Congressional Record: October 7, 1999 (Senate)
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2000--Continued Mr. SPECTER. Mr. President, I now submit the managers' package which has been cleared on both sides. [...] The amendments are as follows: amendment no. 2273 At the appropriate place in the bill add the following: SEC. . CONFOUNDING BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES ON POLYGRAPHY. (a) Findings.--The Senate finds that-- (1) The use of polygraph tests as a screening tool for federal employees and contractor personnel is increasing. (2) A 1983 study by the Office of Technology Assessment found little scientific evidence to support the validity of polygraph tests in such screening applications. (3) The 1983 study further found that little or no scientific study had been undertaken on the effects of prescription and non-prescription drugs on the validity of polygraph tests, as well as differential responses to polygraph tests according to biological and physiological factors that may vary according to age, gender, or ethnic backgrounds, or other factors relating to natural variability in human populations. (4) A scientific evaluation of these important influences on the potential validity of polygraph tests should be studied by a neutral agency with biomedical and physiological expertise in order to evaluate the further expansion of the use of polygraph tests on federal employees and contractor personnel. (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the Sense of the Senate that the Director of the National Institutes of Health should enter into appropriate arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a comprehensive study and investigation into the scientific validity of polygraphy as a screening tool for federal and federal contractor personnel, with particular reference to the validity of polygraph tests being proposed for use in proposed rules published at 64 Fed. Reg. 45062 (August 18, 1999).