Military Space-Related Excerpts
NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
October 23, 1997
105th Congress 1st Session
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
SEC. 214. KINETIC ENERGY TACTICAL ANTI-SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
Of the funds authorized to be appropriated under section 201(4),
$37,500,000 shall be available for the kinetic energy tactical
anti-satellite technology program.
SEC. 215. MICRO-SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
(a) Establishment of Micro-Satellite Technology Development
Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall restructure the Clementine 2
micro-satellite development program into a micro-satellite technology
development program that supports a range of space mission areas.
(b) Report.--Not later than February 15, 1998, the Secretary of
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report
describing the structure and objectives of the micro-satellite
technology development program established under subsection (a) and how
the program can benefit existing or future space systems or
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities
SEC. 367. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REALIGNMENT OF
PERFORMANCE OF GROUND COMMUNICATION-ELECTRONIC WORKLOAD.
It is the sense of Congress that the transfer of the ground
communication-electronic workload to Tobyhanna Army Depot, Pennsylvania,
in the realignment of the performance of such function should be carried
out in adherence to the schedule prescribed for that transfer by the
Defense Depot Maintenance Council on March 13, 1997, as follows:
(1) Transfer of 20 percent of the workload in fiscal year 1998.
(2) Transfer of 40 percent of the workload in fiscal year 1999.
(3) Transfer of 40 percent of the workload in fiscal year 2000.
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Subtitle G--Other Matters
SEC. 1074. SUSTAINMENT AND OPERATION OF THE GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The Global Positioning System (consisting of a constellation of
satellites and associated facilities capable of providing users on earth
with a highly precise statement of their location on earth) makes
significant contributions to the attainment of the national security and
foreign policy goals of the United States, the safety and efficiency of
international transportation, and the economic growth, trade, and
productivity of the United States.
(2) The infrastructure for the Global Positioning System (including
both space and ground segments of the infrastructure) is vital to the
effectiveness of United States and allied military forces and to the
protection of the national security interests of the United States.
(3) In addition to having military uses, the Global Positioning
System has essential civil, commercial, and scientific uses.
(4) As a result of the increasing demand of civil, commercial, and
scientific users of the Global Positioning System--
(A) there has emerged in the United States a new commercial industry
to provide Global Positioning System equipment and related services to
the many and varied users of the system; and
(B) there have been rapid technical advancements in Global
Positioning System equipment and services that have contributed
significantly to reductions in the cost of the Global Positioning System
and increases in the technical capabilities and availability of the
system for military uses.
(5) It is in the national interest of the United States for the
(A) to support continuation of the multiple-use character of the
Global Positioning System;
(B) to promote broader acceptance and use of the Global Positioning
System and the technological standards that facilitate expanded use of
the system for civil purposes;
(C) to coordinate with other countries to ensure (i) efficient
management of the electromagnetic spectrum used by the Global
Positioning System, and (ii) protection of that spectrum in order to
prevent disruption of signals from the system and interference with that
portion of the electromagnetic spectrum used by the system; and
(D) to encourage open access in all international markets to the
Global Positioning System and supporting equipment, services, and
(b) International Cooperation.--Congress urges the President to
promote the security of the United States and its allies, the public
safety, and commercial interests by taking the following steps:
(1) Undertaking a coordinated effort within the executive branch to
seek to establish the Global Positioning System, and augmentations to
the system, as a worldwide resource.
(2) Seeking to enter into international agreements to establish
signal and service standards that protect the Global Positioning System
from disruption and interference.
(3) Undertaking efforts to eliminate any barriers to, and other
restrictions of foreign governments on, peaceful uses of the Global
(4) Requiring that any proposed international agreement involving
nonmilitary use of the Global Positioning System or any augmentation to
the system not be agreed to by the United States unless the proposed
agreement has been reviewed by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of
Defense, the Secretary of Transportation, and the Secretary of Commerce
(acting as the Interagency Global Positioning System Executive Board
established by Presidential Decision Directive NSTC 6, dated March 28,
(c) Fiscal Year 1998 Prohibition of Support of Foreign System.--None
of the funds authorized to be appropriated under this Act may be used to
support the operation and maintenance or enhancement of a satellite
navigation system operated by a foreign country.
(d) In General.--(1) Part IV of subtitle A of title 10, United States
Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 134 the following new
``CHAPTER 136--PROVISIONS RELATING TO SPECIFIC PROGRAMS
``2281. Global Positioning System.
``2281. Global Positioning System
``(a) Sustainment and Operation for Military Purposes.--The Secretary
of Defense shall provide for the sustainment of the capabilities of the
Global Positioning System (hereinafter in this section referred to as
the `GPS'), and the operation of basic GPS services, that are beneficial
for the national security interests of the United States. In doing so,
the Secretary shall--
``(1) develop appropriate measures for preventing hostile use of the
GPS so as to make it unnecessary for the Secretary to use the selective
availability feature of the system continuously while not hindering the
use of the GPS by the United States and its allies for military
``(2) ensure that United States armed forces have the capability to
use the GPS effectively despite hostile attempts to prevent the use of
the system by such forces.
