Nauchno-proizvodstvennoe ob'edinenie "Khartron"
Address: Kharkov, Ukraine
General Director: Yakov Yeinovich Aizenberg
Activity: development and production of guidance systems
Status: state enterprise
Former Subordination: Ministry of General Machine-building of USSR
Former name: OKB-692
Established in about 1955 as OKB-692 with support of Pilyugin to
expand capabilities for inertial guidance systems development.
Was originally headed by Boris Konoplyov, who had to leave NII-885.
After Konoplyov's death at Baikonur on 24 Oct 1960, was headed by
Sergeyev (although it is possible, that somebody served in between) and later Aizenberg.
The company developed guidance systems for:
- R-16 (SS-7)
- obviously, R-26, R-36 (SS-9) and all its follow-ons including all modifications of
- obviously, Tsiklon-2 and Tsiklon-3 SLVs (derived from SS-9)
- Energiya launcher
- Kurs docking system for Soyuz TM/Mir complex
- attitude control systems for modules of Mir space station (gyrodynes?)
- Russian customers have huge debts for space hardware, manufactured for them.
Khartronis also concerned with Russia's move to develop autonomy in space area
and abandon Khartron products.
"significant part of elements comes from Voronezh (Elektronika?) and Zelenograd
Khartron has a joint venture with Westinghouse.
However, Ukrainians fear, that Westinghouse is interested in getting a control package of stock and then reconfigure Khartron to get rid of a competitor in bidding for atomic power control systems.
Conversion / Diversification
In a framework of conversion Khartron switches to development of control systems for atomic power stations.
1. Trud 20 Jun 1995 p.3
Maintained by Charles Vick
and Maxim Tarasenko
Created : 24 June 1998