DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AFSPACECOM CHAPTER 19
Headquarters Air Force Space Command MCR 55-121
Peterson Air Force Base Colorado 80914-4100 15 October 1993

Operations

OPERATIONAL SUPPORT AIRCRAFT (OSA) AIRLIFT OPERATIONS

MCR 55-121, AFSPACECOM Chapter 19, is as follows and applies to HQ AFSPACECOM and subordinate units with fixed-wing aircraft operations.

19.1. General. This chapter establishes AFSPACECOM specific guidance for OSA aircraft and applies to aircrews assigned to AFSPACECOM. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.1)

19.2. Deviations and Waivers. Make routine waiver requests through the 21 SPW/CP. Routine waiver authority resides with the 21 OPG/CC. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.4)

19.3. Definitions: (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10)

19.3.1. Controlling Agency. HQ AMC TACC/DOR is the controlling agency for scheduled airlift missions. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.1)

19.3.2. Additional Crewmember (ACM). An individual with valid aeronautical orders who is required to perform inflight duties and is assigned in addition to or authorized to accompany the normal aircrew complement required for the mission. ACMs may not log flying time unless specifically authorized in this chapter. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.3(Added))

19.3.3. Border Clearance. Those clearances and inspections required to comply with federal, state, and local agricultural, customs, immigration, and immunization requirements. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1. 10.4.(Added))

19.3.4. Category I Route. Any route that does not meet the requirements of a Category II route, including overwater routes. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.5(Added))

19.3.5. Category II Route. Any route on which the position of the aircraft can be accurately determined by the overhead crossing of a radio aid (NDB, VOR, TACAN) at least once each hour with positive course guidance between such radio aids. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.6(Added))

19.3.6. Conference SKYHOOK. A communication conference available to help aircrews solve inflight problems that require additional expertise. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.7(Added))

19.3.7. Contingency Mission. A mission operated in direct support of an operation plan, operation order, disaster, or emergency. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.8(Added))

19.3.8. Deadhead Time. Duty time accrued by crewmembers in a passenger or ACM status not accomplishing crew duties. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.9(Added))

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No. of Printed Pages: 6
OPR: DOGH (Lt Col Barrowclough)
Approved by: Col Lester N. Nelson
Editor: Pam Gatson
Distribution: F;X(HQ AMC/XOV........................................................................................................................2)
2 MCR 55-121 AFSPACECOM Chapter 19 15 October 1993

19.3.9. Deployment. Relocation of forces to desired areas of operation. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.10(Added))

19.3.10. Designated Courier. An officer or enlisted member, in the grade of E-7 or above, of the United States Armed Forces or Department of State Diplomatic Courier, selected by the Defense Courier Service (DCS) to accept, safeguard, and deliver DCS material as directed. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.11(Added))

19.3.11. Distinguished Visitor (DV). Passengers, including those of friendly nations, of colonel rank and higher, or equivalent status to include diplomats, cabinet members, members of Congress, and other individuals designated by the Department of Defense due to their mission or position. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.12(Added))

19.3.12. Equal Time Point (ETP). The point along a route at which an aircraft may either proceed to destination/first suitable airport or return to departure base/last suitable airport in the same amount of time based on all engines operating. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.13(Added))

19.3.13. Hazardous Cargo/Materials. Explosive, toxic, corrosive, nuclear, combustible, flammable, biologically infectuous, or poisonous materials that may directly endanger human life or property, particularly if misused, mishandled, or involved in accidents. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.14(Added))

19.3.14. Operational Control (OPCON). The authority vested in an agency to determine the composition of subordinate forces, the assignment of tasks, the designation of objectives, and the authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission. The agency exercising OPCON over a specific mission has routing authority over that mission. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.15(Added))

19.3.15. Overwater Flight. Any flight which exceeds power-off gliding distance from land. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.16(Added))

19.3.16. Standby Force/Aircraft/Crews. Designated aircraft and crews capable of being launched in less than the normal alert-to-takeoff time period. (Reference chapter 1, paragraph 1.10.17(Added))

Note: Refer to AFM 11-1, Air Force Glossary of Standardized Terms, for additional definitions.

19.4. Aircraft Commander Responsibility and Authority. The aircraft commander is charged to keep the applicable commander informed concerning mission progress and/or difficulties. (Reference chapter 2, paragraph 2.5.6(Added))

19.5. Aircrew Qualification. Consult SR 60-1. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.1)

19.6. Additional Crewmembers (ACM). Policy governing ACM authorization is outlined below. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.3)

19.6.1. The commander who authorizes ACM status must ensure the individual is eligible and familiar with the policies and procedures governing ACM travel.

19.6.1.1. Eligibility. The individual must possess valid aeronautical orders, have a current flight physical and physiological training, and be currently on flying status.

19.6.1.2. ACM status is not authorized for:

MCR 55-121 AFSPACECOM Chapter 19 15 October 1993 3

19.6.1.2.1. Transportation in lieu of travel as a passenger or to provide transportation at a higher priority than would be enjoyed as a passenger.

