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LOCKHEED F-80 "Shooting Star"

The Shooting Star was the first USAF aircraft to exceed 500 mph in level flight, the first American jet airplane to be manufactured in large quantities, and the first USAF jet to be used in combat.  Designed in 1943, the XP-80 made its maiden flight on January 8, 1944.  Several early P-80s were sent to Europe for demonstration, but World War II ended before the aircraft could be employed in combat.  The aircraft was redesignated in 1948 when "P" for "Pursuit" was changed to "F" for "Fighter."  Of 1,731 F-80s built, 798 were F-80Cs.

Although designated a high-altitude interceptor, the F-80C was used extensively as a fighter-bomber in the Korean Conflict, primarily for low-level rocket, bomb and napalm attacks against ground targets.  With the beginning of hostilities in June 1950, Warner Robins Air Logistics Center (WR-ALC) modernized F-80s assigned to federalized Air National Guard units in a crash program called "Project Hold-Off." On November 8, 1950, an F-80C flown by Lt. Russell J. Brown, flying with the 16th Fighter Interceptor Squadron, shot down a Russian-built MIG-15 in the world's first all-jet fighter air battle.

Specifications

Wing Span 38 feet, 10 inches
Length 34 feet, 6 inches
Height 11 feet, 4 inches
Weight 16,865 lbs.
Armament Six .50 caliber machine guns and eight 5 inch rockets or 2,000 lbs. of bombs
Engine Allison J33, with 5,400 lbs. of thrust (with water-alcohol injection)
Cost $93,456
Maximum speed 580 mph
Cruising speed 437 mph
Range 1,090 miles
Service Ceiling 46,800 feet

Sources and Resources



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http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/usa/airdef/f-80c.htm
Maintained by Robert Sherman
Originally created by John Pike
Updated Tuesday, June 29, 1999 5:25:49 PM