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Israel and Earth Observation Systems

By the end of 1994, Israel's fledgling space program had produced only two, short duration, LEO satellites of a primarily engineering nature. The 1994 launch of a 55-kg, 45-cm cube micro satellite named Techsat (aka Gurwin) was postponed until 1995. Originally planned for launch into a sun-synchronous orbit as a piggy-back payload during an Ariane mission, Techsat was later manifested for the inaugural launch of the 5-stage Russian Start booster. Designed and built by the Israel Space Agency, Haifa's Technion Institute, and others, Techsat was outfitted with a simple CCD television system for Earth observation purposes. The planned orbit for Techsat is approximately 670 km in a posigrade, near-polar inclination.



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