA panel, Huntsville Times, 16 November 2000 -- The NASA Advisory Council is little known to the public but is ''the Olympus of space policy,'' said John Pike, the space policy director for the Federation of American Scientists.
- New President, New foreign policy ?, Voice of America, 15 November 2000 -- Americans are both confused and intrigued by the questions and issues that have arisen over the uncertainty surrounding the U-S presidential election.
- Clinton Letter to Congress Extending Proliferation Emergency, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 15 November 2000 -- President Clinton has advised congressional leaders that he is extending, for another year, his 1994 executive order declaring the threat of proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons to constitute a national emergency.
- Team SBL-IFX Uses Alpha Laser Test to Refine Design Tools, Reduce Size, Weight and Cost for Space-Based Laser, TRW News Release, 14 November 2000 -- Team SBL-IFX, a joint venture comprising TRW (NYSE:TRW), Lockheed Martin and Boeing, is using results from a recent test of the TRW-built Alpha chemical laser to validate and refine the software models being used to design and predict theperformance of the high-energy laser required for an experimental space-based missile defense system proposed by the Air Force and the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
- Questions still unanswered on Bush's plans for military, By Chuck Vinch, Stars and Stripes, 09 November 2000 -- George W. Bush has many gaps to fill in his plans for the military as he prepares to assume his duties should he become the 43rd president of the United States. In an election campaign in which defense and foreign policy issues carried a decidedly low profile, Bush offered a number of proposals that on their face seem highly contradictory.
- Gore's plan for military: Stick with the basics, By Chuck Vinch, Stars and Stripes, 09 November 2000 -- Aside from pumping an infusion of cash into the Pentagon, the national security blueprint outlined by Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore can be summed up fairly easily: Stick with the basics that have made America "the world's greatest military force."
- Exploration Program, Voice of America, 08 November 2000 -- The American space agency NASA has announced new plans for exploring Mars. The plans call for six major launches to the red planet. The agency will try to find evidence of water on Mars. It will try to learn the history of rocks on the planet. And it may learn if life has ever existed there.
- U.S. Election: Foreign Policy, Trade And Character In The Final Count, Foreign Media Reaction Reports, 06 November 2000 -- Foreign media commentary on the U.S. elections.
- State Department's Holum on Steps to Keeping Arms Control Relevant, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 01 November 2000 -- Arms control faces some "serious challenges" in the emerging threat environment, but will remain vital to international security and stability, a State Department arms control expert told an audience of security strategists October 24.
- John D. Holum, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Interview With the Office of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 31 October 2000 -- Questions include such topics as the North Korean missile program, national missile defense, and Iranian chemical weapons.
- Under Secretary Holum Discusses Arms Control Issues, U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman, 30 October 2000 -- Under Secretary of State for International Security and Arms Control John Holum says President Clinton's decision to leave a final decision on deploying a limited National Missile Defense system to the next president has eased international pressures, but has had both positive and negative ramifications overall.
- NASA Press Release on Mars Exploration Strategy, National Aeronautics And Space Administration, 27 October 2000 -- By means of orbiters, landers, rovers and sample return missions, NASA's revamped campaign to explore Mars, announced today, is poised to unravel the secrets of the red planet's past environments, the history of its rocks, the many roles of water and, possibly, evidence of past or present life.
- Gore Advisers Brief on His Foreign Policy, USIS Washington File, 27 October 2000 -- Senior foreign policy advisers to Democratic Presidential contender Al Gore highlighted his experience and foreign policy expertise at an October 24 briefing at the State Department's Foreign Press Center.
- Mars Missions, Voice of America, 26 October 2000 -- U-S space agency officials Thursday unveiled a revised, long-term program to explore Mars, the planet in our solar system thought to be most like Earth.
- Space Shuttle Program Benefits Industry and Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 12 October 2000 -- More than 100 documented NASA technologies from the Space Shuttle are now incorporated into the tools you use, the foods you eat, and the biotechnology and medicines used to improve your health.
- Bush/Gore Second Presidential Debate, USIS Washington File, 11 October 2000 -- Excerpts of the second debate between George Bush and Al Gore, focusing on foreign policy issues.
- Cohen Cites Foreign Policy and Defense Challenges, USIS Washington File, 03 October 2000 -- Addressing an audience at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) October 2, Defense Secretary Cohen said the biggest challenges facing future administrations in terms of foreign policy and defense policy will be how to deal with Russia, China, and the threat of weapons of mass destruction from "two dozen countries who either have developed or are in the process of developing" such weapons.
