CZ-1D Space Launch Vehicle
To satisfy the need for launching small
satellites into LEO, the PRC developed the CZ-1D launch vehicle.
design consists of a 2-stage vehicle with the
first stage burning UDMH and nitric acid
whereas the second stage utilizes UDMH and
nitrogen tetroxide. The payload capacity of the
CZ-1D is 900 kg to LEO and 300 kg to a
sun-synchronous orbit (References 159-161,
- First Launch:
- Flight Rate:
- 2-3 per year
- Launch Site:
- Jiuquan Space Launch Center, China
- 900 kg to LEO
Chinese rocket program started in the late 1950s
- Evolved from Chinese surface-to-surface series IRBMs
- CZ-1D is enhanced version of the CZ-1
Three-stage liquid fueled vehicle (including PAM-D upper stage)
- Stage 1 consists of one YF-2A motor with four thrust chambers motors burning UDMH/N2O4
- Stage 2 uses one YF-3 motor with two thrust chambers motors burning UDMH/N2O4
- 28.2 meters
- Launch Weight:
- 79,400 kg
- 2.25 meters
- Liftoff Thrust:
- 1,093 kiloNewtons
- Payload Fairing:
- 4.82 meters x 2.05 meters
159. Zhao Bing, "A System Analysis of the Launch Vehicle Technology in China", Paper 92-824, 43rd Congress
of the International Astronautical Federation, August-September 1992.
160. China In Space, China Great Wall Industry Corp., 1988.
161. Space in China. Launch Services and Space Technology, China Great Wall Industry Corp., 1989.
191. P. S. Clark, "Chinese Launch Vehicles - Feng Bao 1", Jane's Intelligence Review, April 1992, pp. 188-191.
192. P. S. Clark, "Chinese Launch Vehicles - Chang Zheng 1", Jane's Intelligence Review, November 1991, pp. 508-511.
Sources and Resources
Implemented by Christina Lindborg, 1997 Scoville Fellow
Maintained by Webmaster
Updated Wednesday, July 01, 1998 5:56:02 AM