``(b) Sustainment and Operation for Civilian Purposes.--The Secretary
of Defense shall provide for the sustainment and operation of the GPS
Standard Positioning Service for peaceful civil, commercial, and
scientific uses on a continuous worldwide basis free of direct user
fees. In doing so, the Secretary--
``(1) shall provide for the sustainment and operation of the GPS
Standard Positioning Service in order to meet the performance
requirements of the Federal Radionavigation Plan prepared jointly by the
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to
``(2) shall coordinate with the Secretary of Transportation
regarding the development and implementation by the Government of
augmentations to the basic GPS that achieve or enhance uses of the
system in support of transportation;
``(3) shall coordinate with the Secretary of Commerce, the United
States Trade Representative, and other appropriate officials to
facilitate the development of new and expanded civil and commercial uses
for the GPS;
``(4) shall develop measures for preventing hostile use of the GPS
in a particular area without hindering peaceful civil use of the system
``(5) may not agree to any restriction on the Global Positioning
System proposed by the head of a department or agency of the United
States outside the Department of Defense in the exercise of that
official's regulatory authority that would adversely affect the military
potential of the Global Positioning System.
``(c) Federal Radionavigation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense and the
Secretary of Transportation shall jointly prepare the Federal
Radionavigation Plan. The plan shall be revised and updated not less
often than every two years. The plan shall be prepared in accordance
with the requirements applicable to such plan as first prepared pursuant
to section 507 of the International Maritime Satellite
Telecommunications Act (47 U.S.C. 756). The plan, and any amendment to
the plan, shall be published in the Federal Register.
``(d) Biennial Report.--(1) Not later than 30 days after the end of
each even-numbered fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to
the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on
National Security of the House of Representatives a report on the Global
Positioning System. The report shall include a discussion of the
``(A) The operational status of the system.
``(B) The capability of the system to satisfy effectively (i) the
military requirements for the system that are current as of the date of
the report, and (ii) the performance requirements of the Federal
``(C) The most recent determination by the President regarding
continued use of the selective availability feature of the system and
the expected date of any change or elimination of the use of that
``(D) The status of cooperative activities undertaken by the United
States with the governments of other countries concerning the capability
of the system or any augmentation of the system to satisfy civil,
commercial, scientific, and military requirements, including a
discussion of the status and results of activities undertaken under any
regional international agreement.
``(E) Any progress made toward establishing GPS as an international
standard for consistency of navigational service.
``(F) Any progress made toward protecting GPS from disruption and
``(G) The effects of use of the system on national security,
regional security, and the economic competitiveness of United States
industry, including the Global Positioning System equipment and service
industry and user industries.
``(2) In preparing the parts of each such report required under
subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and (G) of paragraph (1), the Secretary of
Defense shall consult with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of
Commerce, and the Secretary of Transportation.
``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) The term `basic GPS services' means the following components
of the Global Positioning System that are operated and maintained by the
Department of Defense:
``(A) The constellation of satellites.
``(B) The navigation payloads that produce the Global Positioning
``(C) The ground stations, data links, and associated command and
``(2) The term `GPS Standard Positioning Service' means the civil
and commercial service provided by the basic Global Positioning System
as defined in the 1996 Federal Radionavigation Plan (published jointly
by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation in July
(2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at the
beginning of part IV of subtitle A, of such title are amended by
inserting after the item relating to chapter 134 the following new item:
``136. Provisions Relating to Specific Programs
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE
SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND
(a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to
the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(1), the Secretary
of the Air Force may acquire real property and carry out military
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
Air Force: Inside the United States
State Installation or Location Amount
Alaska Clear Air Station $67,069,000
California Edwards Air Force Base $2,887,000
Vandenberg Air Force Base $26,876,000
Colorado Buckley Air National Guard Base $6,718,000
Falcon Air Force Station $10,551,000
Peterson Air Force Base $4,081,000
CONUS Classified Classified Location $6,175,000
TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 2706. EXTENSION OF AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION
OF RELOCATABLE OVER-THE-HORIZON RADAR, NAVAL STATION ROOSEVELT ROADS,
Amounts appropriated under the heading `` Drug Interdiction and
Counter-Drug Activities, Defense '' in title VI of the Department of
Defense Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public Law 103 335; 108 Stat. 2615),
and transferred to the ``Military Construction, Navy'' appropriation for
construction of a relocatable over-the-horizon radar at Naval Station
Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, shall remain available for that purpose
until the later of--
(1) October 1, 1998; or
(2) the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military
construction for fiscal year 1999.