VIENNA, 8 October 1999 - Ninety-two ratifying and signatory States of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) have agreed on a Final Declaration of the Conference. The Declaration was adopted by the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which concluded today at Vienna. The purpose of the three-day meeting was to examine the extent to which the requirement for the entry into force of the Treaty had been met and to agree on measures consistent with international law to accelerate its ratification. The CTBT, which to date has been signed by 154 States and ratified by 51 signatory States, bans all nuclear explosions in all environments. To enter into force, the Treaty has to be ratified by 44 nuclear-capable States listed in the Treaty; so far, 41 of them have signed the Treaty and 26 of them have deposited instruments of ratification. The Conference was attended by over 400 representatives of 92 ratifying and signatory States, and four non-signatory States, as well as three intergovernmental organizations and 13 non-governmental organizations.
During the Conference, speakers emphasized the urgent necessity for early entry into force of the CTBT to fulfil the pledges made when the Treaty was adopted and opened for signature in September 1996. Entry into force would give fresh impetus to efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and to the process of nuclear disarmament. Many speakers stressed the importance of universal adherence to the Treaty and of the global verification system being built up by the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). Several speakers referred to the dangers of reviving another nuclear arms race. It was also observed that unilateral self-imposed moratoria on testing could not replace a legally binding commitment through the signature and ratification of international instruments such as the CTBT. In addition to over 50 statements by ratifying and signatory States, the Conference also heard a statement from Pakistan as a non-signatory State.
Ratifiers and signatory States made the following appeals and undertakings:
The following ratifying and signatory States participated in the Conference:
Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Sao Tome and Principe, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.
Also, the following non-signatory States participated: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Zimbabwe.
In accordance with the rules of procedure, representatives of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, the European Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency attended as observers. In addition, 13 non-governmental organizations attended and, in accordance with the rules of procedure, a representative made a statement on their behalf.