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Energia Launch Vehicle

Energia

Background Information
First Launch:
February 1961 Flight Rate:
5 to 6 launches per year Launch Site:
Tyuratam, Russia Capability:
3,564 lb lunar delivery trajectory;
2,596 lb Venus delivery trajectory;
2,090 lb Mars delivery trajectory

History

  • Developed from the Vostok and Soyuz launch vehicles originally derived from the SS-6 ICBM
  • Includes a third stage for high-energy interplanetary missions
  • Used to launch many of the former Soviet Unionís early interplanetary space probes

Description

  • Three-stage liquid fueled vehicle
  • Stage 1 core has one RD-108 booster engine (one turbopump with four separate combustion chambers) burning LO2/kerosene propellant fed from stage 1 tanks, generating 167,000 lb of thrust
  • Stage 1 strap-ons each have one RD-107 engine (one turbopump with four separate combustion chambers) burning LO2/kerosene propellant fed from stage 1 tank, generating a total of 740,000 lb of thrust
  • Stage 2 has one RD-461 engine burning LO2/kerosene, generating 67,000 lb of thrust
  • Stage 3 engine burns LO2/kerosene, generating 15,000 lb of thrust

Profile

Length:
138 ft
Launch Weight:
683,000 lb
Diameter
8.9 ft
Liftoff Thrust:
907,000 lb
Payload Fairing:
12.1 ft x 7.6 ft

Sources and Resources


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