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Fiscal Year 2007 "Section 655" Report 

The U.S. State and Defense Departments are required by law to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military exports, and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the section of the Foreign Assistance Act which requires it).  This report provides the most detailed official accounting available of specific U.S. defense articles and services exported or licensed for export to governments or private buyers around the world.  

The Pentagon and the State Department each prepare their own portion of the 655 report.  All sales and grants of military equipment and training administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles, international military education and training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries. 

The State Department's section of the report for fiscal year 2007 (1 Oct. 2006 - 30 Sept. 2007) is provided below in pdf format. To view the report, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded for free here. The Defense Department does not post a public version of its section on its website. It is obtained each year by the FAS under the Freedom of Information Act. The FAS has filed a FOIA request for the Defense Department's section the FY07 report, and will post it on this webpage when it is received.

State Department

Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license.

*Data covers licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.  

Defense Department

Foreign Military Sales (FMS): New and used weapons, spare parts, and related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or from used stocks.

Please note that the data in this section is for deliveries of unclassified defense articles and services in FY07 (as of 30 September 2007). For information on arms sales agreements, and DSCA's official dollar value totals for FMS (agreements and deliveries), see the 2006 edition of "Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales and Military Assistance Facts" (DSCA FACTS BOOK).

The report on Foreign Military Sales (FMS) is broken down alphabetically by country:

For a general guide to the arms sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and Means" chapter of The Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.

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