Congressional Documents

Military Space-Related Excerpts

NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
CONFERENCE REPORT
to accompany
H.R. 1119

October 23, 1997
105th Congress 1st Session
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Report 105-340



............. TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION ............ SEC. 214. KINETIC ENERGY TACTICAL ANTI-SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM. Of the funds authorized to be appropriated under section 201(4), $37,500,000 shall be available for the kinetic energy tactical anti-satellite technology program. SEC. 215. MICRO-SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. (a) Establishment of Micro-Satellite Technology Development Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall restructure the Clementine 2 micro-satellite development program into a micro-satellite technology development program that supports a range of space mission areas. (b) Report.--Not later than February 15, 1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report describing the structure and objectives of the micro-satellite technology development program established under subsection (a) and how the program can benefit existing or future space systems or architectures. ................ TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE ................ Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities ................ SEC. 367. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REALIGNMENT OF PERFORMANCE OF GROUND COMMUNICATION-ELECTRONIC WORKLOAD. It is the sense of Congress that the transfer of the ground communication-electronic workload to Tobyhanna Army Depot, Pennsylvania, in the realignment of the performance of such function should be carried out in adherence to the schedule prescribed for that transfer by the Defense Depot Maintenance Council on March 13, 1997, as follows: (1) Transfer of 20 percent of the workload in fiscal year 1998. (2) Transfer of 40 percent of the workload in fiscal year 1999. (3) Transfer of 40 percent of the workload in fiscal year 2000. ............... TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS ................. Subtitle G--Other Matters ................... SEC. 1074. SUSTAINMENT AND OPERATION OF THE GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM. (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings: (1) The Global Positioning System (consisting of a constellation of satellites and associated facilities capable of providing users on earth with a highly precise statement of their location on earth) makes significant contributions to the attainment of the national security and foreign policy goals of the United States, the safety and efficiency of international transportation, and the economic growth, trade, and productivity of the United States. (2) The infrastructure for the Global Positioning System (including both space and ground segments of the infrastructure) is vital to the effectiveness of United States and allied military forces and to the protection of the national security interests of the United States. (3) In addition to having military uses, the Global Positioning System has essential civil, commercial, and scientific uses. (4) As a result of the increasing demand of civil, commercial, and scientific users of the Global Positioning System-- (A) there has emerged in the United States a new commercial industry to provide Global Positioning System equipment and related services to the many and varied users of the system; and (B) there have been rapid technical advancements in Global Positioning System equipment and services that have contributed significantly to reductions in the cost of the Global Positioning System and increases in the technical capabilities and availability of the system for military uses. (5) It is in the national interest of the United States for the United States-- (A) to support continuation of the multiple-use character of the Global Positioning System; (B) to promote broader acceptance and use of the Global Positioning System and the technological standards that facilitate expanded use of the system for civil purposes; (C) to coordinate with other countries to ensure (i) efficient management of the electromagnetic spectrum used by the Global Positioning System, and (ii) protection of that spectrum in order to prevent disruption of signals from the system and interference with that portion of the electromagnetic spectrum used by the system; and (D) to encourage open access in all international markets to the Global Positioning System and supporting equipment, services, and techniques. (b) International Cooperation.--Congress urges the President to promote the security of the United States and its allies, the public safety, and commercial interests by taking the following steps: (1) Undertaking a coordinated effort within the executive branch to seek to establish the Global Positioning System, and augmentations to the system, as a worldwide resource. (2) Seeking to enter into international agreements to establish signal and service standards that protect the Global Positioning System from disruption and interference. (3) Undertaking efforts to eliminate any barriers to, and other restrictions of foreign governments on, peaceful uses of the Global Positioning System. (4) Requiring that any proposed international agreement involving nonmilitary use of the Global Positioning System or any augmentation to the system not be agreed to by the United States unless the proposed agreement has been reviewed by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Transportation, and the Secretary of Commerce (acting as the Interagency Global Positioning System Executive Board established by Presidential Decision Directive NSTC 6, dated March 28, 1996). (c) Fiscal Year 1998 Prohibition of Support of Foreign System.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act may be used to support the operation and maintenance or enhancement of a satellite navigation system operated by a foreign country. (d) In General.--(1) Part IV of subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 134 the following new chapter: ``CHAPTER 136--PROVISIONS RELATING TO SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ``Sec. ``2281. Global Positioning System. ``2281. Global Positioning System ``(a) Sustainment and Operation for Military Purposes.