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CGN 36 California Class 

Overview

Specifications
Ships
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The mission of CALIFORNIA-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruisers is to operate offensively in the presence of air, surface, and subsurface threats. These actions may be performed independently or in support of sealift convoys, high-speed aircraft carrier task forces, or amphibious task forces. The nuclear-powered engineering plant allows the cruiser to conduct operations over extended periods of time anywhere in the world. To accomplish its mission, these ships are equipped with the latest technology and equipment including the New Threat Upgrade modernization. With a fully integrated combat system, it has the capabilities to quickly detect modern threat platforms, perform high-speed data processing and employ powerful weaponry.

This was the first class of nuclear-propelled surface warships intended for series production. These ships essentially are nuclear-propelled version of guided missile designs proposed in the early 1960s. To aid in accomplishing their assigned tasks, these ships are equiped with an extensive array of weapons and sensors. They have the older SM-1 series SAM on single arm, Mk13 Mod 3 launchers (fore and aft), two 5 inch guns (fore and aft), anti-ship capability with Harpoon SSMs, the 20mm Close In Weapon System (CIWS) and USW capability with ASROCs, These do not carry TLAMs. Sensors include a 3D air search radar, 2D air search radar, an array of surface search radars and fire control radar systems. They are also equiped with passive electronic surveillance and jamming systems unequaled by any other cruiser in the Navy. These weapons and sensors give them the ability to attack and defend against targets that are over 70 nautical miles away while being able to protect themselfs from close range attacks. Two nuclear reactors provide all the energy required for the propulsion plant and electric generators. The two propulsion plants deliver 70,000 shaft horsepower, allowing sustained speeds in excess of 30 knots (nautical miles per hour) all over the world.

On the 04 September 1998 USS South Carolina completed her service to the active fleet of The United States Navy. Beginning the final Deactivation process, on 04 November 1998, the ship entered Drydock 4 at Norfolk Naval Shipyard. As of 01 October 1998 CGN-36 California was in commission in Reserve (Stand Down) at Bremerton WA at the start of the inactivation cycle.

 

Specifications  Return to Top

Power Plant Two D2G General Electric nuclear reactors,
two shafts, 60,000 shp
Length Overall Length: 596 ft
Waterline Length: 570 ft
Beam Extreme Beam: 61 ft
Waterline Beam: 60 ft
Draft Maximum Navigational Draft: 32 ft
Draft Limit: 23 ft
Displacement Light Displacement: 10373 tons
Full Displacement: 11320 tons
Speed 30 plus knots
Aircraft None
Helicopter Landing Capability Landing area only, no support facilities
Armament Standard Missiles (MR)
ASROC
8 - Harpoon (from two Mk141 quad launchers)
4 - MK 46 torpedoes (from fixed single tubes)
2 - Mk45 5-inch/54 caliber lightweight gun
2 - 20mm Phalanx CIWS
Combat Systems SPS-40 Air Search Radar
SPS-48 3D Air Search Radar
SPS-67 Surface Search Radar SQQ-26 Sonar [bow mounted] 1 Mk14 Weapon Direction System
2 Mk74 Missile Fire Control System
1 Mk86 Gun Fire Control System
1 Mk114 ASW Fire Control System
4 SPG-51 Radars SLQ-25 NIXIE
SLQ-32 EW system
Crew 40 Officers, 544 Enlisted
Unit Operating Cost
Annual Average
~$40,000,000 [source: [FY1996 VAMOSC]

Ships  Return to Top

Name Number Builder Homeport Ordered Commissioned Decommissioned
California CGN 36 Newport News Bremerton 13 Jun 1968 16 Feb 1974 01 Oct 1998
South Carolina CGN 37 Newport News Norfolk 13 Jun 1968 25 Jan 1975 04 Sep 1998
 
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Sources and Resources   Return to Top