Production Association 'Yuzhnyi Machine-building Plant' (PO YuMZ)
Proizvodstvennoe ob'edinenie 'Yuzhnyi mshinostroitel'nyi zavod'
Address: 3 Krivorozhskaya str., Dniepropetrovsk, 320059, Ukraine
General Director: Yu.S.Alexeyev
First Deputy General Director on Production: V.I.Sichevoy (since 1993)
Activity: production of rockets and satellites
Status: state enterprise
Subordination: Ministry of Machine-building, Military Industrial Complex and Conversion of Ukraine
Former Subordination: Ministry of General Machine-building of USSR
Former name: Post Box 186, Plant #586
The Plant was established in 1944 as Dnepropetrovsk Automobile Plant (DAZ) in accordance with the order of the State Committee of Defense from 21 July 1944. DAZ produced trucks until a classified Decree of the Council of Ministers of USSR "About transfer of Dnepropetrovsk Automobile Plant ... to the Ministry of Armament of USSR, cancellation of production of automobile technology at the plant and organization of serial production of rockets" was issued on 9 May 1951.
The Plant was renamed to the State Union Plant #586, while its "open" name was changed to the Post Box 186.
In 1965 Plant #586 was transferred to newly established Ministry of General Machine-building of USSR (MOM) and was renamed to Yuzhnoye ("SOUTHERN") Design Bureau.
Succession of Directors of Plant #586/YuMZ
Georgiy Mikhailovich Grigoriev 1950-1952
Leonid Vasilievich Smirnov 1952-1961 (1)
Alexandr Maximovich Makarov 1961-1986
Leonid Danilovich Kuchma 1986-1992 (2)
1) L.V.Smirnov later become Chairman of the Military Industrial Commission of the Counsil of Ministers of USSR
2) L.D.Kuchma later become the Prime Minister (1992-1993) and then the 2nd President of Ukraine
The plant performed serial production of:
- space launch vehicles;
- rocket engines
- Ballistic missiles
In addition to ballistic missiles, the Plant also manufactured
- R-1 (SS-1) - serial production since 1952
- R-2 (SS-2) - serial production since 1953 (later also R-2A sounding rockets)
- R-5M (SS-3) IRBM (also R-5A sounding rockets)
- R-12 (SS-4) IRBM
- R-14 (SS-5) IRBM
- R-16 (SS-7) ICBM
- R-36 (SS-9) and all its follow-ons (Serial production of R-36 started in 1965)
- RT-20P (SS-X-15) - canceled
- MR UR-100 (SS-17)
- R-36M (SS-18) and its follow-on modifications
- SS-24 solid-fueled ICBM
After breakup of USSR work on ballistic missiles discontinued
- V-303 surface to air missiles - serial production ordered since 1953
- K-5M missiles
- engines and boosters for Burya cruise missile
- Space launch vehicles
- 63S1/ Kosmos (SL-7)
- possibly, 65S3/ Kosmos (SL-8) (Serial production of its later version, 11K65 was organized at Polyot PO)
- 11K69/Tsiklon-2 (SL-11) and 11K68/Tsiklon-3 (SL-14) (derived from SS-9)
- 11K77 Zenit (SL-16)
- several dozens of types of DS small satellites for scientific and military purposes
- Okean oceanographic satellites. In 1995 one Okean was orbited under name 'Sich-1' as the first satellite of independent Ukraine.
- AUOS series of Automated Universal Orbiting Stations
- Rocket engines
- 8D51 and 8D52, developed by OKB-456 of Glushko
- S09-29 engines for SAMs, developed by Isayev KB
- Block Ye of the N1-L3 complex (propulsion module for LK lunar lander)
YuMZ participates in the following projects:
- Okean-O oceanographic satellite (delayed for many years, currently planned to debute in 1998);
- Koronas-F solar observation satellite (delayed for many years);
- Zenit-3SL three-stage launcher for Sea Launch project (planned to debute in early 1998);
- Dnepr launch vehicle (converted SS-18 ICBM);
Dedicated Space Production (so called Production #7) was established at the Plant in 1963.
The most recent structure of YuMZ, formed in November of 1993, includes the following Branch Productions:
In addition to main production facilities, located in Dnepropetrovsk, YuMZ includes Pavlograd Mechanical Plant (PMZ) as a dedicated facility for solid propellant rockets.
- of Rocket and Space Articles
- of Engines and Civil Products
- of Testing and Utilization of Rocket and Space Technology and reprocessing of precious metals
- of Trolley-cars
- Mechanical and Preparatory Production
Employment: cumulative workforce of YuMZ and KBYu was about 52 thousands people as of 1994. This personnel includes 9 Academicians and Corresponding Members, 33 Doctors of Sciences and 290 Candidates of Sciences.
YuMZ and collocated Yuzhnoe Design Bureau occupy a territory of 7.40 km2, total floor space of buildings and facilities exceeds 1.1 millions m2.
Production facilities have a total of 12.5 thousands of tools and various equipment. Multifunctional experimental base includes about 90 test stands and experimental facilities, including unique in Europe
- stand for transportation testing
- explosive welding chamber
- compact universal antenna testing range
- climatic chambers
YuMZ participates in Sea Launch project and, jointly with Yuzhnoe KB holds 15% in Sea Launch LDC.
Conversion / Diversification
From 1953 till now YuMZ produces tracktors (more than 1.8 millions from 1953 till 1994). From 1992 it started serial production of trolley-cars.
1. Dneprovskiy raketno-kosmicheskiy tsentr - Dnepropetrovsk, KBYu, 1994.
Maintained by Charles Vick
and Maxim Tarasenko
Created : 5 October 1998