Congressional Documents

Military Space-Related Excerpts

NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
CONFERENCE REPORT
to accompany
H.R. 1119

October 23, 1997
105th Congress 1st Session
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Report 105-340



Information Technology 21 The budget request included no funds for Information Technology 21 (IT 21). The Senate amendment would authorize an increase of $157.2 million for IT 21. Of this amount $147.9 would be for procurement and installation of IT 21 related equipment and $9.3 million would be for related operations and maintenance funding. These funds would provide an initial impetus to the IT 21 initiative and assist the Navy to achieve its goal of a fully outfitted fleet by the year 2000. The House bill would authorize the budget request. The conferees agree to authorize a total IT 21 procurement increase of $58.0 million as follows: (1) JMCIS Afloat $6.0 million; (2) Naval Tactical Command Support System $31.0 million; (3) Ship Communications Automation $4.0 million; (4) SATCOM Ship Terminals (Space) $2.0 million; (5) Naval Shore Communications $12.0 million; and (6) Information Systems Security Program $3.0 million ................. Defense satellite communications system The budget request included $87.6 million for defense satellite communications system requirements. The House bill and Senate amendment would authorize the budget request. The conferees note the budget request included funding for acceleration of the production of a universal modem system. The conferees understand that required testing for this system will not be complete until late 1999. Therefore, the conferees agree to reduce program funding by $2.0 million. Satellite terminals The budget request included $7.3 million for satellite communication terminals. The House bill and Senate amendment would authorize the budget request. The conferees note the savings achieved from a joint Army/Air Force procurement in 1997. The conferees believe that these savings should be used to offset funding requirements for fiscal year 1998. Therefore, the conferees agree to reduce program funding by $1.2 million. NAVSTAR global positioning system The budget request included $6.8 million for NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) equipment. The House bill and Senate amendment would authorize the budget request. The conferees have been informed that both price and quantities budgeted for NAVSTAR GPS equipment were reduced in 1997. Additionally, the conferees understand that program management reductions have also yielded savings. The conferees believe these savings should be used to offset funding requirements for fiscal year 1998. Therefore, the conferees agree to reduce funding for this program by $1.2 million. ................ TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION ................ Military Spaceplane The budget request included no funds for the Military Spaceplane technology program. The House bill would authorize an increase of $15.0 million in PE 63302F for the Military Spaceplane program. The Senate amendment would authorize an increase of $10.0 million in PE 63401F for the Military Spaceplane program. The conferees agree to authorize an increase of $10.0 million for the Military Spaceplane program in PE 63401F. Although the National Space Launch Policy assigns to NASA the lead for reusable launch vehicle development, the Department of Defense has been participating in such activities for many years. The Air Force has developed a military spaceplane program to complement NASA's efforts while focusing on specific military requirements and applications, a responsibility that does not reside with NASA. The Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Space Command is in the process of identifying military requirements for such a program and the Air Force has established a program office and a new program element to manage this activity. The Air Force is also working to include funding in the Future Years Defense Program for this effort. The conferees do not view these actions as duplicative of NASA's work on reusable launch vehicles. The conferees believe that the Department of Defense should begin to define a military spaceplane concept that meets legitimate military requirements in the future while exploiting technological progress made in NASA's reusable launch vehicle program. The conferees direct the Secretary of Defense to provide a report describing the status of this effort to the congressional defense committees by February 15, 1998. Solar thermionics orbital transfer vehicle The budget request included no funds for the solar thermionics orbital transfer vehicle program. The House bill would authorize an increase of $20.0 million in PE 63401F for the solar thermionics orbital transfer vehicle program. The Senate amendment would authorize an increase of $10.0 million for this program. The conferees agree to authorize an increase of $7.5 million in PE 63401F for the solar thermionics orbital transfer vehicle. The conferees have supported thermionics technology development for space applications. The solar powered orbital transfer vehicle has been identified by the Air Force as a Third Millennium initiative. This program combines thermionic technology for electricity production and thermal propulsion which can be used to move spacecraft to higher or new orbits. ................ LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS ADOPTED ................ SUBTITLE B--PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS, RESTRICTIONS, AND LIMITATIONS ................ Kinetic energy tactical anti-satellite technology program (sec. 214) The Senate amendment contained a provision (sec. 218) that would authorize $80.0 million in PE 63892D to continue the Kinetic Energy Tactical Anti-Satellite (KE ASAT) program in fiscal year 1998. The provision would also prohibit the obligation of funds in PE 65104D, relating to technical studies and analyses, until the funds appropriated for the KE ASAT program for fiscal year 1998 have been released to the KE ASAT program manager. The House bill contained no similar provision. The House recedes with an amendment that would authorize $37.5 million for the KE ASAT program for fiscal year 1998. The conferees understand that the administration maintains that there is no military requirement for the KE ASAT program and that the Department of Defense does not support it. However, there appears to be some confusion regarding the Department's support for some degree of KE ASAT technology development. The Department of Defense's recent Space Control Architecture study appears to endorse continued development of KE ASAT technology, and the National Space Policy appears to call for the development of active counter-satellite capabilities. In light of these factors, the conferees direct the Secretary of Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense committees by February 15, 1998, to include the following: (1) a determination as to whether the National Space Policy and DOD Space Policy establish requirements for the development of active counter-satellite capabilities; (2) a summary of the DOD Space Control Architecture study, including any updates to the study, and the study's findings and recommendations regarding the KE ASAT program; and (3) a determination by the Secretary as to whether the Department of Defense should develop active counter-satellite capabilities and, if so, whether the Secretary intends to sustain some level of KE ASAT technology development. The report shall be submitted in an unclassified form and, if necessary, in a classified form. The conferees note that fiscal year 1997 funds remain available for the KE ASAT program. The conferees continue to support the development of KE ASAT technology. Micro-satellite technology development program (sec. 215) The Senate amendment contained a provision (sec. 219) that would authorize $50.0 million in PE 63401F for the Clementine 2 program. The provision would also prohibit the obligation of more than $35.0 million of funds authorized in PE 64480F for the Global Positioning System Block IIF satellite system until the Secretary of Defense certifies to Congress that the Secretary has made available for obligation funds appropriated for fiscal year 1998 for the Clementine 2 Micro-Satellite program. The House bill contained no similar provision. The House recedes with an amendment that would require: (1) that the Clementine 2 program be restructured into a micro-satellite technology development program that supports a range of space mission areas; and (2) the Secretary of Defense to provide a report on the restructured micro-satellite program to the congressional defense committees. The conferees note that the Air Force and U.S. Space Command have supported micro-satellite development activities and that the Air Force has established and provided a limited amount of funding for such a program in the Future Years Defense Program. The conferees continue to support innovative technology demonstrations designed to test key technologies in space and urge the Secretary of Defense to ensure that the restructured micro-satellite technology program continues such efforts. The conferees note that the Air Force, in conjunction with the office of the Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Space, has developed a range of options for such a program. The conferees believe that funds appropriated for the Clementine 2 program in prior years should be used to support the restructured micro-satellite program. ................ TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS ITEMS OF SPECIAL INTEREST Global Positioning System alternate master control station The Global Positioning System (GPS) has become or soon will be fully integrated into most facets of U.S. military planning and operational capabilities. GPS has also been integrated significantly into civil and commercial navigation planning. As such, the conferees recognize the expanding importance of GPS as a national asset, one that is critical to U.S. national security and economic interests. The conferees are aware of potential command and control vulnerabilities associated with the GPS master control station at Falcon Air Force Base, Colorado. The conferees understand that GPS is the only critical national satellite system that does not have an adequate, separate, and secure backup control station. The conferees believe that the Department of Defense and the Air Force should pursue, as an urgent priority, a secure backup GPS system operations facility that is geographically separate from the existing facility. Therefore, the conferees direct the Secretary of the Air Force to proceed in fiscal year 1998 with the development of an alternate master control station at a location outside the Colorado Springs area. The conferees expect this new alternate master control station to be operational by fiscal year 2001. The conferees further direct the Secretary of the Air Force to submit a report to the congressional defense committees on this issue not later than February 15, 1998. ........... SUBTITLE G--OTHER MATTERS ........... Sustainment and operation of the Global Positioning System (sec. 1074) The Senate amendment contained a provision (sec. 1064) that would endorse and enact into law the presidential policy on the sustainment and operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) issued in March 1996. The House bill contained no similar provision. The House recedes with an amendment that would provide that the Interagency GPS Executive Board, established pursuant to the presidential GPS policy, be the forum for interagency review of any proposed international agreement on the civil use of GPS. The amendment would also direct the Secretary of Defense not to accept any restriction on the GPS system proposed by the head of any other department or agency in the exercise of that official's regulatory authority that would adversely affect the military potential of GPS. .......... TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS ADOPTED .......... Extension of availability of funds for construction of relocatable over-the-horizon radar, Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico (sec. 2706) The House bill contained a provision (sec. 2706) that would provide for an extension of authority to construct a relocatable over-the-horizon radar at Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico authorized by the Defense Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public Law 103 335) until October 1, 1998, or the date of the enactment of the Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 1999, whichever is later. The Senate amendment contained a similar provision (sec. 2409). The Senate recedes with a technical amendment. ..........