19.6.1.2.2. Avoidance of personal travel expenses.

19.6.1.2.3. Maintenance of currency. (Exception: Operations Group flight examiners may accomplish currency items while traveling ACM.)

19.6.1.2.4. Transportation while on leave.

19.6.2. Approval Authority. AFSPACECOM flying unit commanders may approve ACM status for eligible individuals.

19.6.3. Blanket ACM. The following individuals are authorized blanket ACM authority and do not require approval for specific missions:

19.6.3.1. Operations group flight examiners.

19.6.3.2. Commanders, Vice Commanders, and Operations Group Commander, if qualified according to 19.6.1.1. above.

19.6.3.3. Designated Safety Investigation Board members when traveling to and from aircraft mishap investi-gations. Mission Essential Ground Personnel (MEGP) may be appropriate if not qualified according to 19.6.1.1. above.

Note: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) evaluators are authorized ACM status when accompanying air-crew members to administer FAA flight evaluations. The FAA evaluator will not occupy either pilot seat nor manipulate any flight controls. These evaluations must be scheduled in conjunction with required 51-series proficiency sorties and incur no expense to the US Government. The FAA evaluator must be listed on the AFSPACECOM Form 79, Flight Authorization.

19.6.4. Procedures:

19.6.4.1. En Route. If available, notify the local Command and Control authority of your intention to travel ACM. If there is no command and control facility, contact the aircraft commander of the flight you intend to travel on.

Note: ACM travel on other commands' aircraft is according to command's procedures.

19.6.4.2. Briefings. The aircraft commander ensures that ACMs are briefed. The extent of the briefing is commensurate with the ACM's qualification on that design aircraft.

19.6.4.3. Orders. Authority to travel ACM should be cited in the travel orders. If ACM authority is not cited in the travel orders, a letter or message citing ACM authority may be attached to travel orders.

19.6.4.4. Logging of Flying Time. ACMs are not entitled to log flying time unless performing a crew duty.

19.6.4.5. Priority of ACM Travel. Aircrew flight examiners have priority over all other ACMs and will not be displaced by any other ACM.

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19.7. Mission Essential Ground Personnel (MEGP). MEGP status is granted on a case-by-case basis to individuals who perform unique support duties directly related and essential to a particular aircraft, aircrew, or mission. These duties require direct access to the aircraft and/or aircrew during ground or flight operations. MEGPs travel in passenger status, but report directly to the aircraft commander. Commanders ensure MEGP status is not used for travel at a higher priority than, or in lieu of regular passenger travel, for avoidance of travel expenses, or for travel while on leave. MEGPs will not be bumped en route. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.5)

19.7.1. Approval Authority. MEGP travel status is strictly controlled and approved by the flying unit commander only for those with a bona fide mission essential purpose. Examples of eligible personnel are, but not limited to, maintenance personnel, safety, public affairs, and intelligence personnel.

19.7.2. Procedures. Forward requests for MEGP status to the approving authority no later than three days prior to the expected date of departure. (Exception: maintenance personnel (when required for aircraft maintenance), intelligence, or public affairs personnel in support of DOD contingencies may be coordinated by telephone for immediate approval.) Include name, rank, organization, reason for travel, itinerary, and dates.

19.7.3. Orders. MEGP approval should be cited in travel orders, i.e. "MEGP is authorized by (flying unit commander) on (aircraft number/mission number/exercise/contingency) for (duration)". Approval (name of approval authority and phone number). MEGP authority may also be cited in a letter or message using the above.

19.8. Crew Duty Time Waivers. Waiver authority resides with the 21 OPG/CC. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.11.7)

19.9. Standby Duty Time. Normal crew duty day is 14 hours if alerted between 0500 and 1430 (Local), 12 hours if alerted between 1430 and 0500 (Local). (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.13.2)

19.10. Incentive Flights. Unit commanders (wing, operations group, or flying unit) may authorize limited numbers of unit-assigned military members to accompany their unit aircraft on unit missions. The purpose of these incentive flights is to acquaint the individual with aircrew duties and the unique support activities required for the unit's mission. The flights are not used for transportation in lieu of regular passenger travel, for avoidance of travel expense, or for leave. (Reference chapater 3, paragraph 3.14)

19.10.1. Authorization. Approval for an incentive flight will be in writing. The letter will state: "(Individual) is authorized an incentive flight on a 21 SPW C-21 mission." Send a copy of the letter to the Operations Group Stan/Eval office. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.14.1(Added))

19.10.2. Individuals report directly to the crew (escorted by a crewmember) for the mission duration. They are passengers, but are manifested by the sponsoring unit and antihijack inspected by the crew. (Reference chapter 3, paragrah 3.14.2(Added)

19.10.3. The flying unit scheduling section will coordinate with the controlling agency to space block the jump seat for the mission. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.14.3(Added))

19.10.4. No simulated emergencies or touch-and-go landings will be performed. (Reference chapter 3, pargraph 3.14.4(Added))