- NASA's future wedded to costly, aging shuttle, Miami Herald, 01 October 2000 -- The nation's only vehicle capable of carrying humans into space relies on 1970s technology, cannot vault them out of Earth orbit and is plagued by staff shortages, mechanical problems and the icy memory of a winter day when seven astronauts died.
- Secretary of Defense Cohen Press Conference - TMD, U.S. Department of Defense, 22 September 2000 -- QUESTION: Are you going to make [Theater Missile Defense] a closed system for only the United States and Japan and possibly Taiwan to participate, or maybe you are going to make it an open system and there is a possibility for such countries as China and Russia to participate, too.
- Ginsberg Says Gore Won't Rush Unproven Missile Defense System, USIS Washington File, 27 September 2000 -- Campaign adviser outlines Democratic foreign policy priorities
- Armitage Says Bush Wants Missile Defense System Swiftly, USIS Washington File, 27 September 2000 -- Campaign adviser outlines Republican foreign policy priorities
- Cohen Stresses Need for National Missile Defense in Context of Arms Control, USIS Washington File, 26 September 2000 -- Defense Secretary William Cohen stressed his continuing support for a National Missile Defense system "in the context of arms control" to a business group in Chicago September 26.
- Big science. Big bucks. Big questions., Christian Science Monitor, 20 September 2000 -- Laser designed to help maintain US nuclear arsenal has run into a string of problems, prompting scrutiny.
- Ambassador Mahley Gives Status Report on BWC Compliance Protocol, Testimony of Ambassador Donald A. Mahley, Special Negotiator for Chemical and Biological Arms Control, Department of State, 19 September 2000 -- The United States still hopes that a satisfactory Protocol can beachieved by the 2001 target date.
- DOD Official on Status of Biological Weapons Convention, Testimony of Dr. Susan Koch, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Threat Reduction Policy, 19 September 2000 -- "...we do not believe that theProtocol being negotiated will be able to provide the kind ofeffective verification that exists in other arms control treaties."
- Energy Sec. Richardson at IAEA Conference Sept. 18, Forty-Fourth Session of The General Conference Of The International Atomic Energy Agency, 18 September 2000 -- The IAEA needs strong andconsistent support from all of its member states.
- Legal Loopholes Help Man Sell the Moon, space.com, 15 September 2000 -- Exploiting what he calls a loophole in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty - which forbids nations, but not individuals, from appropriating the moon and other celestial bodies - a California entrepreneur has quietly sold parcels on the moon to some 300,000 people through his Rio Vista, California company, Lunar Embassy.
- Celestial Lift, ABCNews.com, 14 September 2000 -- NASA considers plans to build an elevator that would extend 22,000 miles to space and would take electromagnetically powered cars about 24 hours to reach geosynchronous orbit
- The NMD Program and the ABM Treaty, Avis T. Bohlen, Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Statement Before the House Committee on Government Reform, 08 September 2000 -- It is this administration's position that we should not moveforward with deployment until we have full confidence that thesystem will work, and until we have made every reasonablediplomatic effort to minimize the cost of deployment, andmaximize the benefit.
- Cohen Issues Statement On National Missile Defense, U.S. Department of Defense, 07 August 2000 -- "I will make no recommendation about the future of the NMD program until I have analyzed their findings. I expect that to happen and to report to the president within the next few weeks. Recent reports that I have made a decision on this matter, preliminary or otherwise, are wrong."
- Cohen briefs Senate on national missile defense, American Forces Press Service, 27 July 2000 -- A limited national missile defense would prevent nuclear blackmail against the United States and could "enhance deterrence and improve stability," Defense Secretary William S. Cohen said July 25.
- Cohen Clarifies National Missile Defense Testimony, U.S. Department of Defense, 27 July 2000 -- Defense secretary declares he "did not make any recommendation to be deferred, delayed, or that we go forward"
- Secretary Cohen Interview - National Missile Defense, "Sunday" program, Nine Television Network, Australia, 16 July 2000 -- Q: Sir, one of the things the Australian government is hoping you'll brief them on is "Star Wars Two," the proposed national missile defense shield. How likely is that to go ahead now?
- Satellite Weakness Studied, Albuquerque Journal, 08 July 2000 -- Kirtland Air Force scientists are studying how vulnerable U.S. and foreign satellites are to lasers.
- Son of Star Wars: America's New Missile Defences Put To Test; Despite Protests From China, Russia, Much of Europe And Canada, The 'NMD' Bandwagon Is Rolling Rapidly Towards Reality, The Independent (London), 07 July 2000 -- The trouble is that it isn't much of a test, that no one knows if the scheme will work and it isn't clear against whom it will be deployed. What is clear is that it is a crucial political event. NMD, a distant relation of President Ronald Reagan's Star Wars project, is one of the main items on the Washington agenda.
