HQ NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND NORAD HOI 55-2
Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado 80914-5002 11 March 1988

Operations

OPERATIONS SECURITY

This headquarters operating instruction (HOI) establishes the HQ North American
Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) Operations Security (OPSEC) Program, provides
policy, and assigns responsibilities. It applies to HQ NORAD command plans and
operations.

1. General. OPSEC is the process of denying adversaries information about
friendly capabilities and intentions by identifying, controlling, and protecting
indicators associated with planning and conducting military operations and other
activities. OPSEC is designed to enhance the security of military operations.
Our OPSEC Program is designed to:

a. Strengthen the security of operations and other activities by iden-
tifying and correcting weaknesses using OPSEC surveys and appraisals.

b. Promote OPSEC by creating and maintaining effective education programs
to increase everyone's awareness of the hostile threat to the Command.

c. Ensure OPSEC is being used by all deputy directorates in planning, exer-
cises, and operations.

d. Protect NORAD programs, operations, and activities; balancing mission
effectiveness.

e. Enhance mission effectiveness by protecting information about our capa-
bilities and intentions.

(1) The necessary condition for maintaining essential secrecy is pro-
tection of classified materials. This protection alone is not always adequate
because adversaries monitor open sources and detectable activities to derive
indicators of NORAD intentions, capabilities, and current activities. The
unclassified information gained has intelligence value and is used in preparing
estimates about uncertainties and unknowns. If accurate, these estimates may
have the same effect as the direct compromise of classified information.

(2) The ample condition for essential secrecy is the use of OPSEC, sup-
ported as necessary by military deception, to deny indicators to adversaries.

2. Responsibilities:

a. Headquarters Personnel:

(1) Complete initial OPSEC training program.

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No. of Printed Pages: 3
OPR: NCAC (Lt Daniel Galaska)
Approved by: Col Bernard Kadonoff
Editor: Pam Gatson
Distribution: F

2 N HOI 55-2 11 March 1988

(2) Must consider OPSEC in daily activities associated with NORAD or
other military operations.

b. Command and Control Division (NCAC):

(1) Is the OPR for HQ NORAD OPSEC Program.

(2) Writes and annually updates NORAD essential elements of friendly
information (EEFIs).

(3) Makes sure OPSEC annexes for command plans and operations orders
are written as needed.

(4) Prepares the OPSEC training program for approval by the OPSEC
Board.

(5) Submits formal request to Electronic Security Command (ESC) for
OPSEC surveys as requested by the CINC.

(6) Submits formal request to Electronic Security Command (ESC) for Red
Team support.

(7) Ensures headquarters initial and recurring training is conducted.

(a) Manages the initial and continuation training program.

(b) Trains OPSEC monitors.

(8) Monitors deputy directorate programs for compliance.

(9) Ensures deputy directorates are provided with OPSEC training aids.

(10) Recommends to the OPSEC Board activities in need of an OPSEC survey
or appraisal.

c. Deputy Directors. Appoint an officer or senior noncommissioned officer
(NCO) (E-7 or above) as OPSEC monitor.

d. OPSEC Monitors:

(1) Ensure initial and recurring training is given to all personnel in
their deputy directorate.

(2) Identify to the Command and Control Division (NCAC) unit activities
in need of OPSEC surveys or appraisals.

(3) Assist Electronic Security Command (ESC) or the Command and Control
Division (NCAC), if required, in preparing for and conducting HQ NORAD OPSEC
surveys.

(4) Monitor and review deputy directorate programs.

(5) Include OPSEC reminders in all activities, exercises, and
operations.

N HOI 55-2 11 March 1988 3

3. OPSEC Board:

a. Consists of these members and is chaired by the Assistant Vice Director
for NORAD Combat Operations (NCA):

(1) Deputy Directorate for Intelligence.

(2) Deputy Directorate for Command Post Operations.

(3) Deputy Directorate of Air Defense Operations.

(4) Deputy Directorate for Command, Control, Communications, and
Systems Integration.

(5) Inspector General.

(6) Chief of Staff's Office.

b. Meets annually to:

(1) Determine and recommend to the CINC which command operations need
an OPSEC survey.

(2) Review OPSEC survey reports.

(3) Recommend corrective actions.

(4) Monitor the progress of corrective actions.

(5) Review the Command OPSEC training program.

(6) Approve or disapprove training program and materials used.

4. OPSEC Training. Training should clearly convey the concepts and objectives
of the OPSEC program and the specific operations, activities, and EEFIs of the
local organization.

a. Initial Training. Is given to assigned personnel within 90 days of
arrival. The initial training must give personnel a working knowledge of local
conditions, the threat, EEFI, OPSEC indicators, the interrelationship of other
security programs with OPSEC, and the individuals impact on successful OPSEC.
the Command and Control Division (NCAC) audits initial training of Headquarters
personnel.

b. Recurring Training. Sustained OPSEC awareness is maintained using
posters, base bulletins, newspaper articles, briefings, films, etcetera. All
personnel must attend an annual refresher OPSEC briefing.

OFFICIAL JOHN L. PIOTROWSKI
General, USAF
Commander in Chief
G. A. STANSELL
Colonel, USAF
Director of Information Management