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the sustainment of the capabilities of the Global Positioning System (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `GPS'), and the operation of basic GPS services, that are beneficial for the national security interests of the United States. In doing so, the Secretary shall-- ``(1) develop appropriate measures for preventing hostile use of the GPS so as to make it unnecessary for the Secretary to use the selective availability feature of the system continuously while not hindering the use of the GPS by the United States and its allies for military purposes; and ``(2) ensure that United States armed forces have the capability to use the GPS effectively despite hostile attempts to prevent the use of the system by such forces. ``(b) Sustainment and Operation for Civilian Purposes.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the sustainment and operation of the GPS Standard Positioning Service for peaceful civil, commercial, and scientific uses on a continuous worldwide basis free of direct user fees. In doing so, the Secretary-- ``(1) shall provide for the sustainment and operation of the GPS Standard Positioning Service in order to meet the performance requirements of the Federal Radionavigation Plan prepared jointly by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to subsection (c); ``(2) shall coordinate with the Secretary of Transportation regarding the development and implementation by the Government of augmentations to the basic GPS that achieve or enhance uses of the system in support of transportation; ``(3) shall coordinate with the Secretary of Commerce, the United States Trade Representative, and other appropriate officials to facilitate the development of new and expanded civil and commercial uses for the GPS; ``(4) shall develop measures for preventing hostile use of the GPS in a particular area without hindering peaceful civil use of the system elsewhere; and ``(5) may not agree to any restriction on the Global Positioning System proposed by the head of a department or agency of the United States outside the Department of Defense in the exercise of that official's regulatory authority that would adversely affect the military potential of the Global Positioning System. ``(c) Federal Radionavigation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation shall jointly prepare the Federal Radionavigation Plan. The plan shall be revised and updated not less often than every two years. The plan shall be prepared in accordance with the requirements applicable to such plan as first prepared pursuant to section 507 of the International Maritime Satellite Telecommunications Act (47 U.S.C. 756). The plan, and any amendment to the plan, shall be published in the Federal Register. ``(d) Biennial Report.--(1) Not later than 30 days after the end of each even-numbered fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives a report on the Global Positioning System. The report shall include a discussion of the following matters: ``(A) The operational status of the system. ``(B) The capability of the system to satisfy effectively (i) the military requirements for the system that are current as of the date of the report, and (ii) the performance requirements of the Federal Radionavigation Plan. ``(C) The most recent determination by the President regarding continued use of the selective availability feature of the system and the expected date of any change or elimination of the use of that feature. ``(D) The status of cooperative activities undertaken by the United States with the governments of other countries concerning the capability of the system or any augmentation of the system to satisfy civil, commercial, scientific, and military requirements, including a discussion of the status and results of activities undertaken under any regional international agreement. ``(E) Any progress made toward establishing GPS as an international standard for consistency of navigational service. ``(F) Any progress made toward protecting GPS from disruption and interference. ``(G) The effects of use of the system on national security, regional security, and the economic competitiveness of United States industry, including the Global Positioning System equipment and service industry and user industries. ``(2) In preparing the parts of each such report required under subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and (G) of paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Transportation. ``(e) Definitions.--In this section: ``(1) The term `basic GPS services' means the following components of the Global Positioning System that are operated and maintained by the Department of Defense: ``(A) The constellation of satellites. ``(B) The navigation payloads that produce the Global Positioning System signals. ``(C) The ground stations, data links, and associated command and control facilities. ``(2) The term `GPS Standard Positioning Service' means the civil and commercial service provided by the basic Global Positioning System as defined in the 1996 Federal Radionavigation Plan (published jointly by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation in July 1997).''. (2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at the beginning of part IV of subtitle A, of such title are amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 134 the following new item: ``136. Provisions Relating to Specific Programs 2281''. ................ DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS ................. TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE .............. SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS. (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(1), the Secretary of the Air Force may acquire real property and carry out military construction projects for the installations and locations inside the United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
Air Force: Inside the United States State Installation or Location Amount ............. Alaska Clear Air Station $67,069,000 California Edwards Air Force Base $2,887,000 Vandenberg Air Force Base $26,876,000 Colorado Buckley Air National Guard Base $6,718,000 Falcon Air Force Station $10,551,000 Peterson Air Force Base $4,081,000 ............ CONUS Classified Classified Location $6,175,000 -------------- Total $559,085,000 .................... TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS .................. SEC. 2706. EXTENSION OF AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF RELOCATABLE OVER-THE-HORIZON RADAR, NAVAL STATION ROOSEVELT ROADS, PUERTO RICO. Amounts appropriated under the heading `` Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense '' in title VI of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public Law 103 335; 108 Stat. 2615), and transferred to the ``Military Construction, Navy'' appropriation for construction of a relocatable over-the-horizon radar at Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, shall remain available for that purpose until the later of-- (1) October 1, 1998; or (2) the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 1999.