- USEC Plant Closure Lowers Costs, Improves Capacity Utilization, Press Release, 21 June 2000 -- The announcement today by USEC Inc. (NYSE: USU) that it will cease uranium enrichment at its Portsmouth production plant in June 2001 is an important step in the Company's ongoing efforts to align its cost of production with lower market prices.
- USEC to Cease Uranium Enrichment at the Portsmouth, Ohio Facility in June 2001, Press Release, 21 June 2000 -- USEC Inc. (NYSE: USU) announced today that it will cease uranium enrichment operations at the Portsmouth plant in Piketon, Ohio, beginning in June 2001.
- Transcript: Interview of Albright on Diane Rehm Show 19 June 2000 -- We are now calling these
states "states of concern" because we are concerned about their
support for terrorist activity, their development of missiles, their
desire to disrupt the international system.
- ROGUE STATES NO LONGER Voice of America 19 June 2000 -- American diplomats are no longer calling
countries such as Iran, Libya and North Korea "rogue states". Now, they're called "states of concern."
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing MONDAY, JUNE 19, 2000 -- The phrase "states of concern" is a more general phrase. What we see now is a certain evolution, different ways in different places. Some places that were described that way have embarked upon more democratic internal life; others have been willing to address some of the issues that are of primary concern to the United States. We have been, for example, in the case of North Korea finding ways to address our serious concerns about nuclear weapons, about missiles, about the overall relationship, including things such as terrorism. I don't think anything has changed on missile defense at this point, and the evaluation of the threat will have to take into account the capabilities that they have developed over time. One of the four criteria the President's going to have to deal with is not based on what term we're using for places, it's based on the fact that there are nations out there who are developing missile capabilities who do not appear to be bound by the traditional strategic stability that exists, for example, between the United States and Russia, because of the network of treaties that are involved.
- Indictments have policymakers' attention JOSH SHEPHERD and RENI WINTER KNIGHT RIDDER NEWSPAPERS 17 June 2000 - ''It's unavoidably the case that when you see a pattern of criminal activities that you need to review existing management procedures,'' said John Pike, a policy analyst for the Federation of American Scientists.
- Senator Cochran Comments On Charges Regarding Falsified Test Data On The National Missile Defense Program, Office of Senator Thad Cochran,Washington, DC, 09 June 2000 - "On May 11, Mr. Ted Postol, a physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, wrote to a number of Clinton administration officials claiming to have discovered evidence that the National Missile Defense system now being tested will be easily defeated by simple countermeasures, that the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization's own data proved this, and that BMDO and its contractors conspired to hide this information by tampering with flight test data. Mr. Postol also claimed that BMDO had altered the National Missile Defense flight test program in order to hide the truths he claimed to have discovered...This contention by Mr. Postol is just not true."
- Text: Einhorn's June 7 Speech on Nonproliferation to Asia Society 07 June 2000 -- Asian countries have just as big a stake as the United States in the success of international nonproliferation efforts, says Robert J. Einhorn, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Nonproliferation.
- Videotaped Remarks By The President To Carnegie Nonproliferation Conference, The White House, Office of the Secretary, 16 March 2000 -- "...we will continue to work with Russia on how to amend the treaty to permit limited defenses while keeping its central protections, and we'll continue to seek a START III treaty that will cut our strategic arsenals..."
- Eberhart assumes command of NORAD, space commands North American Aerospace Defense Command/U.S. Space Command Public Affairs 22 Feb 2000 -- Gen. Ralph E. "Ed" Eberhart assumed command of the North American Aerospace Defense Command, United States Space Command and Air Force Space Command, in a ceremony here Feb 22.
- STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS
PRESIDENT WILLIAM J. CLINTON, January 27, 2000 -- We must meet this threat by making effective agreements to restrain nuclear and missile programs in North Korea; curbing the flow of lethal technology to Iran; preventing Iraq from threatening its neighbors; increasing our preparedness against chemical and biological attack; protecting our vital computer systems from hackers and criminals; and developing a system to defend against new missile threats -- while working to preserve our ABM missile treaty with Russia. We must do all these things.
- Text: Senator Helms before the UN Security Council USIA 20 January 2000 -- The chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee told members of the United Nations Security Council January 20 that "The American people want the UN to serve the purpose for which it was designed: they want it to help sovereign states coordinate collective action by 'coalitions of the willing."
- Energy Department Proceeds With Implementation Of National Nuclear Security Administration - January 7, 2000 -- The Department of Energy today took two additional steps toward establishment of a new semi-autonomous agency, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).
- NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Department of Energy - January 1, 2000
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