Speaker Bio - Richard L. Garwin
Richard L. Garwin
Richard L. Garwin is an IBM Fellow Emeritus at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. In addition, he is a consultant to the U.S. government on matters of military technology and arms control.
His work for the government has included studies on antisubmarine warfare, new technologies in health care, sensor systems, military and civil aircraft, and satellite and strategic systems from the point of view of improving such systems as well as assessing existing capabilities. For example, he contributed to the first U.S. photographic reconnaissance satellite program, CORONA, that returned 3 million feet of film from almost 100 successful flights from 1960-1972.
Dr. Garwin has made contributions in the design of nuclear weapons, in instruments and electronics for research in nuclear and low-temperature physics, in the establishment of the nonconservation of parity and the demonstration of some of its striking consequences, in computer elements and systems, including superconducting devices, in communication systems, in the behavior of solid helium, in the detection of gravitational radiation, and in military technology.
He has provided Congressional testimony on matters involving national security, transportation, energy policy and technology. He is coauthor of many books, among them Nuclear Weapons and World Politics (1977), Nuclear Power Issues and Choices (1977), Energy: The Next Twenty Years (1979), Science Advice to the President (1980), Managing the Plutonium Surplus: Applications and Technical Options (1994), Feux Follets et Champignons Nucleaires (1997) (with Georges Charpak), and Megawatts and Megatons: A Turning Point in the Nuclear Age? (2001) (with Georges Charpak).
Dr. Garwin worked on the faculty of the University of Chicago, before he joined IBM Corporation in 1952. Until June 1993, he was an IBM Fellow at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center; Adjunct Research Fellow in the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; and Adjunct Professor of Physics at Columbia University.
He has been Director of the IBM Watson Laboratory, Director of Applied Research at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and a member of the IBM Corporate Technical Committee. He has also been Professor of Public Policy in the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. From 1994 to 2004, he was the Philip D. Reed Senior Fellow for Science and Technology at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.
He was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee 1962-65 and 1969-72, and of the Defense Science Board 1966-69. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, of the IEEE, and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, the National Academy of Engineering, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the American Philosophical Society. In 2002, he was elected again to the Council of the National Academy of Sciences.
He received a B.S. in Physics from Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, in 1947, and Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1949.