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Europe and Earth Observation Systems

With its emphasis on commercial and scientific space activities, ESA has historically not devoted major resources to satellite applications programs. The principal exceptions to this rule have been the geostationary Meteosat (since 1977) and the sun-synchronous European Remote Sensing (ERS, since 1991) satellite programs. In part due to the impressive successes of these programs, ESA at its 1991 and 1992 ministerial meetings elevated the organization's commitment to Earth observation networks. Consequently, both current systems will be upgraded or superseded in the second half of this decade with yet more capable spacecraft.

Sources and Resources


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