Fallujah II / Habbaniyah II
Habbaniyah consists of three identical facilities.
Fallujah II, located 65 km WNW of Baghdad, produced chemical weapons precursors destined for the Muthanna site. Products included chlorine, phosphorous trichloride and oxychlorode, thionyl chloride, and with high probability two direct nerve agent precursors. The site was bombed during the Gulf War. Remaining precursors and equipment were transferred to the Muthanna site for destruction under the supervision of the Chemical Destruction Group.
In 1994 Iraq presented to UNSCOM its intentions concerning the reuse of dual-use chemical production equipment in civilian projects, such as the production of phenol and aniline. The Iraqi Ministry of Chemical Industry intended to make use of the infrastructure of the former chemical weapons-related areas at Fallujahs 1, 2 and 3 by establishing a chemical centre for the production of general chemicals and fine chemicals. Production would be at a rate of several hundred to some thousand tonnes per year. A very preliminary evaluation by UNSCOM of this intended use of the equipment was that it seemed reasonable. UNSCOM had the possibility to trace the whereabouts of the production equipment. [S/1994/750]
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