19.10.5. If required, orders will be processed at the appropriate level and include the following: "Member will be escorted and manifested/inspected by a crewmember. Travel is authorized on unit aircraft only." (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.14.5(Added))

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19.11. Orientation/Familiarization Flights. FAA and military air traffic controllers/air traffic control analysis team members are authorized familiarization flights on local training missions. USAFA and ROTC cadets involved in cadet summer programs are authorized orientation flights on scheduled operational or training missions. The local flying unit commander is the approving authority. MEGP status is appropriate. Simulated emergency procedures and no-flap approaches and landings are prohibited. Touch-and-go landings are permitted. This authorization is not used for no cost transportation for the benefit of the individual or unit. (Reference chapter 3, paragraph 3.15(Added))

19.12. Interfly. Interfly occurs when an aircrew from one command borrows an aircraft from another command in order to complete an operational mission. (Reference chapter 4, paragraph 4.2.4(Added))

19.12.1. AFSPACECOM Aircrews. If a crew finds themselves at another OSA base with a broken aircraft which cannot be repaired in a timely manner, contact TACC/DOR and request interfly. If TACC/DOR decides to proceed with an interfly, they will make the necessary arrangements with the owning command. (Reference chapter 4, paragraph 4.2.4.1(Added))

19.12.2. Other MAJCOM's Aircrews. If another MAJCOM's aircrew lands at Peterson AFB with a broken aircraft and TACC/DOR wants to interfly, they will contact the 21 SPW Command Post to coordinate the interfly. Approval authority for an interfly using AFSPACECOM C-21s is the 21 OPG/CC. (Reference chapter 4, paragraph 4.2.4.2(Added))

19.13. Flight Station Entry. Passengers are not permitted to occupy a primary crew position. (Reference chapter 5, paragraph 5.4.)

19.14. Takeoff and Landing Data (TOLD) Card. Use AMC Form 23. (Reference chapter 6, paragraph 6.51)

19.15. SKYHOOK Communications Procedures. A conference SKYHOOK may be initiated when additional expertise is needed, e.g. with unsafe gear condition that cannot be corrected using flight manual procedures. SKYHOOKs will be convened at the lowest level where expertise is available. Provide any information requested. Comply with recommended procedures for any emergency phase outlined in the flight information handbook, if necessary. (Reference chapter 6, paragraph 6.64.1(Added))

19.16. Turnaround Procedures. When a turnaround is necessary, use FLIP procedures. If not specified, maintain VFR, reverse course, climb or descend to a VFR altitude or flight level and request ATC clearance. If unable to maintain VFR, obtain an ATC clearance before reversing course. A turnaround under IFR conditions, without ATC approval, will be made only after a thorough evaluation of the seriousness of the emergency, general traffic density, and known traffic operating in the immediate vicinity. Normally, a climb or descent to a VFR altitude or flight level will minimize exposure to other aircraft. (Reference chapter 6, paragraph 6.64.2(Added))

19.17. Intelligence. Comply with appropriate AFSPACECOM and wing directives. (Reference chapter 6, paragraph 6.92)

19.18. Arming Crewmembers. For Air Operations Security purposes, HQ AFSPACECOM and wing/operations group commanders may direct arming of crewmembers as necessary after analyzing the mission threat. Handguns are carried for antihijacking purposes. (Reference chapter 7, paragraph 7.5)

19.19. Ammunition. Ball ammunition is issued for exercise or contingency actions. The quantity is at the commander's discretion. Munitions are not to be carried loose in flight suits; however, munition pouches or small containers of munitions may be carried. Hollow point ammunition is carried for antihijack purposes only (six rounds for the .38 or ten rounds for the 9mm PDW handgun). (Reference chapter 7, paragraph 7.5.6)

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19.20. USAF Aircraft Mishap Report Worksheet. Use AMC Form 97, USAF Aircraft Mishap Report Worksheet, to report aircraft or personnel mishaps. (Reference chapter 8, paragraph 8.4)

19.21. Aircraft Commander's Report on Services and Facilities. Not applicable for AFSPACECOM aircrews. (Reference chapter 8, paragraph 8.9)

19.22. Transient Aircrew Facilities Report. Not applicable for AFSPACECOM aircrews. (Reference chapter 8, paragraph 8.11)

19.23. MIJI Incident Report. For MIJI reporting use a MIJI Incident Report Worksheet and contact the 21SPW Command Post. (Reference chapter 8, paragraph 8.13)

19.24. Co-pilots may practice single-engine approaches, landings, and missed approaches after the flying unit commander or operations officer formally approves (C-21A Pilot Training Guide) the individual to fly in the left seat. (Reference chapter 9, paragraph 9.7.8.4(Added))

19.24. Form Adopted. AFSPACECOM Form 79, Flight Authorization.

OFFICIAL CHARLES A. HORNER
General, USAF
Commander

ROBERT F. KOENIG, JR.
Colonel, USAF
Director of Information Management