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Hermes

ESA's one priority Hermes spaceplane program was officially cancelled in 1993 after it had been severely curtailed to an ESA-Russian technology development program the previous year (References 52-57). Two other proposed man-related space transportation programs, the Crew Transport Vehicle and the Automated Transfer Vehicle, are described in Section 3.1 of this report.



REFERENCES

52. P. B. de Selding, "Norway Plans to Bail Out of ESA Hermes Space Plane", Space News, 4-10 November 1991,p.7.

53. P. B. de Selding, "ESA Mulls Drastic Alternatives to Hermes", Space News, 25-31 May 1992, p. 4.

54. "Hermes Demonstrator Proposed For Suborbital Flight in 2000", Aviation Week and Space Technology, 8 June 1992, p. 23.

55. P. B. de Selding, "ESA Proposes End To Costly Hermes Efforts", Space News, 7-13 September 1992, pp.1, 20 and P. B. de Selding, "Hermes' End Draws Outbursts in Parliament", Space News, 23-29 November 1992, p. 6.

56. P.B. de Selding, "Europe Drops Shuttle Effort", Space News, 27 September - 3 October 1993, pp. 1, 28.

57. Annual Report '93, ESA, May 1994.


Sources and Resources


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http://www.fas.org/spp/guide/europe/launch/hermes.htm
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Updated Tuesday, July 1, 1997