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Sriharikota Space Center (SHAR)

The Sriharikota Space Center (SHAR) is under the jurisdiction of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Operations commenced in October 1971 Originally utilized for the launch of sounding rockets, the site has been subsequently expanded to become India's prime space center including a launch pad facility for SLVs (Satellite Launch Vehicle), technical center for rocket testing and assembly, and a range of other facilities for launch control, satellite tracking and remote sensing.

The first Rohini sounding rocket was launched from SHAR in October 1970. The first satellite put aloft from the site was the Rohini 1A engineering satellite aboard an SLV-3 rocket on August 19, 1979. Over the ensuing period to 1983, three more SLV/Rohini launches were carried out. From 1987, launches of SROSS (Stretched Rohini Satellite Series) earth observation satellite were commenced from SHAR aboard improved ASLVs (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) with additional booster capability. From 1996, IRS (Indian Remote-sensing Satellite) launches have begun from the center using PSLVs (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle).

In addition, India is in the process of developing a new GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) jointly with Russia for placing satellites in geostationary orbit, and this rocket as well is planned for launch from SHAR.


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